Pleurothallis gelida Lindl. 1841 SUBGENUS Effusae Luer 2000

Photo by Alejandro Calderon Gonzalez

Inflorescence

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Drawings

Drawings by Carl Luer

to

Common Name The Frosty Pleurothallis From the Latin "Cold" in an allusion tothe frosty appearance of the flowers]

Flower Size .12" [3mm]

Found from Florida, Chiapas state of Mexico, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, the Windwards, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil on steep slopes in wet montane forests at elevations of 200 to 2300 meters as a medium sized, warm to cold growing, densely caespitose epiphyte with erect, stout ramicauls enveloped partially below by 2, scarious sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, nerved, abruptly contracted below into the sulcate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring and summer on several, arising through an annulus, fasiculate, 6" [15 cm] long, many [30 to 35], successively flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying delicately fragrant flowers.

Characterized by the large robust habit with stout ramicuals bearing a large leaf and usually more than one raceme of numerous whitish to greenish flowers. The sepals ae obtuse and densely pubescent inside. The petals are thin and obtuse. The lip is also thin, subpandurate and arcuate with a pair of parallel calli in the middle third. The apex is more or less broadly truncate." Luer 2000

Synonyms Anathallis hebesepala Barb. Rodr. 1882; Anathallis pidax (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Humboldtia gelida Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia polyliria Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia univaginata Kuntze 1891; Humboltia gelida (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia polyliria (Endres & Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia univaginata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Niphantha gelida Luer 2007; Niphantha pidax luer 2007; Pleurothallis chiquindensis F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899; Pleurothallis chiriquensis Schltr. 1922; Pleurothallis hebesepala (Barb. Rodr.) Cogn. 1896; Pleurothallis pidax Luer 1979; Pleurothallis polyliria Endres & Rchb. f. 1871; Pleurothallis puberula Rolfe 1893; Pleurothallis tenuispica Schltr. 1915; Pleurothallis univaginata Lindl. 1858; Specklinia gelida (Lindl.) Luer 2004; Specklinia pidax (Luer) Luer 2004; Stelis gelida (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Edwards's Bot. Reg. 27: Misc. 91 Lindley1841;

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 667 Kuntze 1891 as Humboldtia gelida ;

Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1893 drawing fide;

Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1893 as P polyliria drawing fide;

Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P univaginata;

Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909;

Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P puberula;

Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 19. Panama Schlechter 1922 as P chiriquensis;

The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide;

Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing good;

The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975;

Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing good;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing no hairs hmm otherwise ok;

Selbyana 5: 174 Luer 1979 as P pidax;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 230 Dodson 1980 drawing fide;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 249 Dodson 1980 as P pidax drawing good;

Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1100 Dodson 1984 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as Pleurothallis pidax;

Catologo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987;

Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide;

An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 3 1996 photo plant only;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XX Systematics of Jostia, Andinia, Barbosella, Barbrodia & Pleurothallis subgen Antilla, Effusia and Restrepioidia Luer 2000

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XX Systematics of Jostia, Andinia, Barbosella, Barbrodia & Pleurothallis subgen Antilla, Effusia and Restrepioidia Luer 2000 drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing no hairs otherwise good;

Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Anathallis pidax; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Stelis gelida;

Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo not;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004 photo fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004

as Specklinia gelida;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia pidax;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXIX A Third Century of Stelis of Ecuador Systematics of Apoda-Prorepentia Luer 2007 as Niphantha gelida;

Icones Pleurothallidianrum Vol XXIX A Third Century of Stelis of Ecuador Systematics of Apoda-Prorepentia Luer 2007as Niphantha pidax;

AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 77 #5 2008 as Specklinia gelida photo good;

Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1095 Hagsater & Soto 2008 as Stelis gelida drawing not;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide;

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Stelis gelida;

Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 as Stelis gelida photo fide

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