!Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836 SECTION Trichocentrum

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Flower

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Another Flower

Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Better Lip Flower

Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding.

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Marni Turkel and Her Stony Point Website


Common Name The Beautiful Trichocentrum

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

Found from Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil as a dwarf epiphyte of wet montane forests at elevations of 1000 to 1600 meters with fleshy, rigid, linear-oblong to oblong-elliptic, subacute, leaves where it blooms in the summer and fall on a short, pendant or horizontal scape to 1 4/5" [4.5 cm] long , single, occasionally 2 flowered and shorter than the leaves.

This species is part of the T pulchrum group which includes T longicalcaratum, T obcordilabium, T viridulum and T loyalicum but differs in the spur 1.5 times as long as the blade of the lip, keels of the lip are divergent at the apex and the column wings are .12" [3 mm] long.

Synonyms Lophiaris maculata f. flavovirens (P.M.Br.) P.M.Br. 2000; Oncidium undulatum f. flavovirens P.M.Br. 1995; Orchis punctata Ruiz & Pav. ex Pupulin 1795; Trichocentrum maculatum Lindl. 1846; Trichocentrum maculatum f. flavovirens (P.M.Br.) P.M.Br. 2001; Trichocentrum speciosum Schlim ex Pupulin 1995; Trichocentrum verruciferum Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as T maculatum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as T maculatum; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as T pulchrum; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 5 1982 photo as T cornucopiae photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; Venezuela; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 31 1905 - 1976 Brieger 1995 photo good; Orchid Digest Vol 60 #2 1996 drawing fide; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 3 2000 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 3 2001 as T maculatum; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 44-45 pg 2763 - 2898 Brieger 2001; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 6 2002 drawing fide; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as T sp photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Orchideologia Vol 26 No 1 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 7 2009 photo fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 28 #2 2011 photo fide; Harvard Papers in Botany Vol 21 #2 Cetzal-Ix Carnevalli and Romero-Gonzalez 2016 Synopsis of the Trichocentrum Clade; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 11 2017 photo fide;