Helonoma americana (C.Schweinf. & Garay) Garay 1980 publ. 1982Drawing by Dunsterville and Garay and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Common Name The American Helonoma

Flower Size .01" [2.5 mm]

Found in southern Venezuela and Ecuador in montane forests and tepui summits usually on moist rocks along streams or in boggy places in full sun to semi-shade at elevations of 500 to 2000 meters as a miniature sized, warm to cool growing terrestro-lithophyte with thin, convolute in bud, in a basal rosette, green with darker green veins, broadly elliptic, obtuse, attenuate below into the pseudopetiolate base leaves that blooms on an erect, racemose, terminal, laxly 1 to 2 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Beloglottis americana (C.Schweinf. & Garay) Szlach. 1996; Cyclopogon americanus (C.Schweinf. & Garay) Burns-Bal. 1982; Manniella americana C.Schweinf. & Garay 1962

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Manniella americana drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 as Manniella americana drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as Beloglottis americana; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Manniella americana drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Second Edition Romero and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing good;