Pleurothallis picta Lindley 1835 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Hymenodanthae SUBSECTION Longicaulae [Barb. Rodr.] Luer 1986

Photo by © Joseph Dougherty

Another Color Form

Photo by © Victor Hugo R. Chaparro


Photo by © Milan Vágner

Another Color Form

Photo by © Patricia Harding


Common Name The Painted Pleurothallis

Flower Size 1/16" [2 mm]

Found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guyana, Surinam, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia in wet montane and piedmont forests at elevations of 70 to 2100 meters as a caespitose, miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphytic species is with short, minute, ramicauls encased by 3 shortly imbricate, open subtubular papery sheaths with a single, apical, narrowly oblanceolate, long attenuate, channeled to the petiolate base, apex tridenticulate, coriaceous, dark green leaf where it blooms in the spring through late summer on a lateral, 4" [10 cm] long, from the apex of the ramicaul [well developed erect one leafed stems], filiform [thin], slightly fractiflex [zigzagged], racemose, several [8 to 11] flowered inflorescence that is much longer than the leaves with minute, ovate-triangular, pale brown floral bracts .

Often sold as Pleurothallis [Specklinia] marginata, a name that is no longer valid due to another plant with the same name, now Pleurothallis [Specklinia] alata, and by precedence is Pleurothallis picta which was published first. This species is often also confused with Pleurothallis [Specklinia] pissina which has successively opening flowers while P picta has simultaneously opening flowers.

Synonyms Humboldtia florulenta (Linden & Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia marginata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia picta (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia picta (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Lepanthes plurifolia Barb. Rodr. 1891; Pleurothallis densifolia Rolfe 1895; Pleurothallis dryadum Schltr. 1923; Pleurothallis florulenta Linden & Rchb.f. 1855; Pleurothallis integrilabia Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1934; Pleurothallis marginata Lindl. 1838; Pleurothallis pluriflora (Barb. Rodr.) Cogn. 1986; Specklinia florulenta (Linden & Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Specklinia marginata (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Specklinia picta (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P florulenta; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 191. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P marginata; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Syn to P grobyi; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum, Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 354 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000 photo fide/drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Specklina florulenta; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Specklinia marginata; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Specklina picta; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez Lopez & Dressler 2005 as Specklinia marginata; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Specklinia picta drawing fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Specklinia picta; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Specklinia picta photo ok; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as Specklinia picta photo not = ?; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 as Specklinia picta drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Specklinia picta photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Specklinia marginata photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #8 2017 as Specklinia picta photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #3 2019 as Specklinia picta photo fide; Diversity of Pleurothallidinae in Guatemala: An Endangered Orchid Subtribe with High Economic and Horticultural Potentials Edgar Mo Mo, Cetzal, Basu and Vega 2017 as Specklinia marginata photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Specklinia marginata; Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Specklinia picta photo fide