!Symphyglossum sanguineum [Rchb.f] Schlechter 1919

Inflorescence Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Closer Aspect Photo by Eric Hunt, plant grown by Steve Beckendorf


Common Name The Blood Red Symphoglossum

Flower Size more than 1" [more than 2.5 cm]

A small to medium sized, cold to warm growing, epiphytic species from Ecuador and northwestern Peru in wet forests at altitudes of 1200 to 2500 meters with oval-oblong, compressed pseudobulbs carrying 2 apical, linear, acute, conduplicate below leaves that blooms on a terminal, sllender, arcuate to pendant, to 4' [120 cm] long, racemose, laxly many [100+] flowered inflorescence that arises from the apex of a new growth occuring from fall through spring. This species has crosses made with it but registered under the name Cochlioda sanguinea.

Synonyms Cochlioda stricta Cogn 1897; Cochlioda sanguinea [Rchb.f]Benth. 1883; Mesospinidium cochliodum Rchb.f ?; Mesospinidium sanguineum Rchb. f. 1919; Odontoglossum sanguineum (Rchb.f.) Dalström 2001; Oncidium strictum Chase & Wms. 2008; Symphoglossum ecuadorense Dodson & Garay ?; Symphoglossum sanguineum (Benth. & Hook. f.) Schltr. 1919

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Mesospiniidium sanguineum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cochlodia sanguinea; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Cochlodia sanguinea drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as Cochlodia sanguinea drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 # 6 1968 as Coclioda sanguinea; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 3 1970 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 339 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 2 2002 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchdis Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species Culture, Oncidium Bakers 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 as Oncidium strictum; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide