Panarica brassavolae [Rchb.f] Withner & Harding 2004 Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.


Common Name The Brassavola-Like Panarica [refers to the flower shape]

Flower Size to 4" [to 10 cm]

Found in Mexico to Nicaragua and Costa Rica at altitudes of 900 to 2500 meters in wet pine oak and evergreen forest on larger branches and tree trunks as a medium sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte and occasional lithophyte with elongate, ovoid, bifoliate pseudobulbs with papery, basal bracts and a elliptic-oblong, obtuse, becomeing loosely conduplicate below into the base leaf that blooms in the summer and fall on an apical, erect, to 1 1/2' [45 cm] long, few to many [6 to 9] flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a newly matured pseudobulb subtended by a large brown sheath and carrying faintly fragrant, fleshy flowers.

Synonyms Encyclia brassavolae (Rchb. f.) Dressler 1961; Encyclium brassavolae [Rchb.f] Lindley ex Stein 1892; *Epidendrum brassavolae Rchb. f.1852; Hormidium brassavolae [Rchb.f] Brieger 1877; Prosthechea brassavolae (Rchb. f.) W. E. Higgins 1997; Pseudencyclia brassavolae (Rchb.f.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR as Protheschea brassavolae; Bot. Zeit. Berlin 10: 729. 1852 as Epidendrum brassavolae; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum brassavolae; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum brassavolaedrawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 34. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum brassavolae; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 117. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum brassavolae; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum brassavolae; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum brassavolae; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum brassavolae; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 as Epidendrum brassavolae; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum brassavolae; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 5 1969 photo as Epidendrum brassavolae; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum brassavolae drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Hormidium brassavolae; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 photo as Epidendrum brassavolae; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum brassavolae drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 684 Hamer 1982 as Encyclia brassavolae drawing ok; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Encyclia brassavolae; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia brassavolaedrawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1421 Atwood 1992 as Encyclia brassavolae drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 as Encyclia brassavolae photo fide; *Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 7 Withner 2002 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 - 6 Orchids of Mexico Part 2 - 3 Plate 649 Hagsater & Soto 2002 as Prosthechea brassavolae drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Prosthechea brassavolae; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 as Prosthechea brassavolae photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Prosthechea brassavolae photo fide