Pleurothallis recurva Lindl. 1841 SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Brachystachyae Lindley 1859

Photo courtesy of David Banks - Australia copyrighted


Drawing by Helmut Seehawer


Common Name The Bent Pleurothallis

Flower Size 1/8" or less

Found in Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil at elevations of 600 to 1400 meters in semi wet forests, wet montane forests and primary cloud forests as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cool, growing, creeping epiphyte with ramicauls entirely enveloped by sheaths and carrying a single, apical, ovate, fleshy, conduplicate, dark olive green, purple flecked beneath, mostly prostrate leaf that blooms in the late spring through earlier fall on 1 to 2, apical, racemose, pendulous, 1 to 2" [2.5 to 5 cm] long, 3 to 9 flowered inflorescence with up to 5 flowers open at any one time.

The flowers can vary in color from dark ruby red to almost white and the side lobes may be more or less distinct.

Pleurothallis recurva var. microphylla (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1954

Photo courtesy of Dalton Holland Baptista

Found in Brazil

Synonyms Acianthera punctata Scheidw. 1842; Acianthera recurva (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Humboldtia acianthera (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia recurva (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia recurva (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis acianthera Lindl. 1859; Pleurothallis albipetala (Barb. Rodr.) Hoehne & Schltr. 1921; Pleurothallis bistuberculata Barb. Rodr. 1881; Pleurothallis lamproglossa Schltr. 1918; Pleurothallis leucorhoda Schltr. 1925 ; Pleurothallis lilacina Barb. Rodr. 1877; Pleurothallis lilacina var. albipetala Barb. Rodr. 1881; Pleurothallis lilacina var. microphylla Barb. Rodr. 1882; Pleurothallis maculata N.E.Br.1888; Pleurothallis maculata Rolfe 1892; Pleurothallis recurva var. microphylla (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1954; Pleurothallis regeliana Rchb. f. 1886; Specklinia recurva (Lindl.) F.Barros 1984

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Flora Brasiliensis Vol III Part 4:506 Martius, Cogniaux 1893;

Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 photo hmm; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986;

Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 6 1999 photo;

Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000 drawing fide;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Acianthera punctata;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Acianthera recurva;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 ;

100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo ok;

The Organ Mountain Range Its History and Its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 drawing fide;

Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Acianthera recurva;

AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #4 2010 as Acianthera recurva photo fide;

A Compendium of Miniature Orchid Species Parsons & Gerritsen 2013 as Acianthera recurva photos fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #7 2017 photo fide;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Acianthera recurva photo fide