Epidendrum tridens Poepp. & Endl. 1837-8 GROUP Nocturnum

Drawing Photo by Collantes/ Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Another Flower? Photos by © Greg Allikas

Another Flower?

Flower Close up? Photos by © Walter Schug and His MesoAmerican Orchid Page

CoolCold

Common Name The Three Toothed Epidendrum

Flower Size 2 3/4" to 3.6" [7 to 9 cm]

Found in Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Windward Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, French Guinea, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru at elevations of 1500 to 2400 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed above, straight, green sometimes tinged with purple stems carrying 4 to 8, all along the apical 3/4's of the stem, erect, coriaceous, dark green sometimes tinged with purple, narrowly elliptic, progressively larger above, unequally bilobed, minutely mucronate, venation and dorsal keel evident leaves that blooms at any time of the year on a terminal, racemose becoming pluri-racemose, over several years from the same stem, peduncle .12 to .16" [3 to 4 mm] long, rachis .2 to .4" [.5 to 1 cm] long, successively single, many flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying resupinate, nocturnally fragrant flowers with the tepals green to yellow occaisionally tinged with purple, and the lip and column are white.

Similar to and often cited as a synonym of Epidendrum nocturnum.

Synonyms Amphiglottis nocturna var. latifolia (Lindl.) Acuña 1938; Epidendrum carpophorum Barb.Rodr. 1882; Epidendrum latifolium (Lindl.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1972; Epidendrum nocturnum var. latifolium Lindl. 1837; *Epidendrum nocturnum var. tridens (Poepp. & Endl.) Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum tridens var. briegeri I.Bock 1982; Epidendrum tunguraguae Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 8: 87 Schlechter 1921 as E tunguraguae; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 366 Schlechter 1929 as E tunguraguaedrawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Epidendrum latifolium drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as E latifolium drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo hmm; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 as E latifolium drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 drawing as E latifolium; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as E latifolium drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as E nocturnum drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 097 Dodson 1980 as E tunguraguae drawing ok; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1981 photo hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 709 Hamer 1982 as E carpophorum drawing = E tridens; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E carpophorum drawing = E tridens; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0326 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 as E carpophorum drawing not = E tridens; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as E carpophorum = E tridens; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 as E carpophorum drawing = E tridens; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 as E latifolium; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 326 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 376 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 379 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E carpophorum drawing ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as E tumac-humaciense; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as E latifolium; Vanishing Beauty; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Cho Colombia Misas 2005 as E latifolium drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1313 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1325 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15[1] Plate 1565 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing/photo fide;

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