Habenaria reniformis (D.Don) Hook.f. 1890 SECTION Diphyllae Kraenzl

Photo by Pankaj Kumar and the The Flowers of India Website

Another Flower?

Photo by Tripetch P. and the Thai Nature Website

Plant in situ Thailand

Photo by Mr S and Han Loa Vietnam Website

Drawing Drawing by Seidenfaden

partial shade Hot Warm Summer EARLYfall

Common Name The Kidney Shaped Habenaria [refers to the leaf shape]- In China Shen Ye Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in south China, Assam, India, Nepal, Thailand, Sumatra, Cambodia and Vietnam in grassy areas within forests at elevations of 150 to 825 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with globose, fleshy tubers giving rise to an erect, rather slender stem carrying 1 to 2, basal, almost horizontally spreading, orbicular, ovate-cordate to broadly ovate-orbicular, fleshy, often cordate basally, amplexicaul, obtuse apically leaves and grading to 3 to 4, bract-like leaves above that blooms in the summer and early fall on an erect, glabrous then pubescent above, 2.8 to 4" [7 to 10 cm] long, racemose, many flowered inflorescence with a 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm] long rachis carrying lanceolate, acuminate, much shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

CAUTION I am not at all convinced that the second photo determination is correct so please use with caution!!!!

This species, H humidicola, H porphyricola, H humistrata, H siamensis and H poilanei form a group of similar and possibly conspecific species and need more study to see if they can maintain their species status.

Synonyms Aopla reniformis (D.Don) Lindl. 1835; Habenaria clovisii Gagnep. 1931; Herminium reniforme (D.Don) Lindl. ex Wall. 1832; *Listera reniformis D.Don 1825; Neottia reniformis (D.Don) Spreng. 1826;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flore Generale de Indo-Chine Volume 6 Gagnepain 1934 as Habenaria clovisii; Tidsskrift bd 68 hft 1 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand V Seidedenfaden 1973 as H clovisii drawing good; Contributions to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975 as H clovisii; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976; The Genera of Orchidceae in Hong Kong Hu 1977; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing ok?; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan Illustrations 2010 drawing fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing good; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing fide; Gard. Bull. Singapore 67[1]:113 Kurzweil & Lwin 2015 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;