Pleurothallis violacea A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845 SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Brachystachyae Lindley 1859

Another Angle

Photos by Rodolfo Hernandez

Through EARLY

Common Name The Violet Pleurothallis

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in southern Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador in montane rainforests and elfin forests at elevations of 950 to 1500 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with erect, slender, terete, 2 internoded ramicauls enveloped partially by tubular, obtuse, imbricate sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, acute and tridenticualte apically, sessile, abaxially tinged with purple leaf that blooms in the winter and early spring on a terminal, 1 to 3 per stem, racemose, .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm] long, congested, 4 to 6 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Acianthera violacea (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Humboltia amoena (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia cochlearis (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia violacea (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis amoena A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Pleurothallis cochlearis Rchb.f. 1852; Pleurothallis rhynchoglossa Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Luer 1986; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 513 Hagsater, Soto 2002 as Acianthera violacea drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 Drawing fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez Lopez & Dressler 2005 as Acianthera violacea; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 as Acianthera violacea photo fide; Diversity of Pleurothallidinae in Guatemala: An Endangered Orchid Subtribe with High Economic and Horticultural Potentials Edgar Mo Mo, Cetzal, Basu and Vega 2017 as Acianthera violacea photo fide; Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Acianthera violacea photo fide