!Lycaste macrophylla (Poepp. & Endl.) Lindl. 1842 SECTION Lycaste

Photo by Jay Pfahl, plant grown by JEM Orchids

FragrancePart shadeCoolTo Hot Summer FallWinter

Common Name The Large Leaf Lycaste

Flower Size to 4 1/2" [ to 11 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela at elevations of 400 to 2400 meters in wet montane forests as a medium to large sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial species, highly variable in flower color and plant size, that is with ovoid-oblong to broadly ellipsoid, complanate, sulcate, obtusely angled, pseudobulbs subtended by a few, imbricating leaf sheaths and after leaf fall has no apical teeth, carrying 2 to 3, non-deciduous, large elliptic, attenuate to channeled petiol, acuminate above, plicate leaves that blooms in the summer, fall and winter on a succession of erect, many [5] at once, basal, to 7" [17.4 cm] long, inflorescence that has inflated papery bracts, arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb and flowering successively over several months and carrying fragrant, waxy, color variable flowers held below the leaves.

Part of the L macrophylla complex consisting of L dowiana, L fuscina, L guatemalensis, L leucantha, L macrophylla, L measuresiana, Lycaste occulta, L panamensis, L puntarenasensis, L x sanderae, L viridescens, L xanthocheila, L xytriophora,

Synonyms Lycaste filomenoi Schltr. 1921; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. desboisiana (Cogn.) Fowlie 1964; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. filomenoi (Schltr.) Fowlie 1964; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. neglecta (Schltr.) Fowlie 1970; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. plana (Lindl.) Fowlie 1964;Lycaste macrophylla var alba Oakley 2008; Lycaste macrophylla var. desboisiana Cogn. 1897; Lycaste macrophylla var. measuresianum Sander 1901; Lycaste macrophylla var. plana (Lindl.) Oakeley 2007; Lycaste neglecta Schltr. 1929; Lycaste plana Lindl. 1842; *Maxillaria macrophylla Poepp. & Endl. 1836; Maxillaria phyllomega Steud. 1841

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as L planadrawing good; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as L filomenoi; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as L macrophylla var desboisiana; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as L macrophylla measuresiana; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; The Genus Lycaste Fowlie 1970; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum 830 Dodson 1983 as L macrophylla var desboisiana drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 936 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0348 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 1991 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 079 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 3 1997 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 62 #1 1998 photo fide; Venezuela, Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 11 1998 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 44-45 pg 2763 - 2898 Brieger 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 COS 2002 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 COS 2002 as L plana photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 71 #4 2007 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 25 #1 2007 as L macrophylla var desvoisiana photo fide; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 2 2008 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #2 2010 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #3 2010 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #2 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #6 2011 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #5 2019 photo fide; OrchidDigest Vol 88 #4 2019 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #10 2018 as L macrophylla var alba photo fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 3 Ortiz & Uribe 2019 drawing/photo fide