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Orleanesia mineirosensis

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Genera or species names that are synonyms of current names are denoted with a ~.

The basiosynonym of a species is denoted with a "*". The basiosynonym is the very first name that a species had before it was changed to the current species name. If you have a name in parenthesis preceding another name, the name in parentheses is the basiosynonym. An example: ~*Ophrys bicolor Naegeli - See Ophrys apifera var. bicolor (Naegeli) Nelson: Ophyrs bicolor is the basiosynonym and in the current name the parentheses, (Naegeli), is the namer of the basiosynonym, while Nelson is the namer of the current species Ophyrs apifera var. bicolor.

If a genus is complete [all of the species are represented] it is preceded by a `

! denotes the Type Species of the genus

* denotes the basionym or original name with the same species taxon

I have decided to include synonyms in the alphabetical listings because I have found it frustrating to find that some growers do not stay currrent in their plant names and as such we the consumer end up buying a plant that we feel is an exotic different species only to find that it is a plant that we have had for years under the correct name. An example, Brassavola rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f is actually the common species Brassavola nodosa [L]Lindley.

Symbol Chart:

Fragrance = Fragrance

Light Meter Icons; Full Shade = Full shade Dappled shade or Partial Shade = Part shade Bright Light or Full light = Part sun Full Sun = Full sun

Temperature Icons;

Cold = Cold 2500 Meters and Up, 50`F to 55`F night average - - Cool = Cool1800 to 2500 Meters, 58`F to 60`F night average

Warm = Warm1000 meters to 1800 meters, 68`F to 75`F night average - - Hot = HotSea Level to 1000 Meters, 75`F to 85`F

Season Icons;

Spring = Spring Summer = Summer Fall = Fall Winter = Winter

SIZE: Miniature - under 6" tall leaf and pseudobulb Small - under 12" tall leaf and pseudobulb Medium - under 24" tall Large - under 48" tall Giant - Over 48" tall

Beach
Rainbow

~`Orbis Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

Orbis truncata (Lindl.) Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis truncata Lindl. 1836

~ Orchiaceras E.G.Camus 1892 - See Orchis Tourn ex L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~ Orchiaceras bergonii (Nanteuil) E.G.Camus 1892 - See Orchis bergonii Nanteuil 1887

~ Orchiaceras bivonae (Tod.) So 1931 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

~ Orchiaceras bivonae nothovar. henriquesea (J.A.Guim.) Malato-Beliz 1984 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

~ Orchiaceras henriquesea (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

~ Orchiaceras macra (Lindl.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis x macra Lindley 1835

~ Orchiaceras meilsheimeri (Rouy) P.Fourn. 1928 -See Orchis x macra Lindley 1835

~ Orchiaceras spuria (Rchb.f.) E.G.Camus 1892 - See Orchis spuria Rchb.f. 1849

~ Orchiaceras weddellii E.G.Camus 1892 - See Orchis spuria Rchb.f. 1849

~Orchiastrum Sg. 1754 - See Spiranthes L. C. Rich. 1817 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

~Orchiastrum porrifolium (Lindl.) Greene 1894 - See Spiranthes porrifolia Lindl. 1840

~Orchiastrum romanzoffianum (Cham.) Greene 1894 - See Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. 1828

~Orchiastrum Lem 1855 - See Spiranthes L. C. Rich. 1817 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

~ Orchicoeloglossum Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Dactylorhiza  Necker ex Nevski 1937 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~ Orchicoeloglossum conigerum (Norman) Nordh. 1940 - See Dactylorhiza conigera (Norman) B.Bock 2012

~Orchidactyla P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965 - See Orchis L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Orchidactyla carpetana (Pau) Borsos & So 1966 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

~Orchidactyla kabyliensis (G.Keller) Aver. 1986 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

~Orchidactyla kromayeri (M.Schulze) Borsos & So 1966 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

~Orchidactyla pentecostalis (Wettst. & Sennholz) Borsos & So 1966 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

~Orchidactyla speciosissima (Wettst. & Sennholz) Borsos & So 1966 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

~`Orchidium Sw. 1816 - See Calypso Salisb. 1807 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae

~Orchidium americanum Steud. 1840 - See Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes 1842

~Orchidium arcticum Sw. 1814 - See Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes 1842

~Orchidium boreale Sw. 1814 - See Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes 1842

~`Orchidofunckia A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845 - See Cryptarrhena R.Br. 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Orchidofunckia pallidiflora A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845 - See Cryptarrhena lunata R.Br. 1816

~Orchidotypus Kraenzl. 1906 - See Pachyphyllum Kunth 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Orchidotypus gracillimus (C.Schweinf.) Senghas 1995 - See Pachyphyllum gracillimum C.Schweinf. 1947

~Orchidotypus hispidulus (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1995 - See Pachyphyllum hispidulum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965

~Pachyphyllum mexicanum Dressler & Hgsater 1976 - See Orchidotypus mexicanus (Dressler & Hgsater) Senghas 1995

~Orchidotypus muscoides Kraenzl. 1906 - See Pachyphyllum hispidulum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965

~Orchidotypus schultesii (L.O.Williams) Senghas 1995 - See Pachyphyllum hispidulum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965

~Orchidotypus vareschii Foldats 1957 - See Pachyphyllum hispidulum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965

~ Orchigymnadenia E.G.Camus 1892 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There is a single terrestrial species in this natural hybrid genus between the genera Gymnadenia and Orchis

    ~x Orchigymnadenia heinzeliana (Reichardt) E.G.Camus 1892 - See Dactylodenia legrandiana (E.G.Camus) Peitz 1972

    ~ Orchigymnadenia legrandiana (E.G.Camus) E.G.Camus 1892 - See Dactylodenia legrandiana (E.G.Camus) Peitz 1972

    ~ Orchigymnadenia souppensis (E.G.Camus) E.G.Camus 1892 - See Dactylodenia legrandiana (E.G.Camus) Peitz 1972

~Orchiodes Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae, SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae.

There are approximately 25 species in this terrestrial cool growing genus found in the temperate zones of Europe, Asia and America.

~Orchiodes bifidum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera bifida (Blume) Blume 1858

~Orchiodes calvum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera bifida (Blume) Blume 1858

~Orchiodes celebicum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl. 1839

~Orchiodes cordatum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera viridiflora (Blume) Blume 1858

~Orchiodes coloratum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera colorata (Blume) Blume 1858

~Orchiodes decipiens (Hook.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. 1833

~Orchiodes elongatum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Hetaeria finlaysoniana Seidenf. 1997

~Orchiodes discolor (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Ludisia discolor (Ker Gawl.) A. Rich. ?

~Orchiodes fumatum (Thwaites) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera fumata Thwaites 1861

~Orchiodes grande (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl. 1839

~Orchiodes hispidum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera hispida Lindl. 1857

~Orchiodes marginatum (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera repens (Linne) R. Brown 1813

~Orchiodes nudum (Thouars) Kuntze 1891 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

~Orchiodes occultum (Thouars) Kuntze 1891 - See Platylepis occulta (Thouars) Rchb.f. 1876

~Orchiodes parviflorum (Hassk.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook. 1823

~Orchiodes polygonoides (F.Muell.) Kuntze 1891 - See Rhomboda polygonoides (F.Muell.) Ormerod 1995

~Orchiodes procerum (Ker Gawl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook. 1823

~Orchiodes pubescens (Willd.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br. 1813

~Orchiodes pusillum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera pusilla Blume 1858

~Orchiodes quercilobum Kuntze 1891 - See Platythelys querceticola (Lindl.) Garay 1977

~Orchiodes recurvum (Lindl.) Kuntze1891 - See Goodyera recurva Lindl.1857

~Orchiodes repens (L.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera repens (Linne) R. Brown 1813

~Orchiodes resupinatum Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera repens (Linne) R. Brown 1813

~Orchiodes reticulatum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera reticulata (Blume) Blume 1858

~Orchiodes rubicundum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl. 1839

~Orchiodes schlechtendalianum (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera schlechtendaliana Rchb. f. 1849

~Orchiodes secundiflorum (Griff.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

~Orchiodes tesselatum (Lodd.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera tesselata Lodd. 1824

~Orchiodes viridiflorum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera viridiflora (Blume) Blume 1858

~Orchiodes vittatum (Benth. ex Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera vittata Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

~Orchiodes waitzianum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera novembrilis (Rchb.f.) Ormerod 1996

~Orchiodes Trew. 1736 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae.

Orchipedum Breda 1829 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

There are 3 species in this rarely seen terrestrial genus confined to Malesia with Scape leafless, with 24 large sterile bracts. Flowers, sessile, resupinate. Sepals free. Petals oblique-obovate, joined in apical part and connivent to median sepal forming hood; lateral sepals spreading, with concave base, enclosing saccate base of lip. Lip adnate to column base, spurred, 3-lobed. Spur globose, slightly bifid, curved forwards under the blade, containing dense group of fleshy hairs on each side. Base of lip with erect rounded side lobes embracing column base, inside with 2 erect semi-circular parallel keels. Median lobe with narrow clawed base suddenly broadening into spreading lobules. Column narrow, bended, with 1 stigma and narrow winged rostellar arms; anther narrowly ovate acute. Pollinium sectile, very long, to 5 mm long, with stipe and viscidium

Common Name or Meaning Refers to the testicle-shaped spur

Type Species = ! = Orchipedum plantaginifolium Breda 1827

  1. !Orchipedum plantaginifolium Breda 1827

    Full shade Hot

  2. Orchipedum wenzelii (Ames) J.J. Sm. 1934

    Full shade HotCool Spring

Orchis Tourn ex L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There are 58 or so species in this erect terrestrial genus that are spread from Europe to China and have underground tubers instead of psuedobulbs.

Synonyms Abrochis Neck. 1790; Aceras R. Brown 1813; Androrchis D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Chondradenia Maxim. ex Makino 1902; Galeorchis Rydb. 1901; x Orchidactyla P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965; Strateuma Salisb. 1812

Type Species = ! = Orchis militaris L. 1753

  1. O palustris Group O dinsmorei, O elegans, O laxiflora, O palustris, O pseudolaxiflora, O robusta,

    Moisture loving plants with narrow, unmarked, leaves arrranged along the stem instead of in a basal rosette and the bracts are leaf-like

  2. O morio Group O albanica, O boryi, O champagneuxii, O israelitica, O longicornu, O morio, O picta, O syrica,

    This group has oval, veined green sepals, the sepals and petals form a small hood with a broad, weakly 3 lobed lip with rounded lateral lobes.

    There are 2 subgroups to the O morio group

    #1 O morio type 5 species, O albanica, O champagneuxii, O longicornu, O morio, O picta, O syrica, blooms the more common way from the bottom up

    #2 The different blooming kind, flowers open from the tip and work down the inflorescence, 2 species, O boryi and O israelitica

  3. O papilionacea Group O colina, O cyrenaica, O papillionacea

    This group has a lip that is entire, fan-shaped and near rhomboidal.

  4. O coriophora Group O coriophora, O fragrans, O sancta,

    This group has long-caulescent sepals, the sepals and petals form a tight hood, the lip is 3 lobed and the median lobe is entire and longer than the lateral lobes, the spur is thick and nectariferous.

  5. O Mascula Group O anatolica, O brancifortii, O canariensis, O cazorlensis, O ichnusae, O laeta, O langei, O linguistica, O mascula, O olbiensis, O ovalis, O pallens, O patens, O pauciflora, O pinetorum, O prisca, O provincialis, O quadripunctata, O scopularum, O x seikiana, O sitiaca, O spitzelii, O terera, O troodii

    This group is characterized by near spreading to erect lateral sepals, the petals are folded over the column, the lip is 3 lobed with the lateral lobes broad and the median lobe longer than the laterals and is divided into 2 secondary lobes and it has a spur,

  6. O militaris Group O adenocheila, O anthropophora, O caucasica, O galilaea, O italica, O militaris, O punctulata, O purpurea, O simia, O stevenii, O taubertiana,

    This group has large flowers with the sepals and petals forming a hood, and has a lip that is anthropomorphic, has narrow lateral lobes and a bilobed median lobe that is usually toothed in angle of incision.

    ~Orchis abortia L. 1753 - See Limodorum abortivum (Linne) Swartz 1799

    ~Orchis aceratorchis So 1929- See Aceratorchis tschiliensis Schltr.1922

    ~Orchis acuminata Desfontaines 1783 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis acuta Banks ex Pursh 1813 - See Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. 1835

  1. Orchis adenocheila Czerniak. 1924

    Part SunCold Spring

    ~Orchis aetnensis Tineo in G.Gussone 1844 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis aetnensis var. laxiflora Tod. ex Guss. 1844 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis affinis C. Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis africana Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis agastachys Fisch. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook. 1825

    ~Orchis alata Fleury 1819 - See Anacamptis alata (Fleury) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis alata nothosubsp. apolonana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2006 - See Anacamptis alata (Fleury) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis alba Lam. 1795 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis albanica Glz & H.R.Reinhard 1984 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis albertii A.Camus 1926 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis albida Scopoli 1772 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. & D. Lve 1969

    ~Orchis albida Friv. ex Hampe 1837 - See Gymnadenia frivaldii Hampe ex Griseb. 1846

    ~*Orchis alpestris Pugsley 1935 - See Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

    ~Orchis alpestris (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1975 - See Amitostigma alpestre Fukuy. 1935

    ~Orchis alpina [Seg.] Crantz 1769 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. & D. Lve 1969

    ~Orchis alpina (L.) Scop. 1772 - See Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886

    ~Orchis altaica (Rchb.f.) So 1933- See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~*Orchis altobracensis Coste & Souli 1898 - See Dactylorhiza X altobracensis (Coste & Souli) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis ambigua Degl. ex Le Gall 1852 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ambigua Martrin-Donos 1864 - See Dactylorhiza latifolia (Linne) So 1983

    ~Orchis ambigua A.Kern. 1865 - See Dactylorhiza kerneriorum (So) So 1962

    ~Orchis amblyoloba Nevski 1935 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis amoena Crantz 1769 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

  2. Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    Part sunCool Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis anatolica f. rariflora (K.Koch) So 1928 - See Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    ~Orchis anatolica f. taurica Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach 1851 - See Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    ~Orchis anatolica subsp. sezikiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz 2004 - See Orchis sezikiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1991

    ~*Orchis anatolica subsp. sitiaca Renz 1932 - See Orchis sitiaca (Renz) P.Delforge 1990

    ~Orchis anatolica subsp. troodi (Renz) Renz 1932 - See Orchis troodi (Renz) P.Delforge 1990

    ~Orchis anatolica subvar. taurica (Rchb.f.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    ~Orchis anatolica var. kochii Boiss. 1882 - See Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    ~Orchis anatolica var. troodi Renz 1929 - See Orchis troodi (Renz) P.Delforge 1990

    ~Orchis angustata Arv.-Touv. 1872 - See Dactylorhiza lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) So 1962

  3. Orchis angusticruris Franch. 1885

    Part SunCold LATERSpring

    Orchis angusticruris nothosubsp. angusticruris - See Orchis angusticruris Franch. 1885

    ~Orchis angusticruris nothosubsp. transcaucasica B.Baumann & al.2003- See Orchis angusticruris Franch. 1885

    ~Orchis angustifolia M.Bieb. 1808 - See - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia Wimm. & Grab. 1829 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962 .

    ~Orchis angustifolia Loiseleur ex Rchb. 1831 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. acuminata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. ammatica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. amplivaginata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. angustivaginata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. anziensis Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. arcuata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. brevispicata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. comosa Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. curvata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. densiflora Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. densissima Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. densiuscula Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. elongata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. fichtenbergii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. friesii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. gracilis Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. gruneri Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. immaculata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. intermedia Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. laxa Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. laxiflora Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. laxiuscula Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. lehnertii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. levaschevoica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. longispicata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. oblonga Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. obtusifolia Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. paanajaervica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. papjerwica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. patens Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. perhoica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. pulcherrima Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. reichenbachii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. remota Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. robustior Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. rosiensis Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. sauteri Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. schmidtii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. schurii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. spathulata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. spathulata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. stricta Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. subcurva Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. suberecta Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia f. tiudiensis Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. concolor Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. conferta Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. densata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. dissita Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. elegantior Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. filiformis Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. immaculata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. immaculata Klinge 1893 -See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. intermedia Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. laxata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. maculata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. strictior Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. subcurva (Klinge) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. superans Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. venusta Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subf. venusta Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subsp. friesii (Klinge) Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subsp. pycnantha L.Neumann in 1909. - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~

    ~Orchis angustifolia subsp. russowii (Klinge) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia subsp. subcapitata Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia subsp. traunsteineri (Saut. ex Rchb.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. abeliana Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. acuminata (Klinge) Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. arcuata (Klinge) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. blyttii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. brevifolia Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. caucasica (Klinge) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. curvata (Klinge) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. densiflora Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorchis majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. divaricata Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. elata Hartm. 1843 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. elongata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. erecta Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. estonica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. extensa Hartm. 1843 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. gracillima Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. haussknechtii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. immaculata Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. lapponica Laest. ex Hartm. 1843 - See Dactylorhiza lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. mielichhoferi Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. nylandri Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. patens Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~ Orchis angustifolia var. patula Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. poenalica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. pusilla Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. recurva Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. reolana Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. rigidula Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~*Orchis angustifolia var. russowii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. sanionis Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. sauteri (Klinge) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. stricta Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. superba Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. tarbatonica Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis angustifolia var. tenuifolia Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

  4. Orchis anthropophora All. 1785

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo ColdSpring

    O militaris Group

    ~*Orchis aphylla Forssk. 1775 - See Holothrix aphylla (Forssk.) Rchb.f. 1881

    ~*Orchis aphylla F W Schmidt 1791 - See Epipogium aphyllum Swartz 1814

    ~Orchis apifera (Huds.) Salisb. 1796 - See Ophrys apifera Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis appendiculata Stokes 1812 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis [L.] L.C.Rich. 1818

    ~Orchis arachnites Scop. 1772 - See Ophrys fuciflora (F.W. Schmidt) Moench 1842

    ~*Orchis aristata Fisch. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis aristata f. perbracteata Lepage 1952 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis aristata var. immaculata Makino 1932 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis aristata var. maculata Makino 1932 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis aristata var. perbracteata Lepage 1952 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis aschersoniana Hausskn. 1885 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis aschersonii (Rouy) So 1932 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis aserica B.Baumann & al. 2003 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis athensis (Lej.) Dumort. 1827 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis atlantica Willd. 1805 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~Orchis atropurpurea Tausch 1831 - See Gymnadenia rubra Wettstein 1889

  5. Orchis aurunca W.Rossi & Minut. 1985

    Part SunCold LATERSpring

    ~Orchis austriaca A.Kern. 1864 - See Neotinea dietrichiana (Bogenh.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis badensis W.Zimm. 1909 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis baltica (Klinge) A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. 1984

    ~*Orchis barbata L.f. 1782 - See Disa barbata (L.f.) Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis barlae E.G.Camus 1892 - See Anacamptis timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis basifoliata (Finet) Schltr. 1912 - See Amitostigma basifoliatum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis basilica L. ex Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis basilica subsp. cartaliniae Kinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis basilica subsp. maculata (L.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis basilica subsp. saccifera (Brongn.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis batrachites Schrank 1786 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis beeringiana (Cham.) Kud 1922 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis beesiana W.W.Sm. 1914 - See - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

  6. Orchis bergonii Nanteuil 1887

    Part SunCold LATERSpring

  7. Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    Part SunCold LATERSpring

    ~Orchis beyrichii nothosubsp. golestanica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis bicknellii E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis parvifolia (Chaub.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis bicornis L. 1760 - See Satyrium bicorne (L.) Thunb. 1794

    ~Orchis bicornis Gilib. 1792 - See !Anacamptis pyramidalis [L.] L.C.Rich. 1818

    ~Orchis bicornis Jacq. 1797 - See Satyrium humile Lindl. 1838

    ~Orchis bidentata Elliott 1823 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis biermannii Ortm. 1850 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~*Orchis biflora L. 1763 - See Disa biflora (L.) Druce 1913 publ. 1914

    ~*Orchis bifolia Linne 1763 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis bifolia var. brachyglossa Wallr. 1822 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis bifolia var. elatior Gaudin 1829 - See Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. 1828

    ~Orchis bifolia var. latissima Tinant 1836 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis bifolia var. macroglossa Wallr. 1823 - See Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. 1828

    ~Orchis bifolia var. major Besser 1809 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis bifolia var. trifolia Gaudin 1829 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis bifolia var. trifoliata Tinant 1836 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis bifolia var. virens Tinant 1836 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis biloba Arv.-Touv. 1872 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis bipunctata Raf. 1814 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1811

  8. Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

    Part SunCold LATERSpring

    ~*Orchis blephariglottis Willd. 1805 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis blidana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1980 - See Orchis laeta Steinh. 1838

    ~Orchis blyttii (Rchb.f.) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis bonanniana Tod. 1842 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis bornemanniae Asch. 1865 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis boryi Rchb.f. 1851 - See Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis boryi var. alba C.Alibertis & A.Alibertis 1989 - See Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis bosniaca Beck 1887 - See Dactylorhiza latifolia (Linne) So 1983

    ~Orchis brachiata Gilib. 1792 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis brachystachys d'Urv. 1822 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis [L.] L.C.Rich. 1818

    ~Orchis bracteata Muhl Willd. 1805 - See Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis bracteata Ten. 1811 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

  9. Orchis brancifortii Bivona-Bernardi 1813

    Part sunCool to Cold Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis brancifortii f. maculata J.Balz & M.Balz 1995 - See Orchis brancifortii Bivona-Bernardi 1813

    ~*Orchis braunii Halcsy 1881 - See Dactylorhiza braunii (Halcsy) Borsos & So 1961

    ~Orchis braunii nothovar. alpina E.G.Camus 1927 - See Dactylorhiza braunii (Halcsy) Borsos & So 1961

    ~Orchis braunii var. townsendiana Rouy 1912 - See Dactylorhiza dinglensis (Wilmott) So 1962

    ~Orchis brevicalcarata (Finet) Schltr. 1919 - See Ponerorchis brevicalcarata (Finet) So 1966

    ~Orchis brevicornis Viv. 1804 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~ Orchis brevicornis var. panormitana (Tineo) Nyman 1882; Orchis canariensis Lindl. 1835 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis brevilabris Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis broteroana Rivas Goday & Bellot 1946 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis bruhnsiana (Gruner) Mojorov ex Grossh. 1928 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~ *Orchis bruniana Brgger 1880 - See Pseudorhiza bruniana (Brgger) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis bugarachensis J.Claess. & J.M.Lewin 1995 - See Neotinea dietrichiana (Bogenh.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis bungii Hautz. 1978 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~ *Orchis burmanniana L. 1760 - See Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818

    ~Orchis burolletiana Maire 1934 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis caccabaria Verg. 1908 - See Anacamptis caccabaria (Verg.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis calcarata Burm.f. 1768 - See Satyrium coriifolium Sw. 1800

  10. Orchis calliantha Renz & Taubenheim 1983

    Part Sun ColdSpring

    ~Orchis calvellii A.Terracc. 1889-1890 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~*Orchis camtschatica Cham. 1828 - See Platanthera camtschatica (Cham.) So 1969

    ~Orchis camusii Duffort 1899 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis canariensis Lindl.1835- See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis candida A.Terracc. 1910 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis candidissima Krock. 1814 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~*Orchis caprina Biebl 1819 - See Himantoglossum caprinum (Bieb.) Spreng 1826

    ~*Orchis carnea Dryand. 1789 - See Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) Sims 1812

    ~Orchis carpetana (Willk.) Pau 1921 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~ Orchis cartaliniae (Klinge) Medw. 1919 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~ Orchis caspia Trautv. 1873 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis cassidea M-Bieberstein 1819 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis cataonica H.Fleischm. 1914 - See Dactylorhiza osmanica (Klinge) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965

    ~Orchis caucasica Regel 1898 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis caucasica (Klinge) Medw. 1919 - See Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981

    ~Orchis caucasica f. aserica (B.Baumann & al.) P.Delforge 2004 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis caucasica var. markowitschii So 1926 - See Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981

  11. Orchis cazorlensis Lacaita 1930

    Part sunCool to Cold LATER Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis celakovskyi Rohlena 1923 - See Orchis pseudoanatolica H.Fleischm. 1914

    ~Orchis celtiberica Pau 1921 - See Anacamptorchis celtiberica (Pau) B.Bock 2012

    ~Orchis cercopitheca Poir 1798 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis cerii Guadagno 1922 publ. 1923 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

    ~*Orchis cernua Burm.f. 1768 - See Holothrix cernua (Burm.f.) Schelpe 1966

  12. Orchis chabalensis B.Baumann & al. 2003

    Part Sun ColdSpring

    ~Orchis champagneuxii Barn. 1843 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis champagneuxii f. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) P.Delforge 2007 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis champagneuxii var. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) D.Tyteca 1986 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis chatinii E.G.Camus 1889 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis chidorii (Makino) Schltr. 1919 - See Ponerorchis chidorii (Makino) Ohwi 1936

    ~Orchis chidorii var. curtipes (Ohwi) Ohwi 1965 - See Ponerorchis curtipes (Ohwi) J.M.H.Shaw 2003

    ~Orchis chingshuishania S.S.Ying 1988 - See Ponerorchis takasago-montana (Masam.) Ohwi 1936

    ~*Orchis chlorantha Cluster 1827 - See Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. 1828

    ~Orchis chlorotica Woronow 1909 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis choirokitiana Kreutz & Scraton 2002 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis chondradenia Makino 1902 - See Orchis fauriei Finet 1808

    ~Orchis chonorchis All. - See Herminium monorchis [L.]R.Br. 1813

    ~Orchis chrysea (W.W.Sm.) Schltr. 1924 - See Chusua chrysea (W.W.Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~!Orchis chusua D.Don 1825 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis chusua var. delavayi (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis chusua var. nana King & Pantl. 1898 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis chusua var. pulchella (Hand.-Mazz.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis chusua var. tenii (Schltr.) Soo' 1929 -See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis cilaris L. 1753 - See Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis ciliaris var. alba Michx. 1803 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis cilicica (Klinge) Schltr. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza osmanica (Klinge) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965

    ~Orchis cimicina Crantz 1769 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis cimicina Brb. 1835 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis cinerea Schrank 1789 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis circumflexa (L.) Bolus 1882 - See Disperis circumflexa (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Orchis clandestina Hautz. 1978 - See Orchis ligustica Ruppert 1933

    ~Orchis clavata B.Heyne ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Habenaria marginata Colebr. 1824

    ~*Orchis clavellata Michx. 1803 - See Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer 1972

    Orchis clavellata var. tridentata Muhl. 1813 - See Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer 1972

    ~Orchis cochleata Fleischm. & M.Schulze 1902 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

  13. Orchis colemanii Cortesi 1907

    Part Sun Cold LATERSpring

    ~Orchis collina Banks & Solander 1794 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis collina f. flavescens So in G.Keller & al. 1932 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis collina f. purpurea Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis collina subsp. chlorotica (Woronow) Aver. 1994 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis collina subsp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Aver. 1994 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis collina var. flavescens So in G.Keller & al. 1932 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis columnae Schmidt 1791 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis commelinifolia Roxb. 1832 - See Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis commutata Tod. 1842 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis comosa Scop. 1772- See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis comosa F.W.Schmidt 1795 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis comosa Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis comosa var. angustifolia Ambrosi 1854 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis comperiana Steven 1829 - See Comperia comperiana (Steven) Asch. & Graebn. 1907

    ~Orchis comperiana f. karduchorum (Bornm. & Kraenzl.) So 1927 - See Comperia comperiana (Steven) Asch. & Graebn. 1907

    ~Orchis compressiflora Stokes 1812 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis condensa Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis condensata Desf. 1799 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis [L.] L.C.Rich. 1818

    ~Orchis conica Willdenow 1805 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis conopea Gras 1862 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis conopea var. albiflora Tinant 1836 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis conopea var. major Tinant 1836 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~*Orchis conopsea Linne 1753 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~*Orchis conopsea var. densiflora Wahlenb.1806 - See Gymnadenia densiflora (Wahlenb.) A.Dietr. 1839

    ~Orchis constricta L.O.Williams 1938 - See Neottianthe camptoceras (Rolfe ex Hemsl.) Schltr. 1919

    ~*Orchis convallariifolia Fisch. ex Lindl. 1833 - See Platanthera convallariifolia (Fisch. ex Lindl.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis cordata Willd. 1805 - See Gennaria diphylla (Link) Parl. 1958

    ~Orchis cordifolia Munby 1855 - See Gennaria diphylla (Link) Parl. 1958

    ~*Orchis cordigera Fr.1842 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. banatica Asch. & Graebn.1907 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. grisebachii (Pant.) So 1926 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. macrobracteata (Schur) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. rivularis (Heuff. ex Schur) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. rochelii (Griseb. & Schenk) Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. simonkaiana So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera f. subtriloba So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera lusus immaculata Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera prol. rochelii (Griseb. & Schenk) Asch. & Graebn 1907 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera subsp. blyttii (Rchb.f.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera subsp. siculorum So 1926 publ. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. bosniaca (Beck) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. caucasica (Klinge) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981

    ~Orchis cordigera var. foliosa Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. grisebachii (Pant.) Klinge 1899 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. klingei E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. macrobracteata Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. rocheliana Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cordigera var. siculorum (So) Pauca 1972 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis coreana Nakai 1914 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis coreosmus St.-Lag. 1880 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora Linne 1753 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora f. alba E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora f. borosiana So 1927 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora f. nana W.Zimm. 1910 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora f. virescens E.G.Camus 1908- See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. carpetana (Willk.) Malag. 1968 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. cimicina (Arcang.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) K.Richt. 1890 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. nervulosa (Sakalo) So 1969 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. olida (Brb.) Nyman 1890 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis coriophora subsp. sancta (Linne) Hayek - See Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase . 1997;

    ~Orchis coriophora var. carpetana Willk. 1870 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis coriophora var. cassidea (M.Bieb.) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. cibiniensis Schur 1866 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. cimicina Arcang. 1894 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. czeremossica Zapal. 1906 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. dolichoceras Maire 1939 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. elongata Maire 1940 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. fragrans (Pollini) Boiss. 1842 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis coriophora var. latifolia Tinant 1836 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. lusciniarum Maire 1939 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. major E.G.Camus 1900 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Gaut. 1867 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. odorata Ten. ex Rchb.f. 1851 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. polliniana (Spreng.) Pollard 1824 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. sancta (Linne) Rchb. fil. - See Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase . 1997;

    ~Orchis coriophora var. sennenii A.Camus 1928 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. subsancta Balayer 1986 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis coriophora var. symphypetala Brot. 1827 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis cornopica Mill. 1768 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis cornuta L. 1760 - See Disa cornuta (L.) Sw., Kongl. Vetensk 1800

    ~Orchis cornuta Houtt. 1780 - See Satyrium coriifolium Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis corsica Viv. 1824 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis corylensis Hesl.-Harr. 1941 - See Dactylorhiza transiens (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis crenulata Gilib. 1792 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis crenulata Schltr.1924 - See Ponerorchis crenulata So 1966

    ~*Orchis cristata Michx. 1803 - See Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis crocea Raf. 1832 - See Platanthera integra (Nutt.) A.Gray ex L.C.Beck 1848

    ~*Orchis cruenta O.F. Mller 1762 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis cruenta Rochel 1828 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cruenta subsp. blyttii (Rchb.f.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis cruentiformis Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~*Orchis cucullata L.1753 - See Neottianthe cucullata (L.) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis cupanii Tod. 1842 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1811

    ~*Orchis curtipes Ohwi 1954 - See Ponerorchis curtipes (Ohwi) J.M.H.Shaw 2003

    ~Orchis curtisii Druce 1931 publ. 1932 - See Dactylorhiza kerneriorum (So) So 1962

    ~Orchis curvifolia F.Nyl. 1844 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) Maxim. 1887 - See Galearis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) So 1969

    ~Orchis cylindrica K.Koch 1846 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich 1817

    ~Orchis cylindrostachya (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1908 - See Gymnadenia orchidis Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barrette 1910 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

    ~Orchis cyrilli Tenore 1820 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~*Orchis dafnii Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz 1981 - See Anacamptis dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis debeauxii E.G.Camus 1892 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis decipiens Bianca ? - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis decipiens E.G.Camus 1892 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis delavayi Schltr. 1911 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis densiflora (Wahlenb.) Pers. 1807 - See Gymnadenia densiflora (Wahlenb.) A.Dietr. 1839

    ~*Orchis dentata Sw. 1800 - See Habenaria dentata (Sw.) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis depsata Burm.f. 1768 - See Satyrium candidum Lindl. 1838

    ~Orchis diantha Schltr 1924 - See Galearis spathulata (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis dicorifiana G.Thiele & W.Thiele 2007 - See Orchis colemanii Cortesi 1907

    ~*Orchis dietrichiana Bogenh. 1850 - See Neotinea dietrichiana (Bogenh.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis dilatata Pursh 1814 - See Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L.C. Beck 1833

    ~*Orchis dinglensis Wilmott 1936 - See Dactylorhiza dinglensis (Wilmott) So 1962

    ~Orchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.Baumann & Dafni 1981 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis diphylla (Link) Samp. 1913 - See Gennaria diphylla (Link) Parl. 1958

    ~*Orchis discolor Pursh 1814 - See Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt. 1818

    ~Orchis divaricata Rich. ex Loisel. 1807 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis divaricata Boreau 1849 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis dolichorhiza Fisch. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Platanthera stricta Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis dominiana E.G.Camus 1908 - See - See Dactylorhiza conigera (Norman) B.Bock 2012

    ~Orchis doyonensis Hand.-Mazz. 1936 - See Platanthera roseotincta (W.W.Sm.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1940

    ~*Orchis draconis L.f. 1782 - See Disa draconis (L.f.) Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis dubia Thouars 1822 - See Cynorkis squamosa (Poir.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis dubia Le Gall 1852 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis dubia E.G.Camus 1885 - See Orchis hybrida (Lindl.) Boenn. ex Rchb.f 1830

    ~*Orchis dubreuilhii G.Keller & Jeanj. 1933 - See Dactylorhiza dubreuilhii (G.Keller & Jeanj.) So 1962

    ~Orchis dulukae Hautz. 1976 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis dulukae subsp. camparonensis Kohlmller 1993 - See Anacamptis dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis duquesneyi Nyman 1855 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis [L.] L.C.Rich. 1818

    ~Orchis durandii Boissier & Reuter 1852 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Dactylorhiza ebudensis (Wief. ex R.M.Bateman & Denholm) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 81: 397 (2000

    ~Orchis ecalcarata Costa & Vayr 1880 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~*Orchis eichenfeldtii Beck 1890 - See Orchis uechtritziana Hausskn. 1885

    ~*Orchis elata Poiret 1789 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. alba So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza latifolia (Linne) So 1983

    ~Orchis elata f. albiflora Maire 1940 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. elongata (Maire) So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. klingeana So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. leucantha Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. mairei So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. maroccanica So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. munbyana (Boiss. & Reut.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. pallida Maire & Weiller in R.C.J.Maire 1959 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. peltieri So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. speciosissima So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata f. willdenowiana So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata subsp. ambigua (J.A.Guim.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata subsp. durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis elata subsp. munbyana (Boiss. & Reut.) E.G.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata subsp. sesquipedalis (Willd.) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata subvar. durandiana Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis elata subvar. stephensonii Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. algerica (Rchb.) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. ambigua (J.A.Guim.) Schltr. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. corsica (E.Rev. ex E.G.Camus) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. elongata Maire 1931 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. munbyana (Boiss. & Reut.) So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. poiretiana Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. sesquipedalis (Willd.) Schltr. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elata var. vestita (Lag. & Rodr.) Losa & Rivas Goday 1968 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis elatior [Fr] Afzel. ex Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis elegans Heuff. 1835 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis elegans var. dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.I.Schf. 1971 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis elegans var. platychila (K.Koch) H.I.Schf. 1971 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis elodes Griseb. 1845 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis ennensis Guss. ex Tineo 1817 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ensifolia Villars 1787 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis entomantha Lex. 1825 - See Habenaria entomantha (Lex.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis ericetorum (E.F.Linton) A.Benn. 1905 - See Dactylorhiza ericetorum (E.F.Linton) Aver. 1981

    ~Orchis erubescens Zucc. 1824 - See Gymnadenia odoratissima (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Orchis erythrantha Beck 1890 - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    ~*Orchis euxina Nevski 1935 - See Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981

    ~Orchis expansa Tenore 1829 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis extensa Hartm. ex Pritz. 1855 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis faberi (Rolfe) So 1929 - See Amitostigma faberi (Rolfe) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis falcata Thunb. 1784 - See Neofinetia falcata [Thunb.] H.H.Hu 1925

    ~Orchis farreri (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Amitostigma farreri Schltr. 1924

    ~Orchis fasciculata Tineo 1844 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis fasciculata var. obtusifolia Tineo 1845 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis fastigiata (Thouars) Spreng. 1826 - See Cynorkis fastigiata Thouars 1822

  14. Orchis fauriei Finet 1808

    Part shadecoldSpring

    ~Orchis fedtschenkoi Czerniak. 1922 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis feinbruniae H.Baumann & Dafni 1979 - See Anacamptis feinbruniae (H.Baumann & Dafni) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis ferrieana Kraenzl. 1915 - See Amitostigma lepidum (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis ferruginea (F.W.Schmidt) F.W.Schmidt 1795 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis festiva Heuff. ex Rochel 1838 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis filicornis L.f. 1782 - See Disa filicornis (L.) Thunb. 1794

    ~Orchis filicornis Thonn.1827 - See Disa filicornis (L.) Thunb. 1794

    ~Orchis fimbriata Aiton 1789 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis fissa Muhl. ex Willd. 1805 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis fistulata Stokes 1812 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis fistulosa Moench 1794 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~*Orchis flava L. 1753 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis flava var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Green 1814 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis flavescens C. Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis flexicaulis L.f. 1782 - See Disa biflora (L.) Druce 1913 publ. 1914

    ~*Orchis flexuosa L.1760 - See Disa flexuosa (L.) Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis foliacea Burm.f. 1768 - See Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) Sims 1812

    ~Orchis foliosa Sw. 1800 - See Habenaria epipactidea Rchb.f. 1867

    ~Orchis foliosa Masson ex Ker Gawl. 1819 - See Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967

    ~*Orchis foliosa Solander 1831 - Dactylorhiza foliosa (Solander) So 1962

    ~Orchis foliosa Spreng. 1826 - See Habenaria monorrhiza [Sw.]Rchb.f 1885

    ~Orchis foliosa Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis formosa Steven 1813 - See Himantoglossum formosum (Steven) K.Koch 1849

    ~Orchis formosensis S.S.Ying 1977 - See Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis forrestii (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Amitostigma monanthum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis fragrans Ten. 1811 - See Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967

    ~Orchis fragrans Pollini 1811 - See Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis fragrans var. apricorum Duffort 1898 publ. 1899 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis fragrans var. elongata (Maire) Raynaud 1985 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis fragrans var. polliniana (Spreng.) Pollard 1824 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis franchetii E.G.Camus 1887 - See Orchis angusticruris Franch. 1885

    ~Orchis francis-drucei Wilmott 1936 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis fredtschenkoi Czerniakowska 1972 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis fuchsii Druce 1915 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis fuchsii f. lancefolia Snarskis 1963 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis fuchsii f. maxima Snarskis 1963 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis fuchsii subsp. rhoumensis Hesl.-Harr f. 1948 - See Dactylorhiza ericetorum (E.F.Linton) Aver. 1981

    ~Orchis fuchsii var. stenoloba Coss. & Germ. 1845 - See Orchis hybrida (Lindl.) Boenn. ex Rchb.f 1830

    ~Orchis fuciflora Crantz 1769 - See Ophrys fuciflora (F.W. Schmidt) Moench 1842

    ~Orchis fusca Jacquin 1776 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis fusca var. idiocrana C.Morren 1852 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis fusca var. obcordata Wirtg. 1857 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis fusca var. rotundata Wirtg. 1857 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis fusca var. stenoloba Coss. & Germ. 1845 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis fusca var. triangularis Wirtg. 1857 - See - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis fuscata Pall. 1776 - See Orchis purpurea Huds. 1761

    ~*Orchis fuscescens L. 1753 - See Platanthera fuscescens (L.) Kraenzl. 1899

    ~Orchis galeata Poiret 1789 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

  15. Orchis galilaea (Bornm. & M.Schulze) Schltr. 1923

    FragrancePart Sun WarmCoolWinterSpring

    ~Orchis geniculata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 1825 - See Habenaria dentata [Sw.]Schlechter 1919

    ~Orchis geniculata Finet 1902 - See Sirindhornia monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) H.A.Pedersen & Suksathan 2002 publ. 2003

    ~*Orchis gennarii Rchb.f. 1851 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. baroukensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. istriaca B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. kusadasiensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. orientecaucasica B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter 2003 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis gennarii nothovar. subpapilionacea R.Lopes 1980-1981 publ. 1981 - See Anacamptis gennarii (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis georgica (Klinge) Medw. 1919 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis germanorum Moritz 1844 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis gervasiana Tod. 1842 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis gigantea Sm.1806 - See Pecteilis gigantea (Sm.) Raf. 1837

    ~Orchis giraldiana Kraenzl. 1905 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis glareosa Raf. 1832 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis glaucophylla A. Kern - See Orchis mascula L. 1755

    ~*Orchis globosa Linne 1759 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa Brot. 1804 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis globosa lusus albiflora (Schur) R.Uechtr. 1881 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa var. albiflora Schur 1866 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa var. angustifolia Zapal. 1906 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa var. dentifera Zapal. 1906 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa var. gracilis Schur 1866 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa var. major Schur 1866 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Orchis globosa var. prutica Zapal. 1906 - See - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~ Orchis golestanica Renz 1978 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis gracilis Fisch. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis gracilis Hppner 1927 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis gracilis (Blume) So 1929 - See Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis gracilis var. chinensis (Rolfe) So 1929 - See Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis gracilis var. gracillima Hayata 1912 - See Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis graeca Orph. ex So 1928 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis graminea Crantz 1769 - Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886

    ~Orchis graminifolia (Reichb.f.) Tang & Wang 1940 - See Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

    ~Orchis graminifolia var. chidori (So) M.Hiroe 1971 - See Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

    ~Orchis graminifolia var. kurokamiana (Hatus. & Ohwi) Ohwi 1965 - See Ponerorchis kurokamiana (Hatus. & Ohwi) J.M.H.Shaw 2003

    ~*Orchis graminifolia ( Rchb.f. ) Tang & Wang var. suzukiana Ohwi 1969 - See Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

    ~Orchis graminifolia var. suzukiana Ohwi 1969 - See Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

    ~Orchis grandiflora B.Heyne in N.Wallich 1832 - See Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh 1814

    ~*Orchis grandiflora Bigelow 1824 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

    ~*Orchis grandis Druce 1926 - See Dactylorhiza grandis (Druce) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis grenieri E.G.Camus 1892 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis grisebachii Pant. 1871 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis guimaraesii (E.G.Camus) Rivas Goday 1945 - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis gussonei Tod. 1845 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis habenaria L. 1759 - See Habenaria macroceratitis Willd. 1805

    ~Orchis habenarioides King & Pantl. 1898 - See Gymnadenia orchidis Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis haematodes Rchb. 1830 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis halleri Crantz 1769 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~*Orchis hallii Druce 1914 publ. 1915 - See Dactylorhiza hallii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis hanrici Hnon 1846 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis hanrii Jordan 1846 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis hatagirea D. Don 1825 - See Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis hatagirea var. afghanica Soo 1928 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis hatagirea var. doniana So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis hatagirea var. schlaginweitii So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis haussknechtii M.Schulze 1885 - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    ~Orchis haussknechtii nothof. alboflavida Kmpel 1996 - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    ~Orchis haussknechtii nothosubsp. kisslingii (Beck) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007 - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    ~Orchis hebridella Wilmott 1939 - See Dactylorhiza venusta (T.Stephenson & T.A.Stephenson) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis hebridensis Wilmott 1939 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis heinzeliana Reichardt 1876 - See Dactylodenia legrandiana (E.G.Camus) Peitz 1972

    ~Orchis henriquesea J.A.Guim. 1887 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

    ~Orchis herbiola (R.Br.) Pursh 1813 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis herminium Gren. 1855 - See Herminium monorchis (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis heroca Clarke 1823 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

    ~Orchis heuffeliana Schur 1853 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis hircina [L.]Crantz 1769 - See Himantoglossum hircinum [L.]Sprengel 1826

    ~Orchis hirtella (Sw.) Sw. 1800 - See Microchilus hirtellus (Sw.) D.Dietr. 1852

    ~Orchis hispanica Nieschalk 1970 - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis hispida Thunb. 1794 - See Holothrix cernua (Burm.f.) Schelpe 1966

    ~Orchis hispidula L.f. 1782 - See Holothrix cernua (Burm.f.) Schelpe 1966

    ~Orchis hoeppneri (A.Fuchs) Hppner ex Verm. 1947 - See Dactylorchis majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis holoserica Burmller - See Ophrys fuciflora (F.W. Schmidt) Moench 1842

    ~Orchis hookeri (Torr.) Alph.Wood 1870 - See Platanthera hookeri (Torr.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis hookeriana (Lindl.) Oakes 1842 - See Platanthera hookeri (Torr.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis hostii Tratt. 1814 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1811

    ~Orchis hui Tang & F.T.Wang 1936 - See Ponerorchis limprichtii (Schltr.) So 1966

    ~Orchis humilis Michx. - See Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. 1833

    ~Orchis hungarica Pant. ex G.Keller & So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis huronensis Nutt. 1818 - See Platanthera huronensis [Nutt.] Lindl. 1835

  16. Orchis hybrida (Lindl.) Boenn. ex Rchb.f 1830

    LATER

    ~Orchis hybrida var. jacquinii (Godr.) Nyman 1882 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis hyemalis Raf. 1817 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis hyperborea L. 1767 - See Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis hyperborea var. huronensis (Nutt.) Alph.Wood 1853 - See Platanthera huronensis [Nutt.] Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis iberica M.Bieb. ex Willd. 1805 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis iberica f. fraasii Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis iberica f. leptophylla E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis iberica f. longifolia (K.Koch) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis iberica f. stevenii Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

  17. Orchis ichnusae (Corrias) J. & P. Devillers-Terschuren 1991

    FragrantPart sunCool Spring

    O mascula group

    ~Orchis imbecilla Sol. ex Britten 1904 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~Orchis imbricata Vest. 1824 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis impudica Crantz 1769 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis incantata P.Delforge 1989 - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis incarnata L 1755 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata Willd. 1805 - See - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. algerica (Desf.) Rchb. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. ampla Hppner 1924 publ. 1925 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. atrirubra Godfery 1933 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    Orchis incarnata f. brevicalcarata Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. extensa (Hartm.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. fraasii Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. lanceata (A.Dietr.) Snarskis 1963 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. macrophylla Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. ochroleuca Bornm. 1939 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis incarnata f. praecox Engenst. 1912 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. retusa (Rchb.f.) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. rhombeilabia Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. rostriformis (Zapal) Soo 1928 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. stenophylla Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. subfoliosa M.Schulze ex Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata f. trifurca Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata lusus acroglossa Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata lusus cruenta (O.F.Mll.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata lusus haematodes (Rchb.) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata lusus hybrida Hppner 1924 publ. 1925 - See Dactylorhiza latirella (P.M.Hall) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata lusus pulchella Hppner 1924 publ. 1925 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata lusus retusa Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata nothovar. versicolor J.C.Schmidt ex Lscher 1918 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. cruenta (O.F.Mll.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. fraasii (Rchb.f.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. integrata E.G.Camus ex Fourcy 1891 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. lanceata (A.Dietr.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. ochroleuca (Wstnei ex Boll) O.Schwarz 1949 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subsp. sesquipedalis (Willd.) E.G.Camus 1892 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata subvar. altaica Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. albida Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. albiflora Lecoq & Lamotte ex Thielens 1873 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. algerica Desf. 1799 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. algerica Rchb. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. ambigua J.A.Guim. 1887 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962 Orchis incarnata var. angustifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. borealis Nyman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. brevifolia A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. dunensis Druce 1916 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) Willk. 1861 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis incarnata var. elatior E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. fraasii (Rchb.f.) Soo 1928 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. haematodes (Rchb.) M.Schulze 1907 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. haussknechtii (Klinge) O.Schwarz 1949 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. hyphaematodes Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. incisiloba Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. integrata E.G.Camus ex Fourcy 1891 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. intermedia Serg. 1929 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. knorringiana Kraenzl. 1931 - See Dactylorhiza salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. kotschyi Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis incarnata var. lanceata Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. lanceolata Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. latissima Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. maxima Cuatrec. 1929 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. obscura Hppner 1913 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. ochroleuca Wstnei ex Boll 1860 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. olocheilos Boiss. 1882 - See Dactylorhiza osmanica (Klinge) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965

    ~Orchis incarnata var. platyphylla Snarskis 1963 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. pulchella Druce 1918 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. rostriformis Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. sambucina (L.) Lapeyr. ex Bubani 1897 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. seemenii Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. serotina Hausskn. 1885 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. sesquipedalis (Willd.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. straminea Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. subextensa Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. sublatifolia Rchb.f 1851 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. traunsteineri (Saut. ex Rchb.) Parl. 1860 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis incarnata var. xauensis Pau & Font Quer 1929 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    *Orchis ichneumonea Sw. 1805 - See Habenaria ichneumonea (Sw.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis incisa Muhl. ex Willd. 1805 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis insectifera (L.) Crantz 1769 - See Ophrys insectifera Linne 1753

    ~*Orchis insularis Sommier 1896 - See Dactylorhiza insularis (Sommier) Landwehr 1969

    ~ Orchis intacta Link 1799 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~*Orchis integra Nutt. 1818 - See Platanthera integra (Nutt.) A.Gray ex L.C.Beck 1848

    ~Orchis integrata E.G.Camus 1892 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis intermedia Meigen & Weniger 1819 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis intermedia (J.Lloyd) Gadeceau 1892 - See Anacamptis lloydiana (Rouy) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis israelitica H.Baumann & Dafni 1979 - See Anacamptis israelitica (H.Baumann & Dafni) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis italica Lamarck - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1787

  18. Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    Part sunCool to ColdLATE Winterand Spring

    O militaris Group

    ~Orchis italica f. albiflora Nicora ex Fiori & Paol. 1896 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis italica f. breviloba Halcsy 1904 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789 Orchis italica var. fontinalis F.M.Vzquez 2008 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis italica f. maculata So 1932 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis jaccardii Chenevard 1898; - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    ~Orchis jacquinii Godr. 1844 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis jailae So 1932 - See Orchis penzigiana A.Camus 1928

    ~Orchis jamainii Rouy 1912 - See Orchis spuria Rchb.f. 1849

    ~*Orchis japonica Thunb. ex A. Murray 1784 - See Platanthera japonica (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Lindl. 1835

  19. Orchis joo-iokiana Makino 1902

    Full shadeCold

    ~Orchis joo-iokiana var. coreana Ohwi 1936 - See Orchis joo-iokiana Makino 1902

    ~Orchis kabyliensis G.Keller 1933 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis kabyliensis var. rassautae Alleiz. in ? - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~*Orchis kallithea E.Klein 1973 - See Anacamptis kallithea (E. Klein) H. Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H. Dietrich 2007

    ~Orchis karduchorum (Bornm. & Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1914 - See Comperia comperiana (Steven) Asch. & Graebn. 1907

    ~Orchis keiskei (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Amitostigma keiskei Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis kelleri Hunz. ex G.Keller & So 1932 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis kelleriana Ugr. 1913 - See Anacamptis timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~ *Orchis kerneriorum So 1926 - See Dactylorhiza kerneriorum (So) So 1962

    ~Orchis kerryensis Wilmott 1936 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis kinoshitae (Makino) So 1929 - See Amitostigma kinoshitae (Makino) Schltr. 1919

    ~*Orchis kiraishiensis Hayata 1920 - See Ponerorchis kiraishiensis (Hayata) Ohwi 1936

    ~Orchis kiraishiensis f. leucantha Masam. 1931 - See Ponerorchis tominagae (Hayata) H.J.Su & J.J.Chen 2000

    ~Orchis kiraishiensis var. leucantha (Masam.) Masam. 1933 - See Ponerorchis tominagae (Hayata) H.J.Su & J.J.Chen 2000

    ~Orchis kisslingii Beck 1888 - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

  20. Orchis klopfensteiniae P.Delforge 1985

    LATER

    ~Orchis knorringiana (Kraenzl.) Czerniak.1951 - See Dactylorhiza salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis koenigii Gunnerus 1772 - See Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis kotschyi (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1923 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis kromayeri M.Schulze 1904 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis krylovii So 1933 -See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis kuanshanensis S.S.Ying 1985 - See Ponerorchis tominagae (Hayata) H.J.Su & J.J.Chen 2000

    ~Orchis kunihikoana Masam. & Fukuy. 1935 - See Ponerorchis tominagae (Hayata) H.J.Su & J.J.Chen 2000

    ~*Orchis kurokamiana Hatus. & Ohwi 1943 - See Ponerorchis kurokamiana (Hatus. & Ohwi) J.M.H.Shaw 2003

    ~*Orchis lacera Michx. 1803 - See Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G.Don 1839

    ~*Orchis lactea Poiret 1789 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea f. burnatii Briq. 1910 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea subsp. broteroana (Rivas Goday & Bellot) Rivas Goday 1964 - See Neotinea tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea subsp. conica (Willd.) Kreutz 2004 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea subsp. corsica (Viv.) Kreutz 2006 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea subsp. minuscula A.Alibertis 2011 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea var. conica (Willd.) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea var. ennensis (Guss. ex Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea var. hanrici (Hnon) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis lactea var. hanrii (Jordan) Camus, Bergon & Camus - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

  21. Orchis laeta Steinh. 1838

    Part SunWarm Spring

    ~Orchis lagotis Rchb. f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza latifolia [Linne]Soo' 1983

    ~Orchis lanceata A.Dietr. 1833 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis lancibracteata K.Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

  22. Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    Part sunCool to Cold Spring

    The O mascula Group

    ~Orchis langei f. maquedina F.M.Vzquez 2009 - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis langei subsp. magrebensis F.M.Vzquez 2012 - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis lanigera Blanco 1837 - See Rhynchostylis retusa [L.]Blume 1825

    ~Orchis lapalmensis (Leibbach & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge 2007 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Dactylorhiza lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) So 1962

    ~Orchis lapponica subsp. dunensis (Rchb.f.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~*Orchis lasithica Renz 1930 - See Anacamptis lasithica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis latifolia Haller ex Linne - See Dactylorhiza latifolia (Linne) So 1983

    ~*Orchis latifolia Linne 1753 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia Scop. 1772 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia f. aequiloba (Harz) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia f. ampla Asch. & Graebn.1907 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia f. baltica (Klinge) M.Schulze 1902 - See Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. 1984

    ~Orchis latifolia f. blyttii Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia f. brevicalcarata (Harz) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia f. densa (Harz) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia f. dunensis Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia f. gracilis Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia f. inaequiloba (Harz) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia f. laxa (Harz) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia f. macrobracteata (Schur) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia f. pinguis Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

    ~Orchis latifolia f. pumila Freyn ex M.Schulze 1902 - See Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

    ~Orchis latifolia f. submaculata Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. baltica Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. 1984

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) Batt. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. elatior Fr. 1846 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. impudica So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. incarnata (L.) Hook.f. 1870 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. lusitanica (Steud.) Gand. 1910 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia subsp. majalis (Rchb.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. abbreviata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. aequiloba Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962 P>~Orchis latifolia var. aggregata Harz in D.F.L.von Schlechtendal 1896 - See Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

    ~Orchis latifolia var. albiflora Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. angustifolia Lindl. 1835 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. angustifolia Bab. 1843 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. beeringiana Cham. 1828 - See Dactylorhiza aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. brevibracteata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. brevicalcarata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. brevifolia Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. cambrica Pugsley 1935 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. coccinea Pugsley 1935 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. comosa Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. conica Lindl. 1835 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. cordigera (Fr.) Rchb.f 1851 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. corsica E.Rev. ex E.G.Camus 1892 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. cruenta (O.F.Mll.) Lindl. 1835 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. densa Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. densiflora Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. divaricata (Rich. ex Loisel.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) Ball 1878 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis latifolia var. eboracensis Godfrey 1885 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. elata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. elata (Poir.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. elatior Batt. & Trab. 1884 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. foliosa Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza foliosa (Sol. ex E.N. Lowe) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. gemmana Pugsley 1935 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. gracilis Warnst. 1883 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. humilis Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. immaculata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. inaequiloba Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. incarnata (L.) Crp 1884 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. indica Lindl. 1835 - See Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. integra Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. junialis Verm. 1933 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. labrovaria Brot. 1827 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. lagotis Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. lanceata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) Laest. ex Rchb.f. 1851 - See

    ~Orchis latifolia var. laxa Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. laxiuscula Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. lineare Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. linguata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. longibracteata Neilr. 1846 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. macilenta Harz 1896- See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. macrantha Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

    ~Orchis latifolia var. macrobracteata Schur 1885 -See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. macrochlamys Asch. & Graebn 1907 -See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. maculata Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. magnicalcarata Harz 1896 -See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. majalis (Rchb.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis latifolia var. munbyana (Boiss. & Reut.) Batt. 1884 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. obtusa Harz 1896 -See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. orbiculatus Zapal 1906 -See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. pallida Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. parvicalcarata Harz 1896 -See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. pyramidalis Harz 1896 -See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. robusta Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Aver. 1983

    ~Orchis latifolia var. rochelii Griseb. & Schenk 1852 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. sparsiflora Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. tenuior Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. 1984

    ~Orchis latifolia var. traunsteineri (Saut. ex Rchb.) Godr. 1844 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. traunsteineriiformis Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. trifida Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. trilobata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis latifolia var. vulgaris Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis latirella P.M.Hall 1936 - See Dactylorhiza latirella (P.M.Hall) So 1962

    ~Orchis laurentina R.Bolos ex Vayr. 1880 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis laxiflora Lamarck 1778 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora C.A.Mey. 1831 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis laxiflora f. heldreichii So 1926 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora f. lengyelii So 1926 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~ Orchis laxiflora f. longibracteata (Willk.) So 1928 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora f. micrantha (Domin) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora f. minor Brb. 1895 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora f. quadriloba Brb. 1895 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora f. zimmermannii So 1927 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus alba Rupp ex W.Zimm. 1912 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus albiflora Bornm. 1911 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus albiflora (Guss.) Soo 1928 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus bornmuelleri So 1927 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus carnea E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus leucantha So 1927 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus longibracteata (Willk.) W.Zimm. 1911 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus regis-ferdinandii So 1926 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus rosea Rupp ex W.Zimm. 1912 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora lusus rosea Cortesi 1916 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. cazorlensis (Lacaita) O.Bols & Vigo 2001 - See Orchis cazorlensis Lacaita 1930

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. dielsiana So 1926 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. dinsmorei (Schltr.) Kreutz 2005 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. elegans (Heuff.) So 1926 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. ensifolia (Villars) Ascherson & Graebner - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacq.) W.D.J.Koch 1844 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacquin) Bonnier & Layens - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis laxiflora subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) H.Sund. 1980 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. alata (Fleury) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis alata (Fleury) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. albiflora Guss. 1844 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. dinsmorei Schltr. 1927 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. elegans (Heuff.) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. guadarramica Rivas Goday 1941 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. intermedia J.Lloyd 1880 - See Anacamptis lloydiana (Rouy) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. javorkae So 1926 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. longibracteata Willk. in M.Willkomm & J.M.C.Lange 1861 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. mediterranea (Guss.) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. paludosa Martrin-Donos 1864 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. palustris (Jacq.) W.D.J.Koch 1844 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. palustris M-Bieb. - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. persica Pau 1918 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. pocutica Zapal. 1906 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis laxiflora var. tabernaemontani W.D.J.Koch 1844 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis lehmannii Klinge 1893 - See Dactylorhiza lehmannii (Klinge) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis lepida (Rchb.f.) So 1929 - See Amitostigma lepidum (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis leptophylla K.Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis leptophylla var. laxa K.Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis leptophylla var. longifolia K.Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis leucantha Ham. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Peristylus constrictus (Lindl.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis leucoglossa O. Schwarz 1934 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis leucophaea Nutt. 1837 - See Habenaria leucophaea (Nutt.) A. Gray 1867

    ~Orchis leucostachys Grisebach 1840 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

  23. Orchis ligustica Ruppert 1933

    LATER

    ~*Orchis limprichtii Schltr. 1922 - See Ponerorchis limprichtii (Schltr.) So 1966

    ~Orchis linearis Tourlet 1903 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis lingua (L.) Scop. 1772 - See Serapias lingua Linne 1753

    ~Orchis lingua All. 1785 - See Serapias vomeracea [Burm.f.]Briq. 1910

    ~*Orchis lloydiana Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud 1912 - See Anacamptis lloydiana (Rouy) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis loeselii (L.) MacMill. 1892 - See Liparis loeselii (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis lokiana H.Baumann 1982 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis longebracteata F.W. Schmidt 1791/5 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis longibracteata Bivona-Bernardi 1806 - See Barlia robertiana (Loiseleur) W. Greuter 1967

    ~Orchis longibracteata Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis longibracteata var. gallica Lindl. 1835 - See Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967

    ~Orchis longibracteata var. sicula Lindl. 1835 - See Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967

    ~Orchis longicornis Lam. 1798 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis longicornis Sess & Moc. 1894 - See Habenaria macroceratitis Willd. 1805

  24. Orchis longicornu Poiret 1789

    Part sunCool LATE Winterand Spring

    O morio Group Subgroup #1

    ~Orchis longicornu B.Heyne ex Wall 1832 - See Habenaria longicornu Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis longicornu Salzm. ex Lindl 1835 -See Habenaria trifida Kunth 1816

    ~Orchis longicornu f. tlemecensis Batt. in J.A.Battandier & L.C.Trabut 1895 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis longicornu var. picta (Loisel.) Lindl. 1835- See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis longicornu var. tlemecensis Batt. 1904 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis longicruris Link 1799 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~ Orchis longicruris subsp. bivonae (Tod.) Nyman 1882 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

    ~Orchis longicruris subsp. longipenis Font Quer & P.Palau 1954 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis longifolia Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. 1984

    ~Orchis longifolia var. gracilis Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. 1984

  25. Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    LATER

    ~Orchis loreziana nothosubsp. kisslingii (Beck) Potucek 1976 - See Orchis loreziana Brgger 1874

    ~Orchis lucana Spreng. 1815 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

  26. Orchis lucensis Antonetti & Bertolini 2006

    LATER

    ~Orchis lusitanica Steud. 1841 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis lutea Dulac 1867 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis lutea var. subfusca Rchb.f. in ? - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis macedonica Griseb. 1846 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis mackaensis Kreutz 1989 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

  27. Orchis x macra Lindley 1835

    LATER

    ~ Orchis macra W.D.J.Koch 1844 - See Orchis spuria Rchb.f. 1849

    ~ Orchis macra Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis macronectar Vell. 1831 - See Habenaria macronectar (Vell.) Hoehne 1937

    ~Orchiodes macrophyllum (Lowe) Kuntze 1891 - See Goodyera macrophylla Lowe 1833

    ~Orchis macrostachys Tineo 1817 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis maculata Linne 1753 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata Thielens 1875 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata (Desf.) Batt. & Trab. 1884 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~Orchis maculata immaculata Schur 1870- See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. bracteosa Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. brevicalcarata Rohlena 1931 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. carpatica Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. depressa Engenst. 1912 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. falcata A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. lancifolia Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. leucantha Druce 1915 publ. 1916 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. macroglossa Druce 1919 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. media E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. minor Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. oblongifolia Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. obscura Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. obtusifolia Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. ovalifolia Beck 1890 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. paluster E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. recurvifolia Brenner 1912 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. sacciferoides (Klinge ex Schulze) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. schurii (Klinge) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. subintegriflora Druce 1921 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. traunsteineriifolius Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. trilobata (Brb.) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata f. wettsteinii (H.Fleischm.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata lusus calvellii (A.Terracc.) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~ Orchis maculata lusus immaculata Schur 1870 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis maculata proles macrostachys (Tineo) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. baborica Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. caramulensis Verm., Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 44: 94 (1970

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. elodes (Griseb.) O.Bols & Vigo 2001 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. lancibracteata (K.Koch) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. macrostachys (Tineo) So 1927; - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. maurusia (Emb. & Maire) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. lancibracteata (K.Koch) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. macrostachys (Tineo) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. maurusia (Emb. & Maire) Maire & Weiller 1959 publ. 1960 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. meyeri (Rchb.f.) O.Bols & Vigo 2001 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. saccifera (Brongn.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. sudetica (Poech ex Rchb.f.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Dactylorhiza sudetica (Pch ex Rchb. fil.) Averyanov 1982

    ~Orchis maculata subsp. transsilvanica (Schur) So 1926 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. albicans Marchand ex Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. alpina Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. angustata Harz 1896 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. angustifolia Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. biermannii (Ortmann) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. bonanniana (Tod.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. brachystachys A. Camus 1921 - see Dactylorhiza sudetica (Pch ex Rchb. fil.) Averyanov 1982

    ~Orchis maculata var. broteri Sommier & Levier 1900 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis maculata var. candidissima (Krock.) Nyman 1890 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. carnea Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. cartaliniae (Klinge) Schltr. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis maculata var. cartalinoides Klinge ex H.Fleischm. 1908 publ. 1909 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. comosa Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. cornubiensis Pugsley 1940 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. curvifolia E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. elabiata R.Keller 1904 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. elodes (Griseb.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. elongata Gadeceau 1892 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. ericetorum E.F.Linton 1900 - See Dactylorhiza ericetorum (E.F.Linton) Aver. 1981

    ~Orchis maculata var. foliis-immaculatis Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. gervasiana (Tod.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. gruenii Van Heurck & Wesm. 1861 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~ Orchis maculata var. heinzeliana (Reichardt) Beck 1890 - See Dactylodenia legrandiana (E.G.Camus) Peitz 1972

    ~Orchis maculata var. heuffelii (Borsos & So) Pauca 1972 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. hunyadensis (Borsos & So) Pauca 1972 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. kolaensis Montell 1947 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. kortiathica Formnek 1894 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~ Orchis maculata var. longibracteata Schur 1870 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. lusitanica J.A.Guim. 1887 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. macrobracteata Borbs 1883 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. meyeri Rchb. fil. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. minor Brb. 1879 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. montana Marchand ex Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. nesogenes Briq. 1910 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. ochrantha Pancic 1856 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. okellyi Druce 1909 - See - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. olgae (So) Pauca 1972 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. oreophila Briq. 1912 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. paludosa Marchand ex Tinant 1836 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. pontica (H.Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis maculata var. praecox Webster 1886 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. psychrophila Schltr. 1928 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. pumila Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. pyramidata Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza sudetica (Pch ex Rchb. fil.) Averyanov 1982

    ~Orchis maculata var. recurva (F.Nyl. ex Fr.) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. saccifera (Brongn.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. sacciferoides Klinge ex Schulze 1902 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. sandomiriensis Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. schurii (Klinge) Pauca 1972 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. slandzinskii Zapal. 1906 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. submontana Zapal.1906 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~*Orchis maculata var. sudetica Pch ex Rchb. fil. 1851 - see Dactylorhiza sudetica (Pch ex Rchb. fil.) Averyanov 1982

    ~Orchis maculata var. transsilvanica (Schur) Nyman 1890 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. triloba E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. trilobata De Brebisson 1879 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. turfosa Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. vespertilio Lindm. 1897 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maculata var. vexillum Lindm. 1897 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis maderensis Summerhayes 1948 - Dactylorhiza foliosa (Solander) So 1962

    ~Orchis maireana G.Keller 1932 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis mairei H.Lv. 1916 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis majalis Reich.f. 1828 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis carnea Neuman 1905 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. barlae E.G.Camus 1921 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. brevicalcarata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. immaculata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. laxa Harz ex Schltdl. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. linearis Thielens 1875 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. linguata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. maculata Thielens 1875 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis f. magnicalcarata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis lus. albiflora Thielens 1875 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis lus. alborosacea Erdner 1911 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis lus. pallida Thielens 1875 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis subsp. traunsteinerioides Pugsley 1936 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis var. eborensis Godfrey 1933 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis majalis var. occidentalis Pugsley 1935 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis majalis var. tharandina Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~*Orchis markusii Tineo 1817 - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis martrinii Timb.-Lagr. 1856 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

  28. Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    Part sunCool to Cold Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis mascula Alsch. 1832 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis mascula Moris non L. - See Orchis ichnusae (Corrias) J. & P. Devillers-Terschuren 1991

    ~Orchis mascula f. acutiflora (W.D.J.Koch) A.Fuchs 1915 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. albiflora (Touss. & Hosched) F.M.Vzquez 2009 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. borbasiana So 1927 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. brevibracteata Luerss. 1868 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. brevicalcarata E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. cochleata (H.Fleischm. & M.Schulze) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. comosa M.Schulze 1894 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. fimbriata F.M.Vzquez 2009 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. kotuliana Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. laxa Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. longicalcarata (Akhalk., H.Baumann, R.Lorenz, Mosul. & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge 2007 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. longifolia Landwehr 1977 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. maghrebiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge 2007 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. minor Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. platyloba W.Zimm. 1910 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. podolica Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. reichenbachiana So 1927 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula f. tatrensis Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula lusus alba (Goiran) So 1928 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula lusus rosea (Goiran) So 1928 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. acutiflora (W.D.J.Koch) Quentin 1993 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. hispanica (Nieschalk) So 1972 - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~*Orchis mascula subsp. ichnusae Corrias 1982 - See Orchis ichnusae (Corrias) J. & P. Devillers-Terschuren 1991

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. lapalmensis Leibbach & Ruedi Peter 2007 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. laxifloriformis Rivas Goday 1946 - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. longibracteatoides Balayer 1986 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. longicalcarata Akhalk., H.Baumann, R.Lorenz, Mosul. & Ruedi Peter 2005 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. maghrebiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. occidentalis O.Schwarz 1949 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. olbiensis (Reuter) Ascherson & Graebner 1907 - See Orchis olbiensis Reuter ex Barla 1859

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. pinetorum (Boiss. & Kotschy) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. scopulorum (Summerh.) H.Sund. 1980 - See Orchis scopulorum Summerhayes 1961

    ~ Orchis mascula subsp. signifera (Vest) So 1927 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. speciosa (Mutel) Hegi 1909 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. tenera (Landwehr) Del Prete 1999 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula subsp. wanjkovii (E.Wulff) So 1932 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. acutiflora W.D.J.Koch 1837 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. albiflora Tinant 1836 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. albiflora Touss. & Hosched 1898 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. bicolor Balayer 1986 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. fallax E.G.Camus 1889 - See - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis mascula var. glaucophylla (Kern.) Nyman 1882- See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. hostii Patze, E.H.F.Mey. & Elkan 1848 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. maritzii J.A.Guim. 1887 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. minima Tinant 1836 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. monsignatica Font Quer 1928 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. obtusata Schur 1866 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. obtusiflora W.D.J.Koch 1837 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. olbiensis (Reut. ex Gren.) Nyman 1890 = See Orchis olbiensis Reuter ex Barla 1859

    ~Orchis mascula var. olivetorum Martelli 1896 - See Orchis ichnusae (Corrias) J. & P. Devillers-Terschuren 1991

    ~Orchis mascula var. ovalis (F.W.Schmidt) Rchb. 1833 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. pinetorum (Boiss. & Kotschy) Schltr. 1927 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. signifera (Vest) Steud. & Hochst. 1826 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. speciosa Mutel 1836 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. tenera Landwehr 1977 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis mascula var. triloba Brb. 1879 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis masculolatifolia Lange 1860 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis masculolaxiflora Lange 1860 - See - See Orchis langei K. Richter 1890

    ~Orchis matodes Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza cruenta (O.F. Mller) So 1962

    ~Orchis matsumurana Schltr. 1919 - See Orchis joo-iokiana Makino 1902

    ~Orchis mauri Jord. ex Cortesi 1903 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis mauritiana Poir. 1798 - See Angraecum mauritianum [Poir.]Frapp. 1891

    ~Orchis mauritiana Sieber ex Steud. 1840 - See Cynorkis fastigiata Thouars 1822

    ~Orchis maurusia Emb. & Maire 1930 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis maxima Koch 1847 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis mediterranea Gussone 1826 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis mediterranea Ten. 1831 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis mediterranea Klinge nom. illeg. 1899 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis mediterranea subsp. georgica Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis mediterranea subsp. pseudosambucina (Tenore) Klinge comb. illeg - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis mediterranea subsp. siciliensis Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis meilsheimeri Rouy 1912 - See Orchis x macra Lindley 1835

    ~Orchis melchifafii Hautz. 1979 publ. 1980 - See Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis menosii C.Bernard & G.Fabre 1987 - See Anacamptis menosii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis merovensis Grossh. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis michaelis Sennen ? - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis michauxii (Nutt.) Alph.Wood 1870 - See Habenaria quinqueseta (Michx.) Eaton 1829

    ~Orchis microhemipilia (Schltr.) So 1929 -See Amitostigma hemipilioides (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1936

  29. !Orchis militaris L. 1753

    Part sun Cold Spring

    O militaris Group

    ~Orchis militaris Poir. 1789 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis militaris Hornem. 1806 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis militaris Sm. 1808 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis militaris Puccin. ex Parl. 1860 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis militaris f. acuminata A.Camus 1921- See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. angustiloba Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. angustissima W.Zimm. 1917 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. arenaria Schur 1866 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. intercedens Beck 1890 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. longibracteata Schur 1866 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. platyloba W.Zimm. 1917 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. raddeana (Regel) Boiss. 1882 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. sibirica Schltr. 1926 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris f. stenoloba Dll 1857 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris lusus adenocheila (Czerniak.) Hautz. 1976 - See Orchis adenocheila Czerniak. 1924

    ~*Orchis militaris var. hybrida Lindl. 1835 - See Orchis hybrida (Lindl.) Boenn. ex Rchb.f 1830

    ~Orchis militaris subsp. stevenii (Rchb.f.) B.Baumann & al. 2003 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. berdaui Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. fusca (Jacq.) Tinant 1836 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~*Orchis militaris var. hybrida Lindl. 1835 - See Orchis hybrida (Lindl.) Boenn. ex Rchb.f 1830

    ~Orchis militaris var. nervata (Marchand) Tinant 1836 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. perplexa Beck 1890 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. purpurea (Huds.) Huds. 1778 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis militaris var. simia (Lam.) Gaudin 1829 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis militaris var. spathulata Cortesi 1903 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. stevenii (Rchb.f.) Nyman 1882 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. tenuifrons P.D.Sell in P.D.Sell & G.Murrell 1996 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis militaris var. tripartita M.Schulze 1902 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis mimusops Thuill 1799 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis miniata Crantz 1769- See Gymnadenia rubra Wettstein 1889

    ~Orchis mixta Retz 1779 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis mixta var. incantata (L.) Retz. 1779- See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis monantha (Finet) So 1929 - See Amitostigma monanthum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) Rolfe 1898 - See Sirindhornia monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) H.A.Pedersen & Suksathan 2002 publ. 2003

    ~*Orchis monorchis Linne. 1785 - See Herminium monorchis (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~*Orchis monorrhiza Sw. 1788 - See Habenaria monorrhiza [Sw.]Rchb.f 1885

    ~Orchis monsignatica (Font Quer) Rivas Goday 1941 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis montana F.W.Schmidt 1793 - See Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. 1828

    ~Orchis monticola Klinge1898 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis monticola subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis monticola subsp. caucasica Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czerep. 1981

    ~Orchis monticola subsp. cordigera (Fr.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis moravica Jacquin 1783 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis moria Retz. 1779 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio Linne 1753 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio Ucria 1789 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. bilobulata J.Houz. ex Verm. 1949 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. mascula Linne 1753 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis morio f. nana Chenev. ex M.Schulze 1898 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. robustior Chenev. ex M.Schulze 1898 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. sublaxiflora Schur 1866 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. sublobatus Zapal. 1906 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. subpicta (Sabr.) So 1928 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. unilobata J.Houz. ex Verm. 1949 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio f. velutina (Schur) Pauca 1972 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. alba Arcang. 1882 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. albanica (Glz & H.R.Reinhard) Buttler 1986 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. athensis (Lej.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~ Orchis morio subsp. boryi (Rchb.f.) So - See Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. champagneuxii (Barneoud) Camus 1929 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. longicornu (Poir.) Kreutz 2005 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. picta (Loiseleur) K. Richter 1890 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis morio subsp. syriaca E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis syriaca (Boiss.ex H.Baumann & Knkele) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio subsp. tlemecensis (Batt.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. albiflora Tinant 1836 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. angustifolia L. 1753 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. athensis (Lej.) Dumort. 1827 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. carnea Sabr. 1908 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. caucasica K.Koch 1849 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. champagneuxii (Barneoud) Guimar 1887 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. elatior Tinant 1836 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. flava Sabr. 1908 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. gigas Podp. 1904 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. irregularis Verm. 1949 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. libani (Renz) So 1932 - See Anacamptis syriaca (Boiss.ex H.Baumann & Knkele) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. longicalcarata Boiss. 1842 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~ Orchis morio var. longicornu (Poir.) Knoche 1921 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. mascula L. 1753 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis morio var. mesomelana Rchb.f. 1851 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. nicodemii (Cirillo ex Ten.) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis morio var. parviflora Zapal. 1906 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. picta (Lois.) Rchb. f. 1850 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis morio var. provincialis (Balb. ex Lam. & DC.) Pollini 1824 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis morio var. rosea Tinant 1836 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. skorpili (Velen.) So 1927 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. syriaca (E.G.Camus) So 1932 - See Anacamptis syriaca (Boiss.ex H.Baumann & Knkele) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. tlemecensis (Batt.) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. valida Verm. 1949- See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. velutina Schur 1866 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis morio var. viridiflora Tinant 1836 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis moriopapilionacea Timb.-Lagr. 1854 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis moritziana Brgger 1874 - See Gymnadenia rubra Wettstein 1889

    ~Orchis mortonensis E.G.Camus & A Camus1928 - See Dactylorhiza grandis (Druce) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis mortonii Druce 1927 publ. 1929 - See Dactylorhiza grandis (Druce) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis mrkvickana Velen. 1922 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis mulignensis Gsell 1936 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis munbyana Boissier & Reuter 1852 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis muscaria Scop. 1772 - See Ophrys insectifera Linne 1753

    ~Orchis muscifera (Huds.) Salisb. 1796 - See Ophrys insectifera Linne 1753

    ~Orchis musciflora Schrank 1789 - See Ophrys insectifera Linne 1753

    ~Orchis mutabilis Steven 1812 - See Himantoglossum formosum (Steven) K.Koch 1849

    ~Orchis myodes (Jacq.) Bernhard 1800 - See Ophrys insectifera Linne 1753

    ~Orchis mysorensis B.Heyne ex Wall. 1832 - See Habenaria digitata Lindl.1835

    ~ Orchis nana (King & Pantl.) Schltr. 1911 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis nanhutashanensis S.S.Ying 1990 - See Ponerorchis kiraishiensis (Hayata) Ohwi 1936

    ~Orchis natalis Tineo 1817 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis natolica Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854 - See Dactylorhiza iberica (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) So 1962

    ~Orchis nemorosa Montandon 1868 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis nervata Marchand 1827 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis nesogenes (Briq.) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud 1912 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis nicodemii Ten. 1811 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis nicodemii var. aschersonii Rouy 1912 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis nicodemii Sieber ex Steud. 1841 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1811

    ~

    ~Orchis nigra (L.) Scop. 1772 - See Gymnadenia nigra (L.) Rchb.f 1856

    ~Orchis nivalis (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Amitostigma monanthum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~*Orchis nivea Nutt. 1818 - See Habenaria nivea [Nutt.]Lindley 1826

    ~Orchis nummiana P.Fourn.1931 - See Dactylorhiza hallii (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis obcordata Willemet 1796 - See Cynorkis fastigiata Thouars 1822

    ~Orchis obcordata Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 1825 - See Brachycorythis obcordata (Lindl.) Summerh. 1955

    ~Orchis obsoleta Muhl. ex Willd. 1805 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis obtusa Schur 1866 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~*Orchis obtusata Banks ex Pursh 1813 - See Platanthera obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis obtusiflora Schur 1853 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis obtusifolia Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis ochrantha Fleischm. 1908 publ. 1909 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis ochroleuca Ten. 1826 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis ochroleuca Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~*Orchis odoratissima Linne 1763 - See Gymnadenia odoratissima (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Orchis oestrifera (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb. 1819 - See Ophrys scolopax Cavanilles 1799

    ~Orchis officinalis Salisb. 1796 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis okellyi (Druce) Druce 1915 - See Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) So 1962

  30. Orchis olbiensis Reuter ex Barla 1859

    FragancePart sunCool to Cold Spring

    O Mascula Group

    ~Orchis olbiensis Ardoino ex Moggr. 1864 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis olbiensis subsp. ichnusae (Corrias) Buttler 1986 - See Orchis ichnusae (Corrias) J. & P. Devillers-Terschuren 1991

    ~*Orchis olida Brb. 1849 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007 Orchis pauliana Malinv. 1889

    ~Orchis olivetorum Gren. ex Nyman 1882 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis olivetorum Drfler -See Orchis olbiensis Reuter ex Barla 1859

    ~Orchis olocheilos (Boiss.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza osmanica (Klinge) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965

    ~Orchis olocheilos var. sanasunitensis (H.Fleischm.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~*Orchis orbiculata Pursh. 1814 - See Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr. 1826

    ~Orchis orientalis (Rchb. f.) Richter - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis orientalis (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis orientalis subsp. africana Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis orientalis subsp. cilicica Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza osmanica (Klinge) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965

    ~Orchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza foliosa (Sol. ex E.N. Lowe) So 1962

    ~Orchis orientalis subsp. salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis orientalis subsp. turcestanica Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis ornithis Jacq. 1774 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis ovalis F.W. Schmidt 1791 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis palczewskii Kraenzl. 1913 - See Galearis cyclochila (Franch. & Sav.) So 1969

  31. Orchis pallens Linne 1771

    FragrancePart sun Cold Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis pallens Savi - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis pallens Moritzi 1844 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis palmata Gilib. 1792 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis paludosa (L.) Pall. 1776 - See Hammarbya paludosa (Linne) Kuntze 1891

  32. Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    Part sunCool to Cold Springand EARLY Summer

    O palustris Group Subgoup #1

    ~Orchis palustris subsp. laxiflora (Lam.) Batt. 1895 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis palustris subsp. mediterranea (Guss.) Malag. 1968 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis palustris var. laxiflora Fridrichstahl - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis palustris var. mediterranea (Guss.) Schltr. 1926 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis palustris var. robusta T.Stephenson 1931 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis panormitana Tineo 1844 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis paparistoi Glz & H.R.Reinhard 1984 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2007 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire in .Jahandiez & al. 1931 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2007 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2007 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. rosea (Alleiz.) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire 1931 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. rosea (Alleiz.) Maire & Weiller 1959 publ. 1960 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) Soo 1928 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. alibertis G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar 2001 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. balcanica H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. bruhnsiana (Gruner) So ?- See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. chlorotica (Woronow) Soo 1928 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Tenore) Raynaud 1985 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boissier) H. Baumann 1969 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) H.Baumann 1986 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. messenica (Renz) Kreutz 2005 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. palaestina B.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Jacquin) Sundermann 1968 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) So 1928 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge 2004 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. bruhnsiana Gruner 1867 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barrette) P.Delforge 2000 - See Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. decipiens (Bianca) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl. 1835 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boissier 1842 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. heroca (Clarke) Delforge 1991 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. major E.G.Camus 1900 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. messenica Renz 1928 - See - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. minimus E.G.Camus 1921- See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. morgetiana H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005- See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. parviflora Willk. in H.M.Willkomm & J.M.C.Lange 1861 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. rosea Alleiz. 1923 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Lindl. 1835 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis papilionacea var. vexillifera Terraciano 1910 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis parcifloroides Hand.-Mazz.1936 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis pardalina Pugsley 1934 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis parlatoris Tineo 1817 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis parreissii C.Presl 1845 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis parviflora Poir. 1798 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. & D. Lve 1969

    ~Orchis parviflora Will. 1805 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis parviflora Ten. 1811 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis parvifolia Chaub. 1821 - See Anacamptis parvifolia (Chaub.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis parvifolia subsp. bicknellii (E.G.Camus) Deschtres & Lambinon 1992 - See Anacamptis parvifolia (Chaub.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~ Orchis parvifolia subsp. timbali (Velen.) Potucek & F.Proch. 1972 - See Anacamptis timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

  33. Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    Part SunWarm CoolSpring

    ~Orchis patens f. orientalis (Rchb.f.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens subsp. brevicornis (Viv.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Orchis patens var. brevicornis (Viv.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis patens subsp. canariensis (Lindl.) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis patens subsp. falcicalcarata Wildh. 1974 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens subsp. nitidifolia W.P.Teschner 1975 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens subsp. orientalis (Rchb. f.) Ascherson & Graebner 1890 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens subsp. spitzelii (Saut. ex Koch) Lve & Kjellqvist - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens var. atlantica Battandier & Trabut 1884 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens var. asiatica Renz - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~ Orchis patens var. brevicornis (Viv.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Orchis patens var. canariensis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis canariensis Lindl.1835

    ~Orchis patens var. fallax (De Not.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis patens var. fontanesii Rchb.f. 1851- See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens var. orientalis Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens var. spitzelii Fiori & Paoletti - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis patens var. viridifusca (Albov) So in G.Keller & al. 1932 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

  34. Orchis pauciflora Tenore 1811

    Part sun Cold Spring

    ~Orchis pauciflora Fisch. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis pauciflora Sess & Mo. 1894 - See Comparettia falcata Poepp. & Endl. 1835

    ~Orchis pauciflora subsp. laeta (Steinh.) Kreutz 2004 - See Orchis laeta Steinh. 1838

    ~Orchis pauciflora var. pseudopallens (Tod.) Nyman 1882 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis paucifolia Gaterau 1789 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis pauliana Malinv. 1889 - See Anacamptis olida (Brb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis paxiana Schltr.1922 - See Galearis roborowskyi [Maxim] S.C. Chen 2010

    ~Orchis pectinata Thunb. 1794 - See Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818

    ~ *Orchis pectinata Sm.1806 - See Habenaria pectinata D.Don 1825

    ~Orchis peloria Foucault ex Poir. 1816 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis pentecostalis Wettst. & Sennhol 1889 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

  35. Orchis penzigiana A.Camus 1928

    LATER

    ~Orchis penzigiana nothosubsp. jailae (So) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007 - See Orchis penzigiana A.Camus 1928

    ~Orchis penzigiana nothosubsp. sardoa Scrugli & M.P.Grasso 1988 - See Orchis penzigiana A.Camus 1928

    ~Orchis peramoena (A.Gray) Alph.Wood 1870 - See Platanthera peramoena A.Gray 1848

    ~Orchis persica Schltr. 1918 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis physoceras (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Amitostigma physoceras Schltr. 1924

    ~Orchis picta Loiseleur 1827 - See Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman 2003

    ~Orchis picta Reinw. ex Lindl. 1857 - See Anoectochilus setaceus Blume 1825

    ~Orchis picta subsp. libani Renz 1929 - See Anacamptis syriaca (Boiss.ex H.Baumann & Knkele) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis picta var. albanica (Glz & H.R.Reinhard) P.Delforge 2006 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis picta var. caucasica (K.Koch) P.Delforge 2006 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis picta var. champagneuxii (Barnoud) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnoud) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis pinetorum Boiss. & Kotschy 1882 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) So 1929 - See Amitostigma pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis plantaginea [L.] Sw. 1800 - See Erythrodes plantaginea (L.) Fawc. & Rendle 1910

    ~Orchis plantaginea Roxb. 1795 - See Habenaria roxburghii Nicolson 1976

    ~Orchis platanthera (Wallr.) E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm 1905 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis platychila K. Koch 1846 - See Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis platyphyllos Willd. 1805 - See Habenaria roxburghii Nicolson 1976

  36. Orchis plessidiaca Renz 1928

    LATER

    ~Orchis polliniana Spreng. 1815 - See Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis pontica Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz. 1909 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~ Orchis pontica H.Fleischm. & Hand.-Mazz. 1909 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~*Orchis praetermissa Druce 1913 Pub 1914- See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis praetermissa f. macrantha (Sipkes) So 1938 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis praetermissa var. albiflora Druce 1919 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis praetermissa var. macrantha Sipkes 1921 - See Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis praetermissa var. pulchella Druce 1920 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) So 1962

    ~ Orchis pratensis Salzm. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria pratensis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1850

    ~Orchis predaensis Gsell 1936 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis prisca Hautz. 1976 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~*Orchis procera Afzel. ex Sw. 1805 - See Habenaria procera (Afzel. ex Sw.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis propinqua E.G.Camus & Bergon 1928 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis prosteveniella P.Delforge 2000 - See Steveniella satyrioides (Spreng.) Schltr. 1918

  37. Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    Part sunCold Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis provincialis proles pauciflora (Ten.) Rouy 1912 - See Orchis pauciflora Tenore 1811

    ~Orchis provincialis subsp. pauciflora (Tenore) Camus 1908 - See Orchis pauciflora Tenore 1811

    ~Orchis provincialis var. humilior Puccin. 1848 - See Orchis pauciflora Tenore 1811

    ~Orchis provincialis var. laeta (Steinh.) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Orchis laeta Steinh. 1838

    ~Orchis provincialis var. leucostachya (Griseb.) Nyman 1882 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis provincialis var. pauciflora (Ten.) Batt. & Trab. 1884 - See Orchis pauciflora Tenore 1811

    ~Orchis provincialis var. rubra Chabert 1881 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis provincialis var. variegata Chabert 1881 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

  38. Orchis pseudoanatolica H.Fleischm. 1914

    Part Sun ColdSpring

    ~Orchis pseudoapifera Caldesi 1880 - See Ophrys apifera Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis pseudo-conopsea Gren. 1865 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis pseudoconopea Gren. 1869 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis pseudoconopsea P.E.Parm. 1894 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis pseudocordigera Neuman 1909 - See Dactylorhiza lapponica (Laest. ex Hartm.) So 1962

    ~Orchis pseudolaxiflora Czerniak. 1941 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis pseudopallens K.Koch 1846 - See Orchis pallens Linne 1771

    ~Orchis pseudopallens Tod. 1842 - See Orchis provincialis Balbis ex Lamarck & De Candolle 1806

    ~Orchis pseudosambucina Tenore 1815 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis pseudosambucina subsp. castellana Rivas Goday 1945 - See Dactylorhiza insularis (Sommier) Landwehr 1969

    ~Orchis pseudosambucina subsp. georgica Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis pseudosambucina subsp. markusii (Tineo) Nyman - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    Orchis pseudosambucina var. fasciculata (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis pseudosambucina var. natalis (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962 Orchis pseudotraunsteineri A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis pseudotraunsteineri subsp. bavarica A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis pseudotraunsteineri subsp. eifliaca A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis pseudotraunsteineri var. gennachensis A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~Orchis pseudotraunsteineri subsp. hoeppneri A.Fuchs 2000 - See Dactylorchis majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

    ~Orchis pseudotraunsteineri subsp. suevica Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis pseudotraunsteineri var. koningweeniana A.Fuchs 1919 - See Dactylorhiza aschersoniana (Hausskn.) Borsos & So 1960

    ~*Orchis psycodes L. 1753 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~*Orchis puberula King & Pantl. 1898 - See Ponerorchis puberula (King & Pantl.) Verm. 1972

    ~Orchis pulchella Hand.-Mazz. 1936 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis punctata Ruiz & Pav. ex Pupulin 1795 - See Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

  39. Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

    FragrancePart sunCool LATE Winterand Spring

    O militaris Group

    ~Orchis punctulata subsp. adenocheila (Czerniak.) Aver. 1994 - See Orchis adenocheila Czerniak. 1924

    ~Orchis punctulata subsp. galilaea (Bornm. & M.Schulze) So 1927 - See Orchis galilaea (Bornm. & M.Schulze) Schltr. 1923

    ~Orchis punctulata subsp. schelkownikowii (Woronow) So 1966 - See Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

    ~Orchis punctulata subsp. sepulchralis (Boiss. & Heldr.) So 1927 - See Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

    ~Orchis punctulata subsp. stevenii (Rchb.f.) H.Sund. 1980 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753 [Type]

    ~Orchis punctulata var. galilaea Bornm. & M.Schulze 1898 - See Orchis galilaea (Bornm. & M.Schulze) Schltr. 1923

    ~Orchis punctulata var. sepulchralis Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

    ~Orchis purpurascens (Thouars) Spreng. 1826 - See Cynorkis purpurascens Thouars 1822

  40. Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761 Part sunCold Spring

    O militaris Group

    ~Orchis purpurea f. acutilobata Ruppert 1924 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. angustiloba Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. incisiloba Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. monstrosa Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. obtusiloba Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. rotundiloba Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. ruppertiana So 1927 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. triangularis (Wirtg.) So 1928 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea f. vulgaris Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea subsp. caucasica (Regel) B.Baumann & al. 2003 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea subsp. lokiana (H.Baumann) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea subsp. maxima So 1932 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea subsp. moravica (Jacq.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea subsp. stenoloba (Coss. & Germ.) K.Richt. 1890 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis purpurea var. amediastina E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. caucasica (Regel) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. eliasii Sennen & Pau 1903 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. moravica (Jacq.) Rchb.f.1851 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. moravica (Jacq.) Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. parallela E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. spathulata E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~Orchis purpurea var. stenoloba (Coss. & Germ.) Willk. 1861 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis purpurea var. tyraica Zapal. 1906 - See Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

    ~*Orchis purpurella T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson 1920 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) So 1962

    ~Orchis purpurella var. crassifolia T.Stephenson 1937 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis purpurella var. maculosa T.Stephenson 1937 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis purpurella var. pulchella (Druce) Pugsley 1935 - See Dactylorhiza purpurella (T. Stephenson & T.A. Stephenson) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis pusilla D.Tyteca 1984 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis pyramidalis L. 1753 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. 1817

    ~Orchis pyramidalis var. sanguinea Druce 1929 - See Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. 1817

    ~Orchis pyrenaica Philippe 1859 - See Gymnadenia odoratissima (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

  41. Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1812

    Part sunCool Spring

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis quadripunctata f. albiflora (Raulin) De Langhe & D'hose 1980 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1812

    ~Orchis quadripunctata f. brancifortii (Biv.) So 1928 - See Orchis brancifortii Bivona-Bernardi 1813

    ~Orchis quadripunctata f. macrochila Halcsy 1904 - See Orchis brancifortii Bivona-Bernardi 1813

    ~Orchis quadripunctata lusus albiflora (Raulin) So 1928 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1812

    ~Orchis quadripunctata lusus obscura K.Mal 1904 - See Orchis brancifortii Bivona-Bernardi 1813

    ~Orchis quadripunctata subsp. anatolica (Boiss.) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    ~Orchis quadripunctata subsp. brancifortii (Bivona-Bernardi) E.G. Camus 1928 - See Orchis brancifortii Bivona-Bernardi 1813

    ~Orchis quadripunctata subsp. sezikiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005 - See Orchis sezikiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1991

    ~Orchis quadripunctata var. albiflora Raulin 1861 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1812

    ~Orchis quadripunctata var. boryi (Rchb.f.) Nyman 1882 - See Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis quinqueseta Michx. 1803 - See Habenaria quinqueseta (Michx.) Eaton 1829

    ~Orchis raddeana Regel 1869 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis radiata Thunb. 1794 - See Pecteilis radiata [Thunb.] Raf. 1836

    ~Orchis rariflora K.Koch 1846 - See Orchis anatolica Boissier 1844

    ~Orchis rassautae (Alleiz.) Alleiz. 1962 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis rectiflorus St.-Lag 1883 publ. 1884 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis recurva Nyl. ex Fr. 1845 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis reichenbachii Mutel 1836 - See Gymnadenia rubra Wettstein 1889

    ~Orchis reinhardii Ugr. ex E.G.Camus 1908 - See Anacamptis timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis repens (L.) Eyster ex Poir. 1805 - See Goodyera repens (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis repens (Nutt.) Raf. 1818 - See Habenaria repens Nutt. 1818

    ~Orchis rhenana Hppner 1916 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis ricasoliana Parl. 1860 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis rigida Hppner 1925 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis rivini Gouan 1775 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis rivini f. angustiloba Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis rivini f. vulgaris Leimbach 1887 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis rivini var. albiflora Thielens 1874 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis rivini var. stenoloba Marchal 1874 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis rivularis Heuff. ex Schur 1866 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis robertiana Loisel. 1807 - See Barlia robertiana (Loiseleur) W. Greuter 1967

    ~ *Orchis roborowskyi Maxim. 1887 - See Galearis roborowskyi [Maxim] S.C. Chen 2010

    ~Orchis robusta (T.Stephenson) Glz & H.R.Reinhard 1975 publ. 1976 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis rocheliana (Klinge) Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis romana Sebastiani 1813 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana f. markusii (Tineo) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana f. obtusifolia (Tineo) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana lusus bicolor G.Keller 1933 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana lusus flavescens (K.Koch) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana lusus sulphurea (Link) So 1929 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana lusus tenuifolia So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana subsp. georgica (Klinge) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana subsp. libanotica Mouterde 1966 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana var. georgica (Klinge) Schltr. 1927 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana var. guimaraesii E.G.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis romana var. incarnata E.G.Camus & A.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana var. insularis (Sommier) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis romana var. lutea E.G.Camus & A.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~*Orchis rombucina Cif. & Giacom. 1950 - See Dactylorhiza x rombucina (Cif. & Giacom.) So 1962

  42. Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh 1814

    Part sun Coolto Cold Summer

    ~Orchis rotundifolia f. angustifolia J.Rousseau 1957 - See Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh 1814

    ~Orchis rotundifolia f. beckettii Boivin 1960 - See Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh 1814

    ~Orchis rotundifolia f. lineata (Mousley) E.G.Voss 1966 - See Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh 1814

    ~Orchis rotundifolia var. lineata Mousley 1941 - See Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh 1814

    ~Orchis roxburghii Pers. 1807 - See Habenaria roxburghii Nicolson 1976

    ~Orchis rubra Jacquin 1781 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

    ~Orchis rubra var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl. 1835 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis rupestris (Miq.) Schltr. 1919 - See Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

    ~Orchis rupestris var. chidori So 1929 - See Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

    ~ Orchis russowii (Klinge) Kuppf. 1902 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis ruthei M.Schulze 1897 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis saccata Tenore 1811 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis saccata d'Urv. 1822 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis saccata Rchb. 1830 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis saccata f. flavescens (So) Raynaud 1985 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis saccata f. orbicularis Ruppert 1926 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis saccata lus. flavescens So 1932 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis saccata subsp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) So 1927 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis saccata var. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Hautz. 1978 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis saccifera Brongn. 1913 - See Dactylorhiza saccifera (Brongn.) So 1962

    ~*Orchis sagittalis L.f. 1782 - See Disa sagittalis (L. f.) Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis sagittata Munby 1847 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~*Orchis salina Turcz. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Dactylorhiza salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) So 1962

    ~Orchis salina Fronius 1857 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina Linne 1755 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina Brot. 1804 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~ Orchis sambucina f. barlae Rouy 1912 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. bracteata M.Schulze 1889 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. hungarica So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. hybrida W.Zimm. in ? - See Dactylorhiza insularis (Sommier) Landwehr 1969

    ~Orchis sambucina f. lanceolata W.Zimm. 1916 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. obovata W.Zimm. 1916 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. purpurea (W.D.J.Koch) Neuman 1901 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. robusta Neuman 1901 - See Dactylorhiza insularis (Sommier) Landwehr 1969

    ~Orchis sambucina f. rubrobracteata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina f. tripartita A.Fuchs 1921 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) Willk. 1893 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina lusus candida Cariot & St.-Lag. 1889 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina lusus hybrida W.Zimm. 1916 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina lusus incarnata (Gaudin) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina lusus lutea W.Zimm 1912 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina lusus luteopurpurea (Rouy) G.Keller & So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina lusus rubra (Winterl) So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina monstr. subregalis So 1933 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina subsp. insularis (Sommier) Briq. 1910 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina subsp. laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) Malag. 1968 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina subvar. luteopurpurea Rouy 1912 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina subvar. purpurea (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy 1912 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. bracteata (M.Schulze) Harz 1895 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. hungarica (So) A.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. incarnata Gaudin 1829 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. insularis (Sommier) Fiori 1896 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) So 1962 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. lutea E.G.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. purpurascens R.Hinterh. & J.Hinterh. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. purpurea W.D.J.Koch 1837 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. robusta Neuman 1901 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. rubra Winterl 1788 - SeeDactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. subalpina Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis sambucina var. zimmermannii A.Camus 1928 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~ Orchis samnaunensis Gsell 1936 - See Dactylorhiza kerneriorum (So) So 1962

    ~Orchis sanasunitensis H.Fleischm. 1914 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis sancta Linne 1759 - See Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase . 1997

    ~Orchis sancta f. minor Bornm. ex So 1928 - See Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase . 1997

    ~Orchis sarcidani Scrugli & M.P.Grasso 1986 - See Anacamptis alata (Fleury) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis sardoa (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) Scrugli, A.Musacchio, D'Emerico, Pellegrino & Cozz 2004 - See Orchis penzigiana A.Camus 1928

    ~Orchis satyrioides L. 1763 - See Disa biflora (L.) Druce 1913 publ. 1914

    ~Orchis satyrioides Steven 1809 - See Steveniella satyrioides (Spreng.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Orchis satyrioides f. longibracteata Wankow 1914- See Steveniella satyrioides (Spreng.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Orchis schelkownikowii Woronow 1909 - See Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

    ~Orchis schirwanica Woronow 1909 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis schleicheri Sweet 1827 - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~*Orchis sciathia Biel 2003 - See Anacamptis sciathia (Biel) H.Kretzschmar 2007

    ~Orchis scopolii Timb.-Lagr. 1855 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

  43. Orchis scopulorum Summerhayes 1961

    Part sunCool to Warm LATERSpring

    The O mascula Group

    ~Orchis scutellata Nutt. 1835 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

    ~*Orchis secunda Thunb. 1794 - See Holothrix secunda (Thunb.) Rchb.f. 1881

    ~Orchis secunda (Nevski) Vorosch.1966 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis secundiflora Bertol. 1806 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~Orchis senayi Alleiz. 1948 - See Dactylorhiza dinglensis (Wilmott) So 1962

    ~Orchis sepulchralis Boiss. & Heldr. in P.E.Boissier 1854 - See Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

  44. Orchis serraniana P.Delforge 1989

    LATE

    ~Orchis sesquipedalis Willd. 1805 - See Dactylorhiza latifolia (Linne) So 1983

    ~Orchis sesquipedalis var. algerica (Desf.) Briq. 1910 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis sesquipedalis var. corsica (E.Rev. ex E.G.Camus) Briq. 1910 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis sesquipedalis var. durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) Briq. 1910 - See Dactylorhiza durandii (Boiss. & Reut.) M.Lanz 1971

    ~Orchis sesquipedalis var. iberica T.Stephenson 1928 - See Dactylorhiza latifolia (Linne) So 1983

    ~Orchis setacea Jacq. 1760 - - See Habenaria monorrhiza [Sw.]Rchb.f 1885

    ~Orchis setacea Gilib. 1792 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

  45. Orchis sezikiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1991

    Part SunCool LATERSpring

    ~*Orchis sichuanica K.Y.Lang 1987 - See Ponerorchis sichuanica (K.Y.Lang) S.C.Chen, P.J.Cribb & S.W.Gale 2009

    ~Orchis siciliensis Klinge 1898 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis sicula Tineo 1817 - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis siculorum (So) So 1927 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis signifera Vest 1824 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

  46. Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    Part sun Cold Spring

    O militaris Group

    ~Orchis simia Vill. 1787 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis simia f. brevidens Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud 1912 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis simia f. rotundilobus Cortesi 1903 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis simia subsp. stevenii (Rchb.f.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis simia subsp. taubertiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz 2004 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis simia var. beyrichii Rchb.f. 1850 - See Orchis beyrichii (Rchb.f.) A.Kern. 1865

    ~Orchis simia var. cercopitheca Georgi 1779 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis simia var. laxiflora Boiss. 1882 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis simia var. undulatifolia (Biv.) Webb 1838 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

  47. Orchis sitiaca (Renz) P.Delforge 1990 P>

    ~Orchis skorpili Velen. 1886 - See Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis smithii Sweet 1826 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis solida Moench 1794 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis sooi S.S.Ying 1990 - See Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis sparsiflora Ten. ex Boiss. 1882 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis spathulata L.f. 1782 - See Disa spathulata (L.f.) Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis spathulata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Galearis spathulata (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis spathulata var. foliosa Finet 1901 - See Galearis spathulata (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis spathulata var. wilsonii Schltr. 1924 - See Galearis spathulata (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~*Orchis speciosa L.f. 1782 - See Bonatea speciosa [L.f.] Willd. 1805

    ~Orchis speciosa Host 1831 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis speciosa Heuff. ex Rochel 1838 - See Orchis palustris Jacquin 1786

    ~Orchis speciosa var. alba Goiran 1883 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis speciosa var. rosea Goiran 1883 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis speciosissima Wettst. & Sennholz 1889 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis spectabilis L. 1753 - See Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. 1833

    ~Orchis spectabilis f. albiflora Ulke 1938 - See Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. 1833

    ~Orchis spectabilis f. gordinieri Weath. 1931 - See Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. 1833

    ~Orchis spectabilis f. willeyi F.Seym. 1970 - See Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. 1833

    ~Orchis spectabilis var. lilacina Ames 1901 - See Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf. 1833

    ~*Orchis sphaerica M.Bieb. 1808 - See Traunsteinera sphaerica (M.Bieb.) Schltr. 1928

    ~Orchis sphagnicola Hppner 1927 - See Dactylorchis majalis (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965

  48. Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    Part sunCool to Cold Springand EARLY Summer

    O mascula Group

    ~Orchis spitzelii f. sendtneri Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii f. teschneriana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge 2007 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii subsp. cazorlensis (Lacaita) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987 - See Orchis cazorlensis Lacaita 1930

    ~Orchis patens subsp. falcicalcarata Wildh. 1974 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii subsp. gotlandica (B.Pett.) .Lve & D.Lve 1948 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii subsp. latiflora B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii subsp. nitidifolia (W.P.Teschner) So 1978 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii subsp. teschneriana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii var. gotlandica Petterson 1940 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis spitzelii var. sendtneri Rchb. f. - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch ?1837

  49. Orchis spuria Rchb.f. 1849

    LATER

    ~*Orchis squamosa Poir. 1798 - See Cynorkis squamosa (Poir.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis stabiana Tenore 1833 - See Orchis mascula [Linne]Linne 1755

    ~Orchis steegeri Hppner 1927 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis stenanthera (Wallr.) E.H.L.Krause 1905 - See Platanthera bifolia (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1817

    ~Orchis steveniana Compre ex Lv. 1842 - See Orchis punctulata Steven ex Lindley 1835

    ~Orchis stevenii Rchb.f. 1849 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis stracheyi Hook.f. 1890 - See Galearis roborowskyi [Maxim] S.C. Chen 2010

    ~*Orchis strateumatica L. 1753 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

    ~Orchis strictiflora Opiz 1825 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis strictifolia Opiz 1852 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~*Orchis styllomisantha Vell. 1831 - See Galeandra styllomisantha (Vell.) Hoehne 1952

    ~Orchis stylosanthes Ham. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Habenaria commelinifolia (Roxb.) Wall. ex Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis suaveolens Vill. 1787 - See Gymnadenia chanousiana G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche 1999

    ~Orchis suaveolens Salisb. 1796 - See Gymnadenia conopsea (Linne) R. Brown 1813

    ~Orchis subfusca (Rchb.f.) Murb. 1899 - See - See Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Soó 1962

    ~Orchis subrotunda King & Pantl. 1897 - See Hemipilia calophylla E.C.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874

    ~Orchis suckowii Kmpel 1988 - See Orchis wulffiana So 1932

    ~Orchis sulphurea Link - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis sulphurea Sims 1825 - See Orchis pallens Linne 1771

    ~Orchis sulphurea subsp. castellana (Rivas Goday) Rivas Goday 1963 - See Dactylorhiza insularis (Sommier) Landwehr 1969

    ~Orchis sulphurea var. markusii (Tineo) Maire 1931 - See Dactylorhiza markusii (Tineo) H. Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~*Orchis susannae L. 1753 - See Pecteilis susannae (L.) Raf. 1837

    ~Orchis susannae Thunb.1784 - See Pecteilis radiata [Thunb.] Raf. 1836

    ~Orchis syriaca (E.G.Camus) Boiss. ex H.Baumann & Knkele 1981 - See

    ~Orchis szechenyiana Rchb.f. ex Kanitz 1891 - See Galearis roborowskyi [Maxim] S.C. Chen 2010

    ~Orchis tabernaemontani Gmelin 1808 - See Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M. Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 1997

    ~Orchis taitungensis S.S.Ying 1985 - See Ponerorchis taiwanensis (Fukuy.) Ohwi 1936

    ~Orchis taitungensis var. alboflorens S.S.Ying 1985 - See Ponerorchis taiwanensis (Fukuy.) Ohwi 1936

    ~*Orchis taiwanensis Fukuy.1935 - See Ponerorchis taiwanensis (Fukuy.) Ohwi 1936

    ~*Orchis takasago-montana Masam. 1933 - See Ponerorchis takasago-montana (Masam.) Ohwi 1936

    ~ Orchis taoloii S.S.Ying 1975 - See Ponerorchis tominagae (Hayata) H.J.Su & J.J.Chen 2000

    ~Orchis taubertiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2001 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1767

    ~Orchis taurica Lindley 1835 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis tenella L.f. 1782 -See Disa tenella (L.f.) Sw.1800

    ~Orchis tenera (Landwehr) Kreutz 1991 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis tenera f. herculiana F.M.Vzquez 2009 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis tenii Schltr. 1921 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis tenoreana Gussone 1844 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tenuifolia Burm.f. 1768 - see Disa tenuifolia Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis tenuifolia K.Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) So 1962

    ~Orchis tenuis Rottler ex Wall. 1832 - See Habenaria roxburghii Nicolson 1976

    ~Orchis tephrosantha Vill. 1779 - See Orchis simia Lamarck 1787

    ~Orchis tephrosanthos Desf. 1799 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis tephrosanthos var. caucasica Steven ex Rchb.f. 1850 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis tephrosanthos var. macrophylla Lindl. 1835 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis tephrosanthos var. militaris (L.) Loisel. 1806 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Orchis tephrosanthos var. undulatifolia (Biv.) Webb 1838 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis tetragona Heuff. 1833 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~Orchis tetraloba (Finet) Schltr. 1912 - See Amitostigma tetralobum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis tetraloba var. parciflora So 1929 - See Amitostigma tetralobum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis tetraloba var. yunnanensis So 1929 - See Amitostigma tetralobum (Finet) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis tharandina Rchb.f. 1851 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

  50. Orchis thriftiensis Renz 1932

    ~Orchis tibetica (Schltr.) Soo' 1929 - See Amitostigma tibeticum Schltr. 1924

    ~*Orchis timbali Velen. 1882 - See Anacamptis timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~*Orchis tipuloides L.f. 1782 - See Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl. 1835

  51. Orchis tochniana Kreutz & Scraton 2002

    EARLY

    ~Orchis todaroi Lojac. 1909 - See Orchis bivonae Tod. 1840

    ~ Orchis tominagae (Hayata) So 1929 - See Ponerorchis tominagae (Hayata) H.J.Su & J.J.Chen 2000

    ~*Orchis transiens Druce 1915 publ. 1916 - See Dactylorhiza transiens (Druce) So 1962

    ~Dactylorhiza transiens nothosubsp. corylensis (Hesl.-Harr.) P.D.Sell 1996 - See Dactylorhiza transiens (Druce) So 1962

    ~Orchis transsilvanica Schur 1853 - See Dactylorhiza maculata (Linne) So 1962

    ~*Orchis traunsteineri Sauter ex Rchb. 1830 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis traunsteineri Saut. ex W.Koch 1837 - See Dactylorhiza majalis (Reich.) P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes 1965

    ~Orchis traunsteineri subsp. russowii (Klinge) So 1928 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis traunsteineri var. grisebachii (Pant.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) So 1962

    ~Orchis traunsteineri var. russowii (Klinge) M.Schulze 1902 - See Dactylorhiza russowii (Klinge) Holub 1964

    ~Orchis traunsteineri var. serotina Hausskn. 1885 - See Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) So 1962

    ~Orchis traunsteinerioides (Pugsley) Pugsley 1940 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

    ~Orchis trichocera Brongn. 1832 - See Orchis quadripunctata Cyrillo ex Tenore 1811

    ~Orchis tridactylites (Lindl.) Webb & Berthel. 1847 - See Habenaria tridactylites Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis tridentata Scopoli 1772 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata Muhl. ex Willd. 1805 - See Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer 1972

    ~Orchis tridentata f. acuminata (Desf.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. albiflora A.Terracc. 1910 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. alcicornis Landwehr 1977 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~ rchis tridentata f. brachyloba Waisb. 1891 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. chersonesensis Turrill 1924 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. grandiflora 1910 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. submilitaris Schur 1866 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. tenoreana (Guss.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata f. unidentata Waisb. 1891 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata lusus albiflora Waisb. 1891 - See Neotinea tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata lusus albiflora Waisb. 1891 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata lusus linearis Waisb. 1891 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata subsp. angelica A.Alibertis 2011 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata subsp. commutata (Tod.) Nyman 1882 - See Neotinea tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) O.Bols & Vigo 2001 - See Neotinea tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata subsp. lactea (Poir.) Rouy 1912 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. acuminata (Desf.) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. aetnensis (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. commutata (Tod.) Rchb.f. 1851 - See - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. gussonei (Tod.) Nyman 1882 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. hanrici (Hnon) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997 Orchis tridentata var. hanrii (Jord.) Sigunov 1977 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. parlatoris (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis tridentata var. variegata Rchb. f. 1850 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis tripetaloides L. f. 1781 - See Disa tripetaloides [Lf.] N.E. Br. 1889

    ~Orchis triphylla (Lindl.) Spreng. 1826 - See Cynorkis fastigiata Thouars 1822

    ~Orchis triphylla K.Koch 1849 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~*Orchis triplicata Willem. 1796 - See Calanthe triplicata [Willem.]Ames 1907

  52. Orchis troodi (Renz) P.Delforge 1990

    LATER EARLY

    ~Orchis tschiliensis (Schltr.) So 1929 - See Aceratorchis tschiliensis Schltr.1922

    ~Orchis turkestanica (Klinge) Klinge ex B.Fedtsch 1908 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

  53. Orchis uechtritziana Hausskn. 1885

    LATER

    ~Orchis ugrinskyana So 1932 - See Anacamptis timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Orchis ullmanii P.M.Hall 1928 publ. 1929 - See Dactylorhiza conigera (Norman) B.Bock 2012

    ~*Orchis umbrosa Kar. & Kir. 1842 - See Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski 1937

    ~Orchis undulata Poir. 1798 - See Disa flexuosa (L.) Sw. 1800

    ~Orchis undulatifolia Biv. 1807 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis uniflora Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 1825 - See Pecteilis triflora (D.Don) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    ~Orchis uniflora Roxb. 1832 -See Diplomeris pulchella D.Don 1825

    ~Orchis unifoliata Schltr.1921 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966

    ~Orchis untchji M.Schulze 1907- See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~*Orchis urvilleana Steud. 1841 - See Dactylorhiza urvilleana (Steud.) H.Baumann & Knkele 1981

    ~Orchis ustulata Linne 1753 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata f. elongata Zapal. 1906 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata f. emarginata (Zapal.) So 1928 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata f. emarginata Zapal. 1906 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata f. grandiflora Gaudin 1825 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata f. integriloba (Sabr.) So 1928 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata f. leopoliensis (Zapal.) So 1928 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis f. leopoliensis (Zapal.) Pauca 1972 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata lusus integriloba Sabr. 1906 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata subsp. aestivalis (Kmpel) Kmpel & A.C.Mrkvicka 1990 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata var. aestivalis Kmpel 1988 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata var. ecalcarata (Costa & Vayr) Nyman 1890 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

    ~Orchis ustulata var. emarginata Zapal. 1906 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata var. integriloba (Sabr.) Sabr. 1908 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata var. leopoliensis Zapal. 1906 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ustulata var. major Waisb. 1891 - See Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~*Orchis varia J.F.Gmelin 1791 - See Dendrophylax varius (C.C. Gmel.) Urb. 1918

    ~ Orchis variabilis Hesl.-Harr. 1941 - See Dactylorhiza kerneriorum (So) So 1962

    ~Orchis variegata All. 1785 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis variegata Schrank 1789 - See Gymnadenia nigra (L.) Rchb.f 1856

    ~ Orchis variegata var. acuminata (Desf.) Boiss. 1845 - See Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis variegata var. submilitaris Schur 1866 - See Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Orchis ventricosa (Vell.) Steud. 1841 - See Sarcoglottis ventricosa ( Vell. ) Hoehne 1952

    ~ *Orchis venusta T.Stephenson & T.A.Stephenson 1922 - See Dactylorhiza venusta (T.Stephenson & T.A.Stephenson) Soo 1962

    ~Orchis verna Fleury 1819 - See - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis vernalis Salisbury 1796 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis vestita Cav. ex Lag. & Rodr. 1803 - See Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) So 1962

    ~Orchis virens Scop., Fl. Carniol. 1772 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis virescens Muhl. ex Willd. 1805 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

    ~Orchis virescens Zollikofer 1829 - See Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. 1828

    ~*Orchis viridiflora Rottler ex Sw 1800 - See Habenaria viridiflora (Rottler ex Sw.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Orchis viridi-fusca Albov 1895 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

    ~Orchis viridis [L.]Crantz 1769 - See Coeloglossum viride (Linne) Hartman 1820

    ~Orchis viridis var. vaillantii Ten. 1831 - See Coeloglossum viride (Linne) Hartman 1820

    ~*Orchis vomeracea Burm. f. 1770 - See Serapias vomeracea (Burm. f.) Briq. 1910

    ~Orchis wanjkovii E.Wulff 1930 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~*Orchis wardii W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Galearis wardii (W.W.Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Orchis weddellii Franch. 1887 - See Orchis angusticruris Franch. 1885

    ~Orchis welwitschii Rchb.f. 1851 - See Orchis italica Poiret 1789

    ~Orchis wilmsii K.Richt. 1890 - See Orchis mascula (Linne) Linne 1755

    ~Orchis wirtgenii Hppner 1916 - See Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Sauter) So 1962

  54. Orchis wulffiana So 1932

    LATER

    ~Orchis wulffiana nothosubsp. suckowii (Kmpel) B.Baumann & al. 2003 - See Orchis wulffiana So 1932

    ~Orchis yatabei (Maxim. ex Makino) Makino 1948 - See Orchis fauriei Finet 1808

    ~Orchis yunkiana (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1975 - See Amitostigma gracile (Blume) Schltr. 1919

    ~Orchis zoophora Tuil. 1799 - See Orchis simia Lam. 1787

~ Orchiserapias E.G.Camus 1894 - See Serapias L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~ Orchiserapias garbariorum (Murr) E.G.Camus ex Asch. & Graebn. 1907- See Serapias garbariorum Murr 1901

~`Orchites Schur 1866 - See Traunsteinera Rchb. 1842 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Orchites globosa (L.) Schur 1866 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

~Oreophilus W.E.Higgins & Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae , TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Oreophilus ariasianus (Luer & L.Jost) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes ariasiana Luer & L.Jost 1998

~Oreophilus cardiochilus Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes cardiocheila Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Oreophilus catellus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes catella Luer & R.Escobar 1983

~ Oreophilus chelosepalus Luer & Hirtz 2009 - See Lepanthes chelosepala [Luer & Hirtz] comb. novo. Pfahl 2013

~Oreophilus chilopsis (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes chilopsis Luer & Hirtz 2002

~Oreophilus ciliaris (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes ciliaris Luer & Hirtz 1994

~Oreophilus compositus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes composita Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Oreophilus cordilabius (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes cordilabia Luer 2002

~Oreophilus dactylus (Garay) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes dactyla Garay 1971

~Oreophilus destitutus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes destituta Luer & R.Escobar 1988

~Oreophilus dielsii (Mansf.) Archila 2009 - See Salpistele dielsii (Mansf.) Luer 1986

~Oreophilus erepsis (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes erepsis Luer & Hirtz 1986

~Oreophilus exiguus (Luer & L.Jost) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes exigua Luer & L.Jost 2002

~Oreophilus geminipetalus (Luer & J.Portilla) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes geminipetala Luer & J.J. Portilla 2002

~Oreophilus hippocrepicus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes hippocrepica Luer & R.Escobar 1991

~Oreophilus hirtzii (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Andinia hirtzii Luer 2005

~Oreophilus irrasus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes irrasa Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Oreophilus lunaris (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes lunaris Luer 1994

~Oreophilus lupulus (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes lupula Luer & Hirtz 1984

~Oreophilus lynnianus (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes lynniana Luer 2002

~Oreophilus macroticus (Luer & Dalstrm) Luer 2009 - See Lepanthes macrotica Luer & Dalstrm 1996

~Oreophilus micropetalus (L.O.Williams) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes micropetala L.O.Williams 1940

~Oreophilus monilius (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes monilia Luer & R.Escobar 1983

~Oreophilus montis-rotundi (P.Ortiz) Luer 2009 - See Lepanthes montis-rotundi P.Ortiz 1997

~Oreophilus nummularius (Rchb.f.) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes nummularia Rchb.f. 1856

~Oreophilus octocornutus (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes octocornuta Luer 2002

~Oreophilus pendens (Garay) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes pendens Garay 1956

~Oreophilus pensilis (Schltr.) Archila 2009 - See Salpistele pensilis (Schltr.) Luer 1986

~Oreophilus persimilis (Luer & Sijm) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes persimilis Luer & Sijm 2002

~Oreophilus pholeter (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes pholeter Luer 1994

~ Oreophilus pilosellus (Rchb.f.) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes pilosella Rchb. f. 1886

~Oreophilus platysepalus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes platysepala Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Oreophilus pseudocaulescens (L.B.Sm. & S.K.Harris) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes pseudocaulescens L.B.Sm. & S.K.Harris 1934

~Oreophilus ricii (Luer & R.Vsquez) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes ricii Luer & R.Vsquez 1994

~Oreophilus stalactites (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes stalactites Luer & Hirtz 1987

~Oreophilus triangularis (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes triangularis Luer 1994

~Oreophilus tridactylus (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes tridactyla Luer 2002

~Oreophilus ursulus (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila, 2009 - See Lepanthes ursula Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Oreophilus viebrockianus (Luer & L.Jost) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes viebrockiana Luer & L.Jost 1998

~Oreophilus villosus (Ljtnant) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes villosa Ljtnant 1977

~Oreophilus werneri (Luer) Archila 2009 - See Lepanthes werneri Luer 2002

Oreorchis Lindl. 1859 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae

There are 16 species in this Asian genus occuring in the mountains with subterranean pseudobulbs with several internodes carrying 1 to 2, erect, plicate, linear to lanceolate, petiolate base leaves that blooms on a lateral, from the pseudobulb, racemose, usually several to many flowered inflorescence with spirally arranged, small to medium sized flowers with free, subsimilar, spreading to porrect sepals and petals, a 3 lobed to entire, clawed, spurless, usually callose lip, a column with a short foot, a terminal, operculate anther and 4 globose to subglobose, superposed pollina.

Common Name or Meaning The Mountain Orchid

Lecto Type Species = ! = Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

Synonyms Diplolabellum F.Maek. 1935; Kitigorchis Maek. 1971

  1. Oreorchis angustata L.O.Williams ex N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1997

    Part shade ColdLATE Spring EARLY Summer

  2. Oreorchis bilamellata Fukuy. 1934

    LATER

    ~*Oreorchis coreana Finet 1908 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

  3. Oreorchis erythrochrysea Hand.-Mazz. 1925

    Part shade col Spring

  4. Oreorchis fargesii Finet 1896

    Part shade cool cold LATER Spring

  5. Oreorchis foliosa (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis foliosa var. indica (Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1996 - See Oreorchis foliosa (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis gracilis Franch. & Sav. 1877 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis gracilis var. gracillima Hayata 1912 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis gracillima (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis indica (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Oreorchis foliosa (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis lancifolia A.Gray 1859 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis laxiflora Ito ex Makino 1909 - See Tainia laxiflora Makino 1909

  6. Oreorchis micrantha Lindl. 1859

    LATEEARLY

  7. Oreorchis nana Schltr. 1924

    LATE EARLY

  8. !Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis patens subsp. coreana (Finet) Y.N.Lee 1996 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis patens var. confluens Hand.-Mazz. 1936 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis patens var. gracillima (Hayata) S.S.Ying 1988 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis rolfei Duthie 1902 - See Oreorchis micrantha Lindl. 1859

    ~Oreorchis setschuanica Ames & Schltr. 1919 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    ~*Oreorchis unguiculata Finet 1896 - See Cremastra unguiculata (Finet) Finet 1897

    ~Oreorchis wilsonii Schltr. 1934 - See Galearis spathulata (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971

    ~Oreorchis yunnanensis Schltr. 1921 - See Oreorchis patens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

`Orestias Ridl. 1887 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae.

There are 4 species in this terrestrial genus confined mostly to the equatorian west African Coastal countries as a small inconspicuous, erect terrestrial with a leafy stem without tubers and carrying to 10 resupinate, marron to greenish in color, all along the terminal, unbranched inflorescence with similar, semi-reflexed, sepals and petals, rouinded, with various, papillose plaques on the surface lip. The column is long and thin and has a flat, rounded with slight lateral lobed similar to Malaxis and the pollina are partly covered witha blunt anther cap..

Common Name or Meaning The Mountain Nymph Orchid

Type Species = ! = Orestias elegans Ridl. 1887

Synonyms Lisowskia Szlach. 1995

  1. !Orestias elegans Ridl. 1887

    Full shade Warm Fall

  2. Orestias foliosa Summerh. in G.M.D.Troupin 1956

    Full shadeHotWarm SpringSummer

  3. Orestias micrantha Summerh. 1937

    Full shadeWarm

  4. Orestias stelidostachya (Rchb.f.) Summerh.1937

    Full shadeWarm

Orleanesia Barb. Rodr. 1877 SUBFAMILY Epidendroieae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae

This epiphytic genus has 9 species and is characterized by having thick spindle shaped stems with distchious leaves on the upper half. They have a terminal racemose inflorescence with a few to many medium-sized flowers. The sepals and petals are free, spreading and equal, with an entire lip that is articulated to the base of the broad column that is ventrally concave which carries 4 pollina with caudicles. There are 10 or less species native to South America.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Gaston d'Orleans a Brazilian prince

Type Species = ! = Orleanesia amazonica Barb. Rod. 1877

Synonyms Huebneria Schltr. 1925; Pseudorleanesia Rauschert 1983

  1. !Orleanesia amazonica Barb.Rodr. 1877

    LATE

  2. Orleanesia maculata Garay 1956

    Part SunHot Spring

  3. Orleanesia mineirosensis Garay 1973

    Part shadeCool to Warm Spring

  4. Orleanesia pleurostachys (Linden & Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965

    Part SunHot Spring Summer

    ~Orleanesia pradei C.Schweinf. & Garay 1953 - See Orleanesia pleurostachys (Linden & Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965

  5. Orleanesia yauaperyensis Barb.Rodr. 1891

    Part shade Warm

~`Ormerodia Szlach. 2003 - See Cleisostoma Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Ormerodia belophora (Rchb.f.) Szlach 2003 - See Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972

~Ormerodia linearilobata (Seidenf. & Smitinand) Szlach. 2003 - See Cleisostoma linearilobatum (Seidenf. & Smitinand) Garay 1972

~Ormerodia sagittata (King & Pantl.) Szlach 2003 - See Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972

~Ormostema Raf. 1838 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Ormostema albiflora Raf. 1836 - See Dendrobium moniliforme [Linn.]Sw. 1799

~Ormostema purpurea Raf. 1838 - See Dendrobium linawianum Rchb.f. 1861

~`Ornitharium Lindl. & Paxton 1851 - See Pteroceras Hasselt ex Hassk. 1842 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae

~Ornitharium striatulum Lindl. & Paxton 1851 - See Pteroceras teres (Blume) Holttum 1960

~Ornithidium Salisb. 1813 - See Maxillaria Ruiz & Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Ornithidium acaule Hoffmsg. 1843 - See Maxillaria coccinea [Plum]L.O.Wms. 1954

~Ornithidium adendrobium (Rchb.f.) M.A.Blanco & Ojeda 2007 - See Maxillaria adendrobium (Rchb.f.) Dressler 1964

~Ornithidium album Hooker 1845 - See Maxillaria camaridii Rchb.f 1863

~Ornithidium alfaroi Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930 - See Maxillaria brevilabia Ames & Correll 1943

~Ornithidium amparoanum (Schltr.) Pabst 1976 - Maxillaria serrulata Ames & Correll 1943

~Ornithidium anceps Rchb.f. 1866 - See Maxillaria pseudoneglecta J.T.Atwood 1993

~Ornithidium aurantiacum Schltr. 1923 - See Maxillaria lankesteri Ames 1924

~Ornithidium aureum Poepp & Endl. 1835 - See Maxillaria gigantea [Lindl.] Dodson 1993

~Ornithidium bicolor Lindl. ex Rchb. f. 1863 - See Odontoglossum bicolor Lindley 1845

~*Ornithidium biolleyi Schltr. 1910 - See Maxillaria biolleyi (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1941

~Ornithidium bolivianum Schlechter 1929 - See Maxillaria gigantea [Lindl.] Dodson 1993

~*Ornithidium bracteatum Schltr. 1911 - See Maxillaria bracteata (Schltr.) Ames & Correll

~Ornithidium ceriferum (Barb. Rodr.) Barb. Rodr. - See Maxillaria notylioglossa Rchb. f. 1854

~Ornithidium chloroleucum Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967

~Ornithidium coccineum Salisb. 1812 - See Maxillaria coccinea [Plum]L.O.Wms. 1954

~Ornithidium confertum Griseb. 1864 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967

~Ornithidium costaricense Schltr. 1910 - See Maxillaria falcata Ames & Correll 1943

~Ornithidium densum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1855 - See *Maxillaria densa Lindley 1835[1836]

~Ornithidium dichotomum Schltr. 1920 - See Maxillaria pendula (Poepp. & Endl.) C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium divaricatum Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Maxillaria notylioglossa Rchb. f. 1854

~Ornithidium dolichophyllum Schltr. 1921 - See Maxillaria bicallosa (Rchb.f.) Garay 1962

~*Ornithidium donaldeedodii Ackerman & Whitten 2010 - See Maxillaria donaldeedodii (Ackerman & Whitten) Christenson 2011

~Ornithidium fasciculatum (C.Schweinf.) M.A.Blanco 2008 - See Maxillaria semiscabra (Lindl.) P.Ortiz 1991

~Ornithidium flaccidum Kraenzl. 1928 - See Scaphyglottis graminifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Poepp. & Endl. 1836

~Ornithidium flavoviridium (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1881 - See Maxillaria notylioglossa Rchb. f. 1854

~Ornithidium fragrans Rolfe 1894 - See Maxillaria camaridii Rchb.f 1863

~*Ornithidium fulgens Rchb. f. 1866 - See Maxillaria fulgens (Rchb. f.) L.O. Williams 1941

~*Ornithidium gigantea Lindl. 1845 - See Maxillaria gigantea [Lindl.] Dodson 1993

~Ornithidium haemathodes (Garay) M.A.Blanco & Ojeda 2007 - See Maxillaria haemathodes (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay 1962

~Ornithidium hagsaterianum (Soto Arenas) Senghas 2001 - See Maxillaria hagsateriana Soto Arenas 1992

~*Ornithidium histrionicum Rchb.f.1856 - See Maxillaria histrionica (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1950

~*Ornithidium huancabambae Kraenzl. 1916 - See Pityphyllum huancabambae ( Kraenzl. ) Whitten 2006

~Ornithidium imbricatum (Lindl.) Wall. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Pholidota imbricata (Roxb.) Lindl. 1825

~Ornithidium inflexum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1864 - See Maxillaria inflexa (Lindl.) Griseb.1864

~*Ornithidium jamesonii Rchb.f. 1876 - See Maxillaria jamesonii (Rchb.f.) Garay & C.Schweinf. 1970

~*Ornithidium jenischianum Rchb.f. 1854 - See Maxillaria jenischiana (Rchb.f.) C.Schweinf. 1948

~ Ornithidium lineare (C.Schweinf.) Senghas 1993 - See Maxillaria linearis C.Schweinf. 1944

~Ornithidium loefgrenii Cogn. 1904 - See Maxillaria pendula (Poepp. & Endl.) C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium luteorubrum F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899 - See Maxillaria brevifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1863

~Ornithidium mapiriense Kraenzl. 1928 - See Maxillaria mapiriensis (Kraenzl.) L.O.Williams 1942

~*Ornithidium miniatum Lindl. 1845 - See Maxillaria miniata (Lindl.) L.O. Williams 1941

~Ornithidium multicaule (Poepp. & Endl.) Rchb.f. 1854 - See Maxillaria multicaulis (Poepp. & Endl.) C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium nanum Rolfe 1894 - See Maxillaria uncata Lindl. 1837

~*Ornithidium neglectum Schltr. 1923 - See Maxillaria neglecta (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1942

~Ornithidium nicaraguense (Hamer & Garay) M.A. Blanco & I. Ojeda 2007 - See Maxillaria nicaraguensis (Hamer & Garay) J.T. Atwood 1987

~Ornithidium niveum Lindl. 1846 - See Maxillaria miniata (Lindl.) L.O. Williams 1941

~*Ornithidium nubigenum Rchb. f. 1863 - See Maxillaria nubigena (Rchb. f.) C. Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium ochraceum Rchb.f. 1887 - See Maxillaria pendula (Poepp. & Endl.) C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium ochroleucum (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Senghas 1993 - See Maxillaria splendens Poepp. & Endl. 1836

~Ornithidium paleatum Rchb.f. 1876 - See Maxillaria paleata (Rchb.f.) Ames & Correll 1943

~Ornithidium pallidiflavum Schltr. 1923 - See Maxillaria microphyton Schltr. 1910

~Ornithidium parviflorum (Poepp. & Endl.) Rchb. f. 1854 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967

~Ornithidium parvulum Schltr. 1911 - See Maxillaria microphyton Schltr. 1910

~Ornithidium pendens (Pabst) Senghas 1993 - See Maxillaria pendens Pabst 1972

~Ornithidium pendulum (Poepp. & Endl.) Cogn. 1904 - See Maxillaria pendula (Poepp. & Endl.) C.Schweinf. 1945

~*Ornithidium quitense Rchb.f. 1876 - See Maxillaria quitensis (Rchb.f.) C.Schweinf. 1970

~Ornithidium ramonense Schltr. 1923 - See Maxillaria flava Ames , F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1934

~Ornithidium repens (L.O.Williams) M.A.Blanco & Ojeda 2007 - See Maxillaria repens L.O.Williams 1942

~Ornithidium ruberrimum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Maxillaria ruberrima (Lindl.) Garay 1967

~Ornithidium sanguinolentum Lindl. 1846 - See Maxillaria miniata (Lindl.) L.O. Williams 1941

~*Ornithidium semiscabrum Lindl. 1845 - See Maxillaria semiscabra (Lindl.) P.Ortiz 1991

~Ornithidium serrulatum Lindl. in G.Bentham 1845 - See Maxillaria alticola C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium serrulatum var. acuminatum Rchb.f.. 1850 - See Maxillaria alticola C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium simulans Ames & C. Schweinf. 1930 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967

~*Ornithidium schlechterianum C.Schweinf. 1937 - See Maxillaria schlechteriana (C.Schweinf.) J.T.Atwood 1994

~*Ornithidium sophronitis Rchb. f. 1854 - See Maxillaria sophronitis [Rchb.f] Garay 1958

~Ornithidium squamata (Barb. Rodr.) Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Maxillaria uncata Lindl. 1837

~*Ornithidium strumatum Endres & Rchb.f. 1874 - See Maxillaria strumata (Endres & Rchb.f.) Ames & Correll 1943

~Ornithidium tafallae (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1854 - See Maxillaria pendula (Poepp. & Endl.) C.Schweinf. 1945

~Ornithidium tonsoniae (Soto Arenas) Senghas 2001 - See Maxillaria tonsoniae Soto Arenas 1992

~Ornithidium vestitum [Sw] Rchb.f 1863 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967

~Ornithidium virescens Schltr. 1924 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967

~Ornithidium weberbauerianum Kraenzl. 1905 - See Maxillaria haemathodes (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay 1962

~*Ornithidium wercklei Schltr. 1923 - See Maxillaria wercklei (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1940

~Ornithidium wrightii (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1937 - See Maxillaria paleata (Rchb.f.) Ames & Correll 1943

Ornithocephalus Hooker 1824 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

This genus has about 55 epiphytic fan shaped species spread across the tropical Americas. Humid, shady, intermediate to warm conditions tied to tree fern or cork mounts and allowing the roots to dry between waterings will insure a happy plant. They have no psuedobulbs and the fleshy leaves are arranged in a basally rooting fan shape and has multiple, bracted infloresence that can arise more than once a year.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the columns similarity to a bird's head

Type Species = ! = Orinthocephalus gladiatus Hooker 1824

  1. Ornithocephalus alfredoi Archila & Chiron 2011

    Full Shade Warm LATE Spring

    ~*Ornithocephalus apiculatus Lindl. 1840 - See Zygostates apiculata (Lindl.) Toscano 2001

  2. Ornithocephalus archilarum Chiron 2011

    Full Shade Hot Warm LATER Summer

    ~Ornithocephalus auricula Rchb. f. & Wullschl. 1863 - See Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863

  3. Ornithocephalus aurorae D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1998

    Part ShadeHot Warm LATEWinter EARLYSpring

    ~Ornithocephalus avicula Rchb. f. & Wullschl. 1863 - See Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863

  4. Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindley 1843

    Part shadeWarm to Hot Winterand Spring

  5. Ornithocephalus biloborostratus Salazar & R.Gonzlez 1990

    Full Shade Warm LATER SummerEARLY Fall

  6. Ornithocephalus bonitensis (Dodson) Toscano 2007 publ. 2008

    ~Ornithocephalus bonplandii Rchb.f. 1863 - See Ornithocephalus gladiatus Hook. 1824

  7. Ornithocephalus brachystachys Schltr. 1925

  8. Ornithocephalus bryostachys Schltr.1921

    Full ShadeHot Summer

  9. Ornithocephalus castelfrancoi Pupulin 2000

    Full Shade Hot Warm Winter

    ~Ornithocephalus chloroleucus Rchb.f. 1855 - See Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl 1840

    ~Ornithocephalus ciliatus Lindley 1840 - See Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863

  10. Ornithocephalus cochleariformis C. Schweinf. 1937

    Part sun Hot WinterSpring

    ~Ornithocephalus cruegeri Rchb.f. ex Griseb. 1864 - See Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863

  11. Ornithocephalus cryptanthus (C.Schweinf. & P.H.Allen) Toscano & Dressler 2000

    Full shade Warm

  12. Ornithocephalus cujetifolia Barb.Rodr. 1877

    to

  13. Ornithocephalus dalstroemii (Dodson) Toscano & Dressler 2000

    Full Shade Cool Cold Fall EARLYWinter

    ~*Ornithocephalus dasyrhyzus Kraenzl. 1911 - See Zygostates dasyrhiza [Kraenzl.] Schltr. 1920

    ~Ornithocephalus diceras Schlechter 1922 - See Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindley 1843

  14. Ornithocephalus dodsonii R.Vsquez & T.Krmer 2001

    Full Shade Cool Winter

  15. Ornithocephalus dolabratus Rchb. f. 1877

    Part sun Warm Winter and Summer

  16. Ornithocephalus dunstervillei Toscano & Carnevali 2009

    Full Shade Warm LATE Fall EARLY Winter

    ~Ornithocephalus dusenianus Kraenzl. 1921 - See Zygostates pustulata (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1926

  17. Ornithocephalus ecuadorensis (Garay) Toscano & Dressler 2000

    ~Ornithocephalus elphas Rchb.f. 1863 - See Ornithocephalus inflexus Lindl. 1840

  18. Ornithocephalus escobarianus (Garay) Toscano & Dressler 2000

    Full shadeWarm to Cool Winter

    ~Ornithocephalus eublepharum Hance - See Ornithochilus fuscus Wall. ex Lindley 1833

  19. Ornithocephalus falcatus Focke 1848

  20. Ornithocephalus garayi (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Toscano & Dressler 2000

    Part shadeCold Winter

  21. !Ornithocephalus gladiatus Hook. 1824

    SECTION Ornithocephalus

    Part shadeWarm to Hot Summerand Fall

    ~Ornithocephalus gladiatus var. peruvianus C. Schweinf. - See Ornithocephalus gladiatus Hook 1824

    ~Ornithocephalus graciliscapus Cogn. 1906 publ. 1907 - See Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863

    ~*Ornithocephalus grandiflorus Lindl. 1840 - See Zygostates grandiflora (Lindl.) Mansf. 1938

  22. Ornithocephalus grex-anserinus Dressler & Mora-Ret 1997

    part Shade Hot Spring

    ~Ornithocephalus ibis Rchb. f. 1863 - See Ornithocephalus gladiatus Hook 1824

  23. Ornithocephalus inflexus Lindl. 1840

    Part shadeHot to Warm Summer

  24. Ornithocephalus iridifolius Rchb. f. 1863

    Part shadeHot to Warm Summer

  25. Ornithocephalus kruegeri Rchb. f. 1863

    Part shadeCool to Hot Fall

    ~Ornithocephalus lanuginosus Ames 1921 - See Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindl. 1843

  26. Ornithocephalus longilabris Schltr. 1921

  27. Ornithocephalus manabina Dodson 1984

    SECTION Ornithocephalus

    Part shade Hot

    ~Ornithocephalus mexicanus A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845 - See Ornithocephalus inflexus Lindl. 1840

    ~*Ornithocephalus microphyllus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Phymatidium microphyllum (Barb.Rodr.) Toscano 2001

  28. Ornithocephalus minimiflorus Senghas 1994

  29. Ornithocephalus montealegreae Pupulin 2002

    Full ShadeHot Warm Spring

    ~ *Ornithocephalus multiflorus Rolfe 1901 - See Zygostates multiflora (Rolfe) Schltr. 1926

  30. Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl. 1840

    ~Ornithocephalus myrtiphilus Schlechter ex Hoehne 1836 - See Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl 1840

    ~*Ornithocephalus obliquus Schnee 1952 - See Zygostates obliqua (Schnee) Toscano 2001

    ~Ornithocephalus navicularis Barb. Rodr. 1877 - See Zygostates grandiflora (Lindl.) Mansf. 1938

  31. Ornithocephalus numenius Toscano & Dressler 2000

  32. Ornithocephalus obergiae Soto Arenas 1992

    ~Ornithocephalus oberonia Rchb.f. 1869 - See Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindley 1843

  33. Ornithocephalus patentilobus C.Schweinf. 1947

    ~Ornithocephalus planifolius Rchb. f. 1859 - See Zygostates apiculata (Lindl.) Toscano 2001

  34. Ornithocephalus polyodon Rchb. f. 1876

    ~Ornithocephalus pottsiae S. Watson 1887 - See Ornithocephalus inflexus Lindl. 1840

    ~Ornithocephalus pseudobulbiferus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Zygostates pellucida Rchb.f. 1863

    ~*Ornithocephalus pustulatus Kraenzl. 1911 - See Zygostates pustulata (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1926

    ~Ornithocephalus pygmaeum Reichb.f. & Warm. 1878 - See Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl 1840

    ~Ornithocephalus pygmaeus Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881 - See Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl 1840

    Ornithocephalus reitzii Pabst 1953 - See Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl 1840 Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders

    Common Name Reitz's Ornithocephalus [Brazilian Orchid Collector]

    ~Ornithocephalus salvinii Rchb.f. ex Hemsl. 1884 - See Ornithocephalus inflexus Lindl. 1840

    ~Ornithocephalus stenoglottis Rchb.f. 1886 - See Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindley 1843

  35. Ornithocephalus suarezii Dodson 1989

    Part shade WarmCoolFall

    ~Ornithocephalus tonduzii Schltr. 1918 - See Ornithocephalus inflexus Lindl. 1840

    ~*Ornithocephalus tripollinicus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Centroglossa tripollinica (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1881

  36. Ornithocephalus tsubotae ( P.Ortiz ) Toscano & Dressler . 2000

  37. Ornithocephalus urceilabris (P.Ortiz & R.Escobar) Toscano & Dressler 2000

    Part shade Cool Summer

  38. Ornithocephalus vasquezii Dodson 1989

    ~Ornithocephalus vosburghii Ruschi 1969 - See Ornithocephalus myrticola Lindl 1840

    ~Ornithocephalus xiphochilus Schltr. 1906 - See Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindl. 1843

Ornithochilus [Lindley] Benth. 1883 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are only 3 species in this small genus segregated from Aerides with plants that are vegetatively similar to Phalaenopsis but florally have a branched, many flowered inflorescnece with many, small, wide open, sepals that are larger than petals, a fixed lip, that is trilobed and has a terete spur, a short and wide column with an indistinct foot and 4, unequally paired pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the lip that is bent upwards and looks like a brd wing

Type Species = ! = Ornithochilus fuscus Lindley 1833

    ~Ornithochilus difformis (Wall. ex Lindl.) Schltr. 1919 - See Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833 Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by White Oak Orchids.

    ~Ornithochilus delavayi Finet 1896 - See Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833

    ~Ornithochilus eublepharon Hance 1884 - See Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833

  1. !Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833

    Part shadeCool to Warm Springand EARLY Summer

    ~Ornithochilus hillii Bth. 1881 - See Peristeranthus hillii [FvM]T.E.Hunt 1954

    ~*Ornithochilus simondianus Gagnep. 1951 - See Pteroceras simondianum (Gagnep.) Aver. 1988

`Ornithophora Barb. Rodr. 1882 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

This is a monotypic genus from Brazil. The name means "Bird Bearing" and a look at the flower will tell you why.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the side view of the column appears to be bird-like

Type Species = ! = Ornithophora quadricolor Barb. Rodr. 1881 = Ornithophora radicans (Rchb. f.) Garay & Pabst 1951

    ~Ornithophora quadricolor Barb. Rodr. 1881 - See Ornithophora radicans (Rchb. f.) Garay & Pabst 1951

  1. !Ornithophora radicans (Rchb. f.) Garay & Pabst 1951

    Fragrance Part shadeHot to Warm Summerand Fall

~`Orsidice Rchb.f. 1854 - See Thrixspermum Lour. 1790 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Orsidice amplexicaulis Rchb. f. 1854 - See Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1868

~Orsidice lilacina (Griff.) Rchb. f. 1854 - See Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1868

`Orthoceras R. Br. 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Diuridinae

There are 2 species in this terrestrial genus occuring in New Zealand and Australia with paired, ovoid to ellipsoid, flewshy, naked tubers gfiving rise to an erect, short, unbranched, terete stem carrying basal, 2 to 6, spirally arranged, sessile, linear, acute, conduplicate leaves that blooms on an erect, 1 to many flowered inflorescence.

Common Name or Meaning Straight Horn - refers to the 2 horn-like lateral sepals

Type Species = ! = Orthoceras strictum R.Br. 1810

    ~Orthoceras caput-serpentis Colenso 1889 publ. 1890 - See Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1989

  1. Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1989

    THROUGH EARLY

    ~Orthoceras rubrum Colenso 1885 publ. 1886 - See Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1989

    ~Orthoceras solandri Lindl. 1840 - See Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1989

  2. !Orthoceras strictum R.Br. 1810

    Part sun Cold Cool Summer

    ~Orthoceras strictum f. viride Hatch 1963 - See Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1989

~Orthochilus Hochst. 1850 - See Eulophia R. Brown & Lindley 1823 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae.

~Orthochilus difformis [Wall ex Lindley]Schlechter ? - See Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833

~Orthochilus mechowii Rchb.f. 1882 - See Eulophia mechowii (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

~Orthochilus renschianus Rchb.f. 1882 - See Eulophia mechowii (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

~*Orthochilus welwitschii Rchb.f. 1865 - See Eulophia welwitschii (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1889

~Orthopenthea Rolfe 1912 - See Disa Berg. 1767 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Disinae

~Orthopenthea atricapilla (Harv. ex Lindl.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa atricapilla (Harv. ex Lindl.) Bolus 1882

~Orthopenthea bivalvata (L. f.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa bivalvata (L. f.) T. Durand & Schinz 1912

~Orthopenthea bodkinii (Bolus) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa bodkinii Bolus 1885

~Orthopenthea elegans (Sond. ex Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa elegans Sond. ex Rchb.f. 1865

~Orthopenthea fasciata (Lindl.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa fasciata Lindl. 1838

~Orthopenthea minor (Sond.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa minor (Sond.) Rchb.f. 1865

~Orthopenthea obtusa (Lindl.) Schelpe 1966 - See Disa richardiana Lem. ex Bolus 1884

~Orthopenthea richardiana (Lem. ex Bolus) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa richardiana Lem. ex Bolus 1884

~Orthopenthea rosea (Lindl.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa rosea Lindl. 1838

~Orthopenthea schizodioides (Sond.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa schizodioides Sond. 1846

~Orthopenthea telipogonis (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa telipogonis Rchb.f. 1847

~Orthopenthea triloba (Sond.) Rolfe 1912 - See Disa oligantha Rchb.f. 1865

~`Ortmannia Opiz 1834 - See Geodorum G. Jacks 1811 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae

~Ortmannia cernua (Willd.) Opiz 1834 - See Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. 1919

~`Orxera Raf. 1838 - See Aerides Lour. 1790 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Orxera cornuta Raf. 1836 - See Aerides odorata Lour. 1790

Osmoglossum Schlechter 1922 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

This is a cool to warm growing epiphytic genus with 4 species spread from Mexico to Panama and then Ecuador [?] where they occur in seasonally dry forests at elevations of 500 to 2000 meters and are characterized by having, 1 to 2 leaves on a pseudobulb with a single internode and subtended by several, distichous, leaf-like sheaths and blooms on an erect, axillary, racemose inflorescence with white, spurless flowers with the lateral sepals concave and united basally and the basal portion of the lip parallel to and adnate to the footless column to it's apex and having a clinandrium and short wings at the apex and 2 hard pollina attached by a stipe to a viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the strong fragrance of the lip of the flower

Type Species = ! = Osmoglossum pulchellum (Bateman ex Lindl.) Schltr. 1916

    ~Osmoglossum acuminatum Schltr. 1922 - See Osmoglossum egertonii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1916

    ~Osmoglossum anceps Schltr. 1923- See Osmoglossum egertonii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1916

    ~Osmoglossum candidum (Linden & Andr) Garay 1978 - See Osmoglossum egertonii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1916

  1. Osmoglossum convallarioides Schltr. 1923

    FragrancePart sun Cool to Warm WinterSpring

  2. Osmoglossum dubium Rosillo 1983

    MID

  3. Osmoglossum egertonii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1916

    Fragrance Full shade Cold to Warm Fall THROUGH EARLY Winter

  4. !Osmoglossum pulchellum (Bateman ex Lindl.) Schltr. 1916

    Fragrance Part shade Cold to Warm Falland Winter

`Ossiculum P.J.Cribb & Laan 1986 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Angraecinae

A rare monotypic and quite odd genus for Africa as the flower is orange with yellow, neither color is well represented in African Orchids.

Common Name or Meaning The Small Bone Orchid [an aliteration to the Dutch name of the discoverer whose name in Dutch "Beentje" means small bone]

Type Species = ! = Ossiculum aurantiacum P.J.Cribb & Laan 1986

  1. !Ossiculum aurantiacum P.J.Cribb & Laan 1986

    Part shadewarmCool

~Osyricera Bl. 1825 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Osyricera purpurascens (F.M. Bailey) Fitzg. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum macphersonii Rupp 1934

~Osyricera spadiciflora (Tixier) Garay 1994 - See Bulbophyllum spadiciflorum Tixier 1966

~`Otandra Salisb. 1812 - See Geodorum G. Jacks 1811 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae

~Otandra cernua (Willd.) Salisb. 1812 - See Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. 1919

Otochilus Lindl. 1830 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae.

There are 4 species in the Himalayas, China, Burma and Thailand. Similar to Coelogyne but differs in the column without a margin, other structural column differences and in the subterminal dehiscent anther. The genus is characterized by the elliptic to lanceolate leaves in pairs at the nodes, a subterminal, pendent, laxly flowered inflorescence with basal sheaths. The small white flowers have subequal, free, narrow, spreading tepals, a sessile lip with a short, horned sac at the base and a long, narrow, entire, concaver deflexed terminal lobe. The erect column is very long and clavate and has no foot. The anther is subterminal and has 4, paired, ovate to cuneate, flattened pollina attached to a single bilobed membrane.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the ear-like side lobes of the lip

Synonyms Broughtonia Lindley non R. Br.; Tetrapeltis Wall. ex Lindl. 1832

Type Species = ! = Otochilus albus Lindl. 1828;

  1. !Otochilus albus Lindl. 1828

    Part ShadeWarmCool Spring

    ~Otochilus albus var. lancilabius (Seidenf.) Pradhan 1979 - See Otochilus lancilabius Seidenf. 1986

    ~Otochilus forrestii W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Otochilus porrectus Lindl.1830

    ~Otochilus fragrans (Wall. ex Lindl.) G.Nicholson 1886 - See Otochilus porrectus Lindl.1830

  2. Otochilus fuscus Lindl.1830

    to to

  3. Otochilus lancilabius Seidenf. 1986

    Full Shade WarmColdFall THROUGH Spring

    ~Otochilus latifolius Griff. 1851 - See Otochilus porrectus Lindl.1830

  4. Otochilus porrectus Lindl.1830

    Fragrance Part shade Warm cool Fall

Otoglossum [Schlechter]Garay & Dunsterville 1976 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

A genus of eight epiphytic and occasional scrambling terrestrial species in Central and South America from Costa Rica to Peru that occur in higher very wet montane forests on trees and stepp embankments at elevations of 800 to 3000 meters. They are as a whole cold growing epiphytes and are treated culturally like Odontoglossum. This genus is characterized by the ovoid pseudobulbs, spread on a climbing rhizome giving rise to thick leaves, an erect, racemose inflorescence, large undulate flowers with similar sized petals and sepals, a three-lobed lip that is basally revolute.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the ear-like wings at the lip base

Type Species = Odontoglossum hoppii Schlechter 1924 = ! = Otoglossum hoppii [Schlechter]Garay & Dunsterville 1976

  1. Otoglossum arminii (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    Part shade Cool Cold Winter

  2. Otoglossum axinopterum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

  3. Otoglossum brevifolium (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    Part shadeCool to Warm LATE Winter through EARLY Spring

    ~Otoglossum brevifolium var. dayanum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1976 - See Otoglossum brevifolium (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

  4. Otoglossum chiriquense (Veitch) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    Part shadeCold to Warm Spring through Fall

  5. Otoglossum coronarium (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    Part shade Warm Cool Winter

    ~Otoglossum coronarium f. flavum (Rolfe) Christenson 2006 - See Otoglossum coronarium (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    ~Otoglossum coronarium var. flavum (Rolfe) Garay & Dunst. 1976 - See Otoglossum coronarium (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    ~Otoglossum globuliferum ( Kunth ) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Oncidium globuliferum Kunth 1816

    ~Otoglossum harlingii ( Stacy ) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase. 2001 - See Oncidium harlingii Stacy 1978

    ~Otoglossum luerorum (Dodson) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium globuliferum Kunth 1816

    ~Otoglossum palaciosii (Dodson) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium palaciosii Dodson 1996

    ~Otoglossum sancti-pauli (Kraenzl.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Oncidium sancti-pauli Kraenzl. 1922

    ~Otoglossum scansor (Rchb.f.) Carnevali & I.Ramrez 2003 - See Oncidium scansor Rchb. f. 1849-50

    ~Otoglossum serpens ( Lindl. ) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Oncidium serpens Lindl. 1833

  6. Otoglossum weberbauerianum (Kraenzl.) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    Full shadeCoolColdWinter

~`Otopetalum Lehm. & Krzl. 1856 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~*Otopetalum tunguraguae F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899 - See Pleurothallis otopetalum Schltr.1912

`Otostylis Schltr. 1918 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

There are 4 species in this terrestrial genus from South America characterized by several noded pseudobulbs carrying plicate, distichous, leaves and an erect, many flowered inflorescence and flowers with free, spreading sepals and petals, a trilobed lip united to the column foot, a callus as a flattened transverse ridge, a winged column without a ventral keel, and 4 hard superposed pollina attached to a viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning refers top the ear-like side lobes to the colum

Type Species = ! = Otostylis brachystalix (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1918

  1. Otostylis alba (Ridl.) Summerh. 1951

  2. !Otostylis brachystalix (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1918

    Part shadehot Spring

    ~Otostylis hirtzii Dodson 1984 - See Wareopsis pardina [Rchb.f] Garay 1973

  3. Otostylis lepida (Linden & Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1918

    to

  4. Otostylis paludosa (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Otostylis venusta (Ridl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Otostylis alba (Ridl.) Summerh. 1951

~Oxyanthera Brongn. 1834 - See Thelasis Bl. 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Thelasiinae.

~Oxyanthera carinata (Blume) Schltr. 1900 - See Thelasis carinata Blume 1825

~Oxyanthera decurva (Hook.f.) Hook.f. 1892 - See Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

~Oxyanthera elata (Hook.f.) Hook.f. 1892 - See Thelasis carinata Blume 1825

~*Oxyanthera micrantha Brongn. 1834 - See Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

~Oxyanthera papuana Schltr. 1905 - See Thelasis carinata Blume 1825

~*Oxyanthera rhomboglossa Schltr. 1911 - See Thelasis rhomboglossa (Schltr.) Kraenzl. 1911

~`Oxyglossellum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Oxyglossellum cyanocentrum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See

~Oxyglossellum theionanthum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium masarangense Schltr. 1911

~Oxysepala Wight 1851 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Bulbophyllinae.

~Oxysepala gadgarrensis (Rupp) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum gadgarrense Rupp 1950

~Oxysepala grandimesensis (B.Gray & D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum grandimesense B.Gray & D.L.Jones 1989

~Oxysepala lamingtonensis (D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum lamingtonense D.L.Jones 1993

~Oxysepala lewisensis (B.Gray & D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum lewisense B. Gray & D.L. Jones 1989

~Oxysepala ovalifolia Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum clandestinum Lindl. 1841

~Oxysepala schilleriana (Rchb.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum schillerianum Rchb. f.1860

~Oxysepala schilleriana subsp. maritima D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2006 - See Bulbophyllum schillerianum Rchb. f.1860

~Oxysepala shepherdii (F.Muell.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum shepherdi [F. Muell.] Rchb.f 1871

~Oxysepala wadsworthii (Dockrill) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum wadsworthii Dockrill 1964

~Oxysepala windsorensis (B.Gray & D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Bulbophyllum windsorense B.Gray & D.L.Jones 1989

~Oxystophyllum Bl. 1825 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Oxystophyllum atrorubens (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium atrorubens Ridl. 1896

~Oxystophyllum carnosum Blume 1825 - See Dendrobium concinnum Miq. 1859

~Oxystophyllum changjiangense (S.J.Cheng & C.Z.Tang) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium changjiangense S.J.Cheng & C.Z.Tang 1980

~Oxystophyllum cultratum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cultratum Schltr. 1911

~*Oxystophyllum excavatum Blume 1825 - See Dendrobium excavatum (Blume) Miq. 1859

~ Oxystophyllum hagerupii (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium hagerupii J.J.Sm. 1922

~Oxystophyllum macrostoma Hassk. 1843 - See Dendrobium aloifolium (Blume) Rchb.f. 1861

~Oxystophyllum rigidum Blume 1825 - See Dendrobium concinnum Miq. 1859

~Oxystophyllum speculigerum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium speculigerum Schltr. 1910

~Oxystophyllum sinuatum (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium sinuatum (Lindl.) Lindl. ex Rchb.f 1861

~Oxystophyllum torricellianum (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium torricellianum Kraenzl. 1910

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