!Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

Inflorescence Photo by Eric Hunt and hisOrchid Photo Site

Another Flower Photo by Patricia Harding

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Common Name The Irregularly Spotted Xylobium

Flower Size 1/2" [1.5 cm]

Found from Costa Rica, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil as a medium to large sized, warm to cold growing, robust, variable, caespitose epiphyte in wet montane forests at altitudes of 600 to 2300 meters with a tapered ovoid-cylindric to pyriform, sulcate, dark green pseudobulb with 2 to 3 apical, narrowly oblanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate, long petiolate base, ribbed, subcoriaceous leaves that blooms on a basal, 4" [10 cm] long, racemose, densly many flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with 4 to 6 distichous, imbricating, loose scarious bracts and small narrowly triangular floral bracts and holding the flowers just above the pseudobulbs but below the leaves all occurring in the summer and fall.

Synonyms Cyrtopera scabrilinquis Lindl. 1833; Dendrobium carnosum C. Presl 1832; Dendrobium squalens var. houttei C.Morren 1834; Dendrobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. 1807; Maxillaria scabrilinguis (Lindl.) Lindl. 1844; Maxillaria supina Poepp. & Endl. 1836; *Maxillaria variegata Ruiz & Pav. 1798; Xylobium carnosum (C. Presl) Schltr. 1921; Xylobium houttei Makoi ex Mutel 1840; Xylobium scabrilingue (Lindl.) Schltr. 1913; Xylobium supinum (Poepp. & Endl.) Schltr. 1913; Xylobium taffinii Mackoy 1838; Xylobium truxillense (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 20: 43 (1912

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Maxillaria scabrilinguis; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as X truxillense; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 not = X squalens; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 X truxillensis; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing ok; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 not = X squalens; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 photos fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 as X truxillense; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 598 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide