Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832 SUBGENUS Stanhopea SECTION Wardii Photo by © Ron Parsons

Another Flower not =S gibbosa Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Another Flower? Photo by © of Jay Pfahl

Flower closeup Photo by © Dick Hartley Foxdale Orchids


Common Name The Eye-Spot Stanhopea

Flower Size 5" or more [12.5 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, Venezuela and southern Brazil? as a medium sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte on trees in humid forests or as a terrestrial on cliffs in rocky soil at 1000 to 3000 meters in altitude with obliquely ovoid, pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, elliptic or broadly lanceolate, acute or acuminate, plicate, gradually narrows below into the elongate, petiolate base leaf, it also requires a wire basket as the showy, vanilla scented, waxy flowers descend from the bottom on a pendulous, 10" [to 25 cm] long, 5 to 9 flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with several distichous, inflated sheaths occuring in the summer. They like semi deep shade and mine perform well in sphagnum moss with some wood chips and charcoal added.

Synonyms *Ceratochilus oculatus Lodd.; Dendrobium grandiflorum Sw. 1829; Epidendrum cornutum Sessé & Moc. 1887; Stanhopea aurantia Lodd. ex P.N.Don 1845; Stanhopea aurea Hort. 1892; Stanhopea bucephalus Lindley 1832; Stanhopea cymbiformis Rchb.f 1865; Stanhopea guttata K.Koch 1858; Stanhopea lindleyana Zuc. ex Josst 1851; Stanhopea lindleyi Zuce 1835; Stanhopea maleolens Heller ; Stanhopea minor Schltr. 1917; Stanhopea oculata ssp. ornatissima (Lemaire) Dodson 1967; Stanhopea occulata var aurea Hort. 1892; Stanhopea oculata var. barkeri Heynh. 1846; Stanhopea oculata var. aureum Henshall 1845; Stanhopea oculata var. barkeriana Lindl. 1839; Stanhopea occulata var barkeriana Hort. 1843; Stanhopea oculata var. cinnamomum Henshall 1845; Stanhopea oculata var. conspicua Regel 1855; Stanhopea oculata var. constricta Klinge 1898; Stanhopea oculata var. crocea Regel 1856; Stanhopea oculata var. flava Planch. 1858; Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley var genticulata Klinge; Stanhopea oculata var. lindleyi (Zuccarini) Lindley 1852; Stanhopea oculata major Lodd. 1844.; Stanhopea oculata var. meleagris Hort 1851; Stanhopea oculata var. mexicana Fowlie; Stanhopea oculata var. minor Heynh. 1846; Stanhopea oculata var. nicaraguensis Fowlie; Stanhopea oculata pallida Lodd. 1844; Stanhopea oculata var. pallida Hort. 1858; Stanhopea oculata var. viridi-aurea Hort 1942; Stanhopea ornatissima Lem. 1962; Stanhopea purpusii Schlechter 1916

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as S bucephalus; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1863 as S cymbiformis drawing; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 1 1957 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 photo as S bucephalus; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 8 1962 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 2 1963 drawing/photo; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1963 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Hamer Vol 2 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 9 1978 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing hmm/photo hmm; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1184 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 11: 1988 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 57 No 1 1993 as S occulata var ornatissima; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 4 1995 photo fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 37-8 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 4 2000 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 - 6 Orchids of Mexico Part 2 - 3 Plate 677 Hagsater & Soto 2002 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 8 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 12 2003 drawing and specimen; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 2 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 3 2004; Caesiana Vol 22 Stanhopea Part 2 Jenny 2004 drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide


~Stanhopea oculata var. crocea Regel 1856 - See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

~Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley var genticulata Klinge 1898 - See S. oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

~Stanhopea oculata var. lindleyi (Zuccarini) Lindley 1852- See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

~Stanhopea oculata var.mexicana Fowlie - See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

~Stanhopea oculata var.nicaraguensis Fowlie - See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

~Stanhopea oculata ssp. ornatissima (Lemaire) Dodson 1967 - See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832