Encyclia oncidioides(Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

Inflorescence and Plant Photos by E Schnurr

Another Flower Photo by Patricia Harding

FragrancePart sunHottoWarmSpringandSummer

Common Name Oncidium-Like Encyclia

Flower Size to 2" [to 5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Surinam, Trinidad, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil as a medium to large sized, hot to warm growing, terrestrial or lithophyte that occurs in white sand areas and rock outcrops at elevations of sealevel to 750 meters with clustered, conical to ovoid pseudobulbs carrrying 2 to 3 strap-shaped leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, several to many flowered, paniculate, 3' [90 cm] long inflorescence arising from a mature pseudobulb carrying sweetly fragrant, long lasting flowers.

Encyclia oncidioides has 5 other entities that most likely are symonyms but for now I have kept them and their synonyms separate, these species are Encyclia gravida, Encyclia guatemalensis, Encyclia guianensis, Encyclia mooreana, and Encyclia stellata.

Synonyms Encyclia argentinensis f. maior (Hoehne) Hoehne 1952; Encyclia cardinii Pabst 1977; Encyclia ensiformis (Vell.) Hoehne 1952; Encyclia saltensis f. maior Hoehne 1938; Encyclia vellozoana Pabst 1975; Epidendrum ensiforme Vell. 1831; Epidendrum guillemianum Lindl. ex Planch. 1858; *Epidendrum oncidioides Lindl. 1833;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Edwards's Bot. Reg. 19: sub t. 1623. 1833 as Epidendrum oncidioides; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum monticolum = Encyclia gravida; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum oncidioides; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum sintensii = E gravida; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as Epidendrum monticolum drawing = Encyclia gravida; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 74 Schlechter 1919; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum oncidioides drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum oncidioides; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum = Encyclia gravida; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum drawing = Encyclia gravida; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum = Encyclia gravida; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum = Encyclia gravida; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum = Encyclia gravida; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum oncidioides; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum oncidioides var gravidum = Encyclia gravida; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum oncidioides; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Epidendrum oncidioides not = E auyantepuiensis; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum oncidioides; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 as Excluded species; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Pabst & Dungs 1975 as E velloziana; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendum oncidioides drawing not = E auyuntepuiensis; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Excluded species; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum oncidioides; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo hmm; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 4 1992 photo; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 drawing/photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000 photo/drawing fide; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 066 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo fide; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 1 Encyclias Campacci 2003 photo fide; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 1 Encyclias Campacci 2003 as E velloziana; Boletim CAOB 50 2003 photo fide; Boletim CAOB Vol 50 2003; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 photo/drawing fide; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2009 photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret etal 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo ok;

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