Xylobium foveatum [Lindley]G. Nicholson 1887

Photo by Daniel Jimenez

FragranceFull shadeHotCoolLATER FallWinterand EARLYSpring

Common Name The Pitted Xylobium

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

From Jamaica, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and Brazil as a medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte from wet montane forests and found at altitudes of 100 to 1800 meters with an ovoid, sulcate, obtuse-angled pseudobulb carrying 2 elliptic-lanceolate, long attenuate to the elongate petiole, acuminate, coriaceous leaves and blooms in the later fall, winter and early spring on an erect, basal, to 12" [30 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with linear, acuminate floral bracts that are longer than the ovaries with several to many, slightly fragrant flowers that arise on a mature pseudobulb and are held at mid-leaf height .

Synonyms Maxillaria concava Lindley 1844; *Maxillaria foveata Lindley 1839; Maxillaria stachyobiorum Rchb.f 1852; Xylobium concavum (Lindl.) Hemsl. 1884; Xylobium ecuadorense Rolfe 1913; Xylobium filomenoi Schlechter 1921; Xylobium stachyobiorum Hemsl. 1883

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Maxillaria foveatum; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as X stachyobiorum; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as X filomenoi; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 66. Panama Schlechter 1922 as X stachyobiorum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 51. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as X stachyobiorum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing hmm; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing hmm; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 356 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1197 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo ok; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0199 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 photo ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing hmm; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 797 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing ok; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo maybe; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018