Encyclia dickinsoniana (Withner) Hamer 1985

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup

Photo by Lourens Grobler


Common Name Dickinson's Encyclia [American Orchid Enthusiast and Collector in Mexico 20th cen]

Flower Size 1 1/5" [3 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua in lower montane forests at elevations around 330 meters as a small to medium sized, hot growing epiphyte that is often confused with or cited as a synonym of Enc. guatemalensis but has clustered, conical to ovoid pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by a few scarious, soon evanescent sheaths and carry 2 to 3 strap-shaped, obtuse, basally graduating into the clasping base leaves as well as having the lateral lobes of the lip distincly different. This species blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, 2' [60 cm] long, panicle arising on a mature pseudobulb with a few to many glistening, sourly fragrant flowers unlike other Encyclia.

Most likely this species is a synonym of E guatemalensis but I keep them separate pending more references.

Synonyms *Epidendrum dickinsonianum Withner 1970

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #8 1970 as Epidendrum dickinsonianum drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum dickinsonianum drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum dickinsonianum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1215 Dodson 1985 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo fide; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1019 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drwaing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018