Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851

Another Flower

Another Flower

Semi Alba Flower

Photos by Diego Bogarin and The Epidendra Website

FragrancePart shade Hot to Cool Spring

Common Name The Rimmed Trichopilia

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

Found from Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and CLM Colombia in premontane and lower montane rain forests on shady tree trunks as a medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of 800 to 1500 meters with clustered, linear, strongly compressed pseudobulbs enveloped below by a few non-foliaceous, sheaths and carrying a single, apical, lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, coriaceous, acute, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate base leaf that blooms in the spring on a 3 to 4, basal, arching, to pendant, short to 2" [to 5 cm] , single flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with highly fragrant flowers.

Similar to T punicea but it differs in the elongate, narrow pseuduodbulbs, larger flowers, darker reddish brown sepals and petals, a shorter tubular base of the lip, lip much wider across the lateral lobes than across the midlobe and a slightly twisted, column apex.

Synonyms Trichopilia coccinea Warsz.ex Lindl. & Paxt. 1851-52; Trichopilia crispa Lindl. 1857; Trichopilia lepida W.G. Sm 1874; Trichopilia marginata var. lepida (W.G.Sm.) A.H.Kent 1893; Trichopilia marginata var. olivacea Rchb.f 1865

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865 as T crispa; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as T cocinnea; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as t coccinea drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 76. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 251. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 3 1970 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1297 Dodson 1985 drawing ok; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1497 Atwood 1992 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 32 1977 - 2056 Brieger 1996 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fie; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002; Australian Orchid Review Vol 68 No 1 2003 photo; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 1 2004 photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 3 2006 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 5 2007 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 as T x crispa photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #5 2016 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #11 2016 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018

Trichopilia marginata var. lepida (W.G.Sm.) H.J.Veitch 1893 Photo courtesy of Tennis Maynard