Stelis spathulata Poepp. & Endl. 1836 SUBGENUS Stellata SECTION Concave Aprica alliance Duque 2008

Plant and Flowers Photo by S Manning and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Drawing Original Drawings by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

Common Name The Spathulate Stelis [refers to the leaves]

Flower Size .1" [2 mm]

Found in Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in montane forests at elevations around 1500 to 2000 meters as a miniature sized, warm to cool growing epiphtye with a very short rhizome giving rise to approximate, erect ramicauls enveloped by 2 to 3, adpressed, tubular sheaths the uppermost slightly dilated and carrying a single, apical, narrolwy elliptic-spathulate, coriaceous, rugose, coriaceous, obtuse a asymetrically tridenticulate, attenuate below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms at most any time of the year on a solitary or geminate, as long or just shorter than the leaf, racemose, erect, floriferous almost to the base, inflorescence arising through a spathe with large, cucullate-navicular, acute, semi-imbricate floral bracts that envelope most of the pedicel and ovary.

Synonyms Stelis tricuspis Schltr. 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis Schlechter 1907 as S tricuspis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 20. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as S tricuspis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 98. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as S tricuspis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 176. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as S tricuspis; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 drawing plant only; Flora de Venezuela, Vol XV Parte 2 Foldats 1970 drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 332 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 photo ok; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 as S aff tricuspis drawing/photo hmm; Orchidaceae Stelis Swartz, A Compendium Duque 2008 drawing good; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXX Luer 2009 drawing good; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing good/photo ok