Sirindhornia monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) H.A.Pedersen & Suksathan 2002 publ. 2003

Photos by Apiwat and hisThe Thai Native Orchids Website

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Common Name The Single Leafed Sirindhornia - In Thailand Ueang ak kha ne - In China Mao Zhou Xiao Hing Men Lan

Flower Size .4 [1 cm]

Found in central and southeastern Yunnan province of China, Myanmar and Thailand in scrub and on grassy limestone slopes at elevations of 800 to 2500 meters as a miniature to small sized warm to cold growing terrestrial with oblong tubers giving rise to a slender stem with 2 tubular, membraneous, basal sheaths and carrying a single basal, abaxially purplish red, adaxially deep green with dark purple spots, cordate, elliptic to ovate, sparsely pubescent on mai veins on both surfaces, acute apically leaf that blooms in the later spring on an erect to slightly curved, provided with 2 to 3 sterlile, lanceolate, pubescent bracts, 4.8 to 16" [12 to 40 cm] long, papillose, rachis 1.6 to 4" [4 to 10 cm] long, 7 to more than 20 flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, to triangular-ovate, acute to acuminate, 1 to 3 veined, usually shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Chusua monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) P.F.Hunt 1971; *Habenaria monophylla Collett & Hemsl. 1890; Orchis geniculata Finet 1902; Orchis monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) Rolfe 1898; Peristylus monophyllus (Collett & Hemsl.) Kraenzl. 1898; Ponerorchis monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) So 1966

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895 as Habenaria monophylla; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis monophylla; Flora of China Vol 25 Orchidaceae Zhengyi, Raven and Duyuan 2009 as Ponerorchis monophyla; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Ponerorchis trifurcata photo fide

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