Encyclia incumbens (Lindl.) Mabb 1984 Photo by ROMAN MARUSKA and his Orchid Species Website

Inflorescence Photo by Robert Weyman Bussey

Common Name Incumbent or Aromatic Encyclia

Flower Size to 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and El Salvador that grows in warm to cold climates at elevations of 750 to 2100 meters in pine-oak and oak forests as a small sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte with conical to subspheric, clustered pseudobulbs that are often dark purple brown carrying 1 to 2 apical, linear-ligulate or elliptic-ligulate, acute or obtuse leaves and blooms in the spring on an apical, to almost 3' [90 cm] long, erect to gently arching paniculate, many flowered inflorescence carrying close set, fragrant [not so good] flowers that can be highly variable in color.

Synonyms Encyclia aromatica (Bateman) Schltr. 1914; Epidendrum aromaticum Bateman 1838; *Epidendrum incumbens Lindl. 1840; Epidendrum primuloides hort. ex Stein; Vanilla aromatica Sw. 1799

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Epidendrum aromaticum drawing fide; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1869 as Epidendrum aromaticum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Encyclia aromatica; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum aromaticum drawing good; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum aromaticum; Orchids of Guatemala Ames & Correll 1952; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as E aromaticum; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum aromaticum; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 as Epidendrum aromaticum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum aromaticum; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #3 1970 as Epidendrum aromaticum drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #4 1970 as Epidendrum aromaticum photo/drawing fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Pollard & Dressler 1972; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 1 172-3 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum aromaticum drawing/photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 as E aromaticum photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum aromaticum drawing fide; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum aromaticum; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E aromatica drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 as E aromatica; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 559 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005; Selbyana 30: 76 Higgins 2009 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018