Encyclia dichroma (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914 Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup Photo by Lourens Grobler

FragrantPart sun WarmHot Spring and againfall

Common Name The Two-Colored Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found in Minas Gerais, Alagoas, Sergipe and Pernambuco states of Brazil and Surinam as a medium sized, hot to warm growing lithophyte or epiphyte near the coast on low bushes at elevations around 280 to 900 meters on rock outcroppings or an epiphyte low on small Velozia bushes along rivers and streams with roots going into sand with conic, elongate pseudobulbs enveloped basally by evanescent sheaths and carries 2, apical, coriaceous, smooth, oblong-lanceolate, acute, cymbidiform leaves and blooms in the spring and again in the fall in Brazil on an erect, terminal, 12 to 16" [30 to 40 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, stem clasping bracts and carrying simultaneously opening flowers with no discernable scent.

Synonyms Encyclia dichroma var. alba L.C.Menezes 2004; Encyclia dichroma subsp. biflora Fowlie 1992; Epidendrum biflorum Barb. Rodr. 1877; Epidendrum braziliense Hawkes 1956; *Epidendrum dichromum Lindl. 1843; Epidendrum dichromum var. biflorum Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum jenischianum Rchb.f.1853

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum jenischiana; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum dichromum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum dichromum; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 3 1984 photo as Epidendrum dichromum; Orchid Digest Vol 55 No 4 1991 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 3 1992 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 4 1992 photo; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000/drawing photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 001 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 1 Encyclias Campacci 2003 photo fide; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005

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