Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl. 1833 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Calanthe SERIES Sylvatica

Side View of Flower

Photos by Takato Natsui and The Orchidstudium Website Copyright

C emarginatum Borneo

Photos by Peter O'Byrne Copyright

Part sunHotCool LATESummer EARLY Fall

Common Name

Flower SizeFound in Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, Hunan, southeastern Tibet and southern Yunan provinces of China, Hong Kong, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and the Ryukyus Islands in temperate forests at elevations of 400 to 1500 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with small, narrowly conical pseudobulbs and several, plicate, broadly elliptic, acute, narrowing below into the petiolate or sessile base leaves that blooms in the late summmer and early fall on an erect, 5 to 6" [12.5 to 15 cm] long, successively several to many [10 to 15] flowered inflorescence.

Often cited as a synonym of Calanthe sylvatica, I will leave it and it's synonyms separate at this time.

Synonyms Alismorkis emarginata [Bl] Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis masuca (D.Don) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis pleichroma [Rchb.f] Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis textori (Miq.) Kuntze 1891; Amblyglottis emarginata Blume 1825; *Bletia masuca D. Don 1825; Calanthe albolongicalcarata S.S.Ying 1974; Calanthe curtisii Rchb.f. 1884; Calanthe dipteryx Rchb.f 1884; Calanthe emarginata [Bl]Lindley 1833; Calanthe emarginata Auct 1845; Calanthe fulgens Lindl. 1855; Calanthe furcata f albiflora [Ida] Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe furcata f. masuca (D.Don) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe furcata f. textori (Miq.) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe kintaroi K. Yamam. 1934; Calanthe longicalcarata Hayata ex Yamam. 1930; Calanthe masuca f. albiflora (Ida) K.Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe masuca var. fulgens (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe masuca var. grandiflora B.S.Williams 1871; Calanthe masuca var. purpurea (Lindl.) Rao & S.R.Rathore 1984; Calanthe masuca var. sinensis Rendle 1902; Calanthe okinawensis f. albiflora Ida 1969; Calanthe pleichroma Rchb.f 1871; Calanthe purpurea Lindl. 1833; Calanthe seikooensis Yamam. 1931; Calanthe textori Miq. 1866; Calanthe textorii f. albiflora (Ida) Hatus. 1971; Calanthe textori var alba Maxim. 1872; Calanthe textori var. longicalcarata (Hayata ex Yamam.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974; Calanthe textorii var. violacea Maxim. 1872; Calanthe versicolor Lindl. 1871; Calanthe violacea Rolfe 1913; Calanthe wightii Rchb.f. 1864; Zoduba mascua Buch. - Ham ex D.Don 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as C emarginata; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing as C whiteana; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seiden=faden & Smitnand 1961 drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 1 1968 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 7 1970 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975 as C longicalcarata; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 29 Nr 2 Seidenfaden 1975 photo/drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 6 1979 drawing/photofide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 as C purpurea drawing fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 as C purpurea; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 photo ok; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992 drawing ok; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as C fulgens; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 15 O'Byrne 2015 photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 17 2016 photo fide;