Epidendrum firmum Rchb.f. 1866 GROUP Difforme Photo by Daniel Matamoros and His Flickr Photo Website

Common Name The Strong Epidendrum [refers to the rigid stems]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in montane wet forests, oak and cloud forests at elevations around 650 to 2000 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, slightly laterally compressed, straight to slightly flexuous stems carrying 7 to 13, distributed all along the stem, coriaceous, smooth, light green, linear, obtuse, conduplicate below into the clasping base leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an apical, arising on a mature stem, flowering only once, subcorymbose, subsessile, very short inflorescence with ovate acute floral bracts that are much shorter than the ovary and carrying 2 to 4, simultaneously opening, nocturnally scented, resupinate flowers.

Synonyms Epidendrum difforme var. firmum (Rchb.f.) Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1934; Epidendrum majale Schltr. 1918

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum difforme var firmum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as E difforme var firmum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1317 Atwood 1989 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 937 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;