Maxillaria strumata (Endres & Rchb.f.) Ames & Correll 1943

Photo by © Daniel Jimenez

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Patricia Harding

Full shade Cool Fall

Common Name The Bulging Maxillaria

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found from Guatemala, Costa Rica and Panama at elevations around 1000 to 1100 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool growing epiphytic orchid with narrowly ovoid to cylindric, approximate pseudobulbs enveloped in youth by 1 to 2 foliaceous sheaths and carrying a single apical, thin, narrowly elliptic to oblong, obtuse, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the fall on a to .6" [1.5 cm] long, basal, single flowered inflorescence subtended by a acuminate floral bract.

Synonyms Camaridium strumatum (Endrés & Rchb.f.) M.A.Blanco 2007; *Ornithidium strumatum Endres & Rchb.f. 1874; Pseudomaxillaria strumata (Endrés & Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012; Sepalosaccus humilis Schltr. 1923; Sepalosaccus strumatus (Endres & Rchb.f.) Garay 1962

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1878 as Ornithidium strumatum drawing; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 245. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as S humilis; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Sepalochilus humilis; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993 as Sepalosaccus strumatus drawing ok/photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Sepalosaccus strumatus photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 as Camaridium strumatum photo fide