Epidendrum coriifolium Lindl. 1851 GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Green Flower Photo by Weyman Bussey, plant grown by Howard Gunn

Another Flower Color

Plant and Inflorescence Photo by Paul Bernardeau

to

Common Name The Leather-Like Leaf Epidendrum

Flower Size 1 1/2" to 2" [4 to 5 cm]

Occuring in Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela, in wet subtropical montane forests at elevations of 350 to 1500 meters as a medium sized, reedstem, hot to cool growing epiphyte or terrestrial on steep slopes with a creeping rhizome, compressed, gradually increasing in size stems completely concealed by distichous, imbricating sheaths carrying a single ligulate, obliquely bilobed, conduplicate below into the base leaf that is bright green on top and purple below with a terminal, erect, to 10" [25 cm] long, fractiflex, racemose, that has few to many, fragrant [not nice] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb with imbricating brown basal bracts and large, purple floral bracts occurring in the winter.

The leaves when crushed have a very unpleasant fragrance.

Part of the Spathiger Group, Coriifolium Subgroup along with E bilobatum

Synonyms Epidendrum fuscopurpureum Schltr. 1922; Epidendrum imitans Schltr. 1921; Epidendrum subviolascens Schltr. 1923

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as E imitans; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 31. Panama Schlechter 1922 as E coriifolium var purpurescens; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 32. Panama Schlechter 1922 as E fuscopurpureum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 36. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 41. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E palmense; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 122. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E palmense; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 219. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E subviolascens; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 3 1969 photo; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 3 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 530 Vasquez & Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 530 Dodson 1984; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1019 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1522 Atwood 1993 as Epidendrum circinatum; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 104 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 112 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 116 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 127 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 174 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 189 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 042 Dodson 1993 drwaing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 313 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 328 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 364 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 395 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 398 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E imitans drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 408 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 The Genus Epidendrum Part 3 Plate 409 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 photo; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Epidendrum circinatum; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1136 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1228 Hagsater 2009 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;

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