Stanhopea grandiflora [Lodd]Lindley 1832 SUBGENUS Candida

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Side View of Flower

Photo by Dr George Kennedy

to

Common Name The Large Flowered Stanhopea

Flower Size 6" [15 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guyana, Surinam, Brazil and Trinidad in wet forests at elevations of 100 to 1000 meters and is a medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with oviod, ribbed pseudobulbs subtended by sheaths that become fibrous with age and carries a single, apical, plicate, elliptical, acute, petiolate leaf that blooms in the spring and fall with 1 to 2 short-lived, waxy flowers arising basally on a mature pseudobulb with a pendulous, flowered, elongate 4" [10 cm] long inflorescence subtended basally by several, imbricating, chartaceous bracts and carrying fragrant jasmine scented.

This myrmecophilus species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms *Ceratochilus grandiflorus Lodd.; *Epidendrum grandiflorum Bonpl.; Stanhopea calceolata Drapiez 1841; Stanhopea calceolata hort. ex Rchb.f. 1855; Stanhopea eburnea Lindl. 1832; Stanhopea eburnea var. gracilis hort. ex Heynhold 1846; Stanhopea eburnea var. grandiflora hort. ex Lemaire 1863; Stanhopea eburnea var. grandiflora (Lindley) Regel 1856; Stanhopea eburnea var. spectabilis Lem; Stanhopea grandiflora var. alba hort. ex Lodd. 1844; Stanhopea grandiflora var. incarnata hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea grandiflora var. odorata hort. ex Loddiges 1844

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as S eburnea; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as S eburnea; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as S eburnea photo fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as S eburnea drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as S eburnea drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as S eburnea drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 as S eburnea drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Stanhopea eburnea drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 9 1962 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as S eburnea drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin VOl 36 #9 1967 as S eburnea; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 9 1978 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 15 #1 Luer & Escobar 1981 as S eburnea; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 as S eburnea photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 photo fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela Dunsterville 1987 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 57 No 1 1993 photo fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Caesiana 21 Stanhopea Part 1 Jenny 2003 photo/drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #9 2012 drawing fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #3 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #1 2016 photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 20(2): 67216. Ossenbach & Jenny 2020 ;

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