!Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

Inflorescence Photo by Eric Hunt and hisOrchid Photo Site

Another Flower Photo by Patricia Harding

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Common Name The Irregularly Spotted Xylobium

Flower Size 1/2" [1.5 cm]

Found from Costa Rica, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil as a medium to large sized, warm to cold growing, robust, variable, caespitose epiphyte in wet montane forests at altitudes of 600 to 2300 meters with a tapered ovoid-cylindric to pyriform, sulcate, dark green pseudobulb with 2 to 3 apical, narrowly oblanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate, long petiolate base, ribbed, subcoriaceous leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a basal, 4" [10 cm] long, racemose, densly many flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with 4 to 6 distichous, imbricating, loose scarious bracts and small narrowly triangular floral bracts and holding the flowers just above the pseudobulbs but below the leaves.

Synonyms Cyrtopera scabrilinquis Lindl. 1833; Dendrobium carnosum C. Presl 1832; Dendrobium squalens var. houttei C.Morren 1834; Dendrobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. 1807; Maxillaria scabrilinguis (Lindl.) Lindl. 1844; Maxillaria supina Poepp. & Endl. 1836; *Maxillaria variegata Ruiz & Pav. 1798; Xylobium carnosum (C. Presl) Schltr. 1921; Xylobium houttei Makoi ex Mutel 1840; Xylobium scabrilingue (Lindl.) Schltr. 1913; Xylobium supinum (Poepp. & Endl.) Schltr. 1913; Xylobium taffinii Mackoy 1838; Xylobium truxillense (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 20: 43 (1912

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Maxillaria scabrilinguis; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as X truxillense; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 not = X squalens; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 9 1967; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 X truxillensis; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing ok; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 not = X squalens; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 photos fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994 as X truxillense; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 598 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Orquideologia Vol 24 #2 2006 photo fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #9 2017 photo fide;