Sophronitis coccinea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862

Plant on tree trunk at 900 meters in mist forest.

High Flower Closeup

Even Closer Flower Photo

Several Plants on a tree in cloud forest

Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers

Special Clone

Photo courtesy of Mauro Peixoto Copyrighted and his Brazilian Plants Website

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Common Name The Scarlet Sophronitis

Flower Size 1 1/2 to 3" [3 to 7 cm]

A miniature, cool to warm growing epiphyte or sometimes lithophyte from southeastern Brazil [Rio de Janiero to Rio do Sul States] mainly in the tropical coastal forest [mata atlantica]that covers the coastal mountain range [Serra do Mar] to at elevations of 650 to 1670 meters in cool montane forests on slender moss covered trees or on rocks in sheltered or exposed conditions, with fusiform, closely packed psuedobulbs with a single elliptic, erect, coriaceous, 2 1/2" leaf with the midrib being a red line, and an apical, erect to arching, 1 1/4" to 3" [3 to 7.5 cm] long inflorescence with a single non-fragrant, long-lasting flower that appears in spring in cultivation and fall and early winter in Brazil. Good ventilation, cool to cold temperatures, bright light and a wet environment with regular fertilizer year round will keep this minature plant thriving. This specfies in it's range has an average summer temperature of 80 degrees and a winter average of 45 degrees.

Synonyms *Cattleya coccinea Lindley 1836; Cattleya coccinea var. rossiteriana (Barb.Rodr.) Van den Berg 2008; Cattleya grandiflora [Lindley]Beer 1854; Eunannos coccinea [Lindley] Porto & Brade 1933; Hadrolaelia coccinea ( Lindl. ) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2002; Sophronia coccinea Kuntze 1891; Sophronia militaris Kuntze 1891; Sophronitis coccinea f. rossiteriana [Barb. Rodr.] Pabst & Dungs. 1972; Sophronitis coccinea var barboleta hort.; Sophronitis coccinea var grandiflora hort.; Sophronitis coccinea var insolaris hort; Sophronitis coccinea var militaris hort; Sophronitis coccinea var rossiteriana Hort; Sophronitis grandiflora Lindley 1837; Sophronitis lowii [Hort.]Curtis 1923; Sophronitis militaris Rchb.f 1861; Sophronitis rossiteriana Barb. Rodr. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1896 as S militaris drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 as S grandiflora; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 2 1961 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 2 1961 photo as Sophronitis grandiflora; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 2 1966 photo as S grandiflora; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 5 1970 photo; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 5 1972 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 4 1973 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 8 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 12 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 5 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 8 1981 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 46 No 5 1982 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 47 No 2 1983 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 12 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 1 1987 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 photo/drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 2 1993 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 2 1994 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 4 1994 photo fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 as S coccinea var grandiflora; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 7 1995 photo as S coccinea var grandiflora; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 6 1996 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 11 1997 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 2 2000 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 7 2001 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 7 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 5 2004 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo;

Sophronitis coccinea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 var flava Photos courtesy of David Jubineau And His Bulbophyllum & Co. Website

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 photo fide;

Sophronitis coccinea var lobbii hort. ex Decker Photo courtesy of Mauro Rosim of Brazil

A pure yellow variety from Brazil.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 3 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 12 1983 photo;

Sophronitis coccinea var xanthoglossa Photo courtesy of Oliver Lenhard and his Orchideen Website

A yellow lipped variety of the normal species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

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