Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808 Photo courtesy of Richard Gautier and his Guadeloupe Orchid Page

Fragrance Part shadeWarm to Hot Winter Spring Summer Fall

Common Name Commercial Vanilla - The Flat Plane Leafed Vanilla

Flower Size 2 1/2" [6 cm]

Found in Florida, the West Indies, Central America and northern South America in tropical wet forests at lower elevations as a large sized, warm to hot growing, scandent epiphyte with a green, terete, fleshy, branching stem carrying numerous, fleshy, elliptic-oblong or ovate-elliptic, acute to subacuminate, gradually narrowing below into the basally clasping leaves spaced at intervals all along the stem that blooms on short 2" to 2 3/4" [5 to 7 cm] long, axillary, subsessile, racemose, several [to 20] flowered inflorescence that has broadly ovate-triangular, acute bracts and has the fleshy, fragrant, short-lived flowers opening in succession occuring throughout the year if well grown and it's seedpods are used to produce the essence of Vanilla. This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms Myrobroma fragrans Salisb. 1807; Notylia planifolia (Jacks. ex Andrews) Conz. 1947; Notylia sativa (Schiede) Conz. 1947; Notylia sylvestris (Schiede) Conz. 1947; Vanilla aromatica Willd. 1805; Vanilla bampsiana Geerinck 1982; Vanilla duckei Huber 1909; Vanilla fragrans (Salisb.) Ames 1924; Vanilla hirsuta M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996; Vanilla planifolia var. angusta Costantin & Boiss. ex C.Henry 1924; Vanilla sativa Schiede 1829; Vanilla sylvestris Schiede 1829; Vanilla tahitensis J.W.Moore 1933; Vanilla tiarei Costantin & Bois 1915; Vanilla viridiflora Bl. 1825;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as V fragrans; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II Hoehne 1945 drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 5 1969 photo; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 4 1970 photo; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo plant only; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 354 Hamer 1980 drawing fide; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1194 Dodson 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 photo; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 796 1995 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora of Peurto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 4 2000 photo; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 5 2001 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 796 Bennett & Christenson 2001; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006; Native Australian Orchids Jones 2006 photo fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 3 2008 photo; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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