Encyclia meliosma (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918 Photo by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo by Patricia Harding


Common Name Honey-sweet Encyclia - In Mexico - Trompillo Amarillo

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Jalisco, Michoacan, Guerrero, Mexico, Morelos and Oaxaca states of Mexico, at elevations of 300 to 1500 meters in elevation , as a medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte in trees on dry hillsides with subspherical to ovoid-conical pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 2, apical, ligulate to elliptic-ligulate, acute or obtuse leaves that blooms in the spring and early summer on an apical, to 40" [to 1 m] long, branched, many flowered inflorescence carrying occasionally fragrant flowers

This species and Encyclia spatella and Encyclia aenicta are all very close in most characteristics and are certainly related, Dressler & Pollard separate them essentially by the lip being acuminate [ending in a point] the length of the column 5.5 to 7mm for E meliosma the lip being obtuse, retuse or mucronate and the column measuring between 7 to 10.5 mm for Encyclia spatella. Encyclia aenicta is more often a terrestrial than an epiphyte and has less flair to the lip.

Synonyms *Epidendrum meliosmum Rchb. f. 1869

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 46. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 131. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 222. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum meliosmum; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #4 1970 as Epidendrum meliosma drawing/photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 photo fide; Orquedias Michoacanas Photo pg 37 Lapiner 1979; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995;The Cattleyas and Their Relatives VolV Withner 1998 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 563 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005;