Orchis pallens Linne 1771

Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and His Orchids of France and Europe

FragrancePart sun Cold Spring

O mascula Group

Common Name The Pale Orchis

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Spain, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania and Poland as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial found only in calcareous soils in montane beech, pine and fir forests at elevations up to 2000 meters with 4 to 6, in a basal rosette to erect, oblong or oblong-ovate leaves with the uppermost few being sheath-like that blooms in the spring on a 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long, rather dense, pyramidal to oblong in shape, inflorescence with fragrant [foul and mostly nocturnal] flowers.

Synonyms Androrchis pallens (L.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis pseudopallens K.Koch 1846; Orchis sulphurea Sims 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 4 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 1 1986 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005