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Genera or species names that are synonyms of current names are denoted with a ~.

The basiosynonym of a species is denoted with a "*". The basiosynonym is the very first name that a species had before it was changed to the current species name. If you have a name in parenthesis preceding another name, the name in parentheses is the basiosynonym. An example: ~*Ophrys bicolor Naegeli - See Ophrys apifera var. bicolor (Naegeli) Nelson: Ophyrs bicolor is the basiosynonym and in the current name the parentheses, (Naegeli), is the namer of the basiosynonym, while Nelson is the namer of the current species Ophyrs apifera var. bicolor.

If a genus is complete [all of the species are represented] it is preceded by a `

! denotes the Type Species of the genus

* denotes the basionym or original name with the same species taxon

I have decided to include synonyms in the alphabetical listings because I have found it frustrating to find that some growers do not stay currrent in their plant names and as such we the consumer end up buying a plant that we feel is an exotic different species only to find that it is a plant that we have had for years under the correct name. An example, Brassavola rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f is actually the common species Brassavola nodosa [L]Lindley.

Symbol Chart:

Fragrance = Fragrance

Light Meter Icons; Full Shade = Full shade Dappled shade or Partial Shade = Part shade Bright Light or Full light = Part sun Full Sun = Full sun

Temperature Icons;

Cold = Cold 2500 Meters and Up, 50`F to 55`F night average - - Cool = Cool1800 to 2500 Meters, 58`F to 60`F night average

Warm = Warm1000 meters to 1800 meters, 68`F to 75`F night average - - Hot = HotSea Level to 1000 Meters, 75`F to 85`F

Season Icons;

Spring = Spring Summer = Summer Fall = Fall Winter = Winter

SIZE: Miniature - under 6" tall leaf and pseudobulb Small - under 12" tall leaf and pseudobulb Medium - under 24" tall Large - under 48" tall Giant - Over 48" tall

Beach
Rainbow

Taeniophyllum Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae

A genus of leafless orchids. Around one hundred seventy to two hundred species in this genus are distributed from India, Sri Lanka, Japan, the Philippines to New Guinea, Australia, some Pacific Islands as far as Tahiti. New Guinea is considered to be the centre of distribution with some eighty species alone, some of which may prove to be conspecific. The species in the genus are small to very small leafless epiphytes with flattened green roots which contain chlorophyll and have taken over the photosynthetic role of the leaves. The leaves are reduced to minute, overlapping scales covering the stem apex. The flowers of the species are very short-lived, they are mostly greenish-white to yellow. They have free tepals that are widely spreading or united at the base in a tube. Tbe lip is attached to the base of the column, is entire or 3 lobed, spurred and has the apex with or without a reflexed, sleder spine like appendage lip with the spur either rounded, conical or cylindric. The solumn is short and stout and does not have a foot and the rostellar projection is variable. The anther is beaked and there are 4, equal or unequal, free of each other pollina sessile or attached by a strap shaped stipe to a narrowly ellipsoid to ovoid viscidium.Not easily detected in their natural habitat the species grow on tree trunks either near the forest floor or among the dense foliage of the smaller twigs. They are found from sea level to about 1000 m.

Narrative by Wolfgang Bandisch.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the tape-like roots

Type species = ! = Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

  1. Taeniophyllum alwisii Lindl.1858

    Part shade Spring

  2. Taeniophyllum antennatum Schuit. & de Vogel 2009

    ~Taeniophyllum aphyllum (Makino) Makino 1899 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

    ~Taeniophyllum asperulum Rchb.f. 1878 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

    ~Taeniophyllum balansae Kraenzl. 1928 - See Microtatorchis oreophila Schltr. 1906

  3. Taeniophyllum biocellatum J.J.Sm. 1913

    Fragrance Full shade WarmtoHotLATESpring

    ~Taeniophyllum bracteatum L.O.Williams 1938 - See Microtatorchis aristata Garay 1972

    ~Taeniophyllum chitouensis S.S.Ying 1992 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

    ~*Taeniophyllum compactum Ames 1908 - See Microtatorchis compacta (Ames) Schltr.1911

  4. Taeniophyllum complanatum Fukuy. 1935

  5. Taeniophyllum coxii (Summerh.) Summerh. 1958

    Part shadeWarmSpring

    ~Taeniophyllum crassipes Fukuy.1938 - See Taeniophyllum complanatum Fukuy. 1935

  6. Taeniophyllum crepidiforme (King & Pantl.) King & Pantl.1898

    SECTION Taeniophyllum

    Part Shade LATE Summer EARLY Fall

    ~Taeniophyllum culiciferum Ridl.1920 - See Taeniophyllum gracillimum Schltr.1906

    ~Taeniophyllum cymbiforme T.E.Hunt 1947 - See Taeniophyllum muelleri Lindl. ex Benth. 1873

    ~Taeniophyllum decipiens Schltr. 1911 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

  7. Taeniophyllum elegantissimum Rchb.f. 1878

    deep shade Hot Summer

    ~*Taeniophyllum exuperei Guillaumin 1957 - See Chiloschista exuperei (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

  8. Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem 1862

    Part shade HotSummer

    ~Taeniophyllum fasciola var. mutina N.Hallé 1977 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

  9. Taeniophyllum filiforme J.J. Sm. 1900

    Part shade hot

    ~Taeniophyllum flavum Dockrill 1960 - See Taeniophyllum lobatum Dockrill 1956

  10. Taeniophyllum fragrans Schltr. 1913

    SUBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Trachylepus

    FragrancePart Shade HotWarmFall

  11. !Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

    SUBGENUS Taeniophyllum

    Full shadeHotWarmSpringTHROUGH EARLYSummer

  12. Taeniophyllum gracillimum Schltr.1906

    Full shadeWarm

    ~Taeniophyllum gracillimum Ridl. 1908 - See Taeniophyllum filiforme J.J. Sm. 1900

  13. Taeniophyllum grandiflorum Schltr.1905

    SUBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Loboglossum

    Fragrance Full shade Hot Spring Summer Fall

  14. Taeniophyllum hirtum Blume 1825

    deep shade Warm Cool Winter

    ~Taeniophyllum khasianum J.Joseph & Yogan. 1967 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

  15. Taeniophyllum lobatum Dockrill 1956

    ~Taeniophyllum macrorhizum Ridl. 1924 - See Taeniophyllum filiforme J.J. Sm. 1900

  16. Taeniophyllum malianum Schltr. 1913

    SUBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Rhynchanthera

    Fragrance Full shadeHotWinter Spring Summer Fall

  17. Taeniophyllum micranthum Carr 1932

    Full shadeHot

    ~Taeniophyllum minutissimum Schltr. 1906 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

  18. Taeniophyllum montanum Carr 1932

    Part Shade Hot

  19. Taeniophyllum muelleri Lindl. ex Benth. 1873

    ~Taeniophyllum obtusum Blume 1825 - See Taeniophyllum pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 1995

    to

  20. Taeniophyllum pahangense Carr 1932

    Part shade hot Spring

    ~Taeniophyllum paife Drake 1886 - See Microtatorchis paife (Drake) Garay 1972

    ~Taeniophyllum parhamiae L.O.Williams 1939 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

  21. Taeniophyllum proliferum J.J.Sm. 1918

  22. Taeniophyllum pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 1995

    SUBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Liberosepalum

    to

  23. Taeniophyllum retrospiculatum (King & Pantl.) King & Pantl.1898

    SUBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Sepalocodon

    Part Sun warm Cool LATE Spring

  24. Taeniophyllum robustum Schltr.1913

    SUBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Trachylepus

  25. Taeniophyllum scaberulum Hook.f. 1890

    Part shade

    ~ Taeniophyllum sciaphilum Schltr. 1911 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

    ~ Taeniophyllum seemannii Rchb.f. 1868 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

    ~Taeniophyllum serrula Hook.f. 1890 - See Taeniophyllum pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 1995

  26. Taeniophyllum sp Malaysia

  27. Taeniophyllum sp Malaysia

  28. Taeniophyllum sp New Guinea

  29. Taeniophyllum sp New Guinea

  30. Taeniophyllum sp New Guinea

  31. Taeniophyllum sp New Guinea

    Very similar to the previous differs in not having the small lobes towards the apex of the lip

  32. Taeniophyllum sp

  33. Taeniophyllum sp Papua New Guinea

    Part Shade Hot

    ~Taeniophyllum tjibodasanum J.J.Sm. 1931 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

  34. Taeniophyllum trichopus Schltr. 1913

    SBGENUS Liberosepalum SECTION Loboglossum

    ~Taeniophyllum usneoides Schltr. 1911 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

    ~Taeniophyllum vietnamense Tixier & Guillaumin 1962 - See Taeniophyllum pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 1995

    ~Taeniophyllum viride Carr 1932 - See Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume 1825

    ~Taeniophyllum wilkianum T.E.Hunt 1946 - See Taeniophyllum muelleri Lindl. ex Benth. 1873

    ~Taeniophyllum zollingeri Rchb.f.1857 - See Taeniophyllum pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 1995

`Taeniorrhiza Summerh.1943 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Angraecinae.

There is but a single species in this leafless genus occuring in Gabon.

Common Name or Meaning The Tape-Like Root Orchid

Type species = ! = Taeniorrhiza gabonensis Summerh. 1943

  1. !Taeniorrhiza gabonensis Summerh. 1943

Tainia Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ? Lindl. SUBTRIBE Collabiinae

There are 21 species in this deciduous terrestrial genus found from India through China and S.E. Asia and south to Indonesia. This genus has petiolate, plicate, and long inflorescence witha few to many well spaced, and often large flowers that has the lateral sepals fused to the coluymn foot [if present] to form a mentum, the lip is hinged to the column foot or if not hinged, spurred, entire or 3-lobed with keels on the upper surface. The column is slender, with or without a foot, the anther often with 2 horns and carrying 8 pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to tape, relation unclear

Type species = ! = Tainia speciosa Blume 1825

    ~Tainia angulata (Rchb.f.) Benth. ex Kraenzl. 1911 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

  1. Tainia angustifolia (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. 1883

    LATE EARLY

    ~Tainia atropurpuea Ridl. 1896 - See Tainia wrayana [Hkr.f] J.J. Sm 1912

    ~Tainia balansae Gagnep. 1932 - See Collabium chinensis (Rolfe) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1977

    ~* Tainia barbata Lindl. 1857 - See Eriodes barbata (Lindl.) Rolfe 1915

  2. Tainia bicornis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    Part shade LATERwinter

    ~Tainia bilamellata (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Oreorchis bilamellata Fukuy. 1934

    ~Tainia borneensis (Schltr.) Gagnep 1932 - See Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume 1825

    ~Tainia cordata Hook.f. 1890 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

  3. Tainia cordifolia Hook. f. 1889

    to LATER EARLY

    ~Tainia cordifolia (Lindl.) Gagnep.1932 - See Nephelaphyllum cordifolium (Lindl.) Blume 1858

  4. Tainia crassa (H.Turner) J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2008

  5. Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    Partial Shade Hot Cool Spring

    ~Tainia elliptica Fukuy. 1935 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    ~ Tainia elongata J.J.Sm. 1910 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

  6. Tainia elmeri Ames 1912

    Part shade

    ~Tainia fauriei Schltr. 1911 - See Tainia cordifolia Hook. f. 1889

    ~Tainia fimbriata Teijsm. & Binn. 1853 - See Tainia paucifolia (Breda, Kuhl & Hasselt) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Tainia flabellata (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Gagnep.1932 - See Nephelaphyllum flabellatum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

    ~Tainia gracilis C.L.Tso 1933 - See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    ~Tainia grandiflora (Hook.f.) Gagnep. 1932 - See Tainia wrayana [Hkr.f] J.J. Sm 1912

    ~Tainia hastata (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    ~Tainia hologlossa (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

  7. Tainia hongkongensis Rolfe 1896

    Partial Shade Hot Cool Spring

  8. Tainia hookeriana King & Pantl. 1895

    FragranceFull shadeHot to CoolWinter

    ~Tainia khasiana Hook.f.1890 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

  9. Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    Partial ShadeHot Cool Spring

    ~Tainia latifolia subsp elongata [J.J.Sm.] H Turner 1992 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    ~Tainia latilabris (Ridl.) Gagnep. 1932 - See Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume 1825

    ~Tainia latilingua Hook.f. 1890 - See Tainia paucifolia (Breda, Kuhl & Hasselt) J.J.Sm. 1912

  10. Tainia laxiflora Makino 1909

    ~Tainia laxiflora var. piyananensis (Fukuy.) Masam. 1974 - See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    ~Tainia laxiflora var. shimadai (Hayata) M.Hiroe 1971- See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    ~Tainia maculata (Thwaites) Trimen 1885 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

  11. Tainia maingayi Hook.f. 1890

    Part Shade WarmCoolWinter

  12. Tainia megalantha (Tang & F.T.Wang) ined..

  13. Tainia minor Hook.f. 1890

    Full shade Cold Spring

    ~Tainia minor var. laxiflora (Makino) T.Hashim. 1987 - See Tainia laxiflora Makino 1909

    ~ Tainia parviflora (Blume) Schltr. 1911 - See Tainia trinervis (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857

  14. Tainia paucifolia (Breda, Kuhl & Hasselt) J.J.Sm. 1912

    Fragrance Part Shade HotWarmSpring

  15. Tainia penangiana Hook. f. 1890

    FragranceFull shadeHot to WarmWinter

    ~Tainia piyananensis Fukuy 1935 - See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    ~Tainia procera Senghas 1984 - See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    ~Tainia promensis (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1889 -See Eulophia promensis Lindl.1833

    ~Tainia pulchra [Bl.]Gagnep. 1932 - See Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume 1825

    ~Tainia quadriloba Summerh. 1933 - See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

  16. Tainia ruybarrettoi (S.Y.Hu & Barretto) Aver. 1994

    Full shadeHot Warm Spring

  17. Tainia scapigera (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Tainia shimadai Hayata 1916 - See Tainia dunnii Rolfe 1908

    ~Tainia shimadae var. elliptica (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    ~Tainia siamensis (Rolfe ex Downie) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1959 - See Tainia hookeriana King & Pantl. 1895

  18. Tainia sp.

    Full shadeHot to CoolSpringSummer

  19. Tainia sp.

  20. Tainia sp

  21. !Tainia speciosa Blume 1825

    Full shadeHot to CoolFallWinter

    ~Tainia stellata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888 - See Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume 1836

    ~Tainia sutepensis (Rolfe ex Downie) Seidenf. & Smitin. 1959 - See Tainia angustifolia (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. 1883

    ~Tainia tenera J.J.Sm. 1922 - See Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

  22. Tainia trinervis (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857

  23. Tainia wrayana [Hkr.f] J.J. Sm 1912

    Part sunCoolTo WarmSpring

    ~Tainia unguiculata Hayata 1914 - See Acanthephippium striatum Lindley 1838

  24. Tainia viridifusca (Hook.) Benth. & Hook. f. 1883

    Part shadeIntermediate TO HotWinterSpring

~`Tainiopsis Schltr. 1915 - See Eriodes Rolfe 1915 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae.

~Tainiopsis barbata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1915 - See Eriodes barbata (Lindl.) Rolfe 1915

~`Talpinaria G. Karst. 1861 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Talpinaria bivalvis H. Karst. 1859 - See Pleurothallis talpinaria Rchb. f. 1886

~Talpinaria hitchcockii (Ames) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis hitchcockii Ames 1922

~Talpinaria punctulata (Rolfe) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis punctulata Rolfe 1888

~Talpinaria sandemanii (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis sandemanii Luer 1996

~`Takulumena Szlach. 2006 - See Epidendrum L. 1763 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

~Takulumena sophronitoides (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Szlach. 2006 - See Epidendrum sophronitoides F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899

~Takulumena vazquezii Szlach., Mytnik, Romowicz & Marg. 2006 - See Epidendrum dasyanthum Hágsater 2008

~`Tangtsinia S.C.Chen 1965 - See Cephalanthera L.C. Rich 1818 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae

~Tangtsinia nanchuanica S.C.Chen 1965 - See Cephalanthera nanchuanica (S.C.Chen) X.H.Jin & X.G.Xiang 2012

~`Tankervillia Link 1829 - See Phaius Lour 1790 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Collabinae

~Tankervillia cantoniensis Link 1829 - See Phaius tankervilleae (Banks) Blume 1856

Tapeinoglossum Schlechter 1914 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

A genus of only two species, both from New Guinea, with elongated rhizomes, small pseudobulbs from which arises a single leaf. The medium sized flowers are whitish with red veining and marking. The species occur in forests at altitudes between 400 to 800 meters, particularly in somewhat open forest near streams as epiphytes. In the Oro province towards the Bari region plants were observed to be fairly common on Leucaena trees in old coffee plantations.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the insignificant lip

Type species = ! = Bulbophyllum centrosemiflorum J.J. Smith 1912 = Tapeinoglossum centrosemiflorum (J.J. Smith) Schltr. 1913;

  1. !Tapeinoglossum centrosemiflorum (J.J. Sm.) Schltr. 1913

    Full shadeHot LATE EARLY

~`Taprobanea Christenson 1992 - See Vanda Jones 1820 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Taprobanea spathulata (L.) Christenson 1992 - See Vanda spathulata (L.) Spreng. 1826

~`Taurantha D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Pterostylidinae

~Taurantha collina (Rupp) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis collina (Rupp) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1989

~Taurantha concinna ( R.Br. ) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis concinna R.Br. 1810

~Taurantha × conoglossa (Upton) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis × conoglossa Upton 1967

~Taurantha ophioglossa (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis ophioglossa R.Br. 1810

~Taurantha splendens (D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis splendens D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

~ Taurantha taurus (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis taurus M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1989

~Taurantha tenuicauda (Kraenzl.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis tenuicauda Kraenzl.1929

~`× Taurodium D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002- See Pterostylis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Pterostylidinae.

~x Taurodium furcillatum (Rupp) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - -See Pterostylis X furcillata Rupp 1930

~× Taurodium toveyanum (Ewart & Sharman) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis × toveyana Ewart & Sharman 1916

~`Taurostalix Rchb.f. 1852 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Taurostalix herminiostachys Rchb.f 1852 - See Bulbophyllum pumilum (Sw.) Lindl. 1830

Teagueia Luer & Hirtz 1991 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

There are at least 14 species that have been formally described but in Ecuador Lou Jost has found at least another dozen which will be described over the next few years. The genus is identified by the medium sized habit with smooth sheathed ramicauls shorter than the petiolate base leaves. It blooms on a successive to simultaneously flowered racemose inflorescence with showy medium sized flowers. Occasionally the flowers are two ranked like in Lepanthopsis. The sepals are long-tailed and the dorsal sepal is three veined. The petals are small and inconspicuous and the lip is either ovoid to suborbicular and has cordate bases with the basal lobes embracing the column. The deeply cleft disc has involute margins and is concave at the apex. The base is inflexibly attached to the base of the column which is short, broad and footless with an apical anther, rostellum, transverse stigma and 2 pollina.

Common Name or Meaning Teague's Orchid [Orchid Collector in Ecuador current]

Type species = Platystele teaguei Luer 1979 = ! = Teagueia teaguei (Luer) Luer 1991

Synonyms Platystele subgenus Teagueia Luer 1986

  1. Teagueia alyssana Luer & L.Jost 2000

  2. Teagueia cymbisepala Luer & L.Jost 2000

    to

  3. Teagueia jostii Luer 2000

    to

  4. Teagueia lehmannii Luer 1991

  5. Teagueia moisesii Chocce & M.E.Acuńa 2011

  6. Teagueia phasmida ( Luer & R.Escobar ) Luer 1991

    to

  7. Teagueia portillae Luer 2002

    Part Shade CoolSpring

  8. Teagueia puroana L.Jost & Shepard 2011

    LATE

  9. Teagueia rex (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 1991

  10. Teagueia sancheziae Luer & L.Jost 2000

    1 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    2 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    3 Teagueia sp [pseudoaliana] Ecuador

    LATE

    4 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    5 Teagueia sp [pailini] Ecuador

    LATE

    6 Teagueia sp [aliana] Ecuador

    LATE

    7 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    8 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    9 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    10 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    11 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

    12 Teagueia sp Ecuador

    LATE

  11. Teagueia teaguei (Luer) Luer 1991

  12. Teagueia tentaculata Luer & Hirtz 1991

    Full shade Cold

  13. Teagueia zeus (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2007

    Full shadeCold Winter

Telipogon H.B.K. 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

There are at least 202 species in this epiphytic, cloud forest, cool growing genus found from Costa Rica to Peru with the highest concentration in the high Andes of Colombia. They prove to be one of the most difficult orchids to maintain for any length of time. They are delicate, dwarf epiphytes without psuedobulbs, made up of clustered or distant, speedily deciduous, leaves ,which, from the axils arise a slender, few flowered inflorescence. They need damp cloud-forest conditions with deep shade, cool temperatures and ample air circulation. The cloud forest areas not only are damp but a permanent fog blankets the ground and light is rarely high, as it is difficult to even see 10' on a 'clear day'. They are one of the wettest orchids that you can grow and as such need to be misted constantly and watered regularly.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the hairs that cover the distal end of the column

Synonyms `Telopogon Spreng 1817; `Thelypogon Mutis ex Spreng 1826

Type species = ! = Telipogon angustifolius H.B.K. 1816 = Telipogon nervosus [L.]Druce 1916

  1. Telipogon acicularis (Dressler) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    Part shadeCoolLATER Winter EARLY Spring

  2. Telipogon albertii Rchb.f. 1876

    Deep Shade CoolCold

  3. Telipogon alexii N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    LATE THROUGH

  4. Telipogon alticola (Dodson & R.Escobar) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  5. Telipogon alvarezii P. Ortiz 2008

    Full Shadecold

  6. Telipogon ampliflorus C. Schweinf. 1938

    Full shadeCold to Cool

  7. Telipogon anacristinae (Pupulin) Dressler & N.H. Williams 2005

    SECTION Taeniorhachis

    Full Shadewarm

  8. Telipogon andicola Rchb.f 1855

    :SECTION Brevicaules SUBSECTION Alatiscapi Braas 1994

    Part ShadeColdWinter LATESpring

    ~Telipogon andinus Dodson 1984 - See Telipogon antioquianus Rchb.f. 1877

    ~Telipogon andinus ( L.O.Williams ) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005 - See Telipogon williamsii P.Ortiz 2008

    ~Telipogon angustifolius Kunth 1816 - See Telipogon nervosus (L.) Druce 1917

  9. Telipogon antioquianus Rchb.f. 1877

    Full shade Cool to Cold

  10. Telipogon antisuyuensis Nauray & A. Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdSummerTHROUGH Fall

  11. Telipogon ardeltianus Braas 1981

  12. Telipogon ariasii Dodson & D.E.Benn. 1989

    Full shade Cold

  13. Telipogon astroglossus Rchb.f 1854

    Part shade Hot to Cool Summer

  14. Telipogon asuayanus Rchb. f. 1877

  15. Telipogon atropurpurea D.E.Benn. & Ric.Fernández 1992

    Part shade Cold Winter Spring Summer Fall

  16. Telipogon aureus Lindl. 1845

    Part shade Cold to Cool

  17. Telipogon austroperuvianus Nauray & A. Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdSummerTHROUGH winter

  18. Telipogon ballesteroi Dodson & R.Escobar 1987

    Part shade Cold Summer

  19. Telipogon barbozae (J.T.Atwood & Dressler) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    Part shadeCool Spring

  20. Telipogon bennettii (Dodson & R.Escobar) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    Full ShadeColdSpring

  21. Telipogon bergoldii (Garay & Dunst.) Senghas & Lückel 1994

    Part shadeCool Spring

  22. Telipogon berthae P.Ortiz 1994

    Full shadeCold

  23. Telipogon biolleyi Schltr. 1911

    SECTION Brevicaules SUBSECTION Teretiscapi Braas

  24. Telipogon boissierianus Rchb.f. 1856

    LATE EARLY

  25. Telipogon boliviensis (R.Vásquez & Dodson) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    LATE EARLY

  26. Telipogon bombiformis Dressler 2003

    Part shade Cold LATE Fall EARLY Spring

  27. Telipogon bowmanii Rchb.f 1876

    LATE

  28. Telipogon boylei (J.T.Atwood) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    Full ShadeWarmCoolSpring

    ~ Telipogon bruchmuelleri Rchb. f. 1877 - See Telipogon latifolius HBK 1815

    ~Telipogon buenavistae Kraenzl. 1920 - See Telipogon costaricensis Schltr. 1911

  29. Telipogon bullpenensis (J.T. Atwood) N.H. Williams & Dressler 2005

    Full ShadewarmCoolSpring

  30. Telipogon butcheri Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

    SECTION Taeniorhachis

    Full ShadeWarmCool

  31. Telipogon campbelliorum (J.T. Atwood) N.H. Williams & Dressler 2005

    Full ShadewarmCoolSpring

  32. Telipogon campoverdei D.E.Benn. & Ric.Fernández 1992

    Deep Shade ColdWinterSpringSummerFall

  33. Telipogon casadevalliae Nauray, A. Galán & M. Mamani 2008

    Full ShadeColdSummer

  34. Telipogon cascajalensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1987

    Part shade Cool Fall

  35. Telipogon caulescens Dressler 2003

    Deep shadeCool Spring

  36. Telipogon christobalensis Kraenzl. 1920

    Part shade

  37. Telipogon chrysocrates Rchb. f. 1877

    SECTION Brevicaules

  38. Telipogon collantesii D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001

    Full Shade Cold Winter

  39. Telipogon costaricensis Schltr. 1911

    Full ShadeColdWinterSpringSummerFall

    ~Telipogon croesus Rchb.f. 1876 - See Telipogon hausmannianus Rchb.f. 1861

    ~Telipogon cuscoensis Nauray & Christenson 2003 - See Telipogon phalaenopsis Braas 1981

    ~Telipogon cycloglossus Schltr. 1924 - See Telipogon semipictus Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl.1920

  40. Telipogon dalstromii Dodson 1984

    Deep Shade ColdLATE SpringSummerFall

  41. Telipogon davidsonii D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001

    Part shade Cold LATEWinter EARLY Spring

  42. Telipogon distantiflorus (Ames & C.Schweinf.) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  43. Telipogon dodsonii Braas 1985

    Full ShadeCold Spring Fall

  44. Telipogon ecuadorensis Schltr. 1921

    MID

  45. Telipogon elcimeyae Braas & Horich 1982

    Full shade Cold Spring

  46. Telipogon embreei N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    ~Telipogon endresianus Kraenzl. 1919 - See Telipogon biolleyi Schltr. 1911

  47. Telipogon erratus (Dressler) N.H. Williams & Dressler 2005

    SECTION Taeniorhachis

    Full ShadeWarmfallwinter

  48. Telipogon esperanzae P.Ortiz 2009

    Part shade Cold Summer

  49. Telipogon falcatus Linden & Rchb.f. 1854

    Full shadeCold Winter

  50. Telipogon farfanii Nauray & A. Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdfallwinter

  51. Telipogon fortunae (Dressler) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    LATE EARLY

  52. Telipogon fritillum Rchb.f. & Warsz. 1854

    Full shadeCold

  53. Telipogon frymirei Dodson 1984

  54. Telipogon glicensteinii Dodson & R.Escobar 1987

    Part shade Cold Summer

  55. Telipogon gnomus Schltr. 1921

    SUBSECTION Alatiscapi Braas 1994

    Part shadeCool LATERFall Winter

  56. Telipogon gracilipes Schltr. 1923

    Part shade Cold Spring

  57. Telipogon gracilis Schltr.1920

  58. Telipogon griesbeckii Dressler 2003

    Part shade Cold LATER Summer

  59. Telipogon guacamayensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1989

    Part ShadeColdWinter

  60. Telipogon guila Dodson & R.Escobar 1987

    Part shade Cold LATER Summer

    ~Telipogon gustavii Rchb.f. 1876 - See Telipogon hemimelas Rchb.f. 1876

  61. Telipogon hagsateri Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

  62. Telipogon hartwegii Rchb.f. 1878

    Full shadeCold

  63. Telipogon hastatus Reichb.f. 1877

    Full shadeCold

  64. Telipogon hausmannianus Rchb.f. 1861

    SUBSECTION Alatiscapi Braas 1994

    Full ShadeCold Spring Fall

    ~Telipogon hausmannii Rchb.f. 1876 - See Telipogon hausmannianus Rchb.f. 1861

  65. Telipogon helleri (L.O.Williams) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  66. Telipogon hemimelas Rchb.f. 1876

    Deep Shade Cold

  67. Telipogon hercules Rchb. f. ex Kraenzl. 1919

    Full Shade Cold

  68. Telipogon hirtzii Dodson & R.Escobar 1989

    LATE MID

    ~Telipogon horichianus Braas 1981 - See Telipogon gracilipes Schltr. 1923

  69. Telipogon hutchisonii C.H.Dodson & D.E.Bennett 1989

    Part ShadeColdFall through Spring

  70. Telipogon hystrix (Dodson) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  71. Telipogon intis Braas 1981

    Full Shade Cold Winter SpringSummer Fall

  72. Telipogon ionopogon Rchb.f. 1876

    Full ShadeWarmColdSummer

    ~ Telipogon javiercastroviejoi Nauray & A. Galán 2008 - See Telipogon paucartambensis Farfán, Nauray & A.Galán 2008

  73. Telipogon jimburensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1989

  74. Telipogon jostii (Dodson) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  75. Telipogon klotzscheanus Rchb.f. 1850

    LATE

    ~ Telipogon kosnipatensis Farfán, Nauray & A. Galán 2008 - See Telipogon paucartambensis Farfán, Nauray & A.Galán 2008

  76. Telipogon lankesteri Ames 1923

    Full ShadewarmFall

  77. Telipogon latifolius HBK 1815

    Full shade Cold Summer THROUGH LATE Fall

  78. Telipogon lehmannii Schltr. 1920

    Deep Shade CoolCold

  79. Telipogon leila-alexandrae Braas 1985

  80. Telipogon macroglottis Rchb. f. 1877

    Full shadeCold to Cool

  81. Telipogon maduroi Dressler 2003

    Full ShadeCoolColdSummer

  82. Telipogon maldonadoensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1998

  83. Telipogon marlenae Nauray & A. Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdFall

  84. Telipogon medusae Dressler 2006

    Full ShadeCold LATE Spring EARLYFall

  85. Telipogon mendiolae Dodson & D.E.Benn. 1989

    Full ShadeCoolColdFall

  86. Telipogon mesotropicalis Nauray & A. Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdFall Spring

  87. Telipogon microglossus (Schltr.) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    Full shade Cool Winter

  88. Telipogon minutiflorus Kraenzl. 1920

    Full shadeWarm to Cool

  89. Telipogon monteverdensis (J.T.Atwood) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    LATE EARLY

  90. Telipogon monticola L.O.Williams 1970

    Full ShadeCold LATE Spring EARLYSummer

  91. Telipogon morganiae (Dodson) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    LATE

  92. !Telipogon nervosus (L.) Druce 1917

    SECTION Telipogon SUBSECTION Telipogon

    LATER

  93. Telipogon nigropurpureus P.Ortiz 2008

    Full ShadeColdSummer

  94. Telipogon obovatus Lindl.1847

    THROUGH

  95. Telipogon octavioi Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

  96. Telipogon olmosii Dressler 2006

  97. Telipogon ortizii Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

    ~Telipogon ortizii N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005 - See Telipogon nigropurpureus P.Ortiz 2008

    Full ShadeColdSummer

    ~Telipogon pachyhybos Schltr. 1921 - See Telipogon obovatus Lindl.1847

  98. Telipogon pamplonensis Rchb.f. 1858

  99. Telipogon panamensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

    Full ShadeWarmCool Summer

  100. Telipogon papilio Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854

    Full shade Cold Winter SpringSummer Fall

  101. Telipogon parvulus C.Schweinf. 1937

    Full Shade

  102. Telipogon patinii Rchb.f. 1876

  103. Telipogon paucartambensis Farfán, Nauray & A.Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdfallwinter

  104. Telipogon penningtonii Dodson & R.Escobar 1989

    Full shadeCool WinterSpringSummerFall

  105. Telipogon perlobatus (Senghas) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  106. Telipogon personatus Dressler 2006

    Full Shade Cold SummerEARLY Fall

  107. Telipogon pfavii Schltr. 1921

    Full shade Cold

  108. Telipogon phalaenopsis Braas 1981

    Full shade Cold Spring

  109. Telipogon pogonostalix Rchb.f. 1876

    Full Shade Cool Cold Winter Spring Summer Fall

  110. Telipogon polymerus Rchb.f. 1876

    Full shadeCold

  111. Telipogon portillae Christenson 2003

  112. Telipogon portilloi Dodson & R.Escobar 1987

    Full Shade Cold Summer

  113. Telipogon pulcher Rchb. f. 1877

    Full shade Cool Spring

  114. Telipogon puruantensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1998

  115. Telipogon putumayensis Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

    to

  116. Telipogon retanarum Dodson & R.Escobar 1987

    Full Shade Cool LATERSummer EARLIER Fall

  117. Telipogon roberti N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  118. Telipogon sanchezii Dodson & Hirtz 2004

    Full shade Cool

  119. Telipogon santiagocastroviejoi Nauray, A. Galán & R. Farfán 2008

    Full ShadeColdFall

  120. Telipogon semipictus Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl.1920

    SUBSECTION Alatiscapi Braas 1994

    Full ShadeCold Spring

  121. Telipogon smaragdinus (Pupulin & M.A. Blanco) N.H. Williams & Dressler . 2005

    SECTION T a e n i o r h a c h i s

    Full ShadeColdWinter

  122. Telipogon sp

  123. Telipogon sp

  124. Telipogon sp

  125. Telipogon sp

  126. Telipogon sp Costa Rica

    LATER

  127. Telipogon sp Ecuador

  128. Telipogon sp Peru

    Full Shade Cold

    ~Telipogon sprucei Kraenzl. 1920 - See Telipogon aureus Lindl. 1845

  129. Telipogon standleyi Ames 1925

    Full ShadeWarmCoolFall

  130. Telipogon steinii Dodson & R.Escobar 1989

    EARLY

    ~Telipogon steyermarkii Foldats 1968 - See Telipogon nervosus (L.) Druce 1917

  131. Telipogon stinae Dodson & Dalström 1984

    Full shadeCold LATE SpringTHROUGH Summer

  132. Telipogon storkii Ames & C. Schweinf. 1930

    Full ShadeFall

    ~Telipogon storkii subsp. magnificus Dodson & R.Escobar 1987 - See Telipogon storkii Ames & C. Schweinf. 1930

    ~Telipogon tanii (Dodson) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005 - See Telipogon astroglossus Rchb.f 1854

  133. Telipogon tayacajaensis D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001

    Full Shade Cold Fall EARLYWinter

  134. Telipogon tesselatus Lindl. 1844

    SUBSECTION Alatiscapi Braas 1994

    Full shadeCold to Cool SpringTHROUGH Summer

    ~Telipogon teuscheri Garay 1958 - See Telipogon tesselatus Lindl. 1844

  135. Telipogon thomasii Dodson & R. Escobar 1989

    Full shadeCold to Cool

  136. Telipogon tsipiriensis (Pupulin) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

  137. Telipogon tupayachii Nauray & A. Galán 2008

    Full ShadeColdFall

  138. Telipogon urceolatus C.Schweinf. 1947

    Full Shade Cold WinterSpringSummerFall

  139. Telipogon vampyrus Braas & Horich 1982

    Full shadeCold to Cool

  140. Telipogon vargasii C. Schweinf. 1946

    Full shadeCold to CoolWinter

  141. Telipogon venustus Schltr. 1920

    Full shade ColdWinterSpringSummer Fall

  142. Telipogon vieirae Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

  143. Telipogon vollesii Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

  144. Telipogon wallisii Rchb.f. 1876

    Deep Shade CoolCold

    ~Telipogon warscewiczii Rchb. f. 1858 - See Telipogon papilio Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854

  145. Telipogon williamsii P.Ortiz 2008

~`Telopogon Spreng 1817 - See Telipogon H.B.K. 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Tetrabaculum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Tetrabaculum cacatua (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium cacatua M.A.Clem. & D.L. Jones 1989

~Tetrabaculum capitisyork (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium tetragonum Cunningham ex Lindley 1839

~Tetrabaculum melaleucaphilum (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium melaleucophilum M. Clements & D. Jones 1989

~Tetragamestus Rchb. f. 1894 - See Scaphyglottis Poeppig & Endl. 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae

~Tetragamestus antillanus Schltr. 1922 - See Scaphyglottis modesta (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926

~Tetragamestus aureus Rchb. f. 1854 - See Scaphyglottis aurea (Rchb.f.) Foldats 1959

~Tetragamestus gracilis Schltr.1918 - See Scaphyglottis prolifera Cogn. 1898

~Tetragamestus isochiloides Regel 1856 - See Scaphyglottis punctulata (Rchb. f.) C. Schweinf. 1955

~*Tetragamestus modestus Rchb.f. 1854 - See Scaphyglottis modesta (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926

Tetramicra Lindley 1831 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

This genus has ten terrestrial or lithophytic warm growing species that all hail from the Caribbean growing in dry, rocky, limestone enviroments near sealevel to moderate elevations among cracks and crevasses exposed to the full sun. They have small or no psuedobulbs apaced far apart onlong branched rhizomes that bear fleshy often terete, rigid leaves, sometimes in loose fans that give rise to a wiry, tall inflorescence that have successive opening flowers that are well spaced on the stalk. They have 8 pollina, 4 large and four small I grow mine on a large hollowed-out tree fern slab that has finely chopped wood chips and charcoal just barely covering the roots, to accomodate the rangy growth habit of this attractive genus.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the stamina that is divided in to 4 parts

Type species = ! = Cymbidium rigidum Willd. 1805 = Tetramicra rigida [Wild.]Lindley 1831 = Tetramicra canaliculata Urban 1918

    ~Tetramicra bicolor [Lindley] Benth. 1883 - See Leptotes bicolor Lindley 1833

  1. Tetramicra bulbosa Mansf. 1926

    Part Sun HotWarm

  2. !Tetramicra canaliculata [Aubl.] Urban 1918

    FragrancePart sunWarmLATE Springand Summer

    ~ Tetramicra ekmanii Mansf. 1926 - See Tetramicra schomburgkii [Rchb.f] Rolfe 1889

  3. Tetramicra elegans [Hamilton] Cogn. 1910

    Fragrance Part sunHotLATE Springand Summer

  4. Tetramicra eulophiae (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. ex Griseb. 1866

    Deep ShadeHotWarmWinterSpring

  5. Tetramicra malpighiarum J.A.Hern. & M.A.Díaz 2000

    ~Tetramicra minuta Rolfe 1889 - See Leptotes tenuis Rchb. f 1865

    ~Tetramicra montana (Sw.) Griseb. 1864 - See Dilomilis montana (Sw.) Summerh. 1961

  6. Tetramicra montecristensis H.Dietr. 1984

  7. Tetramicra parviflora Lindl. ex Griseb.1864

    LATE

    ~Tetramicra rigida [Wilde] Lindley 1839 - See Tetramicra canaliculata [Aublet] Urban

  8. Tetramicra schomburgkii [Rchb.f] Rolfe 1889

    ~Tetramicra serrulata [Lindley]Nichols 1887- See Leptotes bicolor Lindley 1833

    ~Tetramicra subaequalis [Eggers] Rchb.f 1886 - See Tetramicra elegans [Hamilton] Cogn. 1910

  9. Tetramicra urbaniana Cogn. 1910

~`Tetrapeltis Wall. ex Lindl. 1833 - See Otochilus Lindl. 1830 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Coelogyneae SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae

~Tetrapeltis fragrans Wall. ex Lindl. 1833 - See Otochilus porrectus Lindl.1830

`Teuscheria Garay 1958

SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae

There are 7 species in this genus spread through central and South America from Costa Rica to Peru. It is allied to Bifrenaria and they are epiphytes with clustered ovoid pseudobulbs carryoing a single, apical, plicate, convolute, lanceolate to elliptic leafs that are surrounded basally by a single, non foliaceous chartaceous sheath [a major deliminating factor of the genus]and blooms on a basal, single flowered, erect or pendant inflorescence carrying a medium sized, resupinate or not flower with 4 hard, way pollina.

Common Name or Meaning Named for the Canadian Botanist Henry Teuscher

Type species = ! = Teuscheria cornucopia Garay 1958

  1. !Teuscheria cornucopia Garay 1958

    Full shadeWarmCoolSpring

  2. Teuscheria dodsonii Dressler 1972

    Deep Shade WarmWinterSpring

  3. Teuscheria elegans Garay 1970

  4. Teuscheria horichiana Jenny & Braem 1987

    part Shade Warm Fall

  5. Teuscheria integrilabia Dodson 1978

    Full shade Hot Warm Fall Winter

  6. Teuscheria pickiana (Schltr.) Garay 1959

    Full shade Hot Fall

  7. Teuscheria sp

    ~Teuscheria venezuelana Garay 1959 - See Teuscheria wageneri (Rchb.f.) Garay 1967

  8. Teuscheria wageneri (Rchb.f.) Garay 1967

    ~Teuscheria venezuelana Garay 1959 - See Teuscheria wageneri (Rchb.f.) Garay 1967

`Thaia Seidenf. 1975 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae

There is but a single species in this little know sqaprophytic species occuring in Thailand and distinguished from other related genera by the entire lip and by the appendage at the lower margin of the stigma.

Common Name or Meaning The Thai Orchid

Type species = Thaia saprophytica Seidenf. 1975

  1. !Thaia saprophytica Seidenf. 1975

    Deep Shade warm Cool

`Thecopus Seidenf. 1984 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae

There are two species in this Asian genus that is found in SE Asia and Malesia

Common Name or Meaning Literally Box Foot - refers to the nectarium in the column foot

Type species = ! = ?

  1. Thecopus maingayi (Hook.f.) Seidenf., 1983 publ. 1984

    Full Shade Hot Fall

  2. Thecopus secunda (Ridl.)Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984

    Deep shade Hot Fall

`Thecostele Rchb. f. 1857 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae

A monotypic genus widespread in SE Asia and surrounding Islands to the Philippines that is a small to medium sized epiphyte that can lose all it's leaves through the winter before blooming and new growth onset. The flowers have subequal, broad sepals, the laterals anrrowly attached close to the ovary and the petals are much narrower. The lip is connate with the column foot and is three lobed and has small, erect sidelobes with a small raised, conical callus on each side of the proximal face. The lidlobe is broadly ovate and is glandular puberulent on the inner face. The s curved column is replicate and the apex has a pair of forward stretching arms with 2, cleft pollina with small, shorter than broad and is on a broad semicircular viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the box shaped coulumn

Type species = ! = Thecostele zollingeri Rchb. f. 1857 = Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

  1. Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    FragrancePart sun Hotto Warm EARLY Springand Summer

    ~Thecostele elmeri (Ames) Ames 1952 - See Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Thecostele maculosa Ridl. 1893 - See Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~*Thecostele maingayi Hook.f. 1890 - See Thecopus maingayi (Hook.f.)Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984

    ~Thecostele poilanei Gagnep. 1931 - See Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Thecostele quinquefida Hook.f. 1890 - See Thecopus maingayi (Hook.f.) Seidenf., 1983 publ. 1984

    ~Thecostele secunda Ridl. 1895 - See Thecopus secunda (Ridl.)Seidenf. 1984

    ~Thecostele wrayi (Hook. f.) Rolfe 1912 - See Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Thecostele zollingeri Rchb. f. 1857 - See Thecostele alata Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

Thelasis Bl. 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Thelasiinae.

There are about 27 species in this tropical rainforest genus that now includes the genus Oxyanthera. Found from India to China and south to Australia as fan-shaped epiphytes with pseudobulbs that have barely open flowers with the lip attached to the base of the footless column and 8 pollina in 2 groups of 4.

Common Name or Meaning The Nipple Orchid [may refer to the attenuate rostellum]

Type species = ! = Thelasis obtusa Bl. 1825

    ~Thelasis amboinensis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1914 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

  1. Thelasis bifolia Hook.f. 1890

    SECTION Thelasis

    Full Shade

  2. Thelasis capitata Blume 1825

    SECTION Thelasis

  3. Thelasis carinata Blume 1825

    SECTION Oxyanthera

    Part sunHot Fall

    ~Thelasis carinata Rchb.f. 1857 - See Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Thelasis carinata f. semipelorica J.J.Sm. 1929 - See Thelasis carinata Blume 1825

  4. Thelasis celebica Schltr. 1911

    ~Thelasis clausa Fukuy. 1935 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Thelasis contracta Blume 1856 - See Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Thelasis decurva Hook.f. 1890 - See Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Thelasis elata Hook. f. 1890 - See Thelasis carinata Rchb. f. 1857

    ~Thelasis elegans (Lindl.) Blume 1856 - See Phreatia elegans Lindl. 1830

    ~Thelasis elongata Blume 1856 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Thelasis elongata var. amboinensis J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Thelasis hongkongensis Rolfe 1896 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

  5. Thelasis javanica J.J.Sm. 1905

    SECTION Oxyanthera

    Deep shadeHotWarm

  6. Thelasis khasiana Hook.f. 1890

    SECTION Thelasis

    Full ShadeWarm Cool Summer

  7. Thelasis longifolia Hook.f. 1890

    SECTION Thelasis

    Full shade Spring THROUGH EARLYSummer

  8. Thelasis macrobulbon Ridl. 1896

    SECTION Thelasis

    Full Shade Hot LATE

  9. Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

    SECTION Oxyanthera

    Part Shade HotWarmWinter

  10. !Thelasis obtusa Bl. 1825

    SECTION Thelasis

    Deep shadeHotWarm LATER Spring

    ~Thelasis ochreata Lindl. 1859 - See Thelasis capitata Blume 1825

    ~Thelasis papuana (Schltr.) W.Kittr. 1984 publ. 1985 - See Thelasis carinata Blume 1825

  11. Thelasis phreatioides J.J.Sm. 1911

    SECTION Oxyanthera

    LATE

  12. Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

    SECTION Thelasis

    Part shade Hot Warm Spring

    ~Thelasis pygmaea var. khasiana (Hook.f.) Schltr. 1900 - See Thelasis khasiana Hook.f. 1890

    ~Thelasis pygmaea var. multiflora Hook.f. 1890 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

  13. Thelasis rhomboglossa (Schltr.) Kraenzl. 1911

    SECTION Thelasis

    Deep Shade Warm

    ~Thelasis samoensis Kraenzl. 1898 - See Phreatia micrantha (A.Rich.) Lindl. 1859

  14. Thelasis sp. Papua New Guinea

    SECTION Thelasis

  15. Thelasis sphaerocarpa (Schltr.) J.J.Sm 1916

    SECTION Oxyanthera

  16. Thelasis succosa Carr 1932

    Full shadehotWarmSpring

    ~Thelasis taiwaniana (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Phreatia taiwaniana Fukuy. 1935

    ~Thelasis triandra Blume 1858 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Thelasis triptera Rchb.f. 1855 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

    ~Thelasis zollingeri Rchb.f. 1857 - See Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl. 1859

~Thelychiton Endl. 1833 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Thelychiton adae (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium adae F.M. Bailey 1884

~ *Thelychiton argyropus Endl. 1833 - See Bulbophyllum argyropus (Endl.) Rchb.f. 1876

~Thelychiton capricornicus (Clemesha) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805

~Thelychiton carnarvonensis (Peter B.Adams) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium kingianum Bidwill ex Lindley 1844

~Thelychiton comptonii (Rendle) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium comptonii Rendle 1921

~Thelychiton curvicaulis (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, 2002 - See Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805

~Thelychiton × delicatus (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, 2002 - See Dendrobium X delicatum (F.M. Bailey) F.M. Bailey 1902

~Thelychiton falcorostrus (W.Fitzg.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium falcorostrum Fitzgerald 1876

~Thelychiton finniganensis (D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium finniganense D.L.Jones 1992

~Thelychiton fleckeri (Rupp & C.T.White) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium fleckeri Rupp & C.T. White 1937

~Thelychiton gracilicaulis (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium gracilicaule F. Muell. 1894

~Thelychiton howeanus (Maiden) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Dendrobium comptonii Rendle 1921

~Thelychiton jonesii ( Rendle ) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium jonesii Rendle 1901

~Thelychiton jonesii subsp. bancroftianus (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium jonesii Rendle 1901

~Thelychiton jonesii subsp. blackburnii (Nicholls) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium jonesii Rendle 1901

~Thelychiton kingianus (Bidwill ex Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium kingianum Bidwill ex Lindley 1844

~*Thelychiton macropus Endl. 1833 - See Dendrobium macropus (Endl.) Rchb.f. ex Lindl. 1858

~Thelychiton moorei (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium moorei F. Muell. 1869

~Thelychiton pedunculatus (Clemesha) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805

~Thelychiton pulcherrimus (Rupp) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium kingianum Bidwill ex Lindley 1844

~Thelychiton rex (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, 2002 - See Dendrobium rex M.A. Clem. & D.L. Jones 1989

~Thelychiton speciosus (Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805

~Thelychiton tarberi (M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805

Thelymitra J.&G.Forst 1775 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae

There are 118 species in this genus that as a whole are from Australia, but there are also 2 from New Zeaand and 1 is from the Philippines , New Guinea and Java. They are terrestrial colony forming herbs with subterranean tubers and are commonly called 'Sun Orchids'. Many of the species in this genus are blue which is one of the rarer colors in the orchid family.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the fused stamen

Synonyms Macdonaldia Gunn. ex Lindley 1840

Type species = ! = Thelymitra longifolia J.& G. Forst. 1775

  1. Thelymitra adorata Jeanes 2011

    Part shade Cold Winter

  2. Thelymitra aemula Cheeseman 1919

    Part shade Cold Spring

  3. Thelymitra aggericola D.L.Jones 1999

    Full sun Cold Spring

    ~Thelymitra alba Colenso 1886 - See Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

  4. Thelymitra albiflora Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  5. Thelymitra antennifera (Lindl.) Hook. f. 1858

    Full sunColdLATE Summerand EARLY Fall

  6. Thelymitra apiculata (A.S. George) M.A. Clem. & D.L. Jones 1989

    Full sunCold Spring

  7. Thelymitra arenaria Lindl. 1840

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  8. Thelymitra aristata Lindl. 1830

    EARLY

    ~Thelymitra aristata var. megcalyptra (Fitzg.) Rupp 1941 - See Thelymitra megacalyptra Fitzg. 1879

  9. Thelymitra atronitida Jeanes 2000

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  10. Thelymitra azurea R.S.Rogers 1917

    Part Sun Cold Spring

  11. Thelymitra basaltica Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  12. Thelymitra batesii Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  13. Thelymitra benthamiana Rchb. f. 1871

    Full sunCold Spring

  14. Thelymitra bracteata J.Z.Webeer ex Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  15. Thelymitra brevifolia Jeanes 2004

    Cold to Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra caesia Petrie 1918 publ. 1919 - See Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. 1853

  16. Thelymitra campanulata Lindl. 1840

    Full sunCold Spring

    ~Thelymitra campanulata Endl. 1846 - See Thelymitra canaliculata R.Br. 1810

  17. Thelymitra canaliculata R.Br. 1810

    Part sun Cold Spring

  18. Thelymitra carnea R. Br. 1810

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra carnea var. imberbis (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch 1946 - See Thelymitra carnea R. Br. 1810

    ~Thelymitra carnea var. robusta Rodway 1903 - See Thelymitra ixioides Smith ex Sw. 1805

    ~Thelymitra carnea var. rubra ( Fitzg. ) J.Z.Weber & R.J.Bates 1978 - See Thelymitra rubra Fitzg. 1867

  19. Thelymitra × chasmogama R.S.Rogers 1927

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra × chisholmii Nicholls 1941 - See Thelymitra x mackibbinii F.Muell. 1881

  20. Thelymitra circumsepta Fitzg. 1878

    Part Sun Cold LATESpring Summer

  21. Thelymitra colensoi Hook.f. 1864

    Full sun Cold

    ~Thelymitra concinna Colenso 1888 - See Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. 1853

  22. Thelymitra cornicina Rchb. f. 1871

    Full sunCold Spring

    ~Thelymitra cornuta Colenso 1887 publ. 1888 - See Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

  23. Thelymitra crinita Lindl. 1840

    Full sunCold to Cool Fall

  24. Thelymitra cucullata Rupp 1946

    Full sunColdLATE Cool Spring

  25. Thelymitra cyanea (Lindl.) Benth. 1873

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring EARLYFall

    ~ Thelymitra daltonii R.S.Rogers 1930 - See Thelymitra matthewsii Cheeseman 1910 publ. 1911

    ~Thelymitra decora Cheeseman 1906 - See Thelymitra nervosa Colenso 1887 publ. 1888

  26. Thelymitra dedmaniarum R.S.Rogers 1938

    Part sun Cold

  27. Thelymitra × dentata L.B.Moore 1968

    Full sun Cold Spring

    ~Thelymitra elizabethiae F.Muell. 1890 - See Thelymitra rubra Fitzg. 1867

  28. Thelymitra epipactoides F.Muell. 1866

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  29. Thelymitra erosa D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun Cold Spring

  30. Thelymitra exigua Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

    ~Thelymitra fasciculata Fitzg 1888 - See Thelymitra cornicina Rchb. f. 1871

    ~Thelymitra fimbriata Colenso 1889 publ. 1890 - See Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. 1853

  31. Thelymitra flexuosa Endl. 1839

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

  32. Thelymitra formosa Colenso 1884

    Full sun Cold Spring Summer

    ~Thelymitra forsteri Sw. 1800 - See Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

  33. Thelymitra frenchii Jeanes 2004

    Full sun Cold Spring

  34. Thelymitra fuscolutea R. Br. 1810

    Full sunColdLATE Springand EARLY Summer

    ~Thelymitra fuscolutea var. stellata (Lindl.) A.S.George 1971 - See Thelymitra stellata Lindl. 1840

  35. Thelymitra graminea Lindl. 1840

  36. Thelymitra grandiflora Fitzg.1882

    Part Sun ColdSpring

    ~Thelymitra grandis F. Muell. ex Benth. 1873 - See Thelymitra nuda R.Br., Prodr.: 314 (1810

  37. Thelymitra granitora D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun CoolCold EARLYSpring

  38. Thelymitra gregaria D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  39. Thelymitra hatchii L.B.Moore 1968

    Part Sun Cold Spring Summer

  40. Thelymitra hiemalis D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun CoolCold Winter Spring

  41. Thelymitra holmesii Nicholls 1932

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra imberbis Hook.f. 1853 - See Thelymitra carnea R. Br. 1810

  42. Thelymitra imbricata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  43. Thelymitra improcera D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  44. Thelymitra incurva Jeanes 2012

    Full sun Cold Spring

    ~Thelymitra intermedia Bergg. 1877 - See Thelymitra colensoi Hook.f. 1864

    ~Thelymitra iridioides Sieber ex Benth. 1873 - See Thelymitra ixioides Smith ex Sw. 1805

  45. Thelymitra x irregularis Nicholls 1946

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  46. Thelymitra ixioides Smith ex Sw. 1805

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra ixioides Sw. 1800 - See Thelymitra ixioides Smith ex Sw. 1805

    ~Thelymitra ixioides f. merraniae (Nicholls) Nicholls 1951 - See Thelymitra x merraniae Nicholls 1929

    ~Thelymitra ixioides var. carnea Guilf. 1911 - See Thelymitra ixioides Smith ex Sw. 1805

    ~Thelymitra ixioides var. subdifformis Nicholls 1945 - See Thelymitra hiemalis D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    ~Thelymitra ixioides var. truncata (R.S.Rogers) Nicholls 1944 - See Thelymitra × truncata R.S.Rogers 1917

  47. Thelymitra jacksonii Hopper & A.P.Br. ex Jeanes 2006

    Part Sun Cold LATESpring EARLY Summer

  48. Thelymitra javanica Blume 1825

    Full sun Cool Cold FALL

  49. Thelymitra jonesii Jeanes 2001

    Full sun Cold LATERWinter Spring

  50. Thelymitra juncifolia Lindl. 1840

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

  51. Thelymitra kangaloonica Jeanes 2011

    Part Sun ColdSpring

  52. Thelymitra latiloba Jeanes 2001

    Part Sun Cold Spring

    ~ Thelymitra lilacina F.Muell. ex Lindl. 1854 - See Thelymitra ixioides Smith ex Sw. 1805

  53. !Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

    Part Sun Cold LATERSpring

    ~Thelymitra longifolia var. alba (Colenso) Cheeseman 1925 - See Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

    ~Thelymitra longifolia var. forsteri Hatch 1952 - See Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

    ~Thelymitra longifolia var. intermedia Hatch 1952 - See Thelymitra colensoi Hook.f. 1864

    ~Thelymitra longifolia var. stenopetala Hatch 1952 - See Thelymitra colensoi Hook.f. 1864

  54. Thelymitra longiloba D.L.Jones & M.A Clem. 1998

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  55. Thelymitra lucida Jeanes 2004

    Full sun Cold Spring

  56. Thelymitra luteocilium Fitzg 1882

    Part sun Cool LATE Winter through EARLY Spring

  57. Thelymitra mackibbinii F.Muell. 1881

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

  58. Thelymitra × macmillanii F.Muell. 1865

    Part sun Cool LATE Cold Spring

  59. Thelymitra macrophylla Lindl. 1840

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

  60. Thelymitra maculata Jeanes 2009

    Part Sun Cold Winter

  61. Thelymitra magnifica Jeanes 2006

    Part Sun Cold EARLIERSpring

    ~*Thelymitra malintana Blanco 1837 - See Habenaria malintana (Blanco) Merr. 1918

  62. Thelymitra malvina M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1989

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring EARLYSummer

  63. Thelymitra matthewsii Cheeseman 1910 publ. 1911

    Part Sun CoolCold LATE winter Spring

  64. Thelymitra media R.Br. 1810

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring EARLYSummer

    ~Thelymitra media var. carneolutea Nicholls 1943 - See Thelymitra media R.Br. 1810

  65. Thelymitra megacalyptra Fitzg. 1879

    FragrancePart sunCold LATESpring

  66. Thelymitra x merraniae Nicholls 1929

    to

  67. Thelymitra mucida Fitzg. 1882

    Full sunCold to Cool LATE

    ~Thelymitra murdochiae Nicholls 1934 - See Thelymitra aristata Lindl. 1830

    ~Thelymitra nemoralis Colenso 1885 - See Thelymitra longifolia J. & G. Forst. 1775

  68. Thelymitra nervosa Colenso 1887 publ. 1888

    Full sun Cold Spring EARLY Summer

  69. Thelymitra nuda R. Br. 1810

    FragrancePart sunColdSpring

    ~Thelymitra nuda var. grandiflora Lindl. 1840 - See Thelymitra imbricata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

  70. Thelymitra occidentalis Jeanes 2001

    Part Sun Cold Spring

    ~Thelymitra ovata F.Muell. 1867 - See Thelymitra crinita Lindl. 1840

    ~Thelymitra pachyphylla Cheeseman 1906 - See Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. 1853

  71. Thelymitra pallidiflora Jeanes 2004

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

  72. Thelymitra papuana J.J. Sm. 1934

    Part sun Cool to Warm

    ~Thelymitra pardalina F.Muell. 1865 - See Thelymitra villosa Lindl. 1840

  73. Thelymitra pauciflora R. Br. 1810

    ~Thelymitra pauciflora var. holmesii (Nicholls) Nicholls 1944 - See Thelymitra holmesii Nicholls 1932

  74. Thelymitra peniculata Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  75. Thelymitra planicola Jeanes 2000

    Full sun Cold Spring

  76. Thelymitra polychroma D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Part Sun Cold LATERSpring

    ~Thelymitra porphyrostica F.Muell. 1865 - See Thelymitra variegata (Lindl.) F. Muell. 1865

  77. Thelymitra psammophila C.R.P. Andrews 1905

    FragrancePart sunColdLATE Winterand Spring

  78. Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. 1853

    Full sun Cold Spring EARLYSummer

  79. Thelymitra pulcherrima Jeanes 2009

    Part Sun Cold Winter

  80. Thelymitra purpurata Rupp 1946

    Full sun WarmColdWinter EARLY Spring

    ~Thelymitra retecta Rupp 1944 - See Thelymitra circumsepta Fitzg. 1878

  81. Thelymitra rubra Fitzg. 1867

    Fragrance Part shade Cold Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra rubra var. magnanthera Rupp 1943 - See Thelymitra rubra Fitzg. 1867

  82. Thelymitra sanscilia H.S.Irwin ex Hatch 1952

    Full sun ColdWinter EARLIER Spring

  83. Thelymitra sargentii R.S. Rogers 1930

    Part sunColdLATE Winterand Spring

  84. Thelymitra silena D.L.Jones 1999

    Part Sun ColdSpring

  85. Thelymitra simulata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Full sunCold to CoolLATE SpringEARLYSummer

    ~Thelymitra smithiana (Gunn ex Lindl.) Hook.f. 1858 - See Thelymitra flexuosa Endl. 1839

  86. Thelymitra spadicea D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Full sun Cold EARLIER Spring

  87. Thelymitra sparsa D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1998

    Full sun Cold LATE Spring EARLY Summer

  88. Thelymitra speciosa Jeanes 2009

    Part Sun Cold LATE Winter EARLY Spring

  89. Thelymitra spiralis (Lindl.) F. Muell. 1865

    FragrancePart sunColdLATE Winterand Spring

    ~Thelymitra spiralis var. pallida Nicholls 1949 - See Thelymitra spiralis (Lindl.) F. Muell. 1865

    ~Thelymitra spiralis var. pulchella Nicholls 1949 - See Thelymitra maculata Jeanes 2009

    ~Thelymitra spiralis var. punctata Nicholls 1949 - See Thelymitra spiralis (Lindl.) F. Muell. 1865

    ~Thelymitra spiralis var. scoulerae Nicholls 1949 - See Thelymitra spiralis (Lindl.) F. Muell. 1865

  90. Thelymitra stellata Lindl. 1840

    Part sunCoolColdSpring

    ~*Thelymitra stenopetala Hook.f. 1844 - See Waireia stenopetala (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy 1997

  91. Thelymitra tholiformis Molloy & Hatch 1990

    Full sun Cold Spring

  92. Thelymitra tigrina R. Br. 1810

    EARLY

  93. Thelymitra × truncata R.S.Rogers 1917

    Part Sun CoolCold Spring

  94. Thelymitra uliginosa Jeanes 2009

    Full sun Cold Winter

    ~Thelymitra uniflora Hook.f. 1844 - See Thelymitra cyanea (Lindl.) Benth. 1873

    ~Thelymitra urnalis Fitzg. 1882 - See Thelymitra rubra Fitzg. 1867

  95. Thelymitra variegata (Lindl.) F. Muell. 1865

    FragrancePart sunColdLATE Winterand Spring

    ~*Thelymitra variegata var. apiculata A.S. George 1984 - See Thelymitra apiculata (A.S. George) M.A. Clem. & D.L. Jones 1989

  96. Thelymitra venosa R.Br. 1810

    Full sunCold to Cool Spring

    ~Thelymitra venosa var. cedricsmithii Hatch 1952 - See Thelymitra cyanea (Lindl.) Benth. 1873

    ~Thelymitra venosa var. cyanea (Lindl.) Hatch 1952 - See Thelymitra cyanea (Lindl.) Benth. 1873

    ~Thelymitra venosa var. magnifica Rupp 1939 - See Thelymitra venosa R.Br. 1810

    ~Thelymitra versicolor Lindl 1840 - See Thelymitra nuda R. Br. 1810

  97. Thelymitra villosa Lindl. 1840

    Part sunCold Spring

  98. Thelymitra viridis Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun Cold EARLYSpring

  99. Thelymitra vulgaris Jeanes 2004

    Part Sun ColdSpring

  100. Thelymitra yorkensis Jeanes 2006

    Fragrance Part Sun Cold LATERSpring

~`Thelypogon Spreng 1826 - See Telipogon H.B.K. 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

`Thelyschista Garay 1980 publ. 1982SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

This is a monotypic terrestrial genus occurring in Bahia Brazil.

Common Name or Meaning

Type species = ! = Thelyschista ghillanyi (Pabst) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

  1. !Thelyschista ghillanyi (Pabst) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

~Theodorea Barb. Rod. 1877 - See Gomesa R Brown 1815 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~*Theodorea gomezioides Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Gomesa gomezoides (Barb.Rodr.) Pabst 1967

~Theodorea handroi Hoehne 1942 - See Gomesa handroi (Hoehne) Pabst 1967

~Theodorea guinlei Ruschi 1946 - SeeGomesa jucunda (Rchb.f.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009

~Theodorea paniculata Brade 1949 - Gomesa gomezoides (Barb.Rodr.) Pabst 1967

~Theodorea schlechteri Hoehne 1942 - See Gomesa jucunda (Rchb.f.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009

~`Thicuania Raf. 1836 [1838] - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Thicuania moschata (Sw.) Raf. 1836 - See Dendrobium moschatum Sw. 1805

~`Thiebautia Colla 1824 - See Bletia Ruiz & Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Bletiinae.

~Thiebautia nervosa Colla 1824 - See Bletia florida (Salisb.) R.Br. 1813

~`Thorvaldsenia Leibm. ex Hartman 1844 - See Chysis Lindley 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE ?

~Thorvaldsenia speciosa Liebm. 1844 - See Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840

Thrixspermum Lour. 1790 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are about 100 species in this monopodial, epiphytic, wide ranging genus that is found from Ceylon to Samoa, but with the major concentration in Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia. There are 2 sections of this genus and it is dependant on the form of the inflorescence. Group #1 is the Orsidice, which has the flowers side by side, and the #2 group, Dendrocolla, has flowers that face all directions. This genus is best grown as any Vanda might, basically warm growing, high light and ample water and fertilizer year round. They are medium sized, monpodial epiphytes or terrestrials with a short to long stem carrying distichous, flattened, fleshy leaves and blooms on an axillary, racemose, short to long, many flowered inflorescence with short-lived flowers with subequal sepals and petals, an immobile, 3 lobed, saccate but spurless, erect lateral lobes, mid lobe generally fleshy with a hairy or pappilose callus on the front wall lip with a short and stout, sometimes winged column a long foot, short and broad stipes and 4 pollina in 2 unequal masses.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the hair-like seeds

Synonyms Dendrocolla Blume 1825; `Orsidice Rchb.f 1854; Ridleya 1900

Type species = ! = Thrixspermum centipeda Lour. 1790

  1. Thrixspermum acuminatissimum (Rchb. f.) Rchb.f. 1868

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part sunHot Summer

    ~Thrixspermum adenotrichum Schltr. 1913 - See Thrixspermum congestum (F.M.Bailey) Dockrill 1967

    ~Thrixspermum adversum (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Drymoanthus adversus (Hook.f.) Dockrill 1967

    ~Thrixspermum album (Ridl.) Schltr. 1911 - See Thrixspermum trichoglottis (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891

  2. Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1868

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part sunHot Summer

  3. Thrixspermum anceps (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Full ShadeHot Warm Fall

  4. Thrixspermum ancoriferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    Full Shade Spring

  5. Thrixspermum annamense (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    Fragrance Part Shade Warm fall

    ~Thrixspermum appendiculatum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Grosourdya appendiculata (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868

    ~Thrixspermum arachnites (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Thrixspermum centipeda Lour. 1790

    ~Thrixspermum aureum (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Pteroceras unguiculatum (Lindl.) H.A.Pedersen 1992

    ~Thrixspermum auriferum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1830 - See Thrixspermum centipeda Lour. 1790

    ~Thrixspermum australe (Lindl.) Rchb.f. . 1868 - See Sarcochilus australis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1863

    ~Thrixspermum austrosinense Tang & F.T.Wang 1974 - See Thrixspermum annamense (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum beccarii Rchb. f. 1881 - See Rhinerrhiza moorei (Rchb. f.) M.A. Clem., B.J. Wallace & D.L. Jones 1989

    ~*Thrixspermum berkeleyi Rchb.f. 1882 - See Macropodanthus berkeleyi (Rchb.f.) Seidenf. & Garay 1988

    ~*Thrixspermum bigibbum Schltr. 1911 - See Biermannia bigibba (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum blepharolobum Schltr. 1911 - See Biermannia ciliata (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum brachyglottis (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb. f.) J.J. Wood 1990

    ~Thrixspermum brachyglottis (Hook.f.) Ridl. 1907 - See Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb. f.) J.J. Wood 1990

    ~Thrixspermum brachystachyum (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Thrixspermum calceolum [Lindl.] Rchb.f. 1868

  6. Thrixspermum brevibracteatum J.J.Sm. 1928

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Part shade Warm LATECool winter Spring

  7. Thrixspermum brevicapsularis Holttum 1947

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Full shadeColdSummer

  8. Thrixspermum calceolum [Lindl.] Rchb.f. 1868

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    FragrantPart sunHotSummer

  9. Thrixspermum carnosum (K.Schum.) Schltr.1911

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Part shade

    ~Thrixspermum ceciliae Rchb.f 1871- See Sarcochilus ceciliae FvM 1865

  10. Thrixspermum celebicum Schltr. 1911

    Part Shade Hot Winter

  11. !Thrixspermum centipeda Lour. 1790

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Fragrance Part sun Warm to HotSpring

    ~Thrixspermum cladostachyum (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Pteroceras cladostachyum (Hook.f.) H.A.Pedersen 1992

  12. Thrixspermum collinum Schltr.1913

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    ~Thrixspermum comans J.J.Sm. 1907 - See Thrixspermum merguense (Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891

    ~Thrixspermum compressum (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Pteroceras compressum (Blume) Holttum 1960

  13. Thrixspermum congestum (F.M.Bailey) Dockrill 1967

    SECTION Dendrocolla

  14. Thrixspermum denticulatum Schltr. 1906

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    ~Thrixspermum devolium T.P.Lin & C.C.Hsu 1977 - See Thrixspermum annamense (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum dilatatum (F.Muell.) Rchb.f.1868 - See Sarcochilus dilatatus F. Muell. 1859

    ~Thrixspermum divitiflorum (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Rchb.f. 1877 - See Rhinerrhiza divitiflora (F. Muell. ex Benth.) Rupp 1951

    ~Thrixspermum elegans (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Thrixspermum hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f. 1874

  15. Thrixspermum elongatum Ames 1915

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Part sunHot LATE Summerto Winter

    ~Thrixspermum emarginatum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Ascochilus emarginatus (Blume) Schuit. 2001

  16. Thrixspermum erythrolomum P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. 2008

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Part Shade WarmCool Spring Fall

  17. Thrixspermum eximium L.O.Williams 1938

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Full Shade Warm Cool MIDWinter EARLIERSpring

    ~Thrixspermum falcatum [R.Br.]Rchb.f 1868- See Sarcochilus falcatus R. Br. 1810

  18. Thrixspermum fantasticum L.O.Williams 1938

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Full ShadeCool Spring

    ~Thrixspermum filiforme (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Cordiglottis filiformis (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

  19. Thrixspermum formosanum (Hayata) Schltr.1919

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    LATER EARLY

    ~Thrixspermum freemanii (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f 1877- See Rhinerrhiza divitiflora (F. Muell. ex Benth.) Rupp 1951

    ~Thrixspermum fulgens (Ridl.) Schltr. 1911 - See Cordiglottis fulgens (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    ~*Thrixspermum godefroyanum Rchb.f. 1868 - See Chiloschista godefroyana (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919

  20. Thrixspermum graeffei Rchb.f 1868

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    ~Thrixspermum hainanense (Rolfe) Schltr. 1911 - See Thrixspermum centipeda Lour. 1790

    ~ *Thrixspermum hewittii Ames ex Merr.1921 - See Porphyrodesme hewittii (Ames ex Merr.) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum hillii Rchb.f 1871- See Sarcochilus hillii [FvM]FvM 1861

    ~Thrixspermum hirsutum (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Pteroceras hirsutum (Hook.f.) Holttum 1960

    ~Thrixspermum hirtulum (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Grosourdya appendiculata (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868

  21. Thrixspermum hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f. 1874

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Part shade Spring

    ~*Thrixspermum indusiatum Rchb.f. 1886 - See Brachypeza indusiata (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum insularum (Aver.) Aver. 1990 - See Pteroceras simondianum (Gagnep.) Aver. 1988

  22. Thrixspermum iodochilus Ridl. 1922

    SECTION Thrixspermun

    Part shade

  23. Thrixspermum japonicum (Miq.) Rchb. f. 1878

    SECTION Ordice

    Part shadeIntermediate Fall

  24. Thrixspermum kjellbergii J.J.Sm. 1933

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part Shade Hot Warm Spring Fall

  25. Thrixspermum kocyanii J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2011

    Section Dendrocolla

    Part ShadeCool Cold Fall

    ~Thrixspermum kusukusense (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 - See Thrixspermum merguense (Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891

  26. Thrixspermum latisaccatum J.J.Sm. 1920 NO PHOTO

  27. Thrixspermum laurisilvaticum (Fukuy.) Garay 1972

    Full Shade Cool Spring

  28. Thrixspermum lengguanianum P.T.Ong & P.O'Byrne 2011

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Full shadeHotWarmFall

    ~*Thrixspermum leopardinum C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874 - See Pteroceras leopardinum (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1963

  29. Thrixspermum leucarachne Ridl. 1896

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part shade Warm Spring

  30. Thrixspermum ligulatum L.O.Williams 1938

    Part Shade HotColdLATESummerFall

    ~Thrixspermum lilacinum (Griff.) Rchb. f. 1868 - See Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1868

  31. Thrixspermum loogemanianum Schltr. 1911

    SECTION Thrizspermum

    Part Shade Hot Winter

  32. Thrixspermum luciferum P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. 2004

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part Shade Warm Cool Fall

    ~*Thrixspermum lunifera Rchb.f 1868 - See Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J.Smith 1905

    ~Thrixspermum mannii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Micropera mannii (Hook.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    ~Thrixspermum mcgregorii Ames 1907 - See Ascochilus siamensis Ridl. 1896

  33. Thrixspermum merguense (Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Part sunHotto Cool LATE Spring MIDFall

    ~Thrixspermum merguense (Hook. f.) Seidenf. & Smitin. 1963 - See Thrixspermum merguense (Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891

    ~*Thrixspermum mindanaense Ames 1913 publ. 1914 - See Ascochilus mindanaensis (Ames) Christenson 1985

    ~Thrixspermum minimum (Blume) Kuntze 1891 - See Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm.1927

    ~*Thrixspermum moorei Rchb. f. 1880 - See Rhinerrhiza moorei (Rchb. f.) M.A. Clem., B.J. Wallace & D.L. Jones 1989

    ~Thrixspermum muriculatum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1881 - See Pteroceras muriculatum (Rchb.f.) P.F.Hunt 1970

  34. Thrixspermum musciflorum A.S.Rao & J.Joseph 1969 publ. 1971

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Part shadeLATE Spring EARLYSummer

    ~Thrixspermum musciflorum var. nilagiricum J.Joseph & Vajr.1981 - See Thrixspermum musciflorum A.S.Rao & J.Joseph 1969 publ. 1971

    ~Thrixspermum neglectum Fukuy.1942 - See Thrixspermum fantasticum L.O.Williams 1938

    ~Thrixspermum neohibernicum Schltr. 1905 - See Thrixspermum platystachys (F.M. Bailey) Schltr. 1911

    ~Thrixspermum notabile (Hook. f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Thrixspermum acuminatissimum (Rchb. f.) Rchb.f. 1868

    ~Thrixspermum olivaceum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Sarcochilus olivaceus Lindl. 1839

    ~Thrixspermum oreadum Schltr.1913 - See Thrixspermum graeffei Rchb.f 1868

    ~Thrixspermum pallidum (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Pteroceras pallidum (Bl.) Holtt. 1960

    ~Thrixspermum papillosum Carr 1929 - See Thrixspermum centipeda Lour. 1790

  35. Thrixspermum pardale (Ridl.) Schltr. 1911

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Fragrance Part sun Warm Summer

    ~Thrixspermum parviflorum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Sarcochilus olivaceus Lindl. 1839

    ~Thrixspermum pendulicaule (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 - See Thrixspermum pensile Schltr. 1911

  36. Thrixspermum pensile Schltr. 1911

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Full Shade HotWinterSpringSummer Fall

    ~*Thrixspermum philippinense Ames 1913 publ. 1914 - See Pteroceras philippinense (Ames) Garay 1972

    ~Thrixspermum phyllorhizum (F.Muell.) Rchb.f. 1871 - See Chiloschista phyllorhiza (F.Muell.) Schltr. 1921

    ~Thrixspermum pictum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Sarcochilus australis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1863

    ~Thrixspermum platyphyllum Rchb.f. 1886 - See Brachypeza indusiata (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

  37. Thrixspermum platystachys (F.M. Bailey) Schltr. 1911

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part sunHot

  38. Thrixspermum pugionifolium (Hook.f.) Schltr.1911

    SECTION Dendrocola

    MID THROUGH

  39. Thrixspermum pulchellum (Thwaites) Schltr. 1911

    Part shade LATERSummer EARlYFall

  40. Thrixspermum purpurascens (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868

    SECTION Thrixspermum

  41. Thrixspermum pusillum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

  42. Thrixspermum raciborskii J.J.Sm.1903

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part shadeHot Warm Fall

    ~Thrixspermum raciborskii var. hamatum J.J.Sm. 1907 - See Thrixspermum raciborskii J.J.Sm.1903

  43. Thrixspermum recurvum (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Part ShadeWarm

    ~Thrixspermum rhopalorrhachis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb. f.) J.J. Wood 1990

  44. Thrixspermum ridleyanum Schltr. 1911

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Part shade Hot Spring Fall

  45. Thrixspermum robinsonii Ames 1915

    Part Shade Hot Cool

    ~Thrixspermum rubrocallosum Carr 1929 - See Thrixspermum ridleyanum Schltr. 1911

    ~Thrixspermum rubrocentrum (Fitzg.) Rchb.f. 1887 - See Sarcochilus hartmannii F.Meuller 1874

    ~Thrixspermum segawae (Masam.) Masam. 1934 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938

  46. Thrixspermum saccatum P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. 2008

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    FragrancePart shade HotWarm Winterspring

  47. Thrixspermum saruwatarii (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

    Full shade Warm Spring

  48. Thrixspermum scopa (Rchb.f. ex Hook.f.) Holttum 1947

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part shadeHotSummer

  49. Thrixspermum scortechinii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part shade

  50. Thrixspermum sp

  51. Thrixspermum sp

  52. Thrixspermum sp. Borneo

    Part sunCool Hot

    ~Thrixspermum spurium (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Dendrobium spurium (Blume) J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Thrixspermum stenoglottis (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891 - See Brachypeza stenoglottis [Hkr.f] Garay 1972

  53. Thrixspermum subulatum (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Part Shade Hot Cool

    ~Thrixspermum teres (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868 - See Pteroceras teres (Blume) Holttum 1960

    ~Thrixspermum teysmannii (Miq.) Rchb.f.b 1868 - See Macropodanthus teysmannii (Miq.) H.A.Pedersen 1993

  54. Thrixspermum torajaense P.O'Byrne 1998

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part Shade Warm

  55. Thrixspermum tortum J.J.Sm. 1914

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Fragrance Part Shade Hot Spring

  56. Thrixspermum triangulare Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

    SECTION Dendrocolla

    Part Shade WarmColdWinterSpringSummerFall

  57. Thrixspermum trichoglottis (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891

    SECTION Dendrocola

    to LATE EARLY

    ~Thrixspermum tridentatum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1868 - See Plectorrhiza tridentata [Lindley]Dockrill 1967

  58. Thrixspermum tsii W.H.Chen & Y.M.Shui 2005

    SECTION Dendrocola

    Full Shade WArmCool LATERSpring

    ~Thrixspermum unguiculatum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1868 - See Pteroceras unguiculatum (Lindl.) H.A.Pedersen 1992

    ~Thrixspermum usneoides(Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1868 - See Chiloschista usneoides (D.Don) Lindl. 1832

  59. Thrixspermum warianum Schltr. 1913

    SECTION Thrixspermum

    Part shadeHotSummerFall

    ~Thrixspermum xanthanthum Tuyama 1940 - See Thrixspermum laurisilvaticum (Fukuy.) Garay 1972

`Thulinia P.J.Cribb 1985 SUBFAMILY Orchidiodeae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

A monotypic terrestrial gernus confined to Tanzania and is part of the TRIBE Orchideae but differs in the complex callus and spur which is fused to the ovary for it's entire length.

Common Name or Meaning

Type species = ! = Thulinia albolutea P.J.Cribb 1985

  1. !Thulinia albolutea P.J.Cribb 1985

    Part ShadeCoolWinter

Thunia Rchb.f 1852 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae.

There are less than 6 species in this terrestrial genus without psuedobulbs found in India, China and SE Asia and is similar to Phaius yet differs in it's lack of psuedobulbs, slightly nodose stems which are covered by leafy sheaths below and gradually passing to true leaves above and its terminal inflorescence with persistent bracts. The flowers are large and fully to partially opening with similar membraneosu oblong-lanceolate tepals and the spurred lip has the sides of the hypochile rolled around the column and has a lareg expanded, crispate to minutely fimbriate epichile witha disc carrying 5 to 7, slender, longitudinal keels that are often hairy or fimbriate. The slder column is winged at the apex and has 8, rarely 4, in sets of 3 to 4, narrow-clavate pollina joined at the base by granualr matter without a firm viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning Named for the orchid enthusiast Count Thun-Hohenstein of Germany

Synonyms `Phajus Lindley 1831

Type species = ! = Thunia alba [Lindl.] Rchb.f 1852

  1. !Thunia alba (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1852

    Part sun Warm to Cool MID Summer

    ~Thunia alba var. bracteata (Roxb.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001 - See Thunia bracteata (Roxb.) Schltr. 1919

  2. Thunia bensoniae Hook.f. 1868

    toLATE EARLY

  3. Thunia bracteata (Roxb.) Schltr. 1919

    Part sun Warm to Cool Summer

  4. Thunia brymeriana Rolfe 1892

    Full shade

    ~Thunia dodgsonii (Dean) B.S.Williams 1894 - See Thunia pulchra Rchb.f. 1872

  5. Thunia marshalliana Rchb. f. 1877

    FragrantPart sun Warm to Cool MID Summer

    ~Thunia mastersiana Kraenzl 1894 - See Thunia pulchra Rchb.f. 1872

    ~Thunia nivalis (Hemsl.) Rchb.f. 1888 - See Thunia alba (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1852

  6. Thunia pulchra Rchb.f. 1872

    Part sunHottoWarm

  7. Thunia venosa Rolfe 1905

    Part sun Warm to Cool

    ~Thunia winniana L.Linden 1894 - See Thunia bensoniae Hook.f. 1868

    ~Thunia xanthophlebia Rchb.f. ex Parish 1883 - See Thunia pulchra Rchb.f. 1872

~`Thynninorchis D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Arthrochilus F. Muell. 1858 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae

~Thynninorchis huntiana ( F.Muell. ) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Arthrochilus huntiana ( F.Muell. ) Blaxell 1972

~Thynninorchis nothofagicola (D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Arthrochilus huntiana ( F.Muell. ) Blaxell

`Thysanoglossa Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

There are three species in this epiphytic miniature sized genus confined to SE Brazil and related to Ornithocephalus but are distinguished by a distinct column shape and the lacerate-fimbriate lip..

Common Name or Meaning The Fringed Lip Orchid

Type species = ! = Thysanoglossa jordanensis Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940

  1. !Thysanoglossa jordanensis Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940

    Deep shade Warm Cool

  2. Thysanoglossa organensis Brade 1943

    Deep shade Warm Cool

  3. Thysanoglossa spiritu-sanctensis N.Sanson & Chiron 2011

`Ticoglossum Lucas Rodr. ex Halb. 1983 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

There are 2 species in this genus separated from Oncidium both occuring in Costa Rica.

Common Name or Meaning Tico refers to Costa Rican

Type species = ! = Ticoglossum krameri (Rchb. f.) Lucas Rodr. ex Halb.

  1. !Ticoglossum krameri (Rchb.f.) Halb. 1983

    Part shadeCool to Warm Spring THROUGHWinter

    ~Ticoglossum krameri f. album (Lucas Rodr. ex Halb.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007 - See Ticoglossum krameri (Rchb.f.) Halb. 1983

    ~Ticoglossum krameri var. album Lucas Rodr. ex Halb. 1983 - See Ticoglossum krameri (Rchb.f.) Halb. 1983

    ~Ticoglossum krameri var. smithianum (Rchb. f.) Christenson 1991 - See Ticoglossum krameri (Rchb.f.) Halb. 1983

  2. Ticoglossum oerstedii (Rchb. f.) Lucas Rodr. ex Halb. 1983

    Fragrance Part sun Warm to Cold Spring

~`Tigivesta Luer 2007 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Tigivesta abortiva (Luer) Luer 2007 - See Pleurothallis abortiva Luer 1980

~`Tinea Biv. 1833 - See Neotinea Rchb.f. 1852 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae SUBTRIBE Neottiinae

~Tinea cylindrica Biv. 1833 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

~Tinea intacta (Link) Boiss. 1882 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

~Tinea maculata (Desf.) Vis. 1851 - See Neotinea maculata (Desfontaines) Stearn 1975

Tipularia Nutt. 1818 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae, .

This is a small genus of 7 species of which one is found in the USA. They are characterized by a series of connected underground tubers giving rise to a leaf in the fall and a flowering stem in the spring with a long slender spur. The sepals and petals are spreading, subequal and lanceolate. The lip consists cheifly of a spur that is longer than the petals, slender and forwards curving with short, narrow, rounded sidelobes each carrying a callus, and an ovate-lanceolate, deflexed midlobe. The broad straight column has a terminal anther that is depressed and 2 chambered with 4 pollina attached to a slender caudicle ending in a viscidium and projecting beyond the rostellum apex.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the flower being spider-like

Type species = ! = Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt. 1818

Synonyms Plectrurus Raf. 1825

    ~Tipularia camtschatica Spreng. 1826 - See Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl. 1835

  1. Tipularia cunninghamii (King & Prain) S.C.Chen, S.W.Gale & P.J.Cribb 2009

    Deep ShadeColdSummer

  2. !Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt. 1818

    Part sun Cold to Cool LATE Springto EARLY Fall

  3. Tipularia japonica Matsum. 1901

  4. Tipularia josephi Rchb.f. ex Lindl. 1857

    LATER EARLY

  5. Tipularia szechuanica Schltr. 1924

    Part shade Cold LATESpring EARLYSummer

    ~Tipularia tipuloides (L.f.) Druce 1917 - See Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl. 1835

    ~Tipularia unifolia (Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb ?- See Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt. 1818

`~Titania Endl. 1833 - See Oberonia Lindley 1830 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Malaxideae, SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae

~Titania miniata Endl. 1833 - See Oberonia titania Lindl. 1859

~`Todaroa A. Rich. & Galeotti 1843 - See Campylocentrum Bth. 1881 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.

~Todaroa micrantha A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845 - See Campylocentrum schiedei (Rchb. f.) Benth. ex Hemsl. 1885

Tolumnia Raf. 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

There are 30 species in this equitant genus segregated from Oncidium.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Tolumnius a character in Virgil's Aeneas, relation unclear

Type species = ! = Tolumnia pulchella [Hook] Raf. 1836

    ~Tolumnia apiculata ( Moir ) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia tetrapetala (Jacq.) Braem 1986

  1. Tolumnia arizajuliana (Withner & J.Jiménez Alm.) Ackerman 1997

    Part shadeWarm to Winter Spring

  2. Tolumnia bahamensis (Nash) Braem 1986

    Part sun Warm to CoolLATE Spring

    ~Tolumnia berenyce ( Rchb.f. ) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia tetrapetala (Jacq.) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia borinquensis Salueda & Ragan 1966 - See Tolumnia variegata (Sw.) Braem 1986

  3. Tolumnia calochila [Cogn.]Braem 1986

    Part sun Warm to Hot Spring

    ~Tolumnia caribensis (Moir) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia haitiensis (Leonard & Ames) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia caymanensis [Moir] Braeme 1986 - See Tolumnia leiboldii [Rchb. f.]Braem 1986

  4. Tolumnia compressicaulis (Withner) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia concava ( Moir ) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia pulchella [Hook.] Raf. 1836

    ~Tolumnia cuneilabia ( Moir ) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia tetrapetala (Jacq.) Braem 1986

  5. Tolumnia gauntlettii (Withner & H.P.Jesup) Nir 1994

    to

  6. Tolumnia guianensis (Aubl.) Braem 1986

    Part sun Warm to Hot LATE Winter

  7. Tolumnia guibertiana (A.Rich.) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia gundlachii (C.Wright ex Griseb.) N.H.Williams & Ackerman 2007 - See Antillanorchis gundlachii (C.Wright ex Griseb.) Garay 1974

  8. Tolumnia guttata (L.) Nir 1994

    Part shadeHot to Warm Summer

  9. Tolumnia haitiensis (Leonard & Ames) Braem 1986

  10. Tolumnia hawkesiana (Moir) Braem 1986

    Part sunHot to Warm

    ~Tolumnia henekenii (R.H. Schomb. ex Lindl.) Nir 1994 - See Hispaniella henekenii (Schomb ex Lindley) Braem 1980

  11. Tolumnia leiboldii [Rchb. f.] Braem 1986

    Part sunHot Spring

  12. Tolumnia lemoniana (Lindl.) Braem 1986

    Part shadeHot to LATERSpring

    ~Tolumnia lemoniana subsp. guibertiana (A.Rich.) Braem 1990 - See Tolumnia guibertiana (A.Rich.) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia lemoniana ssp lemoniana Braem 1990 - See Tolumnia lemoniana (Lindl.) Braem 1986

  13. Tolumnia lucayana (Nash) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia lyrata (Withner) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia guibertiana (A.Rich.) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia moiriana (Osment) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia guibertiana (A.Rich.) Braem 1986

    ~Tolumnia osmentii (Withner) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia quadriloba (C.Schweinf.) Braem 1986

  14. Tolumnia prionochila (Kraenzl.) Braem 1986

    Part sunWarm to HotMOSTLY Spring

  15. !Tolumnia pulchella [Hook.] Raf. 1836

    Part sunWarm to Cool Springand Summer

    ~Tolumnia pumilio (Rchb.f.) Hoehne 1949 - See Psygmorchis pumilio (Rchb.f.) Dodson & Dressler 1972

    ~Tolumnia pusilla (L.) Hoehne 1949 - See Psygmorchis pusilla (L.) Dodson & Dressler 1972

  16. Tolumnia quadriloba (C.Schweinf.) Braem 1986

  17. Tolumnia sasseri (Moir) Braem 1986

    Part shade Hot Spring

  18. Tolumnia scandens (Moir) Braem 1986

    Part shadeWarm to Cool LATER Spring

  19. Tolumnia species

  20. Tolumnia sylvestris (Lindl.) Braem 1986

    Fragrance Part shadeHot to Warm

    ~ Tolumnia tetrapetala (Jacq.) Braem 1986 - See Tolumnia guttata (L.) Nir 1994

  21. Tolumnia triquetra (Sw.) Nir 1994

    Part shadeCool to Warm Winterand Summer

  22. Tolumnia tuerckheimii (Cogn.) Braem 1986

    Part shadeCool to Cold Summer

  23. Tolumnia urophylla (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Braem 1986

    Part shadeCool to Hot Summerand Fall

  24. Tolumnia variegata (Sw.) Braem 1986

    FragrancePart sunWarm to Hot Spring Summerand Fall

  25. Tolumnia velutina (Lindl. ex Paxton) Braem 1986

    Part shadeWarm to Hot

~Tomotris Raf. 1837 - See Corymbis Thouars 1822 - See Corymborkis Thouars 1809 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Tropidieae, SUBTRIBE Tropidiinae.

~Tomotris flava (Sw.) Raf. 1837 - See Corymborkis flava (Sw.) Kuntze 1891

Tomotris polystachya (Sw.) Raf. 1837 - See Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908

`Tomzanonia Nir 1997 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

This is a monotypic epiphyte from Hispanola where it has distichous, conduplicate, serrate leaves, a terminal single flowered inflorescence, and a resupinate flower with 8 pollina.

Type species = ! = Tomzanonia filicina [Dod]Nir 1997

  1. !Tomzanonia filicina (Dod) Nir 1997

    Deep shade Warm Cool

~`Townsonia Cheeseman 1906 - See Acianthus R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Acianthinae

~Townsonia deflexa Cheeseman 1906 - See Acianthus viridis Hook.f. 1859

~Townsonia viridis (Hook.f.) Schltr. 191- See Acianthus viridis Hook.f. 1859

~Trachelosiphon Schlechter 1920 - See Eurystyles Wawra 1863 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

~Trachelosiphon actinosophilum (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eurystyles actinosophila (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr. 1925

~Trachelosiphon ananassocomos (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1920 - See Eurystyles ananassocomus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1925

~Trachelosiphon cogniauxii (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eurystyles cogniauxii (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1925

~Trachelosiphon colombianum Schltr. 1920 - See Eurystyles cotyledon Wawra 1863

~Trachelosiphon lorenzii (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eurystyles lorenzii (Cogn.) Schltr.1925

~Trachelosiphon paranaense Schltr. 1920 - See Eurystyles cotyledon Wawra 1863

~Trachoma Garay 1972 - See Tuberolabium Yamamoto 1924 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Trachoma brevirhachis (L.O.Williams) Garay 1972 - See Tuberolabium brevirhachis (L.O.Williams) J.J.Wood 1990

~Trachoma celebicum (Schltr.) Garay 1972 - See Tuberolabium celebicum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood 1990

~Trachoma papuanum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem., J.J.Wood & D.L.Jones 1989 - See Tuberolabium papuanum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood ex B.A.Lewis & P.J.Cribb 1989

~Trachoma rhopalorhachis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972 - See Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb. f.) J.J. Wood 1990

~Trachoma sarcochiloides [Schltr.] Suarez & Cootes 2007 - See Tuberolabium sarcochiloides (Schltr.) Garay 1972

~ Trachoma societatis (J.W.Moore) N.Hallé 1980 - See Tuberolabium papuanum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood ex B.A.Lewis & P.J.Cribb 1989

Trachoma speciosum D.L. Jones et al. 1989 - See Tuberolabium speciosum (D.L. Jones et al.) J.J. Wood 1990

~Trachoma subluteum (Rupp) Garay 1972 - See Tuberolabium papuanum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood ex B.A.Lewis & P.J.Cribb 1989

~Trachypetalum Szlach. & Sawicka 2003 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Trachypetalum insolitum (Summerh.) Szlach. & Sawicka 2003 - See Habenaria insolita Summerh. 1962

~Trachypetalum kraenzlinianum Szlach. & Sawicka 2003 - See Habenaria trachypetala Kraenzl. 1901

~Trachypetalum longirostre (Summerh.) Szlach. & Sawicka 2003 - See Habenaria longirostris Summerh. 1932

~Trachypetalum pubipetalum (Summerh.) Szlach. & Sawicka 2003 - See Habenaria pubipetala Summerh. 1942

~Trachyrhachis (Schltr.) Szlach.2007 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

~Trachyrhachis barbellata (Schltr.) Szlach. 2007 - See Bulbophyllum toranum J.J.Sm. 1912

~Trachyrhachis erinacea (Schltr.) Szlach. 2007 - See Bulbophyllum erinaceum Schltr. 1913

~Trachyrhachis nephropetala (Schltr.) Szlach. 2007 - See Bulbophyllum nephropetalum Schltr. 1919

~Trachyrhachis torana (J.J.Sm.) Szlach.2007 - See Bulbophyllum toranum J.J.Sm. 1912

~Trachyrhizum (Schltr.) Brieger 1981 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Trachyrhizum agrostophyllum (F. Muell.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium agrostophyllum F. Mueller 1872

~Trachyrhizum angustipetalum (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium angustipetalum J.J.Sm. 1905

~Trachyrhizum ansusanum (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium viridiflorum F.M.Bailey 1898

~Trachyrhizum appendiculoides (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium cyrtolobum Schltr.1912

~Trachyrhizum chalmersii (F.Muell.) Brieger 1981 - See Dendrobium chalmersii F.Muell. 1882

~Trachyrhizum cyrtolobum (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium cyrtolobum Schltr.1912

~Trachyrhizum prostheciglossum (Schltr.) Brieger 1981 - See Dendrobium prostheciglossum Schltr. 1912

~Trachyrhizum schlechteri Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium angustipetalum J.J.Sm. 1905

~Trachyrhizum villosipes (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium prostheciglossum Schltr. 1912

~Trachyrhizum zippelii (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium viridiflorum F.M.Bailey 1898

`Traunsteinera Rchb. 1842 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

There are 2 species in this terrestrial genus found throughout the hilly and mountainous regions of cenmtral and southern Europe and continues to Turkey and the Caucas mountains

Common Name or Meaning Named for Josef Traunsteiner an Austrian amatuer botanist

Type species = ! = Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

  1. !Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    Part sun Cool to ColdLATER Springto MID Summer

    ~Traunsteinera globosa f. major (Schur) Beldie 1972 - See Traunsteinera globosa (Linne) Rchb. 1842

    ~Traunsteinera globosa subsp. sphaerica (M.Bieb.) Soó 1927 - See Traunsteinera sphaerica (M.Bieb.) Schltr. 1928

    ~Traunsteinera globosa var. sphaerica (M.Bieb.) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Traunsteinera sphaerica (M.Bieb.) Schltr. 1928

  2. Traunsteinera sphaerica (M.Bieb.) Schltr. 1928

    Full Sun Cold

`Trevoria F. C. Lehm. 1897 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Stanhopeinae.

There are 5 seldom seen species in this rare, epiphytic, cool growing genus found from Nicaragua to Bolivia. They are characterized by having globose, ovoid or elongate pseudobulbs with one or twp terminal, plicate leaves, a pendant, racemose, few to many flowered inflorescence which has nonresupinate flowers with the lateral sepals free or basallly connate and wider than the petals, a fleshy lip that is firmly united to the base of the column and a fleshy callus on the concave hypochile, a flseshy mesochile and an extended epichile. There are two pollina attached to a long stipe in turn attached to a viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Sir Trevor Lawrence, former President of RHS

Synonyms Endresiella Schlechter 1921

Type species = ! = Trevoria chloris Lehmann 1897

  1. !Trevoria chloris F. Lehm. 1897

    Full shadeCool to Warm

    ~Trevoria ecuadoriensis Rolfe 1910 - See Polycycnis surinamensis C.Schweinf.1948

  2. Trevoria escobariana Garay 1970

    Deep Shade Hot Warm

  3. Trevoria glumacea Garay 1970

    Deep Shade Hot Warm Spring

  4. Trevoria lehmannii Rolfe 1910

  5. Trevoria zahlbruckneriana (Schltr.) Garay 1970

~Triaristella (Rchb. f.) Brieger 1978 ex Luer - See Trisetella Luer 1980 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Triaristella didyma [Luer] Luer 1978 - See Trisetella didyma (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristella dressleri (Luer) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella dressleri (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristella gemmata (Rchb. f.) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella gemmata (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristella huebneri (Schltr.) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristella pantex (Luer) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella pantex (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristella reichenbachii Brieger 1976 - See Trisetella triaristella ( Rchb.f. ) Luer 1980

~Triaristella tenuissima (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella tenuissima (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1980

~Triaristella trichaete (Rchb. f.) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristella tridactylites (Rchb. f.) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristella vittata (Luer) Luer 1978 - See Trisetella vittata (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina Rauschert - See Trisetella Luer 1980 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Triaristellina anaristella (Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Barbosella dolichorhiza Schltr.1920

~Triaristellina didyma [Luer] Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella didyma (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina dressleri (Luer) Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella dressleri (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina gemmata (Rchb. f.) Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella gemmata (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina huebneri (Schltr.) Rauschert - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina pantex (Luer) Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella pantex (Luer) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina tenuissima (C.Schweinf.) Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella tenuissima (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina triaristella ( Rchb.f. ) Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella triaristella ( Rchb.f. ) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina trichaete (Rchb. f.) Rauschert - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina tridactylites (Rchb. f.) Rauschert - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina triglochin (Rchb. f.) Rauschert - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

~Triaristellina vittata (Luer) Rauschert 1983 - See Trisetella vittata (Luer) Luer 1980

Trias Lindley 1830SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ? SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

Similar to the genus Bulbophyllum but with floral differences, this genus has 13 rarely seen epiphytic species, that have similar cultural requirements to Bulbophyllum. The flowers in this genus always have a triangular appearance and are on a short basal inflorescence. The distiction between this genus and Bulbophyllum is a two-chambered anther with a forward projecting prolongation that can be cylindric or divided into two to three parts

Common Name or Meaning refers to the triangular flower

Synonyms Drymoda Lindl. 1838; Phyllorchis Thou. 1822

Type species = ! = Trias oblonga Lindley 1830

  1. Trias bonaccordensis C.S.Kumar 1989

    Part shade Summer

  2. Trias cambodiana Christenson 2003

    Part shadeHot to CoolWinter and Spring

  3. Trias disciflora (Rolfe) Rolfe 1896

    Part shadeWarm to Hot

  4. Trias intermedia Seidenf. & Smitin. 1961

    Part shadeHot to CoolSummer

  5. Trias mollis Seidenf. 1976

    Part shade Warm Cool Spring

  6. Trias nana Seidenf. 1976

  7. Trias nasuta [Rchb.f]Stapf. 1928

    Part shadeWarm to Cool Fall Winter

  8. Trias nummularia Aver. & Averyanova 2006

    Part shade Warm

  9. !Trias oblonga Lindley 1830

    Part shadeWarm to Cool Spring

    ~Trias ovata Lindl. 1830 - See Trias oblonga Lindley 1829

  10. Trias picta [Par. & Rchb.f]Hemsl. 1888

    FragrancePart shadeWarm to Cool Springand Summer

    ~Trias rolfei Stapf 1928 - See Trias roseum [Ridley] Seidenfadden 1976

  11. Trias roseum [Ridley] Seidenfadden 1976

    Part shadeHot to Cool

    ~Trias rolfei Stapf 1928 - See Trias roseum [Ridley] Seidenfadden 1976

  12. Trias stocksii Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

  13. Trias tothastes (J.J.Verm.) J.J.Wood 1994

    Part Shade HotWarmSpring

  14. Trias verrucosa Liu & Chen 2008

    ROTTING

    ~Trias vitrina Rolfe 1895 - See Trias nasuta [Rchb.f]Stapf. 1928

~Tribrachia Lindley 1824 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Tribrachia hirta Lindl. 1821 - See Bulbophyllum hirtum [Sm.]Lindl. 1828

~Tribrachia odoratissima (Sm.) Lindl. 1821 - See Bulbophyllum odoratissimum (Sm.) Lindl. 1830

~Tribrachia purpurea [D.Don] Lindl. 1826 - See Bulbophyllum careyanum (Hook.) Spreng. 1826

~Tribrachia racemosa Lindl. ex Schltr. - See Liparis nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl. 1830

~Tribrachia racemosa (Sm.) Lindl. 1826 - See Sunipia racemosa (Sm.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

~Tribrachia recurva (Lindl.) Lindl. 1826 - See Bulbophyllum pumilum (Sw.) Lindl. 1830

~*Tribrachia reptans Lindl. 1826 - See Bulbophyllum reptans (Lindl.) Lindl 1829

~`Tribulago Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Tribulago blancoi (Pupulin) Luer 2006 - See Pleurothallis blancoi Pupulin 2000

~Tribulago tribuloides (Sw.) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis tribuloides (Sw.) Lindl. 1830

`Triceratorhynchus Summerh. 1951 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae

This is a monotypic epiphtytic genus confined to central to east Africa and in habit resemblees Angraecum sacciferum but the leaves are strap-shaped and coriaceous in texture, the inflorescenceare horizontal and longer than the leaves and carries 4 to 7 small flowers. The defining difference that required the creation of a new genus is the rostellum which can only be seen under high magnification and is three armed on both sides with the central prong in front shorter than the others.

Common Name or Meaning refers the three pronged rostellum

Type species = ! = Triceratorhynchus viridiflorus Summerh. 1951

  1. !Triceratorhynchus viridiflorus Summerh. 1951

    LATE EARLY

Trichocentrum Poeppig & Endl. 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

Thirty three epiphytic species ranging from Mexico to southern Brazil, with the majority in the later country, make up this showy genus. It's major distinction from other Oncidiinae is the floral spur which is part of the lip and not an extension of the column as in other Oncidiinae. They are characterized by being small epiphytes with small pseudobulbs carrying an apical leaf, The pendant inflorescence forms basally and is a single to few flowered raceme. The medium sized flowers have similar petals and sepals, a lip, mostly long or short spurred and the blade with variously shaped calli. The short column has a pair of apical wings, often a papillose anther, with two stpitate pollina. The flowers are large and showy for the size of this compact growing plant which is best mounted on cork or treefern and given ample light, high humidity and ample water and fertilizer while in growth and a little less after maturation. They are hot to cool growing plants that appreciate good air circulation.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the hair-like spur

Synonyms Acoidium Lindley 1837

Type species = ! = Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

    ~*Trichocentrum alatum Rolfe 1898 - See Plectrophora alata (Rolfe) Garay 1967

    ~Trichocentrum albiflorum Rolfe 1893 - See Trichocentrum candidum Lindl. 1843

  1. Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Part shadeWarm to Hot Summerand Fall

    ~Trichocentrum albococcineum var striatum Hort 1887 - See Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    ~Trichocentrum albopurpureum Linden & Rchb.f 1866 - See Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    ~Trichocentrum albo-violaceum Rchb.f ex Schlechter 1927 - See Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    ~Trichocentrum amazonicum Barb. Rodr. 1877 - See Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    ~Trichocentrum andreanum (Cogn.) R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2002 publ. 2003 - See Lophiaris andreana (Cogn.) R. Jiménez & Carnevali 2001

    ~Trichocentrum andrewsiae (R.Jiménez & Carnevali) R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2002 publ. 2003 - See andrewsiae R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2001

    ~Trichocentrum ascendens (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium ascendens Lindley 1842

    ~Trichocentrum atropurpureum Linden ex Regal 1866 - See Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    ~Trichocentrum atro-violaceum Rchb.f ex Schlechter ? - See Trichocentrum albococcineum Linden 1865

    ~Trichocentrum aurisasinorum (Standl. & L.O.Williams) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris aurisasinora (Standl. & L.O.Williams) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum bicallosum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001; 1842 - See Lophiaris bicallosa (Lindl.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum brandtiae Kraenzl. 1897 - See Trichocentrum longicalcaratum Rolfe 1896

  2. Trichocentrum caloceras Endres & Rchb. f. 1871

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Full shade Hotto Warm Spring EARLY Summer

  3. Trichocentrum candidum Lindl. 1843

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Part shade Warmto Hot Summerand LATE Fall

  4. Trichocentrum capistratum Linden & Rchb.f. 1871

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Part shade Hot WarmWinterSpringSummerFall

    ~Trichocentrum carthagenense (Jacq.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris carthagenensis (Sw.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum cavendishianum (Bateman) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris cavendishiana (Bateman) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum cebolleta (Jacq.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium cebolleta (Jacq.) Sw. 1800

    ~Trichocentrum chrysops (Rchb.f.) Soto Arenas & R.Jiménez 2002 publ. 2003 - See Lophiaris chrysops (Rchb.f.) R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2001

  5. Trichocentrum cornucopiae Linden & Rchb. f. 1866

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    LATE

    ~Trichocentrum cornucopiae var. fuscatum Porsch 1908 - See Trichocentrum fuscum Lindl. 1837

  6. Trichocentrum costaricense Mora-Ret. & Pupulin 1994

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Part Shade Warm Fall EARLIERWinter

    ~Trichocentrum cosymbephorum (C.Morren) R.Jiménez & Carnevali . 2003 - See Lophiaris cosymbephora (C.Morren) R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2001

  7. Trichocentrum cymbiglossum Pupulin 1994

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Full shade Hotto Warm Fall

  8. Trichocentrum dianthum Pupulin & Mora-Ret 1994

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    to

  9. Trichocentrum estrellense Pupulin & J.B. García 1995

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Deep Shade Hot Warm Summer

    ~Trichocentrum flavovirens (L.O.Williams) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris flavovirens (L.O. Williams) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum funale (Sw.) Lindl. 1837 - See Dendrophylax funalis [Sw.]Fawcett 1889

  10. Trichocentrum fuscum Lindl. 1837

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Fragrance Part shadeHot

    ~Trichocentrum haematochilum (Lindl. & Paxton) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris haematoachila (Lindl. & Paxton) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum hartii Rolfe 1894 - See Trichocentrum cornucopiae Linden & Rchb. f. 1866

  11. Trichocentrum hoegei Rchb.f. 1881

  12. Trichocentrum ionopthalmum Rchb.f. 1876

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    ~Trichocentrum iridifolium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1838 - See Plectrophora iridifolia (Lodd. ex Lindl.) H.Focke 1848

    ~Trichocentrum jonesianum (Rchb.f.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium jonesianum Rchb.f 1883

    ~Trichocentrum lacerum ined - See Oncidium stipitatum Lindl. 1843

    ~Trichocentrum lanceanum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris lanceana (Lindl.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum lindenii (Brongn.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris lindeni (hort. ex Rchb. f.) Braem 1993

  13. Trichocentrum longicalcaratum Rolfe 1896

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Full shade Warm to Cool Winter

  14. Trichocentrum loyolicum Pupulin, Karremans & G.Merino 2008

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Full shade Warm to CoolLATE Winter EARLYSpring

    ~Trichocentrum luridum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris lurida (Lindl.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum maculatum ( Aubl. ) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris maculata (Aubl.) Ackerman 2000

    ~Trichocentrum maculatum Lindl. 1846 - See Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

    ~Trichocentrum maculatum f. flavovirens (P.M.Br.) P.M.Br. 2001 - See Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

    ~Trichocentrum margalefii (Hágsater) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris margalefii (Hágsater) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum mattogrossense Hoehne 1910 - See Trichocentrum fuscum Lindl. 1837

    ~Trichocentrum microchilum (Bateman ex Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 -See Lophiaris microchila (Bateman ex Lindl.) Senghas 1997

    ~Trichocentrum morenoi (Dodson & Luer) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris morenoi (Dodson & Luer) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum nanum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris nana (Lindl.) Braem 1993

  15. Trichocentrum neudeckeri Königer 1996

    FragrancePart shadeWarm to Cool

    ~Trichocentrum nudum (Bateman ex Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium nudum Bateman ex Lindl.1837

    ~Trichocentrum nudum subsp. stipitatum (Lindl.) Dressler & N.H.Williams 2003 - See Oncidium stipitatum Lindl. 1843

  16. Trichocentrum obcordilabium Pupulin 1998

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Full shade CoolWinter

    ~Trichocentrum oerstedii (Rchb.f.) R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2002 publ. 2003 - See Lophiaris carthagenensis (Sw.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum oestlundianum (L.O.Williams) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris oestlundiana (L.O. Williams) Braem 1993

  17. Trichocentrum orthoplectron Rchb.f. 1883

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Full shade CoolSpring

    ~Trichocentrum pachyphyllum (Hook.) R. Jiménez & Carnevali 2003 - See Lophiaris cavendishiana (Bateman) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum panamense Rolfe 1913 - See Trichocentrum capistratum Linden & Rchb.f. 1871

  18. Trichocentrum panduratum C.Schweinf. 1945

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Partial sun Hot to Warmspring

  19. Trichocentrum pfavii Rchb. f. 1881

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Deep shade Warmto Hot Fall to Spring

    ~Trichocentrum pfavii var. album Henderson ex Pupulin 1995 - See Trichocentrum pfavii Rchb. f. 1881

    ~Trichocentrum pfavii var. zonale Rchb. f. 1883 - See Trichocentrum pfavii Rchb. f. 1881

    ~Trichocentrum pinelii Lindl. 1854 - See Trichocentrum fuscum Lindl. 1837

    ~Trichocentrum plectrophora Rchb.f.1863 - See Plectrophora iridifolia (Lodd. ex Lindl.) H.Focke 1848

    ~Trichocentrum pohlianum (Cogn.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris pohliana (Cogn.) Braem 1993

  20. Trichocentrum popowianum Königer 1996

    SECTION Trichocentrum

  21. Trichocentrum porphyrio Rchb.f. 1884

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Full shade Cool

  22. !Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Part shadeWarm to Hot Fall

    ~Trichocentrum pumilum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris pumila (Lindl.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum pusillum Lehm. ex Pupulin 1995 - See Trichocentrum capistratum Linden & Rchb.f. 1871

    ~Trichocentrum saundersianum Endres & Rchb. f. ex Pupulin 1995 - See Trichocentrum pfavii Rchb. f. 1881

    ~Trichocentrum saundersii Endres & Rchb. f. ex Pupulin 1995 - See Trichocentrum pfavii Rchb. f. 1881

    ~Trichocentrum speciosum Schlim ex Pupulin 1995 - See Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

    ~Trichocentrum splendidum (A.Rich. ex Duch.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium splendidum A. Rich. ex Duch. 1862

    ~Trichocentrum sprucei (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium cebolleta (Jacq.) Sw. 1800

    ~Trichocentrum stacyi (Garay) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium stacyi Garay 1973

    ~Trichocentrum stipitatum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium stipitatum Lindl. 1843

    ~Trichocentrum stramineum (Bateman ex Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Lophiaris straminea (Bateman ex Lindl.) Braem 1993

    ~ Trichocentrum × teaboanum (R.Jiménez , Carnevali & J.L.Tapia) R.Jiménez & Carnevali 2002 publ. 2003 - See Lophiaris × teaboana R.Jiménez , Carnevali & J.L.Tapia 2001

    ~Trichocentrum teaguei Christenson 1997 - See Trichocentrum neudeckeri Königer 1996

  23. Trichocentrum tenuiflorum Lindl. 1850-1

    Plant Only

    SECTION Trichocentrum

    Part shade Warm Cool

    ~Trichocentrum teres (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium teres Ames & C. Schweinf. 1925

  24. Trichocentrum tigrinum Linden & Rchb.f 1869

    SECTION Saccatae Senghas

    Part sunWarm to Hot Springand Summer

    ~Trichocentrum tigrinum var. splendens Linden & Barb. Rodr. 1885 - See Trichocentrum tigrinum Linden & Rchb. f. 1869

    ~*Trichocentrum triquetrum Rolfe 1891 - See Plectrophora triquetra (Rolfe) Cogn. 1904

    ~Trichocentrum undulatum (Sw.) Ackerman & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Lophiaris lurida (Lindl.) Braem 1993

    ~Trichocentrum verruciferum Schltr. 1920 - See Trichocentrum pulchrum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

  25. Trichocentrum viridulum Pupulin 1998

    Full shade CoolColdSummer

  26. Trichocentrum wagneri Pupulin 1995

    ~Trichocentrum wittii (Oppenh.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium stacyi Garay 1973

    ~Trichocentrum zonale Rchb. f. 1995 - See Trichocentrum pfavii Rchb. f. 1881

Trichoceros H.B.K. SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

This genus is composed of 10 species found in Andean South America, from Colombia south to Bolivia and are best grown in shallow pans with a open mix with moderate shade and humidity and watered evenly throughout the year. The genus is characterized by the elongate rhizomes between obvious pseduobulbs and has flat distichous leaf-bearing sheaths and a single, reduced apical leaf that blooms on a lateral, elongate, racemose inflorescence carrying flowers with free sepals and petals as well as a 3 lobed, sessile lip enveloping the short, spiny colum with 4 hard pollina superposed to form a pair attached to the elongate stipe that is united to a hooked viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the hairy-horn like appendages of the column

Type species = ! = Epidendrum antenniferum H.B.K. 1808 = Trichoceros antennifer [H.B.K.]Kunth 1816

  1. !Trichoceros antennifer [Humb. & Bonpl.] Kunth 1816

    Part shadeCold to Cool Fallto Spring

    ~Trichoceros armillatus Rchb.f 1856 - See Trichoceros antennifer [Humb. & Bonpl.] Kunth 1816

    ~Trichoceros astroglossus Lindl. ex Benth. & J.D.Hkr 1883 - See Telipogon astroglossus Rchb.f 1854

    ~ Trichoceros bennettii Dodson & R.Escobar 1989 - See Telipogon bennettii (Dodson & R.Escobar) N.H.Williams & Dressler 2005

    ~Trichoceros bergoldii Garay & Dunst. 1972 - See Telipogon bergoldii (Garay & Dunst.) Senghas & Lückel 1994

  2. Trichoceros dombeyi D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001

    Part Shade Cold Warm Spring

  3. Trichoceros hajekiorum D.E.Benn & Christenson 2001

    Part shade Cold Spring

  4. Trichoceros muralis Lindl. 1933

    Part shade Cold Summer

    ~Trichoceros muscifera Kraenzel 1906- See Trichoceros antennifer [Humb. & Bonpl.] Kunth 1816

  5. Trichoceros onaensis Christenson 2001

    ~Trichoceros parviflorus H.B.K. 1816 - See Trichoceros antennifer [Humb. & Bonpl.] Kunth 1816

    Part shadeCold to Warm Springto Winter

  6. Trichoceros platyceros Rchb.f. 1854

    to

  7. Trichoceros roseus Christenson 2001

    Part shade ColdWinterSprinSummerfall

  8. Trichoceros sp.

  9. Trichoceros sp Ecuador

  10. Trichoceros sp Ecuador

  11. Trichoceros tupaipi Rchb. f. 1877

    Part sunCold to Cool Summerto Fall

~Trichochilus Ames 1932 - See Dipodium R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae.

Trichoglottis Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 65 mostly epiphytic species spread throughout Eastern Asia and out through all the Pacific Islands with the highest concentration in the Philippines that need moderate shade with ample water, fertilizer and good humidity year round. The sepals and petals are usually yellowish with red brown markings, the laterlas are joined at the base to the short column foot. The 3 lobed lip is immovably fastened to the column or column foot and is saccate or spurred. The laterallobes are fused to the basal sides of the column , the midlobe is simple to 3 lobulate and has a raiosed tongue just below the base of the column which often has mall, stiff-hairy stelids at the apex. There are 4 unequal pollina witha narrow strap-shaped stipe and a small ovate viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the hairy lip

Synonyms Staurochilus Ridley 1900; Stauropsis Rchb.f 1860

Type species = ! = Trichoglottis retusa Blume 1825

  1. Trichoglottis acutifolia Ridl. 1920

    Part SunWarmCool WinterSpringSummerFall

  2. Trichoglottis adnata J.J.Sm. 1908

    Part Shade Hot Warm spring Summer Fall

    ~*Trichoglottis agusanensis Ames & Quisumb. 1936 - See Staurochilus agusanensis (Ames & Quisumb.) Fessel & Lückel 1998

  3. Trichoglottis amesiana L.O. Williams 1938

    Full shade Warmto Cool

  4. Trichoglottis apoensis T.Hashim.1991

    Part SunHotCool

    ~Trichoglottis appendiculifera Holttum 1969 - See Trichoglottis smithii Carr 1935

    ~Trichoglottis atropurpurea Reichb.f. 1877 - See Trichoglottis brachiata Ames 1922

  5. Trichoglottis australiensis Dockrill 1967

    LATER MID

  6. Trichoglottis bataanensis Ames 1905

    FragrancePart sunHot

  7. Trichoglottis bipenicillata J.J.Sm. 1903

    Part Shade Hot Spring

  8. Trichoglottis bipunctata (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    Fragrant Part SunHot WinterSpringSummerFall

  9. Trichoglottis brachiata Ames 1922

    FragrancePart sun Hot to Warm Springand Summer

  10. Trichoglottis breviracema (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

  11. Trichoglottis celebica Rolfe 1899

  12. Trichoglottis cirrhifera Teijsm. & Binn. 1853

    Part sunWarm to Hot Winter and Spring

    ~Trichoglottis cochlearis Rchb.f. 1883 - See Trichoglottis pusilla (Teijsm. & Binn.) Rchb. f. 1856

  13. Trichoglottis collenetteae J.J.Wood, C.L.Chan & A.L.Lamb 1993

    Part Shade Hot Warm Spring

    ~Trichoglottis davisii Hort. - See Staurochilus loheriana [Kraenzl.] Christenson 1992

    ~Trichoglottis dawsoniana (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1872 - See Staurochilus dawsonianus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Trichoglottis difformis [Lindley] Ban & Huyen 1984- See Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833

    ~Trichoglottis fasciata (Benth. & Hook. f.) Rchb. f. 1872 - See Staurochilus fasciatus Ridley 1896

    ~Trichoglottis flexuosa Rolfe 1905 - See Trichoglottis rosea [Lindley]Ames 1925

  14. Trichoglottis geminata (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

    Fragrance Part ShadeHotWarm Winter Spring SummerFall

    ~Trichoglottis gibbosicalcar ( Seid. ) Senghas 1988 - See Staurochilus gibbosicalcar Seidenf. 1988

    ~Trichoglottis guibertii (Linden & Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1872 - See Staurochilus guibertii ( Linden & Rchb.f. ) Christenson 1994

    ~Trichoglottis guibertii (Linden & Rchb. f.) J.J. Sm.1912 - See Staurochilus guibertii ( Linden & Rchb.f. ) Christenson 1994

    ~Trichoglottis guihertii (Linden & Rchb. f.) Ames & Quisumb. 1935 - See Staurochilus guibertii ( Linden & Rchb.f. ) Christenson 1994

  15. Trichoglottis hastatiloba J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2009

    ~Trichoglottis heidemaniana Schltr. 1912 - See Trichoglottis adnata J.J.Sm. 1908

    ~*Trichoglottis intermedia L.O.Williams 1938 - See Staurochilus intermedius (L.O.Williams) Fessel & Lückel 1998

    ~Trichoglottis ionosmum Hayata 1917 - See Staurochilus ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Trichoglottis ionosma (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. ex Hayata 1915 - See Staurochilus ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Trichoglottis ionosma var. luchuensis (Rolfe) S.S. Ying 1977 - See Staurochilus luchuensis (Rolfe) Fukuy. 1942

    ~Trichoglottis ionosma var. luzonensis (Ames) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Staurochilus luzonensis [Ames] Ames 1925

    ~*Trichoglottis joiceyana J.J.Sm. 1929 - See Staurochilus joiceyanus (J.J. Sm.) Seidenf. 1988

  16. Trichoglottis kinabaluensis Rolfe 1914

  17. Trichoglottis lanceolaria Blume 1825

    Part shade Hot Warm Fall

    ~*Trichoglottis lanceolaria var. maculata J.J. Sm. 1905 - See Trichoglottis maculata (J.J. Sm.) J.J. Sm. 1918

  18. Trichoglottis latisepala Ames 1910

    Part SunHotWarm Fall Winter

    ~Trichoglottis latisepala var. tricarinata T.Hashim. 1991 - See Trichoglottis latisepala Ames 1910

  19. Trichoglottis litoralis Schltr. 1905

    Part Sun HotWarm LATEWinter SpringTHROUGH EARLY Fall

    ~Trichoglottis loheriana (Kraenzl.) L.O. Williams 1938 - See Staurochilus loheriana [Kraenzl.] Christenson 1992

  20. Trichoglottis lorata [Rolfe ex Downie] Schuit. 2007

    LATE EARLY

  21. Trichoglottis lowderiana Choltco 2009

    Trichoglottis luchuensis (Rolfe) Garay & H.R. Sweet 1972 - Staurochilus luchuensis (Rolfe) Fukuy. 1942

  22. Trichoglottis luwuensis P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm.2008

    SECTION Staurochilus

    Fragrant Part sunHot winterSpring LATEfall

    ~Trichoglottis luzonensis Ames 1915 - See Staurochilus luzonensis [Ames] Ames 1925

  23. Trichoglottis maculata (J.J. Sm.) J.J. Sm. 1918

    Part shadeHot Warm Summer

  24. Trichoglottis magnicallosa Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

    Part Shade Hot Spring

    ~Trichoglottis misera (Ridl.) Holttum 1947 - See Trichoglottis bipunctata (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    ~Trichoglottis multiloba Guillaumin 1965 - See Staurochilus dawsonianus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Trichoglottis oblongifolia Rolfe 1899 - See Trichoglottis geminata (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Trichoglottis oblongisepala (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 - See Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925

  25. Trichoglottis odoratissima Garay 1972

    Fragrance

  26. Trichoglottis orchidea (J.König) Garay 1972

    WinterTHROUGH Summer

    ~*Trichoglottis pallens Lindl. 1850 - See Phalaenopsis pallens (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1864

    ~ Trichoglottis paniculata J.J.Sm. 1907 - See Staurochilus paniculatus (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1925

  27. Trichoglottis pantherina J.J.Sm. 1903

    Part Shade Warm Fall

  28. Trichoglottis papuana Schltr. 1913

    Part sunWarm to HotFall

  29. Trichoglottis philippinensiis (Rchb. f.) Lindl. 1845

    FragrancePart sunHot SpringSummer

    ~Trichoglottis philippinensis Lindley var brachiata Ames 1845 - See Trichoglottis brachiata Ames 1922

  30. Trichoglottis pusilla (Teijsm. & Binn.) Rchb. f. 1856

    Fragrance Part sun WarmFalland Winter

    ~Trichoglottis pusilla f fatoviciana Chotco 2008 - See Trichoglottis pusilla (Teijsm. & Binn.) Rchb. f. 1856

    ~Trichoglottis quadricornuta Kurz 1876 - See Trichoglottis orchidea (J.König) Garay 1972

    ~Trichoglottis ramosa (Lindl.) K.Senghas 1988 - See Staurochilus ramosus (Lindl.) Seidenf. 1988

  31. !Trichoglottis retusa Blume 1825

    Part sun Hot Warm Winter

  32. Trichoglottis rigida Blume 1825

    LATE

  33. Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925

    Part sunWarm to HotSpring

    ~Trichoglottis rosea var. breviracema (Hayata) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su 1978 - See Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925

    Trichoglottis sagarikii hort - See Trichoglottis seidenfadenii Aver. 1988

  34. Trichoglottis scaphigera Ridl.1896

    Part sunHotSpring EARLYSummer

  35. Trichoglottis seidenfadenii Aver. 1988

    Part sunWarm to Hot Summer

  36. Trichoglottis sitihasmahae J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2008

    Part Shade Hot Warm Winter

  37. Trichoglottis smithii Carr 1935

    FragrancePart sunHottoWarm SpringFall

  38. Trichoglottis sororia Schltr. 1913

    Part Sun Hot Spring Fall

    ~Trichoglottis subviolacea (Llanos) Merr. 1918 - See Trichoglottis bataanensis Ames 1905

  39. Trichoglottis tenera (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1872

    Part sun Summer

    ~Trichoglottis tenuicaulis (King & Pantl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Trichoglottis cirrhifera Teijsm. & Binn. 1853

  40. Trichoglottis tenuis Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

    Part Shade Hot Warm Fall

    ~Trichoglottis tetraceras Ridl. 1896 - See Trichoglottis cirrhifera Teijsm. & Binn. 1853

  41. Trichoglottis tinekeae Schuite. 1998

    Part Shade Warm Fall

    Trichoglottis tomentosa Seidenf. 1988 - See Trichoglottis seidenfadenii Aver. 1988

  42. Trichoglottis triflora [Guillaumin]Garay & Seidenfadden 1972

    to

  43. Trichoglottis uexkuelliana J.J.Sm.1906

    Part sun HotSpring Summer

  44. Trichoglottis vandiflora J.J.Sm. 1909

    deep shade Warm Cool Summer

    ~Trichoglottis wenzelii Ames 1914 - See Trichoglottis geminata (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm. 1905

  45. Trichoglottis winkleri J.J.Sm. 1912

    FragrantPart sun hotWarm Winter

  46. Trichoglottis zollingeriana (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1906

    Fragrant Part Shade Hot winter

~`Trichophila Pritz. 1855 - See Trichopilia Lindley 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

Trichopilia Lindley 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

Around 42 species of small to medium sized epiphytes, and occasionally lithophytes or terrestrials beneath orchid bearing trees, from Central and South America which require shady, warm to cold conditions and careful watering while growing, less when not. They are best potted in a mound with the plant in the center on the highest point so as to show off the short basal few flowered racemes. The genus is characterized by being epiphytes with a short, slightly ascendant rhizome giving rise to a rounded or cylindrical pseudobulb wih a single leathery leaf at the apex. A basal, arched or pendant, single to few flowered inflorescence with pleasantly, fragrant flowers which have similar, free sepals and petals which may be twisted or undulate, the lateral sepals are usually united but only at the base. The lip is three lobed and is attached to the column but only along the center, hence the lateral lobes that are rounded and free standing, can encompass each other to form a tube that conceals the column. The midlobe of the lip is broad and outspread allowing a trumpet shape to occur. The column is half rounded, near parellel to the lip and perpendicular to the other floral aspects and it bears a clinindrium that is hood shaped and has fimbriate or ciliate margins. There are two pollina united to a broad heart-shaped stipe.

Recent DNA studies have put Helcia within this genus. As of now I still keep them separate pending more research.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the hairy column

Synonyms Pilumna Lindley 1844; `Trichophila Pritz. 1855

Type species = ! = Trichopilia tortilis Lindley 1836

  1. Trichopilia aenigma L.A.Garay 1996

    ~Trichopilia albida H.Wendl.1851 - See Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

  2. Trichopilia amabilis Dressler 2003

  3. Trichopilia archilarum Chiron 2011

  4. Trichopilia backhousiana Rchb.f. 1876

    FragranceFull shadeIntermediate to Cool

  5. Trichopilia boliviensis Klikunas & Christenson 2004

  6. Trichopilia brasiliensis Cogn.1906

    Full Shade HotCool

    ~Trichopilia brevis Rolfe 1892 - See Helcia brevis ( Rolfe ) Dodson 1991

    ~*Trichopilia callichroma Rchb.f. 1876 - See Helcia callichroma (Rchb.f.) Dodson 1991

    ~Trichopilia candida Linden ex Lindl. 1846 - See Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Trichopilia coccinea Warsz.ex Lindl. & Paxt. 1851-52 - See Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851

    FragrancePart shade Hot to Cool Spring

  7. Trichopilia concepcionis Kraenzl. 1920

    FragrancePart shadeWarm to Cool Spring

    ~Trichopilia crispa Lindl. 1857 - See Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851 -52

  8. Trichopilia dalstroemii Dodson 2003

    FragrancePart shadeIntermediate to Cool

    ~*Trichopilia dasyandra Rchb. f. 1900 - See Cischweinfia dasyandra (Rchb. f.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

  9. Trichopilia endresiana Dressler & Pupulin 2005

  10. Trichopilia eneidae Dressler 2003

    Full shade Warm Cool Spring

  11. Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

    FragrancePart shade Cold to Cool fall Winter

    ~Trichopilia fragrans var. grata (Rchb.f.) C.Schweinf. 1946 - See Trichopilia grata Rchb.f. 1868

    ~Trichopilia fragrans var. nobilis (Rchb.f.) Linden & André 1872 - See Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

  12. Trichopilia freulerae Archila & Chiron 2011

    LATE EARLY

  13. Trichopilia galeottiana A.Rich. & Gal. 1845

    Fragrant Part shade Warm Cool Spring Summer

  14. Trichopilia gracilis C.Schweinf. 1952

  15. Trichopilia grata Rchb.f. 1868

  16. Trichopilia hennisiana Kranzlin 1908

    Part shadeWarm to Cool

    ~Trichopilia hymenantha Rchb.f. 1854 - See Trichopilia subulata Reichb.f. 1865

    ~Trichopilia jamaicensis Fawc. & Rendle 1910 - See Trichopilia subulata Reichb.f. 1865

  17. Trichopilia juninensis C. Schweinf. 1945

    Fragrance Part shadeWarm to Cool Winterto Summer

    ~Trichopilia kienastiana Rchb.f 1883 - See Trichopilia suavis Lindley & Paxton 1850-1

  18. Trichopilia laxa (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

    FragrancePart shade Cool Fall to EARLY Winter

    ~Trichopilia laxa var. flaveola Rchb.f. 1884 - See Trichopilia laxa (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Trichopilia laxa var. hartwegii Rchb.f 1867 - See Trichopilia laxa (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Trichopilia lehmannii Regel 1887 - See Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Trichopilia lepida W.G. Sm 1874 - See Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851 -52

  19. Trichopilia leucoxantha L.O.Williams 1941

    Fragrance Part shadeWarm to Cool Summer

  20. Trichopilia maculata Rchb. f. 1855

    Fragrance Part sunCool to Hot Winter

  21. Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851 -52

    FragrancePart shade Hot to Cool Spring

    ~Trichopilia marginata var. lepida (W.G.Sm.) A.H.Kent 1893 - See Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851 -52

    ~Trichopilia marginata var. olivacea Rchb.f 1865 - See Trichopilia marginata Henfr. 1851 -52

  22. Trichopilia mesoperuviensis Klikunas & Christenson 2004

    ~*Trichopilia multiflora Kraenzl. 1900 - See Macradenia multiflora (Kraenzl.) Cogn. 1904

  23. Trichopilia mutica (Lindl.) Rchb.f. & Wullschl. 1863

    LATE EARLY

    ~Trichopilia nobilis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f 1855 - See Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

  24. Trichopilia occidentalis Christenson 2004

  25. Trichopilia oicophyllax Rchb. f. 1856

    Part shadeCool to Warm Spring

  26. Trichopilia olmosii Dressler 2001

    FragranceFull shadeIntermediate to Cool Summer

  27. Trichopilia peruviana Kraenzl. 1915

    ~Trichopilia picta Lem. 1859 - See Trichopilia galeottiana A.Rich. & Gal. 1845

    ~Trichopilia powellii Schlechter 1922 - See Trichopilia maculata Rchb. f. 1855

  28. Trichopilia primulina Dressler & Bogarín 2009

  29. Trichopilia punicea Dressler & Pupulin 2006

    LATE EARLY

    ~Trichopilia pusilla [Schweinfurth] Garay 1970 - See Cischweinfia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

  30. Trichopilia × ramonensis J.B.Garcia 2002

    Spring

    ~Trichopilia reichenheimia Klotzsch 1855 - See Trichopilia laxa (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1858

  31. Trichopilia rostrata Rchb.f. 1872

    Trichopilia sanguinolenta Rchb.f 1874 - See Helcia sanguinolenta Lindley 1845

  32. Trichopilia santoslimae Brade 1943

    Full Shade

  33. Trichopilia steinii Dodson 2003

  34. Trichopilia suavis Lindley & Paxton 1850-1

    Fragrance Full shadeWarm to CoolLATE WinterEARLY Spring

  35. Trichopilia subulata Reichb.f. 1865

    FragrantFull shadeHotLATE Winter and Spring

  36. !Trichopilia tortilis Lindley 1836

    Fragrance Full shadeHot to Warm Springand Summer

  37. Trichopilia tubella Dressler 2005

  38. Trichopilia turialvae Reichb.f. 1863

    Fragrant Part shade Hot Cool FallWinter

  39. Trichopilia undulatissima D.E. Benn. & Christenson 1998

    Part shadeWarm to Cool Spring

  40. Trichopilia wageneri (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1858

    Part shadeWarm to Cool Spring

~`Trichorhiza Lindl. ex Steud. 1841 - See Luisia Gaudich. 1829 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Trichorhiza teretifolia (Gaudich.) Lindl. ex Steud. 1841 - See Luisia teretifolia Gaud. 1828

Trichosalpinx Luer 1983 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

This genus is closely related to Pleurothallis but differs in the obvious lepaniform sheaths of the ramicauls and it blooms on an apical inflorescence with several successive opening flowers. There are 113 or so species occuring in moist tropical forests from southern Mexico to Southern Brazil and also in the Caribbean. The genus has no pseudobulbs but ramicauls enveloped by lepanthiform sheaths and carrying a single apical leaf that blooms on a lateral inflorescsnce arising through an annulus

Type species = Specklinia cilaris Lindl. 1838 = ! = Trichosalpinx ciliaris [Lindl.] Luer 1983

  1. Trichosalpinx acestrochila Luer 2002

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Spring

  2. Trichosalpinx acremona (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shadeWarm Cold SpringSummer Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx acunae Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis obliquipetala Acuńa & C.Schweinf. 1938

    ~Trichosalpinx aequatorialis (Luer) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx dirhamphis (Luer) Luer 1983

  3. Trichosalpinx alabastra (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Spring LATERSummer Fall

  4. Trichosalpinx amygdalodora (Kraenzl.) Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Winter Spring LATERSummer

    ~Trichosalpinx apoda (Garay & Dunst.) Luer 1983 - See Lepanthopsis apoda (Garay & Dunst.) Luer 1982

  5. Trichosalpinx arbuscula [Lindley]Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Part shadeCool to Cold Falland Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx arbusculoides (T. Hashim.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx arbuscula [Lindley]Luer 1983

  6. Trichosalpinx atropurpurea Luer & Hirtz 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shadeCold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx bacillaris (Pabst) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis bacillaris Pabst 1956

  7. Trichosalpinx ballatrix Luer & R.Escobar1984

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Spring

  8. Trichosalpinx barbelifera Luer & R.Vásquez 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

  9. Trichosalpinx berlineri (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Warm to Cool

    ~Trichosalpinx bicolor (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis quadridentata (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896

  10. Trichosalpinx blaisdellii (S. Watson) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shadeCool HotLATE Spring to EARLY Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx bradei (Schltr.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis bradei Schltr. 1922

    ~Trichosalpinx brevispicata (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx quitensis (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983

  11. Trichosalpinx bricenoensis Luer & R.Escobar 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shadeCool LATEWinter EARLYSpring

  12. Trichosalpinx calceolaris Luer & R.Escobar1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shadeCold LATERSpring

    ~Trichosalpinx carinifera (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis carinifera (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn.1896

  13. Trichosalpinx carinilabia (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shadeCool Cold LATERSpring EARLYSummer

  14. Trichosalpinx caudata Luer & R.Escobar 1997

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shadeCool HotLATE Spring

  15. Trichosalpinx cedralensis (Ames) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full Shade Warm CoolLATESpring EARLYSummer

  16. Trichosalpinx chaetoglossa (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

  17. Trichosalpinx chamaelepanthes (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Part shadeCold to WarmFall

  18. !Trichosalpinx ciliaris (Lindl.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shadeCool to Warm Springto Fall

  19. Trichosalpinx costata (Luer & R.Vásquez) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Summer

  20. Trichosalpinx crucilabia (Ames & Correll) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade CoolCold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx curti-bradei (Pabst) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis curti-bradei Pabst 1956

  21. Trichosalpinx dalstroemii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Fall

  22. Trichosalpinx decorata Luer & R.Escobar 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shade Cool Cold Spring

  23. Trichosalpinx dependens [Luer]Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shadeWarm to Cool Summerand Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx dinotherii (Rchb. f. & Warsz.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx arbuscula [Lindley]Luer 1983

  24. Trichosalpinx dirhamphis (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    ~Trichosalpinx dithele Luer & R. Escobar 1983 - See Trichosalpinx semilunata (Luer) Luer 1983

  25. Trichosalpinx dressleri Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Warm Cool LATEFallEARLYWinter

  26. Trichosalpinx drosoides Carnevali & I.Ramíriez 1987

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cool Spring

  27. Trichosalpinx dunstervillei Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold EARLIERWinter

  28. Trichosalpinx dura (Lindl.) Luer 1893

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Part shadeCool to Warm Summerand Winter

  29. Trichosalpinx echinata Luer & Hirtz 2009

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shadeWarm Cool Spring

  30. Trichosalpinx ectopa Luer 1991

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shade Cool Cold Spring

  31. Trichosalpinx egleri (Pabst) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Deep shade hot Winter THROUGH spring

  32. Trichosalpinx escobarii Luer 1991

    SUBGENUS Xenia

    ~Trichosalpinx falcipetala (Schltr.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx pergrata (Ames) Luer 1983

    ~*Trichosalpinx farrago Luer & Hirtz 1986 - See Lepanthopsis farrago (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 1991

  33. Trichosalpinx fasciculata Luer & Hirtz 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cool Summer

  34. Trichosalpinx fissa Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade ColdLATER Summer

    ~Trichosalpinx flexibilis (Luer & R. Vásquez) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx dependens [Luer]Luer 1983

    ~Trichosalpinx foliata (Griseb.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx dura (Lindl.) Luer 1983

  35. Trichosalpinx fruticosa Luer 1996

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade ColdSpring THROUGHFall

  36. Trichosalpinx gentryi Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Warm Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx greenwoodiana Soto Arenas 1987 - See Trichosalpinx memor (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983

  37. Trichosalpinx hamiltonii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Winter

  38. Trichosalpinx hirtzii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold EARLY Summer

  39. Trichosalpinx hypocrita (Garay & Dunst.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Xenia

    Full shade Cold Spring Summer

  40. Trichosalpinx inaequisepala (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Xenia

    Full shade Cold WinterSpring

  41. Trichosalpinx inquisiviensis (Luer & R.Vásquez) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Cold Winter THROUGH LATE Spring

  42. Trichosalpinx intricata (Lindl.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

  43. Trichosalpinx jimburae Luer & Hirtz 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Fall

  44. Trichosalpinx jostii Luer & Dalström 2006

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cool LATE Spring

  45. Trichosalpinx lamellata Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx lancifera (Schltr.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx orbicularis (Lindl.) Luer 1983

    ~Trichosalpinx lankesteriana Luer 1996 - See Trichosalpinx blaisdellii (S. Watson) Luer 1983

  46. Trichosalpinx lenticularis (Luer) Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold

    ~Trichosalpinx lepanthoides [Schl.] Luer 1920 - See Trichosalpinx arbuscula [Lindley]Luer 1983

  47. Trichosalpinx ligulata Luer & Hirtz 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cool Cold Fall

  48. Trichosalpinx lilliputalis (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Xenia Luer 1986

    Full shade Hot LATERSpring Summer

  49. Trichosalpinx macphersonii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Warm Summer

  50. Trichosalpinx manningii Luer 2002

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx mastophora (Luer & R.Vásquez) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx notosibirica (T.Hashim.) Luer1983

    ~Trichosalpinx matinhensis (Hoehne) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis matinhensis Hoehne 1938

  51. Trichosalpinx memor (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shadeCool to Warm Fall THROUGHSpring

  52. Trichosalpinx metamorpha Luer & Hirtz 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shadecold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx microcharis (Schltr.) Luer 1921 - See Trichosalpinx chamaelepanthes (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983

  53. Trichosalpinx minutipetala (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Warm Cool LATE Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx miragliae (Leite) Toscano 1992 - See Pleurothallis miragliae Leite 1947

  54. Trichosalpinx montana (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shadeWarmColdSpring and Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx moschata (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx arbuscula [Lindley]Luer 1983

    ~Trichosalpinx mouraeoides (Hoehne) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis mouraeoides Hoehne 1938

  55. Trichosalpinx multicuspidata (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shadecold Spring Summer

    ~Trichosalpinx nageliana Soto Arenas 1987 - See Trichosalpinx memor (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983

  56. Trichosalpinx nana (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cool Cold Spring

  57. Trichosalpinx navarrensis (Ames) Mora-Ret. & García Castro 1992

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shadeWarm cood Winter

  58. Trichosalpinx notosibirica (T.Hashim.) Luer1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

  59. Trichosalpinx nymphalis (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx obliquipetala (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983 - See Lepanthopsis obliquipetala (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Luer 1991

    ~ Trichosalpinx operculata (Luer) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx rotundata (C.Schweinf.) Dressler 1997

  60. Trichosalpinx orbicularis (Lindl.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shade Hotto Warm Winter Spring Summer

  61. Trichosalpinx otarion (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Fall Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx oxychilos Carnevali & G.A. Romero 1993 - See Trichosalpinx orbicularis (Lindl.) Luer 1983

  62. Trichosalpinx parsonsii Luer & Dodson 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cool Cold Spring

  63. Trichosalpinx patula Luer 1998

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shade Hot to Cool Winter Spring Summer Fall

  64. Trichosalpinx pergrata (Ames) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    ~Trichosalpinx podoglossa (Hoehne) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis podoglossa Hoehne 1938

  65. Trichosalpinx pringlei (Schltr.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Part shadeCool Winter Spring Summer Fall

  66. Trichosalpinx pseudolepanthes Luer & R.Escobar 1984

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes

    Full shade Cool Cold Spring Summer

  67. Trichosalpinx psilantha Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade cold EARLY Summer

    ~Trichosalpinx pterophora (Cogn.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis pterophora Cogn. 1896

  68. Trichosalpinx pumila (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Warm Cold Summer

  69. Trichosalpinx punctatifolia (Barb.Rodr.] Luer 1983

    Full shade Warm Cold Winter Spring Summer Fall

  70. Trichosalpinx pusilla (Kunth) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    ~Trichosalpinx pyxos (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx amygdalodora (Kraenzl.) Luer 1997

    ~Trichosalpinx quadridentata (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis quadridentata (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896

    ~Trichosalpinx quartizicola (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1983 - See Trichosalpinx montana (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1983

  71. Trichosalpinx quitensis (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Warm Cold Summer winter

  72. Trichosalpinx ramosii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shade cool cold Summer

  73. Trichosalpinx reflexa Mel.Fernández & Bogarín 2011

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Hot Summer

  74. Trichosalpinx ringens Luer 1996

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Warm Cool fall Winter Spring

  75. Trichosalpinx robledorum (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Part shade Cold Cool

  76. Trichosalpinx rotundata (C.Schweinf.) Dressler 1997

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Hot cool Winter Summer

  77. Trichosalpinx scabridula (Rolfe) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

  78. Trichosalpinx semilunata (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cool Spring and Fall

  79. Trichosalpinx sijmii Luer 2002

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    partial shade Warm Cool Fall

  80. Trichosalpinx silverstonei Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shade cool Cold Summer

  81. Trichosalpinx solomonii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade cold Summer

    ~Trichosalpinx sordida (Kraenzl.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis sordida Kraenzl. 1921

  82. Trichosalpinx spathulata Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes

    Full shade cold Summer Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx spathuliglossa (Hoehne) Luer 1986 - See Pleurothallis spathuliglossa Hoehne 1938

  83. Trichosalpinx sp.

  84. Trichosalpinx sp.

  85. Trichosalpinx sp.

  86. Trichosalpinx sp. Colombia

  87. Trichosalpinx sp. Ecuador

  88. Trichosalpinx sp. Ecuador elongate more terete leaf, inflorescence close to leaf, white green flowers secund with Masdevallia tail-like tips, deeply trilobed lip

  89. Trichosalpinx sp. Venezuela

  90. Trichosalpinx steyermarkii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade cool Spring

  91. Trichosalpinx strumifera Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade cold LATE Summer EARLY fall

  92. Trichosalpinx systremmata (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade cold fall Winter

    ~Trichosalpinx tamayoana Soto Arenas 1987 - See Trichosalpinx blaisdellii (S. Watson) Luer 1983

  93. Trichosalpinx tantilla (Luer) Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade cold LATESummer EARLY fall

  94. Trichosalpinx teaguei Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx tenera (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 1983 - see Pleurothallis tenera (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896

  95. Trichosalpinx tenuiflora (Schltr.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Xenia

    Full shade cold LATESummer EARLY fall

  96. Trichosalpinx tenuis (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade cold fall

  97. Trichosalpinx teres Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade cool EARLY Summer

  98. Trichosalpinx todziae Luer 1996

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade cool LATER Spring

  99. Trichosalpinx trachystoma (Schltr.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    THROUGH

  100. Trichosalpinx triangulipetala (Ames & Correll) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade cool LATE Fall EARLY Winter

  101. Trichosalpinx tropida (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

    Full shade Warm LATERSummerEARLYFall

  102. Trichosalpinx uvaria Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shade cold LATER Summer

  103. Trichosalpinx vagans (Garay & Dunst.) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

  104. Trichosalpinx vasquezii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

    Full shade Hot LATER Winter

    ~ Trichosalpinx vertex Luer & R.Escobar 1984 - See Trichosalpinx tenuis (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

    ~Trichosalpinx violacea (Lem.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis catharinensis Cogn. 1896

  105. Trichosalpinx webbiae Luer & R.Escobar 1984

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade cold Spring

  106. Trichosalpinx werneri Luer 2002

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Cold Fall

  107. Trichosalpinx wilhelmii Luer 1997

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade Warm Spring

  108. Trichosalpinx yanganensis (Luer) Luer 1983

    SUBGENUS Tubella

    Full shade cold Fall

    ~Trichosalpinx zephyrina (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983 - See Pleurothallis zephyrina Rchb.f. 1855

  109. Trichosalpinx zunagensis Luer & Hirtz 1997

    SUBGENUS Pseudolepanthes Luer 1986

    Full shade cold LATER Summer

~Trichosia Blume 1825 - See Eria Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

~Trichosma Lindley 1842 - See Eria Lindley 1825SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

~Trichosma coronaria (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Eria coronaria (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

~Trichosma coronaria (Lindl.) Brieger 1981 - See Eria coronaria (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

~Trichosma cylindropoda Griff. 1851 - See Eria coronaria (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

~Trichosma leptocarpum (Hook.f.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria valida Lindl. 1859

~Trichosma neglectum (Ridl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria neglecta Ridl1896

~Trichosma nutans (Lindl.) Brieger 1981 - See Eria nutans Lindl. 1840

~Trichosma simondii Gagnep. 1950 - See Eria gagnepainii A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957

~Trichosma suavis Lindl. 1842 - See Eria coronaria (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

Trichotosia Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae

There are 50 some small to large epiphytic hairy leafed species spread from the Himalayas to the S.W. Pacific Islands of this genus that prefers to always keep its feet wet and can be mounted or potted with an epiphyte mix and given shade and high humidity. The flowers are small to medium in size, resupinate and do not open well, the sepals are red-hairy, the latela sepals are adnate to the coluimn foot and form a mentum and the lip is entire to 3 lobed, has a disc with or without keels and sometimes is pappilose, has a column foot and 8 pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to it's general hairyness

Synonyms Pinalia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 1826

Type species = ! = Not Designated

  1. Trichotosia annulata Blume 1825

    Part shade Warm Spring

  2. Trichotosia aporina (Hook.f.) Kraenzl. 1911

  3. Trichotosia aurea (Ridl.) Carr 1935

  4. Trichotosia barbarossa (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1911

    LATE Summer TO EARLY Fall

    ~Trichotosia biflora Griff. 1851 - See Trichotosia pauciflora Blume 1825

  5. Trichotosia bracteata (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1970

    LATE EARLYMID

    ~Trichotosia bracteolata Kraenzl. 1910 - See Eria pilifera Ridl. 1896

  6. Trichotosia brevipedunculata (Ames & C.Schweinf.) J.J.Wood 1993

    Part Shade Warm Cold

    ~Trichotosia caespitosa (Rolfe) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Ceratostylis hainanensis Z.H.Tsi 1995

    ~Trichotosia carnea (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria carnea J.J.Sm. 1907

    ~Trichotosia compressa (Blume) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria compressa (Blume) Blume 1856

    ~Trichotosia cristata Kraenzl. 1911 - See Trichotosia pulvinata (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911

  7. Trichotosia dalatensis (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1982

  8. Trichotosia dasyphylla (Parish & Rchb. f.) Kraenzl. 1911

    Part shadeHottoWarm

    ~Trichotosia dujakorum Kraenzl. 1910 - See Trichotosia teysmannii (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1911

    ~Trichotosia elongata (Blume) Kraenzl 1911 - See Eria mucronata Lindl. 1842

    ~Trichotosia fastigiatifolia (Ames) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria fastigiatifolia Ames 1908

  9. !Trichotosia ferox (Blume) Korth. ex Blume 1856

    Part shade Warm Cool Summer

  10. Trichotosia gracilis (Hook. f.) Kraenzl. 1911

  11. Trichotosia iodantha (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1970

    Part Sun Hot Warm LATE Fall THROUGH Spring

    ~Trichotosia leiophylla (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria leiophylla Lindl. 1859

    ~Trichotosia leptocarpa (Hook.f.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria valida Lindl. 1859

  12. Trichotosia microphylla Blume 1825

    Deep Shade warm cool winter

  13. Trichotosia mollicaulis (Ames & C.Schweinf.) J.J.Wood 1993

    ~Trichotosia mucronata (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria mucronata Lindl. 1842

    ~Trichotosia oligantha (Hook.f.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Trichotosia gracilis (Hook. f.) Kraenzl. 1911

  14. Trichotosia paludosa (J.J. Sm.) Kraenzl. 1911

    LATE EARLY

  15. Trichotosia pauciflora Blume 1825

    Part Shade HotWarmFall

    ~Trichotosia pendula (Ridl.) Kraenzl 1911 - See Eria mucronata Lindl. 1842

    ~Trichotosia pilifera (Ridl.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria pilifera Ridl. 1896

  16. Trichotosia poculata (Ridl.) Kranzl. 1911

    Full shade Warm LATERSummer

    ~Trichotosia podochiloides (Schltr.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Poaephyllum podochiloides (Schltr.) Ridl. 1916

  17. Trichotosia pulvinata (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911

    to

    ~Trichotosia pyrrhotricha Ridl. 1924 - See !Trichotosia ferox (Blume) Korth. ex Blume 1856

    ~Trichotosia rigida (Blume) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Eria mucronata Lindl. 1842

    ~Trichotosia rigida var. papuana (J.J.Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Eria mucronata Lindl. 1842

  18. Trichotosia rotundifolia (Ridl.) Kraenzl. 1911

    deep shade

  19. Trichotosia rubiginosa (Blume) Kraenzl. 1911

    ~Trichotosia rufinula (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1911 - See Trichotosia pulvinata (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911

  20. Trichotsia sp

  21. Trichotosia sp New Guinea

    deep shade

  22. Trichotosia sp W Malesia

  23. Trichotosia teysmannii (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1911

    Part shade hot spring

    ~Trichotosia tuberosa (Hook.f.) Kraenzl 1911 - See Trichotosia pauciflora Blume 1825

  24. Trichotosia uniflora (J.J.Wood) Schuit. & J.J.Wood 2001

  25. Trichotosia velutina (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911

    Part shadeHotWarm Fall and Summer

  26. Trichotosia vestita (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911

  27. Trichotosia vulpina [Rchb.f]Kraenzel. 1911

    Full shadeWarm to Cool

    ~Trichotosia wallaceana Kraenzl. 1910 - See Dendrobium angustipetalum J.J.Sm. 1905

~`Tridachne Liebm. ex Lindley & Paxt. 1852-3 - See Notylia Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Tridachne virens Liebm. ex Lindley 1852-3 - See Notylia orbicularis A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845

Tridactyle Schlechter 1914 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.

There are 47 species in this small to medium sized, epiphytic, monopodial genus spread throughout tropical Africa

Common Name or Meaningrefers to the 3 pronged apex of the lip

Type species = ! = Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Tridactyle acutoemarginata (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle inaequilonga (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918

  1. Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb. f.) Summerh. 1948

    Part shadeHot to Cool Fall

  2. !Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    Part shadeHot to Cool Summer

    ~Tridactyle bolusii (Rolfe) Schltr. 1915 - See Tridactyle tridentata (Harv.) Schltr. 1915

  3. Tridactyle brevicalcarata Summerh. 1948

    LATEEARLY

    ~Tridactyle clavata (Summerh.) R.Rice 2005 - See Eggelingia clavata Summerh. 1951

    ~Tridactyle erectocalcarata (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Rhipidoglossum rutilum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918

  4. Tridactyle filifolia (Schltr.) Schltr. 1918

    LATE

    ~Tridactyle filiformis (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Nephrangis filiformis (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1948

    ~Tridactyle fimbriata (Rendle) Schltr. 1915 - See Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Tridactyle fragrans G.Will. 1980 - See Tridactyle tricuspis (Bolus) Schltr.1915

    ~Tridactyle frommiana (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle tricuspis (Bolus) Schltr.1915

  5. Tridactyle furcistipes Summerh. 1948

    LATE EARLY

  6. Tridactyle fusifera Mansf. 1934

    LATE

    ~Tridactyle gabonensis (P.J.Cribb & Laan) R.Rice 2005 - See Eggelingia gabonensis P.J.Cribb & Laan 1989

  7. Tridactyle gentilii (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918

    FragrancePart Sun CoolSpring THROUGHSummer

    ~Tridactyle goetzeana (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1915 - See Tridactyle tridentata (Harv.) Schltr. 1915

  8. Tridactyle inaequilonga (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918

    LATE

    ~Tridactyle kindtiana (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle tridactylites (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

  9. Tridactyle latifolia Summerh. 1948

    Part shade LATE

  10. Tridactyle laurentii (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918

    Part shade

    ~Tridactyle laurentii var. kabareensis Geerinck 1990 - See Tridactyle laurentii (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Tridactyle ledermanniana (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle tridactylites (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

    ~Tridactyle lepidota (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb. f.) Summerh. 1948

    ~Tridactyle ligulifolia (Summerh.) R.Rice 2005 - See Eggelingia ligulifolia Summerh.1951

    ~ Tridactyle linearifolia (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle filifolia (Schltr.) Schltr. 1918

  11. Tridactyle lisowskii (Szlach.) Szlach. & Olszewski 2001

    Part sunWarmFall Winter

  12. Tridactyle muriculata (Rendle) Schltr. 1918

    ~Tridactyle nyassana Schltr. 1915 - See Tridactyle tricuspis (Bolus) Schltr.1915

    ~Tridactyle polychista Schltr. ex Mansf. 1932 - See Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Tridactyle pulchella Schltr. 1915 - See Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Tridactyle rhodesiana (Rendle) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle tricuspis (Bolus) Schltr.1915

    ~Tridactyle schumannii (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1936 - See Ancistrorhynchus schumannii (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1948

  13. Tridactyle scottellii (Rendle) Schltr. 1918

    LATE EARLY

    ~Tridactyle scottellii subsp. lisowskii Szlach. 1994 - See Tridactyle lisowskii (Szlach.) Szlach. & Olszewski 2001

    ~Tridactyle scottellii var. stipulata (De Wild.) Geerinck 1992 - See Tridactyle stipulata (De Wild.) Schltr.1918

  14. Tridactyle stevartiana Geerinck 2001

    Part shade

  15. Tridactyle stipulata (De Wild.) Schltr.1918

    Part shade

  16. Tridactyle tanneri P.J. Cribb 1979

    Deep shadeWarm Cool Winter

    ~Tridactyle teretifolia Schltr. 1916 - See Tridactyle tridentata (Harv.) Schltr. 1915

  17. Tridactyle thomensis P.J.Cribb & Stévart 2004

    ~Tridactyle trachyrrhiza (Schltr.) Schltr. 1918 - See Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb. f.) Summerh. 1948

  18. Tridactyle tricuspis (Bolus) Schltr.1915

  19. Tridactyle tridactylites (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

    LATEEARLY

  20. Tridactyle tridentata (Harv.) Schltr. 1915

    ~Tridactyle tridentata var. subulifolia Summerh. 1948 - See Tridactyle filifolia (Schltr.) Schltr. 1918

  21. Tridactyle truncatiloba Summerh. 1948

    Fragrance Part sunHot to Warm Summer

  22. Tridactyle virgula (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918

    Part shadeCool to Cold Spring

    ~Tridactyle wakefieldii (Rolfe) Summerh. 1936 - See Solenangis wakefieldii (Rolfe) P.J.Cribb & J.Stewart 1985

~`Tridelta Luer 2006 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Tridelta aurantiaca (Dod) Luer 2006 - See Pleurothallis spiloporphyrea Dod 1978

~`Trigonanthe [Schlechter] Brieg. 1975 - See Dryadella Luer 1978 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

Trigonidium Lindley 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

A small genus of 13 species that are spread from Mexico south to Peru and Brazil. A Maxillaria relative, it differs in having a cupulate flower that has large sepals that obscures the smaller petals and lip. They are characterized as a genus by being medium-sized epiphytes or lithophytes with a short pseudobulb with one to three apical leaves. The basal inflorescence gives rise to a single flower that has sepals that are larger than the other floral segments, and they are basally united to form a cup with the apices free. The smaller petals have eye like swellings at the tips. It has a three lobed lip and 4 pollina with a broad stipe. They are warm growing and prefer to be in small pots.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the flower sepals having an acuted angled triangle

Type species = ! = Trigonidium obtusum Lindley 1837

  1. Trigonidium acuminatum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    Full shadeHot Spring Summer

    ~Trigonidium amparoanum Schltr. 1923 - See Trigonidium lankesteri Ames 1923

  2. Trigonidium aurorae D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1995

    ~Trigonidium brachyglossum (A. Rich. & Galeotti) Schltr. 1918 - See Trigonidium egertonianum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    ~Trigonidium callistele Rchb.f. 1860 - See Trigonidium egertonianum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

  3. Trigonidium egertonianum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    Part shadeWarm to CoolMOSTLY LATE Winterto Summer

    ~Trigonidium equitans Garay 1953 - See Maxillaria chartacifolia Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930????

  4. Trigonidium grande Garay 1957

    Full shadeHotCool LATESpring THROUGH Fall

  5. Trigonidium insigne Rchb.f. ex Benth & Hkr.1883

  6. Trigonidium lankesteri Ames 1923

    Full shade WarmcoolWinterSpring

  7. Trigonidium latifolium Lindl.1837

    Full shadeWarm CoolSpring

    ~*Trigonidium monophyllum Greisb. 1864 - See Neocogniauxia hexaptera (Cogn.) Schltr. 1913

  8. !Trigonidium obtusum Lindley 1837

    Part shadeWarm to Hot Winterand Spring

    ~Trigonidium peruvianum Schltr. 1921 - See Trigonidium acuminatum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    ~*Trigonidium ringens Lindley 1840 - See Mormolyca ringens [Lindley]Schlechter 1914

  9. Trigonidium riopalenquense Dodson 1977

    Part shade Hot Summerand Fall

    ~Trigonidium seemannii Rchb.f 1854 - See Trigonidium egertonianum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    ~Trigonidium spatulatum Linden & Rchb.f. 1854 - See Trigonidium egertonianum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    ~Trigonidium subrepens Rolfe 1906 - See Trigonidium acuminatum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

    ~Trigonidium tenue Lodd. ex Lindl. 1839 - See Trigonidium acuminatum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838

  10. Trigonidium turbinatum Rchb.f. 1859

    Part shadeWarm Summer

~Trigonochilum Königer & Schildhauer 1994- See Oncidium Sw. 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Trigonochilum alatum ( Cogn. ) Königer & H.Schildhauer 1994 - See Cyrtochilum meirax (Rchb. f.) Dalström 2000

~

~*Trigonochilum articulatum Königer 1996 - See Cyrtochilum articulatum (Königer) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum bachmannii (I.Bock) Senghas 2001 - See Cyrtochilum melanthes (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum centifrancum (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum examinans (Lindl.) Kraenzl 1917

~Trigonochilum cocciferum (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum flexuosum Kunth 1816

~Trigonochilum confertum (Rchb.f.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum confertum (Rchb. f.) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum contaypacchaense (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Senghas 2003 - See Odontoglossum contaypacchaense D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001

~Trigonochilum dalessandroi (Dodson & Garay) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum gracile (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum densiflorum (Lindl.) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum densiflorum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum diodon (Rchb. f.) Königer & Schildhauer 1994 - See Cyrtochilum diodon (Rchb. f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum distans (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum distans (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum examinans (Lindl.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum examinans (Lindl.) Kraenzl 1917

~Trigonochilum exasperatum (Linden & Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum exasperatum (Linden & Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum flavescens (Rolfe) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum longipes [Rchb.f. & Warsz] Kraenzl. 1922

~Trigonochilum flexuosum (Kunth) Königer & Schildhauer 1994 - See Cyrtochilum flexuosum Kunth 1816

~Trigonochilum fractiflexum (Kraenzl.) Königer & Schildh. 1996 - See Cyrtochilum ringens (Rchb.f.) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum fractum (Rchb.f.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum fractum (Rchb. f.) Kraenzl. 1922

~Trigonochilum funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum funis (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum gracile (Lindl.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum gracile (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum graminifolium (C.Schweinf.) Senghas 1999 - See Cyrtochilum graminoides Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum kopfianum Königer 1999 - See Cyrtochilum rusticum (Linden & Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum longifolium (Lindl.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum longifolium (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum longipes (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum longipes [Rchb.f. & Warsz] Kraenzl. 1922

~Trigonochilum macasense (Dodson) Senghas 2001 - See Cyrtochilum macasense (Dodson) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum macropus (Linden & Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum cimiciferum ( Rchb.f. ) S.Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum megalophium (Lindl.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum megalophium (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum meirax (Rchb. f.) Königer & Schildhauer 1994 - See Cyrtochilum meirax (Rchb. f.) Dalström 2000

~Trigonochilum melanthes (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum melanthes (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum mentigerum (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum myanthum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum murinum (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum murinum (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum myanthum (Lindl.) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum myanthum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum porrigens (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum porrigens (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum prasinum (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum melanthes (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum pseudomelanthes (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum melanthes (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum retusum (Lindl.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum retusum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum robustum (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum densiflorum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum rodrigoi Königer 2000 - See Cyrtochilum williamsianum (Dodson) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum rotundatum (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum porrigens (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum rusbyi (Rolfe ex Britton) Königer & Schildhauer 1994 - See Cyrtochilum cimiciferum ( Rchb.f. ) S.Dalström 2001

~ Trigonochilum rusticum (Linden & Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum rusticum (Linden & Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum saltabundum (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh.1994 - See Cyrtochilum porrigens (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum scabiosum (Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl.) Senghas 1997 - See Cyrtochilum scabiosum Rchb.f. ex Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum sharoniae (Dalström) Königer 2009 - See Cyrtochilum sharoniae Dalström 2007 publ. 2008

~Trigonochilum tricostatum (Kraenzl.) Königer & Schildh 1994 - See Cyrtochilum tricostatum Kraenzl. 1922

~Trigonochilum trulla (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum flexuosum Kunth 1816

~Trigonochilum turpe (Kraenzl.) Königer & Schildl. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum murinum (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum umbonatum (Rchb.f.) Königer & Schildh. 1994 - See Cyrtochilum umbonatum (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1917

~Trigonochilum viminale (Rchb.f.) Senghas 2003 - See Cyrtochilum viminale (Rchb.f.) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum williamsianum (Dodson) Senghas 2001 - See Cyrtochilum williamsianum (Dodson) Dalström 2001

~Trigonochilum williamsianum (Dodson) Königer 2008 - See Cyrtochilum williamsianum (Dodson) Dalström 2001

~Triorchis Small & Nash 1903 - See Spiranthes L. C. Rich. 1817 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

~Triorchis beckii (Lindl.) House 1920 - See Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. 1833

~Triorchis cernua (L.) Nieuwl. 1913; - See Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich. 1817

~Triorchis cernua var. ochroleuca (Rydb.) Farw. 1925 - See Spiranthes ochroleuca (Rydb.) Rydb. 1932

~Triorchos ecristatus (Fernald) Small 1903 - See Pteroglossaspis ecristata (Fernald) Rolfe 1904

~Triorchis gracilis (Bigelow) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer 1975

~Triorchis grayi (Ames) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes tuberosa Raf. 1833

~Triorchis lacinata [Sm.] House 1920 - See Spiranthes laciniata [Small]Ames 1905

~Triorchis longilabris (Lindl.) House 1920 - See Spiranthes longilabris Lindl. 1840

~Triorchis ochroleuca (Rydb.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes ochroleuca (Rydb.) Rydb. 1932

~Triorchis odorata [Nutth.] Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes odorata (Nutt.) Lindl. 1834

~Triorchis ovalis (Lindl.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes ovalis Lindl.1840

~Triorchis ovalis (Lindl.) House 1920 - See Spiranthes ovalis Lindl.1840

~Triorchis plantaginea (Raf.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes lucida (H.H.Eaton) Ames 1908

~Triorchis praecox (Walter) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes praecox (Walter) S. Watson 1890

~Triorchis romanzoffiana (Cham.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. 1828

~Triorchis spiralis House 1920 - See Spiranthes torta (Thunb.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974

~Triorchis stricta (Rydb.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. 1828

~Triorchos strictus (Griseb.) Acuńa 1938 - See Pteroglossaspis ecristata (Fernald) Rolfe 1904

~Triorchis triloba [Sm.] House 1920 - See Spiranthes odorata (Nutt.) Lindl. 1834

~Triorchis vernalis (Engelm. & A.Gray) House 1920 - See Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & A.Gray 1845

~`Triotosiphon Schltr. ex Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia Ruiz and Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Triotosiphon bangii (Schltr.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia bangii Schltr. 1922

~Triotosiphon gnoma (H.R.Sweet) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia gnoma H.R.Sweet 1978

~Triotosiphon irapana (H.R.Sweet) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia irapana H.R.Sweet 1978

~Triotosiphon kyphonantha (H.R.Sweet) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia kyphonantha H.R.Sweet 1978

~Triotosiphon lansbergii (Rchb.f.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia lansbergii Rchb.f. 1859

~Triotosiphon venezuelana (H.R.Sweet) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia venezuelana H.R.Sweet, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 26: 47 (1978

Triphora Nutt. 1818 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Triphoreae SUBTRIBE Triphorinae

There are 19 species in this terrestrial genus occuring in the USA, Caribbean, Central and South America characterized by a basal tuber giving rise to a fleshy, erect stem with either flat or scale like leaves that are similar to the bracts and has a spurless lip a terete column and a free, erect anther that projects beyond it and 4 soft pollina.

Type species = Arethusa pendula Muhl. ex Willd. 1805 = Triphora pendula (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. 1818 = Arethusa trianthophoros Sw. 1800 = ! = Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

  1. Triphora amazonica Schltr.1925

    Full Shade Hot cool Summer EARLYfall

  2. Triphora craigheadii Luer 1966

    ~Triphora cubensis (Rchb.f.) Ames 1924 - See Triphora gentianoides (Sw.) Nutt. ex Ames & Schltr. 1922

  3. Triphora debilis (Schltr.) Schltr. 1921

    Full shade

  4. Triphora gentianoides (Sw.) Nutt. ex Ames & Schltr. 1922

    LATEEARLY

    ~Triphora gentianoides f. albidaviridis P.M.Br. & Steph.Jones 2009 - See Triphora gentianoides (Sw.) Nutt. ex Ames & Schltr. 1922

  5. Triphora hassleriana (Cogn. ex Chodat & Hassl.) Schltr. 1925

    Full shade

    ~Triphora latifolia G.M.Luer 1969 - See Triphora amazonica Schltr.1925

    ~Triphora lutea (Schltr.) Schltr. ex Mansf. 1930 - See Triphora gentianoides (Sw.) Nutt. ex Ames & Schltr. 1922

    ~Triphora mexicana (S. Watson) Schltr. 1921 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

  6. Triphora nitida (Schltr.) Schltr. 1921

    Full shade Hot LATE Spring

    ~Triphora pendula (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. 1818 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora rickettii Luer 1966 - See Triphora yucatanensis Ames 1922

  7. Triphora surinamensis (Lindl. ex Benth.) Britton 1924

    Partial shadeWarm to Cool spring Summer

  8. !Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    Part sunWarm to Cool SummerLATEFall

    ~Triphora trianthophora f. albidoflava P.E.Keenan 1992 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora trianthophora f. caerulea P.M.Br. 2001 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora trianthophora f. rossii P.M.Br. 1999 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora trianthophora subsp. mexicana (S. Watson) Medley - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora trianthophora var. mexicana (S.Watson) P.M.Br. 2006 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora trianthophora var. schaffneri Camp 1940 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

    ~Triphora trianthophora var. texensis P.M.Br. & Rich.B.Pike 2006 - See Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

  9. Triphora uniflora A.W.C.Ferreira, Baptista & Pansarin 2010

    Full shade EARLY Summer

  10. Triphora wagneri Schltr. 1921

  11. Triphora yucatanensis Ames 1922

    Warm Cool Summer

~`Tripleura Lindl. 1833 - See Zeuxine Lindley 1826 [1825?] SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

~Tripleura pallida Lindl. 1832 - See Zeuxine membranacea Lindl. 1840

~Tripudianthes (Seidenf.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Tripudianthes blepharistes (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872

~Tripudianthes dickasonii (Seidenf.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum dickasonii Seidenf. 1979

~Tripudianthes kanburiensis (Seidenf.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum kanburiense Seidenf. 1970

~Tripudianthes khaoyaiensis (Seidenf.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum khaoyaiense Seidenf. 1970

~Tripudianthes refracta (Zoll.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum refractum [Zoll.]Rchb. f. 1861

~Tripudianthes rugosisepala (Seidenf.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum rugosisepalum Seidenf 1979

~Tripudianthes sanitii (Seidenf.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum sanitii Seidenf. 1970

~Tripudianthes tripudians (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum tripudians Par. & Rchb.f. 1874

~Tripudianthes viridiflora (Hook.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum viridiflorum (Hook.f.) Schltr. 1910

~Tripudianthes wallichii (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2007 - See Bulbophyllum wallichii Rchb.f. 1861

Trisetella Luer 1980 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

According to Carl Luer. There are 23 species found from Mexico to Brazil in this dwarf caespitose epiphytic genus that is related to Masdevallia but differs in it's distinctive lip structure and it's column foot. The inflorescence is a succession of single flowers in a congested raceme atop a slender peduncle that is longer than the leaves. The dorsal sepal and the synsepal are variously caudate. The petals are small and membranous. The simple, longitudinally callous lip is sagittate or cordate at the base. The column is elongate with a hooded ventral anther with 2 pollina and a large ventral stigma.

Synonyms Triaristella (Rchb. f.) Brieger ex Luer 1978; Triaristellina Rauschert 1983

Type species = ! = Masdevallia triaristella Rchb.f 1876 = Trisetella triaristella [Rchb.f]Luer 1980

  1. Trisetella abbreviata Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Full shadeWarm to Cool Winter

  2. Trisetella andreettae Luer 1986

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Full shadeWarm to Cool Fall

  3. Trisetella cordeliae Luer 1989

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Triaristella

    Full shadeWarm to Cool

  4. Trisetella dalstroemii Luer 1994

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    LATEEARLY

  5. Trisetella didyma (Luer) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Triaristella

    Full shadeCool

  6. Trisetella dressleri (Luer) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Part shadeCool to Cold Winter Spring Summer Fall

  7. Trisetella escobarii Luer 1986

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

  8. Trisetella fissidens Luer & Hirtz 1989

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

  9. Trisetella gemmata (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Part shade Cool Fall

  10. Trisetella hirtzii Luer 1986

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Part shade Cool to Warm Winter

  11. Trisetella hoeijeri Luer & Hirtz 1986

    SECTION Fissura Luer 1989

    Part shade Cool Winter Spring Summer Fall

    ~Trisetella huebneri (Schltr.) Luer 1980 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

  12. Trisetella klingeri Luer 2007

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Deep ShadeWinter SpringSummerFall

  13. Trisetella lasiochila Pupulin 2000

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    LATER

  14. Trisetella nodulifera Luer & Hirtz 1989

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Full shadeWarm to CoolFall

  15. Trisetella pantex (Luer) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Part shade Coolto Cold Fall

  16. Trisetella regia Königer 1981

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Triaristella

    Full shade Cold Summer

  17. Trisetella scobina Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Triaristella

    Part shade Coldto Warm Winter

  18. Trisetella sororia Luer & Andreetta 1989

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Part shadeColdFall

  19. Trisetella sp.

  20. Trisetella sp.

  21. Trisetella strumosa Luer & Andreetta 1989

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Triaristella

  22. Trisetella tenuissima (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

  23. !Trisetella triaristella ( Rchb.f. ) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Triaristella

    Full shade Cool to Warm Spring

    ~Trisetella trichaete (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

    ~Trisetella tridactylites (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980 - See Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

  24. Trisetella triglochin (Rchb. f.) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Part shadeWarm to CoolSummer and Fall

  25. Trisetella vittata (Luer) Luer 1980

    SECTION Trisetella SUBSECTION Calvicaulis Luer 1989

    Full shadeWarm to CoolSpringand Summer

~`Tritelandra Raf. 1837 - See Epidendrum L. 1763 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

~Tritelandra fuscata (Sm.) Raf. 1837 - See Epidendrum anceps Jacq. 1763

Trizeuxis Lindl. 1821 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

There is one species in this monotypic, dwarf, epiphytic genus occuring from Costa Rica to Surinam and Brazil, Bolivia and Peru. They are twig epiphyte fan orchids with laterally compressed, fleshy, sickle-shaped leaves with a small pseudobulb carrying a single leaf. The inflorescence is a lateral, branched raceme with the small clustered flowers at the apices. The flowers are small and not very open and have basally connected lateral sepals, the dorsal sepal and petals are similar and connected at the base as well. The inconspicuous lip is three lobed, There is a short column with a large anther carrying two stipitate pollina. Culture should be similar to that given Ornithocephalus.

Common Name or Meaning due to the fused sepals it appears that the flower only has 3 perianths

Type species = ! = Trizeuxis falcata Lindl. 1823

    ~Trizeuxis andina Schltr. 1922 - See Trizeuxis falcata Lindl. 1823

    ~Trizeuxis discolor (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1914 - See Sanderella discolor (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1905

  1. !Trizeuxis falcata Lindl. 1823

    Part sun Hotto Cool spring THROUGH Summer

    ~Trizeuxis pygmaea (Cogn.) Schltr. 1913 - See Quekettia pygmaea (Cogn.) Garay & R.E.Schult. 1957

~`Trophianthus Schweid. 1844- See Aspasia Lindley 1832 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Trophianthus zonatus Schweidw. 1844 - See Aspasia lunata Lindley 1836

Tropidia Lindl. 1833 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae TRIBE Tropideae

There are upwards of 31 species in this terrestrial genus mostly found in Asia, and one species from south Florida to South America. They are characterized by having reed-like sometimes branched, stems with several plicate distichous leaves. The terminal inflorescence can be branched and has racemes of several small flowers with similar sepals and petals and a simple lip that broadens towards the apex. The erect anther carries soft and sectile pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the keel-shaped lip

Type species = ! = Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

  1. Tropidia acuminata Schltr. 1911

    LATE to EARLY

  2. Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

    Full Shade Hot Warm LATE Summer Fall

    ~Tropidia angulosa var. nipponica (Masam.) S.S.Ying 1990 - See Tropidia nipponica Masam.1929

  3. Tropidia angustifolia C.L.Yeh & C.S.Leou 2009

    Part Shade Warm Summer

    ~Tropidia assamica Blume 1859 - See Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

    ~Tropidia barbeyana Schltr. 1906 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

    ~Tropidia bellii Blatt. & McCann 1932 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

    ~Tropidia calcarata Ames 1912 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

    ~Tropidia ctenophora (Rchb.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake 1892 - See Tropidia effusa Rchb.f. 1868

  4. !Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

    Full shade WarmCoolLATE Springto EARLY Summer

    ~Tropidia decumbens (Lindl.) Schltr. 1911 - See Corymborkis flava (Sw.) Kuntze 1891

  5. Tropidia disticha Schltr. 1905

    Full shade Hot CoolLATE SpringTHROUGH fall

    ~Tropidia eatonii Ames 1904 - See Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908

  6. Tropidia effusa Rchb.f. 1868

    Full Shade Hot

    ~Tropidia formosana Rolfe ex Hemsl. 1895 - See Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

    ~Tropidia govindovii Blume 1859 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

    ~Tropidia graminea Bl 1858 - See Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

    ~Tropidia grandis Hance 1873 - See Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. 1919

    ~Tropidia hongkongensis Rolfe 1906 - See Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

    ~Tropidia maingayi Hkr.f 1890 - See Tropidia pedunculata Bl. 1858

    ~Tropidia minor Ames 1908 - See Tropidia septemnervis (Schauer) Rchb.f. 1852

  7. Tropidia nanhuae W.M.Lin, Kuo Huang & T.P.Lin 2006

    Full Shade Hot Warm Fall

  8. Tropidia nipponica Masam.1929

  9. Tropidia pedunculata Bl. 1858

    Part shadeHotCool Summer

  10. Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908

    ~Triphora rickettii Luer 1966 - See Triphora yucatanensis Ames 1922

  11. Tropidia saprophytica J.J.Sm. 1927

    Full shade Cool Winterspring

  12. Tropidia schlechteriana J.J.Sm. 1908

    Full shade Warm LATERspring

    ~Tropidia semilibera (Lindl.) Blume 1859 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

  13. Tropidia septemnervis (Schauer) Rchb.f. 1852

    Fragrance Full shade Hot Warm LATESummer EARLY Fall

  14. Tropidia somae Hayata 1916

    ~Tropidia squamata Blume 1858 - See Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. 1828

  15. Tropidia territorialis D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004

    LATE EARLY

~Tropilis Raf. 1836 [1837] - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Tropilis adae (F.M. Bailey) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium adae F.M. Bailey 1884

~Tropilis aemula {R.Br.} Raushert 1983 - See Dendrobium aemulum R. Brown 1810

~Tropilis callitrophilis (B.Gray & D.L.Jones) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See

~Tropilis closterium (Rchb.f.) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium closterium Rchb.f. 1876

~Tropilis comptonii (Rendle) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium comptonii Rendle 1921

~Tropilis drake-castilloi (Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium macropus (Endl.) Rchb.f. ex Lindl. 1858

~Tropilis × delicata (F.M.Bailey) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium X delicatum (F.M. Bailey) F.M. Bailey 1902

~Tropilis drake-castilloi (Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium comptonii Rendle 1921

~Tropilis falcorostra (Fitzg.) Butzin 1982- See *Dendrobium falcorostrum Fitz. 1876

~Tropilis fleckeri (Rupp & C.T.White) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium fleckeri Rupp & C.T. White 1937s (F. Muell.) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium gracilicaule F. Muell. 1894

~Tropilis kingiana (Bidwill ex Lindl.) Butzin 1982- See *Dendrobium kingianum Bidwill ex Lindley 1844

~Tropilis moorei (F. Muell.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium moorei F. Muell. 1869

~Tropilis odontochila (Rchb.f.) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium odontochilum Rchb.f. 1876

~Tropilis ruppiana (A.D.Hawkes ex F.Gordon) Butzin 1982 - See Dendrobium jonesii Rendle 1901

~Tropilis speciosa (Sm.) Butzin 1982- See *Dendrobium speciosum J. E Smith 1805

~Tropilis subterrestris (Gagnep.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria bractescens Lindley 1841

~Tropilis tetragona (A. Cunn.) Butzin 1982- See Dendrobium tetragonum Cunningham ex Lindley 1839

~`Trudelia Garay 1986 - See Vanda Jones 1820 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Trudelia alpina ( Lindl. ) Garay 1986 - See Vanda alpina (Lindl.) Lindl. 1853

~Trudelia chlorosantha Garay 1986 - See Vanda chlorosantha (Garay) Christenson 1992

~Trudelia cristata (Lindl.) Senghas 1988 - See Vanda cristata Lindl. 1828

~Trudelia griffithii (Lindl.) Garay 1986 - See Vanda griffithii Lindl. 1851

~Trudelia pumila (Hook. f.) Senghas 1988 - See Vanda pumila Hook. f. 1896

~Tryphia Lindl. 1835 - See Holothrix Rich. ex Lindl. 1835 SUBFAMILY Orchidiodeae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Tryphia major Sond. 1846 - See Holothrix secunda (Thunb.) Rchb.f. 1881

~Tryphia nivea Zeyh. ex Harv. 1838 - See Holothrix parviflora (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1881

~*Tryphia orthoceras Harv.1863 - See Holothrix orthoceras (Harv.) Rchb.f. 1881

~*Tryphia parviflora Lindl. 1837 - See Holothrix parviflora (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1881

~Tryphia secunda (Thunb.) Lindl. 1835 - See Holothrix secunda (Thunb.) Rchb.f. 1881

~`Tsaiorchis Tang & F.T.Wang 1936 - See SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~ Tsaiorchis neottianthoides Tang & F.T.Wang 1936 - See Platanthera neottianthoides (Tang & F.T.Wang) R.M.Bateman & P.J.Cribb 2009

~Tubella (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx Luer 1983 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Tubella alabastra (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx alabastra (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 1983

~ Tubella amygdalodora (Kraenzl.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx amygdalodora (Kraenzl.) Luer 1997

~Tubella arbuscula (Lindl.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx arbuscula [Lindley]Luer 1983

~Tubella atropurpurea (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx atropurpurea Luer & Hirtz 1997

~Tubella barbelifera (Luer & R.Vásquez) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx barbelifera Luer & R.Vásquez 1997

~Tubella carinilabia (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx carinilabia (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella cedralensis (Ames) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx cedralensis (Ames) Luer 1983

~Tubella chaetoglossa (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx chaetoglossa (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella chamaelepanthes (Rchb.f.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx chamaelepanthes (Rchb. f.) Luer 1983

~Tubella costata (Luer & R.Vásquez) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx costata (Luer & R.Vásquez) Luer 1983

~Tubella crucilabia (Ames & Correll) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx crucilabia (Ames & Correll) Luer 1983

~Tubella dalstroemii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx dalstroemii Luer 1997

~Tubella dirhamphis (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx dirhamphis (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella dressleri (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx dressleri Luer 1997

~Tubella drosoides (Carnevali & I.Ramírez) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx drosoides Carnevali & I.Ramíriez 1987

~Tubella dunstervillei (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx dunstervillei Luer 1997

~Tubella dura (Lindl.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx dura (Lindl.) Luer 1893

~Tubella escobarii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx escobarii Luer 1991

~Tubella fasciculata (Luer & Hirtz) Archia 2000 - See Trichosalpinx fasciculata Luer & Hirtz 1997

~Tubella fissa (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx fissa Luer 1997

~Tubella fruticosa (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx fruticosa Luer 1996

~Tubella gentryi (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx gentryi Luer 1997

~Tubella hamiltonii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx hamiltonii Luer 1997

~Tubella hirtzii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx hirtzii Luer 1997

~Tubella hypocrita (Garay & Dunst.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx hypocrita (Garay & Dunst.) Luer 1983

~Tubella inaequisepala (C.Schweinf.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx inaequisepala (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

~Tubella intricata (Lindl.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx intricata (Lindl.) Luer 1983

~Tubella jimburae (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx jimburae Luer & Hirtz 1997

~Tubella lamellata (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx lamellata Luer 1997

~Tubella lenticularis (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx lenticularis (Luer) Luer 1997

~Tubella lilliputalis (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx lilliputalis (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 1997

~Tubella macphersonii (Luer) Archila 2000 -See Trichosalpinx macphersonii Luer 1997

~Tubella metamorpha (Luer & Hirtz) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx metamorpha Luer & Hirtz 1997

~Tubella montana (Barb.Rodr.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx montana (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1983

~Tubella multicuspidata (Rchb.f.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx multicuspidata (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983

~Tubella nana (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx nana (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

~Tubella notosibirica (T.Hashim.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx notosibirica (T.Hashim.) Luer 1983

~Tubella nymphalis (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx nymphalis (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella otarion (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx otarion (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella parsonsii (Luer & Dodson) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx parsonsii Luer & Dodson 1997

~Tubella pergrata (Ames) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx pergrata (Ames) Luer 1983

~Tubella pumila (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx pumila (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella pusilla (Kunth) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx pusilla (Kunth) Luer 1983

~Tubella quitensis (Rchb.f.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx quitensis (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983

~Tubella robledorum (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx robledorum (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella scabridula (Rolfe) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx scabridula (Rolfe) Luer 1983

~Tubella semilunata (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx semilunata (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella solomonii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx solomonii Luer 1997

~Tubella steyermarkii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx steyermarkii Luer 1997

~Tubella strumifera (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx strumifera Luer 1997

~Tubella systremmata (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx systremmata (Luer) Luer 1983

~ Tubella tantilla (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx tantilla (Luer) Luer 1997

~Tubella tenuis (C.Schweinf.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx tenuis (C.Schweinf.) Luer 1983

~Tubella teaguei (Luer) Archila 2000 -See Trichosalpinx teaguei Luer 1997

~Tubella teres (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx teres Luer 1997

~Tubella todziae (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx todziae Luer 1996

~Tubella tropida (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx tropida (Luer) Luer 1983

~Tubella vagans (Garay & Dunst.) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx vagans (Garay & Dunst.) Luer 1983

~Tubella webbiae (Luer & R.Escobar) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx webbiae Luer & R.Escobar 1984

~Tubella wilhelmii (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx wilhelmii Luer 1997

~Tubella yanganensis (Luer) Archila 2000 - See Trichosalpinx yanganensis (Luer) Luer 1983

Tuberolabium Yamamoto 1924 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There is some discussion as to whether the 18 species in this genus should be reassigned to the genus Trachoma Garay (Greek trachus = rough, but I have used a Section Trachoma to contain them within this genus. The principle difference being the absence of a column foot. The species in this genus are distributed from S.E. Asia, the Philippines to New Guinea and some Pacific Islands. Small to medium-sized monopodial epiphytic herbs with short, leafy stems. carrying leaves that are crowded, thick, and are sheathing at the base. The lateral inflorescence bears a succession of small flowers. The species in this genus are inhabitants of the trocipal lowland rainforest.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the tuber like swelling in the front part of the lip

Type species = ! = Tuberolabium kotoense Yamam. 1924

  1. Tuberolabium brevirhachis (L.O.Williams) J.J.Wood 1990

  2. Tuberolabium candidum P.O'Byrne 2001

    to

  3. Tuberolabium celebicum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood 1990

    Part Sun Warm Cold Spring

  4. Tuberolabium elobe (Seidenf.) Seidenf. 1988

    EARLY

  5. Tuberolabium escritorii (Ames) Garay 1972

    SECTION Tuberolabium

    Part sun Warm to HotLATEWinterto EARLYSpring

  6. Tuberolabium gamma P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm 2007

    Part sun Cool LATER Fall EARLYWinter

  7. !Tuberolabium kotoense Yamam. 1924

    SECTION Tuberolabium

    Part sun Hot Winter

  8. Tuberolabium odoratissimum (J.J. Sm.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Tuberolabium

    Fragrance Part sun Warm to HotWinterSpringSummerFall

  9. Tuberolabium papuanum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood ex B.A.Lewis & P.J.Cribb 1989

    Part ShadeWarm Cool fall

  10. Tuberolabium phillipsii Cholcto 2007.

    SECTION Trachoma

  11. Tuberolabium quisumbingii (L.O. Williams) Christenson 1992

    SECTION Tuberolabium

    to

    ~Tuberolabium quisumbingii var xanthus Cholcto 2007 - See Tuberolabium quisumbingii (L.O. Williams) Christenson 1992

  12. Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb. f.) J.J. Wood 1990

    SECTION Trachoma

    Fragrance Part sun Warm to HotLATEWinter to EARLY Spring

  13. Tuberolabium sarcochiloides (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Tuberolabium

    Fragrance Part sun Cool winterSummer

  14. Tuberolabium speciosum (D.L. Jones et al.) J.J. Wood 1990

    SECTION Trachoma

    Fragrance Part sun Hot Winter to Spring

  15. Tuberolabium woodii Choltco 2006

    SECTION Tuberolabium

~`Tulexis Raf. 1838 - See Brassavola R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

~Tulexis bicolor Raf. 1836 - See Brassavola tuberculata Hkr. 1829

~Tulotis Raf. 1833?- See Platanthera L.C.Rich 1817 SUBFAMILY Orchidiodeae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Tulotis albiflora Raf. 1833 - See Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L.C. Beck 1833

~Tulotis asiatica H.Hara 1955 - See Platanthera fuscescens (L.) Kraenzl. 1899

~Tulotis brevicalcarata (Hayata) Efimov 2008 publ. 2009 - See Platanthera brevicalcarata Hayata 1911

~Tulotis devolii T.P.Lin & T.W.Hu 1976 - See Platanthera devolii (T.P.Lin & T.W.Hu) T.P.Lin & K.Inoue 1980

~Tulotis finetiana (Schltr.) Efimov 2008 publ. 2009 - See Platanthera finetiana Schltr. 1910

~Tulotis flava (L.) Senghas 1973 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Tulotis fragrans Raf. 1833 - See Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L.C. Beck 1833

~Tulotis fuscescens (L.) Raf. ex Czerep. 1973 - See Platanthera fuscescens (L.) Kraenzl. 1899

~Tulotis herbiola (R.Br.) Raf. 1833 - See Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Tulotis hologlottis (Maxim.) Efimov 2007 - See Platanthera hologlottis Maxim. 1859

~Tulotis iinumae (Makino) H.Hara 1955 - See Platanthera iinumae Makino 1902

~Tulotis japonica (Thunb.) Efimov 2008 publ. 2009 - See Platanthera japonica (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Lindl. 1835

~Tulotis shensiana (Kraenzl.) H.Hara 1955 - See Platanthera ussuriensis (Regel) Maxim.1887

~Tulotis sonoharae (Masam.) K.Nakaj 1972 - See Platanthera sonoharae Masam. 1964

~Tulotis souliei (Kraenzl.) H.Hara 1955 - See Platanthera souliei Kraenzl. 1908

~Tulotis ussuriensis (Regel) Hara 1955 - See Platanthera ussuriensis (Regel) Maxim.1887

~Tulotis ussuriensis var. transnokoensis (Ohwi & Fukuy.) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su 1978 - See Platanthera sachalinensis F.Schmidt 1868

~Tulotis whangshanensis (S.S.Chien) Hara 1955 - See Platanthera tipuloides (L.f.) Lindl. 1835

~Tussaca Raf. 1814 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

~Tussaca repens (L.) Raf. 1814 - See Goodyera repens (Linne) R. Brown 1813

~Tussaca reticulata Raf. 1814 - See Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R.Br. 1813

~Tussaca secunda Raf. 1814 - See Goodyera repens [L.] R. Br. 1813

~Tylochilus Nees 1832 - See Cyrtopodium R. Br. 1813SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Cyrtopodiinae.

Tylostigma Schltr. 1916 SUBFAMILY Orchidiodeae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There are 8 species in this terrestrial or rarely lithophytic genus confined to Madagascar arising from a bundle of fusiform roots giving rise to several, suberect, filiform to lanceolate, acute to acuminate leaves that blooms on an erect, terminal, narrowly cylindrical, many flowered inflorescence with as long or longer than the flowers floral bracts.

Common Name or Meaning The Knob Shaped Stigma Orchid

Type species = ! = Tylostigma madagascariense Schltr. 1916

  1. Tylostigma herminioides Schltr. 1924

    Part Sun Cold EARLYSummer

  2. !Tylostigma madagascariense Schltr. 1916

    Part Sun Cool EARLYSummer

  3. Tylostigma nigrescens Schltr. 1916

    Part Sun Cool LATESpringSummer

  4. Tylostigma perrieri Schltr. 1916

    Part Sun Cool Fall EARLYWinter

  5. Tylostigma tenellum Schltr. 1924

    Full Shade Cool Fall

~`Tylostylis Bl. 1828 - See Eria Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

~Tylostylis discolor (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1895 - See Eria discolor Lindl. 1858

~Tylostylis pulchella [Lindl.] Ridl. 1915 - See Eria pulchella Lindl. 1828

~Tylostylis rigida (Blume) Blume 1828 - See Eria discolor Lindl. 1858

~Tyolstylis rigida sensu Ridley 1907 - See Eria pulchella Lindl. 1828

~Ulantha Hkr. 1830 - See Chloraea Lindl. 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae

~Ulantha apinnula (Gosewijn) Szlach. 2008 - See Bipinnula apinnula Gosewijn 1993

~Ulantha grandiflora (Poepp.) Szlach. 2008 - See Chloraea grandiflora Poepp 1833

~Ulantha grandiflora Hook. 1830 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

`Uleiorchis Hoehne 1944 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae, SUBTRIBE Wullschlaegeliinae

There are 2 species in this mycoheterotrophic terrestrial with a tuber giving rise to basal, atrophied, linear leaves and an erect inflorescence carrying resupinate flowers with the sepals and petals united to form a tube open beneath between the lateral sepals and has a slender column with a short foot with 2 granulose pollina.

Common Name or Meaning

Type species = Uleiorchis cogniauxiana Hoehne 1944 = ! = Uleiorchis ulei (Cogn.) Handro 1958

    ~Uleiorchis cogniauxiana Hoehne 1944 - See Uleiorchis ulei (Cogn.) Handro 1958

  1. Uleiorchis liesneri Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1993

  2. Uleiorchis ulei (Cogn.) Handro 1958

Uncifera Lindl. 1858SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae

There are 6 species in this epiphytic genus related to Robiquetia but differs in having a hook-shaped stipe with a conspicuous crest. The subequal sometime connivent sepals are narrower and longer than the petals. The 3 lobed lip is boat shaped and ends in a large infundibular spur, the lateral lobes are on the edges of the spur and the small apical lobe is compressed, fleshy, pouched and broadly triangular to 3 lobulate without any internal calli. The column is bent down over the spur entrance and has a prominently beaked rostellum. The anther is long beaked and has four, cleft, unequal pollina with long linear stipe that broaden towards the apex and is hooked upwards forming roof over the pollina

Common Name or Meaning The Hook-Bearing Orchid

Type species = ! = not designated

  1. Uncifera acuminata Lindl. 1859

    Full shadecool Cold Spring

    ~Uncifera albiflora Guillaumin 1930 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969

    ~Uncifera buccosa (Rchb.f.) Finet ex Guillaumin 1930 - See Robiquetia succisa (Lindl.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972

  2. Uncifera dalatensis (Guillaumin) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1965

    ~Uncifera heteroglossa Rchb.f. 1878 - See Uncifera obtusifolia Lindl. 1859

  3. Uncifera lancifolia (King & Pantl.) Schltr. 1914

    Part shade Cool Cold LATESpring EARLYSummer

    ~Uncifera maxilla-leonis Guillaumin 1930 - See Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855

  4. Uncifera obtusifolia Lindl. 1859

    ~Uncifera tenuicaulis (Hook.f.) Holttum 1947 - See Ventricularia tenuicaulis (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

  5. Uncifera thailandica Seidenf. & Smitinand 1965

    Part shade Warmfall

~Unciferia (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Unciferia amaliae (Luer & R. Escobar) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis amaliae Luer & R. Escobar 1981

~Unciferia ancistra (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis ancistra Luer & Hirtz 1996

~Unciferia bifalcis (Schltr.) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis bifalcis Schltr. 1918

~Unciferia canae (Ames) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis canae Ames 1923

~Unciferia kareniae (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis kareniae Luer 1996

~Unciferia pilostoma (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis pilostoma Luer 1996

~Unciferia pompalis (Ames) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis pompalis Ames 1924

~Unciferia segoviensis (Rchb.f.) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis segoviensis Rchb. f. 1855

~Unciferia wagneri (Schltr.) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis wagneri Schltr. 1921

~Unguella Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Unguella cachensis (Ames) Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis cachensis Ames 1923

~Unguella lepidota (L.O.Williams) Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis lepidota L.O.Williams 1940

~Univiscidiatus (Kores) Szlach. 2001 - See Acianthus R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Acianthinae

~Univiscidiatus amplexicaulis (F.M.Bailey) Szlach. 2001 - See Acianthus amplexicaulis [F.M. Bailey] Rolfe 1904

~Univiscidiatus confusus (Guillaumin) Szlach. 2001 - See Acianthus confusus Guillaumin 1922 publ. 1923

~Univiscidiatus cymbalariifolius (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) Szlach. 2001 - See Acianthus cymbalariifolius F.Muell. & Kraenzl. 1894

~Univiscidiatus sublestus (Dockrill) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Acianthus amplexicaulis [F.M. Bailey] Rolfe 1904

~Univiscidiatus veillonis (N.Hallé) Szlach. 2001 - See Acianthus veillonis N.Hallé 1977

~Urochilus D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Pterostylidinae.

~Urochilus concavus (D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis concava D.Jones & M.A.Clements 1989

~Urochilus sanguineus ( D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. ) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis sanguinea D.Jones & M.A.Clements 1989

~Urochilus vittatus (Lindl.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Pterostylis vittata Lindl. 1840

~`Uropedium Lindley 1846 - See Phragmipedium Rolfe 1896 SUBFAMILY Cypripedioideae

~Uropedium lindenii Lindl. 1846 - See Phragmipedium caudatum [Lindley] Rolfe 1896

~Urostachya (Lindl.) F.G.Brieger 1981 - See Eria Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

~Urostachya amplectens (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria amplectens J.J.Sm. 1912

~Urostachya cepifolia (Ridl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria cepifolia Ridl. 1896

~Urostachya chrysantha (Schltr.) Brieger 1981 - See Eria merapiensis Schltr. 1911

~Urostachya densa (Ridl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria densa Ridl. 1895

~Urostachya djaratensis (Schltr.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria djaratensis Schltr. 1911

~Urostachya euryantha (Schltr.) Brieger 1981 - See Eria floribunda Lindl. 1828

~Urostachya floribunda (Lindl.) F.G.Brieger 1981 - See Eria floribunda Lindl. 1828

~Urostachya merapiensis (Schltr.) S.Rauschert 1983 - See Eria merapiensis Schltr. 1911

~Urostachya minahassae (Schltr.) Brieger 1981 - See Eria minahassae Schltr. 1911

~Urostachya multiflora (Blume) S.Rauschert 1983 - See Eria multiflora [Bl.] Lindl. 1830

~Urostachya pachystachya (Lindl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria pachystachya Lindl. 1859

~Urostachya saccata (Ridl.) Rauschert 1983 - See Eria saccifera Hook.f. 1890

Vanda Jones 1820 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are seventy some species that are mostly epiphytic, although there are some lithopytic and terrestrials that exist, but they are all monopodial in growth habit and are Asiatic in origin. There are two distinct leaf forms the strap leaf and the terete leaf. Typically the terete leafed species appreciate much more direct sunlight than the strap leafed plants do. The tepals are more or less similar and are wide spreading with wavy or crisped margins. The smaller than the sepals, lip is three lobed, saccate to spurred basally, spur short, conical, often laterally compressed without a callus and sidelobes on the edges of the spur close to the column and has various apical lobes that are large and fleshy and has a disc with low rounded longitudinal swellings and keels. There is a short column that has an indistinct foot or none at all, a 2 chambered anther with 2, large pollina with short, broad stipes.

They all appreciate bright light, even watering and fertilizer year round and do best in wooden slat baskets with little or no medium around the roots. The

  • parts of the Vanda flower are, labellum {#1}, lateral sepal {#2}, petal {#3}, dorsal sepal {#4}, anther cap with pollina beneath {#5}, and the throat {#6}.

    Common Name or Meaning In a local Indian language means plants of Vanda-like shape

    Type species = ! = Vanda roxburghii R.Br. 1820 = Vanda tessellata [Roxb.] G. Don 1850

    1. Vanda alpina (Lindl.) Lindl. 1853

      SECTION Cristatae

      FragrantPart shadeWarm to Cool LATESpringEARLY Summer

      ~Vanda amesiana Rchb. f. 1887 - See Holcoglossum amesianum (Rchb. f.) Christenson 1987

      ~Vanda amesiana var. alba B.S.Williams 1894 - See Holcoglossum amesianum (Rchb. f.) Christenson 1987

      ~Vanda amiensis Masam. & Segawa 1934 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda ampullacea ( Roxb. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum ampullaceum [Lindley]Schlechter 1913

    2. Vanda arbuthnotiana Kraenzl. 1892

      LATERSpring

    3. Vanda arcuata J.J.Sm. 1907

      FragrancePart sunHotto Warm Spring

      ~Vanda aurantiaca ( Schltr. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum aurantiacum (J.J. Sm.) Schltr. 1913

      ~Vanda aurantiaca ( Schltr. ) L.M.Gardiner subsp. philippinensis ( Christenson ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum aurantiacum (J.J. Sm.) Schltr. 1913

      ~Vanda aurea ( J.J.Sm. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum aureum J.J.Sm. 1917

    4. Vanda barnesii W.E.Higgins & Motes 2012

      SECTION Roeblingiana

      deep Shade Coolspring

      ~Vanda batemanii Lindley - See Vandopsis lissochiloides (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1889

    5. Vanda bensoni Bateman 1866

      FragranceFull sunHot to WarmSpring

      ~Vanda bicaudata Thwaites 1864 - See Cottonia peduncularis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    6. Vanda bicolor Griff. 1851

      SECTION Obtusifolia

    7. Vanda bidupensis Aver. & Christenson 1998

      FragrancePart sun HotWarm

      ~Vanda boxallii Rchb.f 1881- See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

    8. Vanda brunnea Rchb. f. 1868

      SECTION Longicalcarata Christenson

      FragranceFull sunCool to Warm Spring

      ~Vanda caerulescens Lindl. 1857 - See Vanda coerulea Griff. ex Lindl. 1847

      ~*Vanda cathcartii Lindley 1853 - See Arachnanthe cathcartii [Lindley] Benth. & Hooker 1889

    9. Vanda celebica Rolfe 1899

      SECTION Hastifera

      MOSTLY

    10. Vanda chlorosantha (Garay) Christenson 1992

      SECTION Cristatae

      Part sunCool

      ~Vanda christensoniana ( Haager ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum christensonianum Haager 1993

      ~Vanda clarkei Br. 1888 - See Arachnanthe clarkei Rolfe 1888

      ~Vanda clitellaria Rchb.f 1872- See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

    11. Vanda coerulea Griff. ex Lindl. 1847

      SECTION Longicalcarata

    12. Vanda coerulescens Griffith 1851

      SECTION Longicalcarata

      Fragrance Part sun HotCool LATE Winterand Spring

      ~Vanda coerulescens var. boxallii Rchb.f. 1877 - See Vanda × confusa Rolfe 1902

    13. Vanda concolor Blume 1849

      SECTION Longicalcarata Christenson

    14. Vanda × confusa Rolfe 1902

      ~Vanda crassiloba Teijsm. & Binn. 1866 - See Vanda furva (L.) Lindl. 1833

      ~Vanda crassiloba Auct J.J.Sm 1905 - See Vanda frankieana Metusala and O'Byrne 2012

    15. Vanda cristata Lindl. 1828

      SECTION Cristatae

      Fragrance Part sun Warm Cool Springand Summer

      ~Vanda cruenta Lodd. ex Sweet 1826 - See Vanda concolor Blume 1849

      ~Vanda cumingii Lindley ex Paxton 1850- See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda curvifolia ( Lindl. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum curvifolium [Lindley]Schlechter 1913

    16. Vanda dearei Rchb. f. 1886

      FragrancePart sunWarm to Hot Spring Summer Fall

      ~Vanda denevei (J.J.Sm.) Zurowetz 1933 - See Paraphalaenopsis denevei (J.J. Sm.) A.D. Hawkes 1963

    17. Vanda denisoniana Bens. & Rchb.f. 1869

      FragrancePart sunHot to CoolLATE Winter Spring

      ~Vanda densiflora Lindley 1851-2 - See Rhynchostylis gigantea [Lindley]Ridley 1896

    18. Vanda devoogtii J.J.Sm.1932

      ~Vanda dives ( Rchb.f. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Eparmatostigma dives (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~Vanda doritoides Guillaumin 1930 - See Ornithochilus fuscus Wallis ex Lindl. 1833

      ~Vanda esquirolei Schltr. 1921 - See Vanda concolor Blume 1849

      ~Vanda falcata (Thunb.) Beer 1854 - See Neofinetia falcata [Thunb.]H.H. Hu 1925

      ~Vanda flabellata (Rolfe ex Downie) Christenson 1985 - See Aerides flabellata Rolfe ex Downey 1925

      ~Vanda flavobrunnea Rchb.f. 1886 - See Vanda pumila Hook. f. 1896

    19. Vanda foetida J.J.Sm. 1906

      Fragrnace Partial sunSummer

    20. Vanda frankieana Metusala and O'Byrne 2012

      SECTION Hastifera

      Partial sunCold MIDFall EARLY Spring

    21. Vanda furva (L.) Lindl. 1833

      SECTION Hastifera

      Part Sun Hot Warm LATE Summer Fall Winter

      ~Vanda furva auct J.J.Sm. 1905 no [l.] Lindley - See Vanda metusalae P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm.2008

    22. Vanda fuscoviridis Lindl.1848

      ~Vanda garayi ( Christenson ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum garayi E.A.Christenson 1992

    23. Vanda gibbsiae Rolfe 1914

      FragrancePart Sun Warm Cool

      ~*Vanda gigantea Lindl. 1828- See Vandopsis gigantea (Lindley) Pfitzer 1889

    24. Vanda griffithii Lindl. 1851

      SECTION Cristatae

      Fragrance Part sun Cool Summer

      ~Vanda guangxiensis Fowlie 1993 - See Vanda concolor Blume 1849

      ~Vanda guiberti Linden & Rchb. f. 1862 - See Staurochilus guibertii ( Linden & Rchb.f. ) Christenson 1994

    25. Vanda hastifera Rchb. f. 1877

      SECTION Hastifera

      Fragrance Part sunHot LATESpring

      ~Vanda hastifera var. gibbsiae (Rolfe) P.J.Cribb 1993 - See Vanda gibbsiae Rolfe 1914

    26. Vanda helvola Blume 1849

      SLIGHT

      ~Vanda henryi Schltr. 1921 - See Vanda denisoniana Bens. & Rchb.f. 1869

      ~Vanda himalaica ( Deb , Sengupta & Malick ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum himalaicum (Deb, Sengupta & Malick) Christenson 1987

    27. Vanda hindsii Lindl. 1843

      Fragrance Part sun HotSpringTHROUGH

      ~Vanda hookeri Hort. 1882 - See Papilionanthe hookeriana [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1915

      ~Vanda hookeriana Rchb. f. 1856 - See Papilionanthe hookeriana [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1915

    28. Vanda insignis Blume 1849

      FragrantPart sunHot Warm Summer

    29. Vanda javierae D. Tiu 1984

      SECTION Roeblingiana

      Part sunWarm to Cool

    30. Vanda jennae P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. 2005

      LATE EARLY

      ~Vanda kimballiana Rchb. f. 1889 - See Holcoglossum kimballianum (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~Vanda kwangtungensis S.J.Cheng & Z.Z.Tang 1986 - See Vanda fuscoviridis Lindl.1848

    31. Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      SECTION Vanda

      FragrancePart sun Hot

      ~Vanda lamellata f flava Valm & Tiu 1984 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda lamellata var boxali [Rchb.f] Rchb.f 1880 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda lamellata var calyana [Hort.] Val & Tiu 1984 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda lamellata var remediosae Ames & Quis. 1933 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda laotica Guillaumin 1930 - See Vanda lilacina Teijsm. & Binn. 1862

      ~Vanda leucostele Schltr. 1911 - See Vanda helvola Blume 1849

    32. Vanda lilacina Teijsm. & Binn. 1862

      Part sun Hotto Warm Winter Spring

    33. Vanda limbata Blume 1849

      Fragrance Part sun Hot Summer

      ~Vanda lindenii Rchb.f. 1886 - See Vanda furva (L.) Lindl. 1833

      ~Vanda lindleyana Griff. ex Lindl. & Paxton 1851-2 - See Vandopsis gigantea (Benth. ex Pfitzer) Pfitzer 1889

    34. Vanda liouvillei Finet 1912

      SLIGHTPart sunWarm Cool

      ~*Vanda lissochiloides Lindl 1833- See Vandopsis lissochiloides (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1889

    35. Vanda lombokensis J.J.Sm. 1925

      Partial sunLATE SummerEARLY Fall

      ~Vanda longifolia Lindl. 1833 - See Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1970

    36. Vanda longitepala D.L.Roberts 2008 publ. 2009

      SECTION Cristatae

      ~Vanda lowii Lindl. 1847 - See Dimorphorchis lowii (Benth. & Hook. f.) Rolfe 1919

    37. Vanda luzonica Loher ex Rolfe 1915

      SECTION Deltoglossa

      FragrancePart sunWarm to Hot Spring

      ~Vanda luzonica var immaculata - See Vanda ustii Golamco, Claustro and de Mesa 2000

      ~Vanda masperoae Guillamin. 1951 - See Papilionanthe pedunculata (Kerr) Garay 1974

    38. Vanda merrillii Ames & Quisumb. 1932

      SECTION Deltoglossa

      FragrancePart sunWarm to Hot Spring

      ~Vanda merrillii var immaculata Ames & Quism, 1933 - See Vanda merrillii Ames & Quisumb. 1932

      ~Vanda merrillii var rotorii Ames & Quism. 1933 - See Vanda merrillii Ames & Quisumb. 1932

    39. Vanda metusalae P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm.2008

      Fragrance Full sun Hot WarmFall

      ~Vanda michoholtlitzii Rolfe - See Vanda denisoniana Bens. & Rchb.f. 1869

      ~Vanda miniata ( Lindl. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum miniatum [Lindley] Schlechter 1913

      ~Vanda muelleri Kraenzl. 1894 - See Arachnis beccarii Rchb. f. 1886

      ~Vanda multiflora Lindl. 1826 - See Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1970

      ~Vanda nana L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum pusillum Aver. 1988

      ~Vanda nasughuana Parsons 1931 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda paniculata (Ker Gawl.) R. Br. 1820 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972

      ~*Vanda parishii Rchb. f. 1868 - See Vandopsis parishii (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1912

      ~Vanda parishii var. mariottiana Rchb.f. 1880 - See Vandopsis parishii (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1912

      ~Vanda parishii var. purpurea N.E.Br. 1883 - See Vandopsis parishii (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1912

    40. Vanda parviflora Lindl. 1844

      SECTION Longicalcarata

      FragrancePart sunWarm to Cool Spring EARLY Summer

      ~*Vanda peduncularis Lindl 1833 - See Cottonia peduncularis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857

    41. Vanda petersiana Schltr.1918

      ~Vanda pseudo-coerulescens Guillaumin 1830 - See Rhynchostylis coelestis (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. ex Veitch 1891

      ~Vanda pulchella Wight 1851 - See Gastrochilus acaulis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

    42. Vanda pumila Hook. f. 1896

      SECTION Cristatae

      Fragrance Part sun Hot Cool Springand EARLY Summer

      ~*Vanda pusilla Teijsm. & Binn. 1853 - See Trichoglottis pusilla (Teijsm. & Binn.) Rchb. f. 1856

      ~ *Vanda recurva Hook. 1825 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined

      ~Vanda richardsiana ( Christenson ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Neofinetia richardsiana Christenson 1996

    43. Vanda roeblingiana Rolfe 1894

      SECTION Roeblingiana

      FragrancePart sun Cool

      ~*Vanda rostrata Lodd. 1825 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined

      ~Vanda roxburghii R. Br. 1820 - See Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. 1850

      ~Vanda roxburghii var. unicolor Hook 1835 - See Vanda concolor Blume 1849

      ~*Vanda rupestris Hand.-Mazz.1925 - See Holcoglossum rupestre (Hand.-Mazz.) Garay 1972

      ~*Vanda sanderiana Rchb.f 1882 - See Euanthe sanderiana [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1914

      ~Vanda sanderiana var albata Rchb.f 1887 - See Euanthe sanderiana [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1914

      ~Vanda sanderiana var froebelliana Cogn. 1903 - See Euanthe sanderiana [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1914

      ~Vanda sanderiana var labello-viridi Linden & Rodig. 1885 - See Euanthe sanderiana [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1914

      ~Vanda saprophytica Gagnep. 1932 - See Holcoglossum kimballianum (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~Vanda saxatilis J.J.Sm. 1926 - See Vanda furva (L.) Lindl. 1833

    44. Vanda scandens Holttum 1950

      SECTION Hastifera

      FragrancePart SunHotWarmWinter Spring SummerFall

      ~Vanda scripta Spreng. 1828 - See Grammatophyllum scriptum [L.]Blume 1849

      ~Vanda semiteretifolia ( Seidenf. ) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Ascocentrum semiteretifolium Seidenf. 1970

      ~*Vanda simondii Gagnep. 1951 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

    45. Vanda spathulata (L.) Spreng. 1826

      EITHER OR

    46. Vanda stangeana Rchb. f. 1858

      SECTION Longicalcarata

      Part sun Cool Spring

      ~Vanda storiei Storie ex Rchb. f. 1880 - See Renanthera storiei Rchb. f. 1880

      ~Vanda striata Rchb. f. 1868 - See Vanda cristata Lindl. 1828

      ~Vanda suaveolens Blume 1849 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

    47. Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      Fragrance Part sunHot Falland Winter

    48. Vanda subconcolor Tang & F.T.Wang 1974

      SECTION Longicalcarata Christenson

      LATEEARLY

      ~Vanda subulifolia Rchb. f. 1886 - See Holcoglossum subulifolium (Rchb. f.) Christenson 1987

      ~Vanda sulingi (Blume) Blume 1849 - See Armodorum sulingi (Blume) Schltr. 1911

    49. Vanda sumatrana Schltr. 1911

      Part SunHotWarmSpring

      ~Vanda superba Lind. & Rodig. 1887 - See See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda teres (Roxb.) Lindl. 1833 - See Papilionanthe teres (Roxb.) Schltr. 1915

      ~Vanda teres var. candida Rchb.f 1875 - See Papilionanthe teres (Roxb.) Schltr. 1915

      ~Vanda teretifolia Lindl. 1821 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

    50. !Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. 1850

      SECTION Longicalcarata Christenson

      Fragrance Part sunCool Summer Falland EARLY Winter

      ~Vanda tesselloides Rchb. f. 1864 - See Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. 1850

    51. Vanda testacea Rchb. f. 1877

      SECTION Longicalcarata Christenson

      to

    52. Vanda thwaitesii Hook.f. 1898

      Spring OR Fall

      ~*Vanda trichorhiza Hook. 1823 - See Luisia trichorrhiza (Hook.) Blume 1849

      ~Vanda tricolor Hook. 1849 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~Vanda tricolor Lindley 1847 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~Vanda tricolor f. patersonii (auct.) M.Hiroe 1971 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~Vanda tricolor f. planilabris (Lindl.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~Vanda tricolor var. patersonii auct. 1884 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~Vanda tricolor var. purpurea Carr 1932 - See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~Vanda tricolor var suavis [Lindley] Rchb.f 1864- See Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848

      ~*Vanda tricuspidata J.J.Sm. 1913 - See Papilionanthe tricuspidata (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1974

      ~Vanda truncata J.J. Sm. 1908 - See Vanda hindsii Lindl. 1843

      ~Vanda undulata Lindl. 1859 - See Vandopsis undulata J.J.Sm. 1912

      ~Vanda unicolor Steud. 1840 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

    53. Vanda ustii Golamco, Claustro and de Mesa 2000

      SECTION Deltoglossa Christ 2001

      to

      ~Vanda vandarum (Rchb.f.) K.Karas. 1992 - See Papilionanthe vandarum (Rchb. f.) Garay 1974

      ~Vanda vidalii Boxall 1877 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

      ~Vanda vietnamica (Haager) L.M.Gardiner 2012 - See Christensonia vietnamica Haager 1993

      ~Vanda viminea Guillaumin 1930 - See Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1970

      ~Vanda violacea Lindl. 1841 - See See Rhynchostylis gigantea (Lindl.) Ridl. 1896

    54. Vanda vipanii Rchb.f. 1882

      ~Vanda vitellina Kraenzl. 1892 - See Vanda parviflora Lindl. 1844

      ~Vanda watsonii Rolfe 1905 - See Holcoglossum subulifolium (Rchb. f.) Christenson 1987

      ~Vanda whiteana D.A. Herb. & S.T. Blake 1951 - See Vanda hindsii Lindl. 1843

      ~Vanda wightiana Lindl. ex Wight 1851 - See Acampe papillosa (Lindley) Lindl. 1853

    55. Vanda wightii Rchb.f. 1864

      Spring OR Fall

      ~Vanda yamiensis Masam. & Segawa 1934 - See Vanda lamellata Lindley 1838

    Vandopsis Pfitz. 1889 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

    There are five species spread throuhgout northeastern India and SE Asia as well as southern China in this terrestrial, lithophytic and epiphytic genus. Characterized by the monopodial habit with thick and fleshy leaves, an axillary, many flowered inflorescence with large flowers with broad-spreading sepals and petals, a lip adnate to the column, not movable, horizontal, much smaller than the petals, geniculately bent, more or less caliculate, at most gibbous at the base, three lobed, sidelobed rounded, and a narrow, obtuse, fleshy midlobe with a disc with a broad conical callus. The column is short and footless, a single chambered anther with 2, deeply sulcate pollina in unequal pairs and, more or less sessile or on broadly ligulate stipes. Their care is similar to Vanda in general, lots of year round water and fertilizer with bright to full light.

    Common Name or Meaning Refers to appearing to be a Vanda

    Synonyms Fieldia Gaudich. 1829; Hygrochilus Pfitz. 1897; Stauropsis Rchb.f 1860 in part

    Type species = ! = Vandopsis lissochiloides (Gaud.) Pfitzer 1889

      Vandopsis beccarii (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm. 1909 - See Arachnis beccarii Rchb. f. 1886

      ~*Vandopsis celebica Schltr. 1911 - See Arachnis celebica (Schltr.) J.J.Sm. 1912

      ~Vandopsis chalmersiana F.Muell. & Kraenzl. 1894 - See Sarcanthopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~Vandopsis chinensis Schlechter 1911 - See Vandopsis gigantea (Lindley) Pfitzer 1889

      ~Vandopsis curvata J.J.Sm. 1914 - See Sarcanthopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~Vandopsis davisii Ames & Quisumb. 1932 - See Staurochilus loheriana [Kraenzl.] Christenson 1992

    1. Vandopsis gigantea (Lindley) Pfitzer 1889

      Fragrance Full sunWarm to Hot Springand Summer

      ~Vandopsis imthurnii (Rolfe) P.F.Hunt 1970 - See Arachnis beccarii Rchb. f. 1886

      ~Vandopsis kupperiana Kraenzl. 1921 - See Staurochilus luzonensis [Ames] Ames 1925

      ~Vandopsis leytensis Ames 1915 - See Staurochilus fasciatus Ridley 1896

    2. !Vandopsis lissochiloides (Gaud.) Pfitzer 1889

      FragranceFull sunWarm to HotMOSTLY Summer

      ~*Vandopsis longicaulis Schltr. 1913 - See Arachnis longicaulis (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1937

      ~Vandopsis lowii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1911 - See Dimorphorchis lowii (Benth. & Hook. f.) Rolfe 1919

      ~Vandopsis luchuensis (Rolfe) Schltr. 1911 - See Staurochilus luchuensis (Rolfe) Fukuy. 1942

      ~Vandopsis muelleri (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1911 - See Arachnis beccarii Rchb. f. 1886

      ~Vandopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1913 - See Sarcanthopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~ Vandopsis osmantha Fukuy. ex Masam 1977 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972

      ~Vandopsis pantherina J.J.Sm. 1929 - See Sarcanthopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

    3. Vandopsis parishii (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1912

      FragranceFull sunWarm to Hot LATE Winter and Spring

      ~Vandopsis praealta (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Sarcanthopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

      ~Vandopsis raymundii Schltr. 1921 - See Sarcanthopsis nagarensis (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

    4. Vandopsis undulata J.J.Sm. 1912

      FragrantPart SunWarmCool Spring

      ~Vandopsis warocqueana (Rolfe) Schltr.1906 - See Sarcanthopsis warocqueana (Rolfe) Garay 1972

    Vanilla Miller 1754 SUBFAMILY Vanilloideae, TRIBE Vanillineae

    There are approximately 108 species in this world-wide tropical genus that was known to the Aztec indians since time immemorial as a flavoring source made from the seeds in the elongate seed capsule that the flowers produce. The plants of this genus are charactereized by having a monopodial climbing habit much like vines. The leaves are spread along the length alternately and are fleshy, reduced to scales or lacking altogether. The inflorescence arise from the leaf axils or scales and are short, racemose and single to several flowered. The flowers have similar sepals and petals and the lip is basally united and surrounds the long slender column and then broadens and forms a trumpet shape at the apex. There are 4 granular pollina. The fruit is an elongate pod and it is this that is used to create Vanilla flavoring.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the seed pods

    Synonyms Myrobroma Salisb. 1807

    Type species = ! = Epidendrum vanilla L. 1753 = Vanilla mexicana Miller 1786

    1. Vanilla africana Lindl. 1862

      ~ Vanilla africana subsp. ramosa (Rolfe) Szlach. & Olszewski 1998 - See Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

      ~Vanilla africana var. gilletii (De Wild.) Portčres 1951 - See Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

      ~Vanilla africana var. laurentiana (De Wild.) Portčres 1951 - See Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

    2. Vanilla albida Blume 1823

      EARLY

      ~Vanilla anaromatica Griseb. 1864 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

    3. Vanilla andamanica Rolfe 1918

      Fragrance Part ShadeHot

      ~Vanilla angustifolia Willd. 1805 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

    4. Vanilla angustipetala Schltr. 1922

    5. Vanilla annamica Gagnep. 1931

    6. Vanilla aphylla Blume 1852

      Full sunCool to HotFall

      ~Vanilla aromatica Sw. 1799 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

      ~Vanilla aromatica Willd. 1805 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla articulata Northrop. 1902- See Vanilla barbellata Rchb.f 1865

      ~Vanilla axillaris Mill. 1768 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

    7. Vanilla bahiana Hoehne 1950

      ~Vanilla bakeri Schltr.1910 - See Vanilla barbellata Rchb.f 1865

      ~Vanilla bampsiana Geerinck 1982 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

    8. Vanilla barbellata Rchb.f 1865

      Fragrance Full sunWarm to Hot Springand Summer

      ~Vanilla beauchenei A.Chev. 1913 - See Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

    9. Vanilla bicolor Lindl.1838

    10. Vanilla borneensis Rolfe 1896

      fragrantPart Shade Hot Warm winter EARLIER Spring

    11. Vanilla calopogon Rchb.f. 1878

      LATE

    12. Vanilla chamissonis Klotzsch 1846

      to LATER to EARLY

      ~Vanilla chamissonis var. brevifolia Cogn. 1893 - See Vanilla chamissonis Klotzsch 1846

    13. Vanilla claviculata (Sw.) Sw. 1799

      FragranceFull shadeWarm to Cool Spring

      ~Vanilla claviculata Lindl. 1858 - See Vanilla bicolor Lindl.1838

      ~Vanilla correllii Sauleda & R.M.Adams 1981 - See Vanilla poitaei Rchb. f. 1877

    14. Vanilla costaricensis Soto Arenas 2010

      MID

    15. Vanilla decaryana H.Perrier 1934

      Full shade Hot Warm SpringTHROUGH EARLYSummer

      ~Vanilla denticulata Pabst 1972 publ. 1973 - See Vanilla odorata C. Presl 1826

    16. Vanilla diabolica P.O'Byrne 1996

      Sun Hot Warm LATE Fall EARLYWinter

      ~*Vanilla dietschiana Edwall 1903 - See Dictyophyllaria dietschiana (Edwall) Garay 1986

    17. Vanilla dilloniana Correll 1946

      LATE

    18. Vanilla dressleri Soto Arenas 2010

      ~Vanilla duckei Huber 1909 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

    19. Vanilla edwallii Hoehne 1941

      Part shadeWarmCoolLATE EARLY

      ~Vanilla eggersii Rolfe 1896 - See Vanilla poitaei Rchb. f. 1877

      ~Vanilla ensifolia Rolfe 1892 - See Vanilla odorata C. Presl 1827

      ~Vanilla epidendrum Mirb. 1804 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

    20. Vanilla espondae Soto Arenas 2010

      ~Vanilla fasciola (G.Forst.) Spreng. 1815 - See Taeniophyllum fasciola (G.Forst.) Seem. 1862

      ~Vanilla fragrans (Salisb.) Ames 1924 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla grandiflora Lindl. 1840 - See Vanilla pompona Schiede 1829

      ~Vanilla grandifolia var. lujae (De Wild.) Geerinck 1974 - See Vanilla imperialis Kraenzl. 1896

      ~Vanilla gratiosa Griseb. 1866 - See Vanilla bicolor Lindl.1838

    21. Vanilla griffithii Rchb.f. 1854

      Fragrance deep shadeWarm to Hot Spring EARLYSummer

      ~Vanilla griffithii var. formosana T.Itô 1911 - See Vanilla albida Blume 1823

      ~ Vanilla griffithii var. ronoensis (Hayata) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Vanilla albida Blume 1823

    22. Vanilla helleri A.D.Hawkes 1966

      ~Vanilla hirsuta M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1996 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

    23. Vanilla humblotii Rchb.f. 1885

      Full shade Hotfall

    24. Vanilla imperialis Kraenzl. 1896

      Full shade Hot to Warm

      ~Vanilla imperialis var. congolensis De Wild. 1921 - See Vanilla imperialis Kraenzl. 1896

    25. Vanilla inodora Schiede 1829

    26. Vanilla insignis Ames 1934

    27. Vanilla kempteriana Schltr. 1911

      Full shade WarmWinter

    28. Vanilla kinabaluensis Carr 1936

      Part Shade Hot Warm

      ~Vanilla laurentiana De Wild. 1904 - See Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

      ~Vanilla laurentiana var. gilletii De Wild. 1904 - See Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

      ~Vanilla lindmaniana Kraenzl. 1911 - See Vanilla palmarum (Salzm. ex Lindl.) Lindl. 1840

      ~Vanilla lujae De Wild. 1904 - See Vanilla imperialis Kraenzl. 1896

      ~Vanilla lutea C.Wright ex Griseb. 1866 - See Vanilla bicolor Lindl.1838

      ~Vanilla lutescens Moq. ex Dupuis 1856 - See Vanilla pompona Schiede 1829

    29. Vanilla madagascariensis Rolfe 1896

      Full shade Hot ToWarm Fall THROUGHSpring

      ~ Vanilla majaijensis Blanco 1845 - See Vanilla ovalis Blanco 1845

    30. !Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

      ToWarm

      ~Vanilla montana Ridl. 1915 - See Vanilla albida Blume 1823

    31. Vanilla moonii Thwaites 1861

    32. Vanilla odorata C. Presl 1827

      Part shade CoolHot Summer

    33. Vanilla oroana Dodson 2003

      ~Vanilla ovalifolia Rolfe 1896 - See Vanilla zanzibarica Rolfe 1906

    34. Vanilla ovalis Blanco 1845

    35. Vanilla palmarum (Salzm. ex Lindl.) Lindl. 1840

      ~Vanilla palmarum var. grandifolia Cogn. 1893 - See Vanilla palmarum (Salzm. ex Lindl.) Lindl. 1840

    36. Vanilla paludosa Pansarin, J.M.Aguiar & A.W.C.Ferreira 2012

      ~Vanilla parishii Rchb.f. 1878 - See Vanilla aphylla Blume 1852

    37. Vanilla parvifolia Barb.Rodr. 1882

      ~Vanilla parvifolia var. robustior Edwall ex Hoehne 1945 - See Vanilla parvifolia Barb.Rodr. 1882

      ~Vanilla pauciflora Dressler 1979 - See Vanilla trigonocarpa Hoehne 1944

      ~Vanilla perexilis Bertoni 1910 - See Vanilla parvifolia Barb.Rodr. 1882

    38. Vanilla perrieri Schltr. 1924

      ~Vanilla pfaviana Rchb.f. 1883 - See Vanilla inodora Schiede 1829

    39. Vanilla phaeantha Rchb.f. 1865

      partial shade Hot Warm spring Summer

    40. Vanilla phalaenopsis Rchb.f. ex Van Houtte 1867

      Part ShadeHot

      ~Vanilla philippinensis Rolfe 1896 - See Vanilla ovalis Blanco 1845

      ~Vanilla pierrei Gagnep. 1931 - See Vanilla siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925

      ~ Vanilla pilifera Holttum 1951 - See Vanilla borneensis Rolfe 1896

      ~Vanilla pittieri Schltr. 1906 - See Vanilla pompona Schiede 1829

    41. Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      Fragrance Part shadeWarm to Hot Winter Spring Summer Fall

      ~Vanilla planifolia var. angusta Costantin & Boiss. ex C.Henry 1924 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla planifolia var. macrantha Griseb 1866 - See Vanilla phaeantha Rchb.f. 1865

      ~Vanilla pleei Portčres 1951 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

    42. Vanilla poitaei Rchb. f. 1877

      LATER to

    43. Vanilla polylepis Summerh. 1951

    44. Vanilla pompona Schiede 1829

      Part ShadeWarm to Hot LATE Winter EARLY Spring

      ~Vanilla pompona subsp. grandiflora (Lindl.) Soto Arenas 2010 - See Vanilla pompona Schiede 1829

      ~Vanilla pompona subsp. pittieri (Schltr.) Dressler 2010 - See Vanilla pompona Schiede 1829

      ~*Vanilla ponapensis Kaneh. & Yamam. 1933 - See Pseudovanilla ponapensis (Kaneh. & Yamam.) Garay 1986

      ~Vanilla preussii Kraenzl.1919 - See Vanilla inodora Schiede 1829

      ~Vanilla pterosperma Lindl. 1832 - See Galeola nudifolia Lour. 1790

    45. Vanilla ramosa Rolfe 1896

    46. Vanilla ribeiroi Hoehne 1910

      ~Vanilla rojasiana Hoehne 1941 - See Vanilla angustipetala Schltr. 1922

      ~Vanilla ronoensis Hayata 1920 - See Vanilla albida Blume 1823

    47. Vanilla roscheri Rchb.f. 1876

      FragrancePart SunHot Winter

      ~Vanilla rubiginosa Griff. 1851 - See Galeola nudifolia Lour. 1790

      ~Vanilla rubra [Lamb]Urb. 1920 - See Vanilla claviculata (Sw.) Sw. 1799

    48. Vanilla sarapiquensis Soto Arenas 2010

      ~Vanilla sativa Schiede 1829 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla schliebenii Mansf. ex Schlieben 1937 - See Vanilla polylepis Summerh. 1951

    49. Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen 2007

      EARLY

    50. Vanilla siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925

    51. Vanilla sp Vietnam

      Part Shade

      ~Vanilla surinamensis Splitg. ex Rchb. f. 1858 - See Vanilla grandiflora Lindl. 1840

      ~Vanilla sylvestris Schiede 1829 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla tahitensis J.W.Moore 1933 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1987 - See Erythrorchis altissima (Blume) Blume 1837

      ~Vanilla tiarei Costantin & Bois 1915 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

      ~Vanilla tolypephora Ridl. 1893 - See Vanilla griffithii Rchb.f. 1854

    52. Vanilla trigonocarpa Hoehne 1944

      ~Vanilla uncinata Huber ex Hoehne 1937 - See Vanilla odorata C. Presl 1827

      ~Vanilla vanilla (L.) Huth 1893 - See Vanilla mexicana Mill. 1768

      ~ Vanilla verrucosa Hauman 1917 - See Vanilla angustipetala Schltr. 1922

      ~Vanilla viridiflora Bl. 1825 - See Vanilla planifolia Jacks. ex Andrews 1808

    53. Vanilla walkeriae Wight 1845

    54. Vanilla wightii Lindl. ex Wight 1845

      ~Vanilla wrightii Rchb.f. 1865 - See Vanilla bicolor Lindl.1838

    55. Vanilla zanzibarica Rolfe 1906

    ~× Vappaculum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

    ~× Vappaculum lavarackianum (M.A.Clem.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium × superbiens Rchb.f. 1876

    ~× Vappaculum superbiens (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium × superbiens Rchb.f. 1876

    ~Vappodes M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

    All the members of this genus have been moved to Dendrobium or Dockerilla.

    ~Vappodes affinis (Decne.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium affine [Decais.] Steudel 1840

    ~Vappodes bigibba (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium bigibbum Lindley 1852

    ~Vappodes dicupha (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium affine [Decais.] Steudel 1840

    ~Vappodes lithocola (D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium bigibbum Lindley 1852

    `Vargasiella C.Schweinf.1952 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae , TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae

    There are 2 species in the terrestrial genus confined to the Andes of South America.

    Common Name or Meaning Vargas' Orchid [Peruvian Orchid Collector 1900's]

    Type species = ! = Vargasiella peruviana C.Schweinf.1952

    1. !Vargasiella peruviana C.Schweinf. 1952

      LATER

    2. Vargasiella venezuelana C.Schweinf. 1958

    `Vasqueziella Dodson 1982 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Stanhopeinae

    There is but a single species in this epiphytic, new world genus related to Stanhopea. It is characterized by the large, pyriform psuedobulbs with four apical leaves and no foliaceous sheaths below. It blooms on a pendant inflorescence and the flowers have free sepals and petals, a subcampanulate lip that is saccate at the hypochile, and have a pair of sharp, short horns on each side of the apex of the mesochile and a narrowly elliptical epichile with an acute apex. The Column is pubescent and has no wings and carries 2 hard, clavate pollina attached directly to the viscidium

    Common Name or Meaning Vasquez' Orchid [Bolivian Orchid Enthusiast current]

    Type species = ! = Vasqueziella boliviana Dodson 1982

    1. !Vasqueziella boliviana Dodson 1982

    Ventricularia Garay 1972 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

    A pendant growing, monopodial genus of 2 species occuring in Thailand, Malaysia and Borneo

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the belly shaped spur of the lip

    Type species = ! = Ventricularia tenuicaulis (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

    1. Ventricularia borneensis J.J.Wood 1998

      Part shadeHotTo Cool Spring

    2. !Ventricularia tenuicaulis (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

      Full Shade Hot Warm Summer

    ~Vermeulenia Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972 - See Orchis L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

    ~Vermeulenia caspia (Trautv.) Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia chlorotca (Woronow) Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Vermeulenia × dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis × dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Vermeulenia fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea f. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) P.Delforge 2011 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. aegaea P.Delforge 2010 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barrette) Szlach. 2001 - See Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) P.Delforge 2010 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. grandiflora (Boiss.) Szlach. 2001 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. messenica (Renz) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vermeulenia papilionacea var. vexillifera (Terraciano) P.Delforge 2009 - See Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Vesicisepalum (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

    Synonyms *Bulbophyllum sect. Vesicisepalum J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Vesicisepalum caputgnomonis (J.J.Verm.) Szlach.2007 - See Bulbophyllum caputgnomonis J.J.Verm.1993

    ~Vesicisepalum ustusfortiter (J.J.Verm.) Szlach.2007 - See Bulbophyllum ustusfortiter J.J.Verm. 1993

    ~`Vestigium Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

    ~Vestigium abortivum (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Pleurothallis abortiva Luer 1980

    ~`Vexillabium F.Maek. 1935 - See Kuhlhasseltia J.J.Sm. 1910 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

    ~Vexillabium boreale F.Maek. 1937 - See Kuhlhasseltia nakaiana (F.Maek.) Ormerod 2002

    ~Vexillabium fissum F.Maek. 1936 - See Kuhlhasseltia nakaiana (F.Maek.) Ormerod 2002

    ~Vexillabium humilis (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Kuhlhasseltia yakushimensis (Yamam.) Ormerod 2003

    ~Vexillabium inamii Ohwi 1956 - See Kuhlhasseltia nakaiana (F.Maek.) Ormerod 2002

    ~Vexillabium integrum (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Kuhlhasseltia yakushimensis (Yamam.) Ormerod 2003

    ~*Vexillabium nakaianum F.Maek. 1935 - See Kuhlhasseltia nakaiana (F.Maek.) Ormerod 2002

    ~Vexillabium yakushimense (Yamam.) F.Maek. 1935 - See Kuhlhasseltia yakushimensis (Yamam.) Ormerod 2003

    ~ Vexillabium yakushimense var. nakaianum (F.Maek.) T.B.Lee 1975 - See Kuhlhasseltia nakaiana (F.Maek.) Ormerod 2002

    Veyretella Szlach. & Olszewski 1998SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

    There are 2 species in this genus that is visually similar to Brachycorythis but has a distinct column, refered previously to Habenaria but this one has a creeping rhizome, linear, one veined petals, a three lobed lip with tridentate side lobes and a much larger flabellate modlobe abd a distinct basal callus.

    Common Name or Meaning Veyret's Little Orchid [French Botanist and orchid expert current]

    Type species = ! = Veyretella hetaerioides (Summerh.) Szlach. & Olszewski 1998

    1. !Veyretella hetaerioides (Summerh.) Szlach. & Olszewski 1998

    Veyretia Szlach. 1995 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

    There are 11 species in this South American terrestrial genus separated from Spiranthes

    Common Name or Meaning Veyret's Orchid [French Botanist and orchid expert current]

    Type species = ! = Veyretia hassleri (Cogn.) Szlach. 1995

    1. Veyretia aphylla (Ridl.) Szlach. 1995

      Full Shade

    2. Veyretia cogniauxiana (Barb.Rodr. ex Cogn.) Szlach.1995

      Part Shade Warm to Cool

    3. !Veyretia hassleri (Cogn.) Szlach. 1995

      ~Veyretia lindmaniana (Kraenzl.) Szlach 1995 - See Veyretia neuroptera (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach. 1995

    4. Veyretia neuroptera (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach. 1995

      to LATE LATE

      ~Veyretia neuroptera var. camposnovensis (Hoehne) Szlach. 1995 - See Veyretia neuroptera (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach. 1995

      ~Veyretia rupestris Szlach. 1995 - See Veyretia rupicola (Garay) F.Barros 2003

    5. Veyretia rupicola (Garay) F.Barros 2003

      Full shade Cold Spring

    6. Veyretia sagittata (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach. 1995

      Full ShadeCold

      ~Veyretia sagittata var. depauperata (Cogn.) Szlach. 1995 - See Veyretia sagittata (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach. 1995

    7. Veyretia simplex (Griseb.) Szlach. 1995

      Full Shade HotWinter EARLIER Spring

    8. Veyretia sincorensis (Schltr.) Szlach. 1996

      Full Shade Cool LATE Spring

    9. Veyretia szlachetkoana Mytnik 2007 publ. 2006

      Full Shade HotSpring

    ~`Vieillardorchis Kraenzl 1928 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813

    SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

    ~Vieillardorchis le-ratii Kraenzl. 1928 - See Goodyera scripta (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1906

    `Vietorchis Aver. & Averyanova 2003SUBFAMILY Epidenroideae, TRIBE Nerviliieae SUBTRIBE Nervilieae

    This is a monotypic, leafless when blooming terrestrial genus occuring in Vietnam.

    Common Name or Meaning The Vietnam Orchid

    Type species = ! = Vietorchis aurea Aver. & Averyanova 2003

    1. !Vietorchis aurea Aver. & Averyanova 2003

    ~`Vitekorchis Romowicz & Szlach. 2006 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

    ~Vitekorchis boothiana (Rchb.f.) Romowicz & Szlach. 2006 - See Oncidium boothianum Rchb. f. 1854

    ~Vitekorchis buchtienii (Schltr.) Romowicz & Szlach. 2006 - See Oncidium baueri Lindl. 1833

    ~Vitekorchis excavata (Lindl.) Romowicz & Szlach. 2006 - See Oncidium excavatum Lindley 1838

    ~Vitekorchis foveata (Lindl.) Romowicz & Szlach.2006 - See Oncidium foveatum Lindl. 1855

    ~Vitekorchis iricolor (Rchb.f.) Romowicz & Szlach.2006 - See Oncidium iricolor Rchb.f. 1854

    ~Vitekorchis klotzschiana (Rchb. f.) Romowicz & Szlach.2006 - See Oncidium klotzscheanum Rchb. f. 1852

    ~ Vitekorchis lucasiana (Rolfe) Romowicz & Szlach. 2006 - See Oncidium lucasianum Rolfe 1894

    ~Vitekorchis obryzata (Rchb. f.) Romowicz & Szlach. 2006 - See Oncidium obryzatum Rchb. f. 1854

    ~Vitekorchis vasquezii (Christenson) Romowicz & Szlach 2006 - See Oncidium vasquezii Christenson 1996

    ~`Vonroemeria J.J.Sm. 1910 - See Octarrhena Thwaites 1861 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae SUBTRIBE Thelasiinae .

    ~*Vonroemeria tenuis J.J.Sm. 1910 - See Octarrhena tenuis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1913

    Vrydagzynea Blume 1858

    SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

    There are 39 species in this terrestrial genus from Taiwan, SE Asia, Malesia, Samoa, Tonga and Australia all having creeping rhizomes, turning erect at intervals then leafy to the apex and having a terminal inflorescence which are short at flower inception and lengthen before the seed capsules mature and carry small, resupinate flowers with parellel sepals, joined or free to the dorsal sepal, a non lobed lip, parellel to and held alongside of the column, is distinctly spurred, and inside has 2 pendular glands held on stems.

    Common Name or Meaning Vrydag Zynen's Orchid [Dutch Botanist early 1800's]

    Type species = ! = Etaeria albida Blume = Vrydagzynea albida (Blume) Blume 1858

    1. !Vrydagzynea albida (Blume) Blume 1858

      Full shadeWarm to Hot LATESpring EARLYFall

      ~Vrydagzynea albida var flavescens J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Vrydagzynea albida (Blume) Blume 1858

      ~Vrydagzynea albida var. formosana (Hayata) T.Hashim.1987 - See Vrydagzynea nuda Blume 1858

      ~Vrydagzynea albida var. purpurascens Kraenzl. 1898 - See Vrydagzynea samoana Schltr. 1910

    2. Vrydagzynea argyrotaenia Schlechter 1905

      Full shade Hot Warm Winter

      ~Vrydagzynea formosana Hayata 1916 - See Vrydagzynea nuda Blume 1858

    3. Vrydagzynea grayi D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004

      LATE EARLY

    4. Vrydagzynea lancifolia Ridl. 1896

      Full shadeWarm to Hot

    5. Vrydagzynea nuda Blume 1858

    6. Vrydagzynea paludosa J.J. Sm. 1908

    7. Vrydagzynea purpurea Blume 1858

      ~Vrydagzynea rivularis Schltr. 1911 - See Vrydagzynea paludosa J.J. Sm. 1908

    8. Vrydagzynea samoana Schltr. 1910

      Full shade Hot Warm

      ~Vrydagzynea sandvicensis (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks 1895 - See Anoectochilus sandvicensis Lindl. 1840

    9. Vrydagzynea tristriata Ridl. 1896

      Deep Shade HotWarm LATE Summer EARLY Fall

    10. Vrydagzynea uncinata Blume 1859

      ~Vrydagzynea viridiflora Hook.f. 1890 - See Vrydagzynea albida (Blume) Blume 1858

    11. Vrydagzynea vitiensis Rchb.f. 1878

      Full shade Hot Warm MID WinterSpring

      ~Vrydagzynea whitmeei Schltr. 1906 - See Vrydagzynea vitiensis Rchb.f. 1878

    ~Wailesia Lindley - See Dipodium R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Cyrtopodiinae.

    ~Wailesia paludosa (Griff.) Rchb.f. 1854 - See Dipodium paludosum (Griff.) Rchb. f. 1862

    ~*Wailesia picta Lindl. 1849 - See Dipodium pictum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1862

    ~Wailesia punctata (Sm.) G.Nicholson 1887 - See Dipodium squamatum (G.Forst.) R.Br. 1810

    `Waireia D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. 1997 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae

    A monotypic terrestrial genus from New Zealand with an ovoid tuber giving rise to an erect, short, unbranched stem with membraneous cataphyls at each of the nodes and carrying a single, basal, sessile on flowering plant, petiolate on sterile plants, narrowly elliptic, acute leaf that blooms on an erect, 1 to few flowered inflorescence with one sterile bract and foliaceous, sheathing, floral bracts

    Common Name or Meaning The Wet Peaty Orchid

    Type species = ! = Waireia stenopetala (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy 1997

    1. !Waireia stenopetala (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy 1997

      Part Shade Cold

    `Wallnoeferia Szlach.1994 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

    A single species makes up this mini-miniature sized, terrestrial genus distinguished by its hairy protrusions within the axils of the leaves.

    Common Name or Meaning Wallnoefer's Wallnoeferia [Austrian Botanist - Original collector of species current]

    Type species = ! = Wallnoeferia peruviana Szlach. 1994

    1. !Wallnoeferia peruviana Szlach. 1994

    ~`Waluewa Regel 1890 - See Leochilus Knowles & Westcott 1838 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

    ~Waluewa pulchella Regel 1890 - See Oncidium waluewa Rolfe 1904

    ~Warczewitzia Skinner 1850-1 - See Catasetum Kunth 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae.

    Warczewiczella Rchb.f. 1852 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    There are 11 species at this time in this genus carved from Chondrorhyncha and Cochleanthes. This genus consists of a fan-shaped growth with conduplicate leaves attached to a folded leaf sheath. The flowers arise on semi-erect to laxly pendant inflorescence with the flowers held at mid plant level and are a white purple scheme with prominent lips and in most species reflexed back lateral sepals, the tubular lip only envelopes the column and the lateral edges fold over or try to clasp the column. The middle portion of the lip is large and is laxly tubular to flat for most all of it's length with only the apical portion deflexed. The callus is at the base of the lip and radiates towards the apice and primarily laterally with thick prominent keels. The column is widest at it's midpoint and has no to very slight wings, and has a small tooth on the short ventral column foot which is mostly held at a right angle to column. There is a slit-like stigma and the rostellum is tooth-like. The pollina are equal and it has a shield shaped viscidium.

    Common Name or Meaning

    Type species = ! = Warzcewiczella discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852

    1. Warczewiczella amazonica Rchb.f & Warscew 1854

      FragranceFull shadeTo WarmFallWinterEARLY Spring

      ~ Warczewiczella aromatica [Rchb.f]Rchb.f - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes & Garay 1954

      ~Warczewiczella bidentata (Rchb.f. ex Hemsl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Stenotyla lendyana (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

      ~Warczewiczella caloglossa Schltr. 1913 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

    2. Warczewiczella candida Rchb.f 1852

      FragranceFull shadeCoolTo Warm LATE FallTo Winter

      ~Warczewiczella cochlearis [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Warczewiczella cochleata [Lindley] Barb. Rodr. 1883 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Warczewiczella digitata Barb. Rodr. 1883 - See Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878

    3. !Warczewiczella discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852

      FragranceFull shadeCoolTo WarmSpring To Fall

      ~Warczewiczella flabelliformis [Sw.] Cogn. 1903 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Warczewiczella flabelliformis var atroviolacea Cogn. 1897 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Warczewiczella flabelliformis var marginata Cogn. 1898 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Warczewiczella flabelliformis var peetersii Cogn. 1898 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~*Warczewiczella gehrtiana Hoehne 1937 - See Hoehneella gehrtiana (Hoehne) Ruschi 1945

      ~Warczewiczella gehrtiana Hoehne ex Hoehne 1938 - See Hoehneella gehrtiana (Hoehne) Ruschi 1945

      ~Warczewiczella gibeziae Rchb.f 1892 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

    4. Warczewiczella guianensis (Lafontaine, G.Gerlach & Senghas) Dressler 2005

      ~Warczewiczella heteroclita (Poepp. & Endl.) Hoehne 1952 - See Chaubardia heteroclita [Poepp. & Endl.] Dodson & Bennet 1989

    5. Warczewiczella ionoleuca (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1920

      Full shadeHotCoolSpring

      ~Warczewiczella lindenii Hort. 1892 - See Warczewiczella amazonica Rchb.f & Warscew 1854

    6. Warczewiczella lipscombiae (Rolfe) Fowlie 1969

    7. Warczewiczella lobata (Garay) Dressler 2005

      Full Shade

    8. Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f.1852

      to to

    9. Warczewiczella palatina (Senghas) Dressler 2005

      Full ShadeWarmSummer

      ~*Warczewiczella picta Rchb.f. 1883 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

    10. Warczewiczella timbiensis P.Ortiz 2005

      Full ShadeCool SpringSummerFall

      ~Warczewiczella velata Rchb.f - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Warczewiczella violacea (Lindl.) Rollisson 1875 - See Bollea violacea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1952

      ~Warzcewiczella vittata Anonymous 1887 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

    11. Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878

      FragranceFull shadeCoolTo WarmSpring To Summer

      ~Warczewiczella wendlandii [Rchb.f]Schlechter - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes & Garay 1954

    Warmingia Rchb.f 1881SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

    Four species occur in this epiphytic genus from the humid central to southern forests of Costa Rica, Ecuador, Boliva and Brazil and is characterized by the pseudobulbs subtended by distichous leaf-like sheaths and carrying a single apical leaf and blooming on an axillary inflorescence carrying white flowers with spreading lateral sepals that do not form a basal tube, a spurless, elongate, slender, concave lip with large lateral lobes and 2 hard pollina attached to a stipe connected to a viscidium.

    Type species = ! = Warmingia eugenii Rchb.f 1881

      ~Warmingia bolopetala Kraenzl. 1920 - See Warmingia eugenii Rchb.f. 1881

    1. !Warmingia eugenii Rchb.f. 1881

      Part shadeWarm to Cool

      ~Warmingia loefgrenii Cogn. 1904 - See Warmingia eugenii Rchb.f 1881

      ~Warmingia margaritacea B. Johans.1992 -See Warmingia zamorana Dodson 1989

    2. Warmingia zamorana Dodson 1989

      EARLY

    Warrea Lindley 1843 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    There are 3 terrestrial and rarely lithophytic species in this little known genus found from Costa Rica To Peru, Venezuela and Brazil. They are characterized as a genus by having large or small pseudobulbs with several internodes, surrounded by leafy sheaths and terminating with a few veined leaves. There are a few medium sized flowers on the lateral erect racemose inflorescence. It has concave sepals and petals, a lip with central fleshy calli and is articulated to the base of the column foot. It carries 4 pollina, arranged in two pairs and has a stipe and a viscidium. In general they are shade loving and are warm to cool growing and need ample humidity.

    Common Name or Meaning Nmaed for F. Warr an English orchidist

    Type species = ! = Warrea tricolor Lindley 1843 = Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      ~Warrea bahiensis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f.1854 - See Paradisanthus bahiensis Rchb.f. 1852

    1. Warrea bidentata Lindl.1844

      ~*Warrea candida Lindl. 1850-1 - See Warczewiczella candida Rchb.f 1852

    2. Warrea costaricensis Schltr.1920

      ~*Warrea cyanea Lindl. 1844 - See Warreella cyanea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

      ~Warrea digitata Lem. 1856 - See Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878

      ~*Warrea discolor Lindley 1849 - See Warczewiczella discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852

      ~Warrea lindeniana Henfr. 1850 - See Warrea bidentata Lindl.1844

      ~*Warrea marginata 1852 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Warrea medellinensis Kraenzl 1920 - See Warreella cyanea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

      ~Warrea quadrata Lindley 1853 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Warrea speciosa Schltr 1921 - See Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      ~*Warrea tricolor Lindl. 1843 - See Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      ~Warrea tricolor var bidentata Stein 1892 - See Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      ~ Warrea tricolor var stapelioides Rchb.f 1872 - See Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      ~Warrea tricolor var unijugata [Regel] Rchb.f 1861 - See Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      ~Warrea unijugata Regel 1855 - See Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf 1955

      ~*Warrea wailesiana Lindl. 1849 - See Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878

    3. !Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955

      FragrancePart shade Hot Warm LATE Summerand Fall

    `Warreella Schltr. 1914 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    There are two species in this terrestrial genus occuring in Colombia and Venezuela characterized by the close set pseudobulbs composed of several internodes and carrrying plicate, heavily veined, articulate leaves, a multiflorous erect, basal inflorescence carrying blue, resupinate flowers with free, spreading sepals and petals, a lightly 3 lobed lip with 3 to 5 parellel, radiating ribs for the callus and 4 superposed, hard pollina attached to a very short stipe.

    Common Name or Meaning The Small Warrea-Like Orchid

    Type species = ! = Warreella cyanea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914.

    1. !Warreella cyanea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

      LATE EARLY

      ~Warreella medellinensis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1953 - See Warreella cyanea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    2. Warreella patula Garay 1973

      ~Warreella venusta (Ridl.) Schltr. 1914 - See Otostylis alba (Ridl.) Summerh. 1951

    Warreopsis Garay 1973 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae

    There are 4 species in this genus originally held within Zygopetalum. It is characterized by the several noded pseudobulbs enveloped completetly by leaf bases of thin, plicate leaves, an inflorescence that arises laterally and free sepals and petals, a lip with a flat radiate callus situated between the lateral lobes and united to the elongate column foot, the column terete, wingless and carries 4 hard pollina united to form a pair attached to an elongate viscidium.

    Common Name or Meaning The Warrea-Like Orchid

    Type species Zygopetalum pardina Rchb.f = ! = Wareopsis pardina [Rchb.f] Garay 1973

    1. !Wareopsis pardina [Rchb.f] Garay 1973

      to

    2. Warreopsis parviflora (L.O.Williams) Garay 1973

      Deep Shade Cool Spring Summer

    3. Warreopsis purpurea P.Ortiz 1994

    ~Warscaea Szlach. 1994 - See Cyclopogon C. Presl 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

    ~Warscaea aprica (Lindl.) Szlach. 1994 - See Cyclopogon apricus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Warscaea diversifolia (Cogn.) Szlach. 1994 - See Cyclopogon apricus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Warscaea oligantha (Hoehne) Szlach. 1994 - See Cyclopogon oliganthus (Hoehne) Hoehne & Schltr. 1926

    ~Warscaea platyunguis (Schltr.) Mytnik, Rutk. & Szlach. 2006 - See Cyclopogon apricus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Warscewicizella - See Warczewiczella Rchb.f. 1852 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    ~`Winika M.A.Clem. 1997 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

    ~Winika cunninghamii (Lindl.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy 1997 - See Dendrobium cunninghamii Lindl. 1835

    ~`Wolfia Dennst. 1818 - See Eulophia R. Brown & Lindley 1823 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae.

    ~*Wolfia spectabilis Dennst. 1818 - See Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh 1988

    Wullschlaegelia Rchb.f 1863 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae, SUBTRIBE Wullschlaegeliinae

    There are 2 species in this delicate, hot growing, saprophytic, leafless, terrestrial genus with small, self pollinating flowers carrying a short column and an erect anther with 2 sectioned pollina attached to a viscidium without caudicles. The genus ranges from Guatemala to Honduras, the Carribean and South America to southern Brazil and Paraguay.

    Common Name or Meaning Named for Wullschlagel, a German orchid collector

    Type species = ! = Cranichis aphylla Sw. 1788 = Wullschlaegelia aphylla [Sw.] Rchb.f 1863

    1. !Wullschlaegelia aphylla (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1863

      LATE

    2. Wullschlaegelia calcarata Bentham 1881

      Full shadeHot Warm Spring

      ~*Wullschlaegelia paranaensis Kraenzl. 1911 - See Platythelys paranaensis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1977

      ~*Wullschlaegelia ulei Cogn. 1895 - See Uleiorchis ulei (Cogn.) Handro 1958

    ~`Xaritonia Raf. 1838 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

    ~Xaritonia elegans Raf. 1838 - See Tolumnia tetrapetala (Jacq.) Braem 1986

    ~`Xeilyathum Raf. 1836. - See Oncidium Swartz 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

    ~Xeilyathum altissimum (Jacq.) Raf. 1837 - See Oncidium altissimum [Jacq.]Swartz 1800

    ~Xenosia Luer 2004 - See Stelis Swartz 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

    ~Xenosia macrorhiza (Lindl.) Luer 2006 - See Pleurothallis macrorhiza Lindl. 1834

    ~Xenosia spiralis (Ruiz & Pav.) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis macrorhiza Lindl. 1834

    ~Xenosia xenion (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis xenion Luer & R.Escobar 1983

    Xerorchis Schltr. 1912 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae TRIBE Nervilieae SUBTRIBE Nerviliinae

    There are 2 species in this terrestrial genus confined to the greater Amazon basin.

    Common Name or Meaning The Dry Orchid [lives in very xerophytic conditions]

    Type species = ! = Xerorchis amazonica Schltr. 1912

    1. !Xerorchis amazonica Schltr. 1912

    ~Xiphizusa Rchb.f 1852 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

    ~Xiphizusa chloroptera Rchb.f. 1852; - See Bulbophyllum meridense Rchb.f.1850

    ~Xiphizusa gladiata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1852 - See Bulbophyllum meridense Rchb.f.1850

    ~Xiphizusa weddelii Rchb. f. 1852 - See Bulbophyllum weddelii [Lindley]Rchb. 1864

    ~`Xiphosium Griff. 1844 - See Eria Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

    ~Xiphosium acuminatum Griff. 1845 - See Eria carinata Gibson 1845

    ~Xiphosium roseum (Lindl.) Griff. - See Eria rosea Lindl. 1826

    ~Xiphosium roseum (Lindl.) Brieger - See Eria rosea Lindl. 1826

    Xylobium Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

    Thirty species make up this epiphytic, rarely lithophytic or terrestrial genus that hails from Mexico to Brazil including the West Indies and can be grown with the same culture as the genus Lycaste. The genus is characterized by having elongate pseudobulbs, with up to three terminal, plicate leaves with veining underneath. There is a basal inflorescence that is always a few to many flowered raceme with medium sized, often nonresupinate flowers with equal sized petals and sepals and a three lobed lip with a cylyndrical wingless, column subtended by a prominent foot. There are 4 stipitate pollina.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the woody stem

    Synonyms Colax Lindley ex Spreng.c 1826; Maxillaria Section Xylobium Lindl. 1832; Onkeripus Raf. 1836

    Type species = Dendrobium squalens Lindley 1823 = ! = Xylobium variegatum [Ruiz & Pavon] Garay & Dunsterville 1961

      ~Xylobium brachypus (Rchb.f.) Hemsl. 1884 - See Xylobium colleyi (Bateman ex Lindl.) Rolfe 1890

      ~Xylobium brachystachyum Kraenzl. 1906 - See Xylobium colleyi (Bateman ex Lindl.) Rolfe 1890

    1. Xylobium bractescens (Lindl.) Kraenzl.1908

      Part shadeCool to cold Fall Winter

      ~Xylobium carnosum (C. Presl) Schltr 1921 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

    2. Xylobium chapadense (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1898

      Full shade Fall

      ~Xylobium chapadense var. luteoalbo Hoehne 1910 - See Xylobium chapadense (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1898

    3. Xylobium colleyi (Bateman ex Lindl.) Rolfe 1890

      FragranceFull shadeHot to Warm Winterand Spring

      ~Xylobium concavum (Lindl.) Hemsl. 1884 - See Xylobium foveatum [Lindley]Nichols 1887

    4. Xylobium corrugatum (Lindl.) Rolfe 1889

      FragranceFull shade to Cool LATER Winter and Again EARLY Summer

      ~Xylobium corrugatum var. wageneri (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1912 - See Teuscheria wageneri (Rchb.f.) Garay 1967

      ~Xylobium decolor (Lindl.) G.Nicholson 1887 - See Maxillaria palmifolia (Sw.) Lindl. 1832

      ~Xylobium ecuadorense Rolfe 1913 - See Xylobium foveatum (Lindl.) G. Nicholson 1887

    5. Xylobium elatum Rolfe 1913

      Part shade Spring

    6. Xylobium elongatum (Lindl. & Paxton) Hemsl. 1884

      Part shade warmto Cool Winter THROUGH Summer

      ~Xylobium filomenoi Schlechter 1921 - See Xylobium foveatum [Lindley]Nichols 1887

    7. Xylobium foveatum [Lindley]G. Nicholson 1887

      FragranceFull shadeHotCoolLATER FallWinterand EARLYSpring

      ~Xylobium gracile Schltr. 1921 - See Xylobium leontoglossum (Rchb. f.) Rolfe 1889

      ~Xylobium houttei Makoi ex Mutel 1840 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

    8. Xylobium hyacinthinum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1914

      ~Xylobium latifolium Schltr. 1929 - See Xylobium pallidiflorum (Hook.) G. Nicholson 1887

      ~Xylobium latilabium C.Schweinf. 1952 - See Xylobium ornatum (Klotzsch) Rolfe 1912

    9. Xylobium leontoglossum (Rchb. f.) Rolfe 1889

      ~Xylobium longifolium [Kunth] Lindl. ex Spreng. 1828 - See Eulophia alta (L.) Fawc. & Rendle 1910

    10. Xylobium miliaceum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1912

      Full shade Fall

    11. Xylobium ornatum (Klotzsch) Rolfe 1912

    12. Xylobium pallidiflorum (Hook.) G. Nicholson 1887

      and EARLY

      ~Xylobium palmifolium (Sw.) Fawc. 1893 - See Maxillaria palmifolia (Sw.) Lindl. 1832

      ~Xylobium pickianum (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1955 - See Teuscheria pickiana (Schltr.) Garay 1959

      ~Xylobium powellii Schltr. 1922 - See Xylobium sulfurinum (Lem.) Schltr. 1918

      ~Xylobium racemosum (Hook.) Sweet 1830 - See Bifrenaria racemosa [Hkr.] Lindl. 1843

      ~Xylobium rebellis (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1913 - See Xylobium colleyi (Bateman ex Lindl.) Rolfe 1890

      ~Xylobium scabrilingue (Lindl.) Schltr. 1913 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

    13. Xylobium squalens (Lindl.) Lindl. 1825

      Part shadeCOOLSpring

      ~Xylobium squalens var. gracile (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Xylobium leontoglossum (Rchb. f.) Rolfe 1889

      ~Xylobium squalens var major Hoehne 1916 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium squalens var obscurum Cogn. 1902 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium squalens var stenopetalum Cogn. 1902 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium squalens var taffinii [Makoy] Cogn. 1902 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium stachyobiorum Hemsl. 1884 - See Xylobium foveatum [Lindley]Nichols 1887

      ~*Xylobium steyermarkii Foldats 1970 - See Bifrenaria steyermarkii (Foldats) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    14. Xylobium subintegrum C. Schweinf. 1944

      Full shade Cool Winter Through EARLY Spring

      ~Xylobium sublobatum Schltr. 1923 - See Xylobium sulfurinum (Lem.) Schltr. 1918

    15. Xylobium sulfurinum (Lem.) Schltr. 1918

      Full shadecoolSummer

      ~Xylobium supinum (Poepp. & Endl.) Schltr. 1913 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium taffinii Mackoy 1838 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium truxillense (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1912 - See Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      ~Xylobium tuerckheimii Kraenzl. 1930 - See Xylobium sulfurinum (Lem.) Schltr. 1918

    16. !Xylobium variegatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay & Dunst. 1961

      Part shadeWarm to Cold Summerand Fall

      ~Xylobium wageneri (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919 - See Teuscheria wageneri (Rchb.f.) Garay 1967

    17. Xylobium zarumense Dodson 1980

    `Yoania Maxim. 1873 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae TRIBE Calypsoeae

    There are 4 species in this leafless, mycoheterotrophic, terrestrial genus confined to northern Asia. The erect, short stem carries a few long stalked bracts and has a terminal inflorescence with a short raceme carrying laxly, few flowers with short, concave tepals and a sessile lip on the short column foot that is somewhat slipper shaped, spurred or not lip with a stout column with a tooth at the apex on each side of the anther with winged margins. There are 4 ellipsoid, strongly dorsiventrally flattened, unequal in size, sessile, waxy pollina.

    Common Name or Meaning The Yoan Orchid [Japanese Botanist, physician and botanical artist 1800's]

    Type species = ! = Yoania japonica Maxim. 1873

      ~Yoania aberrans Finet 1900 - See Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl. 1833

    1. Yoania amagiensis Nakai & F.Maek.1931

      ~*Yoania australis Hatch 1963 - See Danhatchia australis (Hatch) Garay & Christenson 1995

    2. Yoania flava K.Inoue & T.Yukawa 2002

      LATE EARLY

    3. !Yoania japonica Maxim. 1873

      ~Yoania japonica var. amagiensis (Nakai & F.Maek.) M.Hiroe 1971 - See Yoania amagiensis Nakai & F.Maek.1931

      ~Yoania japonica var. squamipes Fukuy. 1938 - See Yoania japonica Maxim. 1873

    4. Yoania prainii King & Pantl. 1898

      ~Yoania squamipes (Fukuy.) Masam. 1974 - See Yoania japonica Maxim. 1873

    ~`Yolanda Hoehne 1919 - See Brachionidium Lindley 1859 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

    ~Yolanda dungsii (Pabst) Brieger 1976 - See Brachionidium restrepioides (Hoehne) Pabst 1975

    ~Yolanda floribunda (Garay) Brieger 1976 - See Brachionidium tuberculatum Lindl. 1859

    ~*Yolanda restrepioides Hoehne 1919 - See Brachionidium restrepioides (Hoehne) Pabst 1975

    Ypsilopus Summerh. 1949 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae

    There are 5 species in this African epiphytic genus derived from 2 species originally in Mystacidium but separated because of the "Y"-shaped stipes of the pollinium.

    Common Name or Meaning The Y-Shaped Foot Orchid [refers to the column foot]

    Type species = ! = Ypsilopus longifolius (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1949

    1. Ypsilopus erectus (P.J.Cribb) P.J.Cribb & J.Stewart 1985

      ~Ypsilopus graminifolius (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1949 - See Ypsilopus longifolius (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1949

    2. Ypsilopus leedalii P.J.Cribb 1985

      Part shade ColdFall

    3. Ypsilopus liae Delprete & J.-P.Lebel 2001

      Part shadeCool ColdFall

    4. Ypsilopus longifolius (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1949

      LATER

      ~*Ypsilopus longifolius var. erectus P.J.Cribb 1977 - See Ypsilopus erectus (P.J.Cribb) P.J.Cribb & J.Stewart 1985

    5. Ypsilopus viridiflorus P.J.Cribb & J.Stewart 1985

      Part shade CoolColdFall

    ~`Zahleria Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia Ruiz and Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

    ~Zahleria naranjapatae (Luer) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia naranjapatae Luer 1978

    ~Zahleria vieirana (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia vieirana Luer & R. Escobar 1989

    ~Zahleria zahlbruckneri (Kraenzl.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia zahlbruckneri Kraenzl. 1921

    ~`Zelenkoa M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

    ~Zelenkoa onusta (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001 - See Oncidium onustum Lindley 1833

    ~`Zetagyne Ridl 1921 - See Panisea (D. Don) Lindl. 1854 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Coelogyneae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae.

    ~Zetagyne albiflora Ridl. 1921 - See Panisea albiflora (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1975

    Zeuxine Lindley 1826 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

    There are 74 species in the old world with most being found in woodlands with shade but one, Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. , grows in open grasslands and has migrated to the new world and is found commonly in the Everglades of south Florida as a miniature sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial. The flowers are usually small, resupinate, tubular to subcampanulate, often glandular-pubescent and have an erect dorsal sepal, spreading lateral sepals, the petals that are smaller than the sepals and are usually hyaline and adnate to the dorsal sepal to form a hood over the column. The 3 lobed lip is more or less adnate to the base and sides of the column with a saccate hypochile that encloses 2 glands, the mesocile is linear and claw-like, the epichile is transversly oblong to reniform, the column is short, porrect and lacking wings or keels. The rostellum is elongate and bifid at the apex. There are 2 deeply divided, granular pollina and 2 stima.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the yolk-shape formed by the arms of the viscidium

    Synonyms Adenostylis Blume 1825; Haplochilus Endl. 1841; Monochilus Wall. ex Lindl. 1840; Strateuma Raf. 1836[1837]; `Tripleura Lindl. 1833

    Type species = ! = Zeuxine sulcata Lindley 1826 = Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~ Zeuxine abbreviata (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Rhomboda abbreviata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1995

    1. Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      THROUGH

    2. Zeuxine africana Rchb.f. 1867

      Full shade

    3. Zeuxine agyokuana Fukuy.1934

      LATE EARLY

      ~Zeuxine alticola Schlechter 1911 - See Rhomboda alticola [Schlechter] Omerod 1995

    4. Zeuxine amboinensis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1904

      Full shadeHotSpring

      ~ Zeuxine argentea (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1911 - See Zeuxine amboinensis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1904

      ~Zeuxine arisanensis Hayata 1914 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine assamica I.Barua & K.Barua 1997 - See Zeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Benth. ex Trimen 1885

      ~Zeuxine attenuata R.S.Rogers & C.T.White 1920 - See Cheirostylis ovata (F.M.Bailey) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine aurantiaca Schltr. 1924 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

    5. Zeuxine ballii P.J.Cribb 1977

      Full shade hot Warm LATEWinter EARLYSpring

      ~Zeuxine betchei Schltr. 1910 - See Hetaeria whitmeei Rchb.f. 1877

      ~Zeuxine benguetensis (Ames) Ames 1938 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

    6. Zeuxine bidupensis Aver. 2006

      ~Zeuxine biloba Ridl. 1909 - See Hetaeria anomala Lindl. 1857

      ~Zeuxine bonii Gagnep 1931 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine boninensis Tuyama 1935 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~Zeuxine boryi (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

      ~Zeuxine bracteata Wight 1851 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine brevifolia Wight 1851 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine chenkangensis Ormerod 2010 - See Zeuxine flava (Wall. ex Lindl.) Trimen 1885

    7. Zeuxine clandestina Bl. 1858

      Part Sun HotWarm Fall

      ~Zeuxine cochlearis Schltr. 1895 - See Zeuxine africana Rchb.f. 1867

      ~Zeuxine cognata Ohwi & T.Koyama 1957 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine commelinoides A.Chev. 1920 - See Hetaeria heterosepala (Rchb.f.) Summerh.1934

      ~Zeuxine cristata (Blume) Schltr. 1911 - See Rhomboda cristata (Blume) Ormerod 1995

      ~Zeuxine debrajiana Sud.Chowdhury 1996 - See Zeuxine membranacea Lindl. 1840

      ~Zeuxine dhanikariana Maina, Lalitha & Sreek. 2001 - See Zeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Benth. ex Trimen 1885

    8. Zeuxine elongata Rolfe 1891

      Part shadeHotCool WinterEARLYSpring

      ~Zeuxine emarginata (Blume) Lindl. 1840 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine evrardii Gagnep. 1931 - See Zeuxine membranacea Lindl. 1840

      ~Zeuxine falcatula (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1911 - See Rhomboda polygonoides (F.Muell.) Ormerod 1995

    9. Zeuxine flava (Wall. ex Lindl.) Trimen 1885

      LATEEARLY

      ~Zeuxine fluvida Fukuy 1933 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine formosana Rolfe 1895 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine franchetiana (King & Pantl.) King & Pantl. 1898 - See Myrmechis pumila (Hook.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

      ~Zeuxine francii Schltr. 1911 - See Hetaeria whitmeei Rchb.f. 1877

    10. Zeuxine gengmanensis (K.Y.Lang) Ormerod 2002

      Full shade Cold LATERSpring

    11. Zeuxine gilgiana Kraenzl. & Schltr. 1906

      Full shade

    12. Zeuxine glandulosa King & Pantl. 1898

      LATER EARLY

      ~Zeuxine godefroyi Rchb.f. 1878 - See Zeuxine membranacea Lindl. 1840

    13. Zeuxine goodyeroides Lindl. 1840

      THROUGH EARLIER

    14. Zeuxine gracilis (Breda) Blume 1858

      Full shadeWarm to Hot LATESpring

      ~Zeuxine gracilis var. sakagutii (Tuyama) T.Hashim. 1986 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~Zeuxine gracilis var. tenuifolia (Tuyama) T.Hashim. 1986 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

    15. Zeuxine grandis Seidenf. 1978

      Full ShadeWarm Cool LATEWinterand EARLY Spring

      ~Zeuxine gymnochiloides Schltr. 1916 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

      ~Zeuxine hengchuanense S.S.Ying 1977 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine heterosepala (Rchb.f.) Geerinck 1980 - See Hetaeria heterosepala (Rchb.f.) Summerh.1934

      ~Zeuxine hoshiana Ohwi 1937 - See Zeuxine odorata Fukuy. 1936

      ~Zeuxine integerrima (Blume) Lindl. 1840 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

    16. Zeuxine lancifolia (Ames) Ormerod 1998

      Full shade Hot Winter Spring

      ~Zeuxine langbianensis N.T.Tich 2001 - See Myrmechis pumila (Hook.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

      ~Zeuxine leucochila Schltr. 1906 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~Zeuxine longifolia (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Rhomboda longifolia Lindl. 1857

    17. Zeuxine longilabris (Lindl.) Trimen 1885

      LATEEARLY

      ~Zeuxine luzonensis Ames 1907 - See Rhomboda lanceolata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1995

      ~Zeuxine mannii (Rchb.f.) Geerinck 1980 - See Hetaeria mannii (Rchb.f.) Benth. ex Durand & Schinz 1894

    18. Zeuxine marivelensis (Ames) Ames 1938

      Full shade WarmCool Winter

    19. Zeuxine membranacea Lindl. 1840

      THROUGH EARLY

      ~Zeuxine moulmeinensis (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Rhomboda moulmeinensis (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Ormerod 1995

      ~Zeuxine nemorosa (Fukuy.) T.P.Lin 1977 - See Cheirostylis tabiyahanensis (Hayata) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1999

    20. Zeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Benth. ex Trimen 1885

      EARLY

    21. Zeuxine oblonga R.S.Rogers & C.T.White 1920

      to EARLY

    22. Zeuxine odorata Fukuy. 1936

      Fragrance Full shade Hot Spring

      ~Zeuxine odzalaensis Geerinck & Lejoly 1997 - See Hetaeria heterosepala (Rchb.f.) Summerh.1934

    23. Zeuxine pantlingii Av.Bhattacharjee & H.J.Chowdhery 2006

      Full shade LATER Summer

    24. Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      THROUGH

      ~Zeuxine polygonoides (F.Muell.) P.J.Cribb 1989 - See Rhomboda polygonoides (F.Muell.) Ormerod 1995

      ~Zeuxine procumbens Blume 1858 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

    25. Zeuxine pulchra King & Pantl. 1896

      LATER

      ~Zeuxine pumila (Hook.f.) King & Pantl. 1898 - See Myrmechis pumila (Hook.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    26. Zeuxine purpurascens Blume 1858

    27. Zeuxine reflexa King & Pantl.1898

    28. Zeuxine regia (Lindl.) Trimen 1885

      Full Shade WarmCool

      ~*Zeuxine reniformis Hook.f.1890 - See Odontochilus reniformis (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998

      ~Zeuxine robusta Wight 1851 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine roxburghii (Wall.) M.Hiroe 1971 - See Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl. 1832

      ~Zeuxine rupicola Fuk. 1935 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine ruwenzoriensis Kraenzl. 1909 - See Zeuxine elongata Rolfe 1891

      ~Zeuxine sakagutii Tuyama 1936 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~Zeuxine sambiranoensis Schltr 1924 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

      ~Zeuxine seidenfadenii Deva & H.B.Naithani 1986 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine shuishiehensis S.S. Ying 1989 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~Zeuxine siamensis Hosseus 1911 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~Zeuxine somai Tuyama 1936 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine sphaerocheila H.Fleischm. & Rech. 1910 - See Hetaeria whitmeei Rchb.f. 1877

      ~Zeuxine stenochila Schltr. 1925 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

    29. Zeuxine stenophylla (Rchb.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake 1892

      Full shade Hot Warm

    30. !Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      SECTION Zeuzine

      Part sunHot to Cool Winterand EARLY Spring

      ~Zeuxine strateumatica f. rupicola (Fukuy.) T.Hashim. 1986 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine strateumatica var. laxiflora I.Barua 2001 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine strateumatica var. rupicola (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~Zeuxine stricta (Rolfe) L.O.Williams 1938 - See Hetaeria whitmeei Rchb.f. 1877

      ~Zeuxine sulcata Lindley 1826 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~ Zeuxine sutepensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~*Zeuxine tabiyahanensis Hayata 1916 - See Cheirostylis tabiyahanensis (Hayata) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1999

      ~Zeuxine taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1987 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine tenuifolia Tuyama 1936 - See Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1978

      ~*Zeuxine thanmoiensis Gagnep. 1921 - See Cheirostylis thanmoiensis (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002

      ~ Zeuxine torricellensis Schltr. 1905 - See Rhomboda polygonoides (F.Muell.) Ormerod 1995

      ~Zeuxine triandra M.Hotta 1963 - See Hetaeria whitmeei Rchb.f. 1877

      ~Zeuxine tripleura Lindl. 1857 - See Zeuxine membranacea Lindl. 1840

      ~Zeuxine uraiensis S.S.Ying 1988 - See Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890

      ~Zeuxine vieillardii (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1905 - See Gonatostylis vieillardii (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1906

    31. Zeuxine violascens Ridl. 1907

    32. Zeuxine viridiflora (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1906

      Full shade Hot Warm LATEWinter EARLY Spring

      ~Zeuxine viridiflora var. latifolia J.J.Sm. 1926 - See Zeuxine viridiflora (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1906

      ~Zeuxine vitiensis (Rolfe) L.O.Williams 1938 - See Zeuxine stenophylla (Rchb.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake 1892

      ~Zeuxine vittata Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Zeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Benth. ex Trimen 1885

      ~Zeuxine wariana Schltr. 1911 - See Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911

      ~*Zeuxine whiteheadii Rendle 1896 - See Kuhlhasseltia whiteheadii (Rendle) Ames 1915

      ~*Zeuxine yakusimensis Masam. 1931 - See Rhomboda yakusimensis (Masam.) Ormerod 1995

      ~Zeuxine zamboangensis (Ames) Ames 1938 - See Zeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Benth. ex Trimen 1885

    ~Zhukowskia Szlach., R.González & Rutk. 2000 - See Sarcoglottis C. Presl 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

    ~Zhukowskia cerina (Lindl.) Szlach., R.González & Rutk. 2000 - See Sarcoglottis cerina (Lindl.) P. N. Don 1845

    Zhukowskia smithii (Rchb.f.) Szlach., R.González & Rutk 2000 - See Sarcoglottis smithii (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1920

    ~Zhukowskia richardiana (Schltr.) Szlach., Mytnik & Rutk.2003 - See Sarcoglottis schaffneri (Rchb.f.) Ames 1905

    ~Zhukowskia scintillans (E.W.Greenw.) Szlach., Mytnik & Rutk. 2003 - See Sarcoglottis scintillans (E.W.Greenw.) Salazar & Soto Arenas 2002 publ. 2003

    ~`Zoduba Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 1825 - See Calanthe R. Brown 1821 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae

    ~Zoduba masuca (D.Don) Buch.-Ham. 1825 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833

    ~`Zoophora Bernh. 1800 - See Orchis Tourn ex L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

    ~Zoophora atropurpurea Bernh. 1800 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    ~Zoophora rubella Bernh. 1800 - See Orchis militaris L. 1753

    Zootrophion Luer 1982 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae , TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

    There are twenty four or so species in this genus of small epiphytes from Central America, Jamaica and South America, that have no psuedobulbs but, have a well developed erect single leafed stem, or ramicaul, that are enclosed in inflated, compressed sheaths and arise from a short or rarely long rhizome. The inflorescence arises from near the apex of the ramicaul with an annulus. The sepals are connate at the apex to form rigid "box-like" flowers that resemble animal heads. The small lip is hinged to a stout column foot. The column is elongate and the toothed apex partially covers the ventral anther. Two pollina are present. They like shady, humid conditions with a well draining medium or mounted on tree fern, and water evenly yet carefully year round.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the cage-like shape formed by the partialy opening flower

    Synonyms Humboldtia Ruiz & Pavon 1794;, Specklinia Lindley 1830 in Part

    Type species = ! = Specklinia atropurpurea Lindley 1842 = Zootrophion atropurpureum [Lindley] Luer 1982

    1. Zootrophion aguirrei P.Ortiz 2011

      SECTION Monotrema Ortiz 2011

    2. Zootrophion alvaroi (Garay) Luer 2004

    3. Zootrophion argus (Kraenzl.) Luer 2004

      Deep shadeCool ColdSpring

    4. !Zootrophion atropurpureum [Lindley]Luer 1982

      Part shadeWarm LATE Summerto Winter

    5. Zootrophion beloglottis (Schltr.) Luer 2004

    6. Zootrophion dayanum (Rchb. f.) Luer 1982

      Full shadeCoolFall

    7. Zootrophion dodsonii (Luer) Luer 1982

      Full shadeWarmSummer

    8. Zootrophion endresianum (Kraenzl.) Luer 1982

      Full shadewarm to WarmSummer

    9. Zootrophion erlangense Roeth & Rysy 2007

      LATER

      ~Zootrophion fenestratum (Lindl. ex Hook.) Rysy 2009 - See Zootrophion atropurpureum [Lindley]Luer 1982

    10. Zootrophion gracilentum (Rchb.f.) Luer 1982

      Full shadeWarm Cool LATESpringSummer

    11. Zootrophion griffin Luer 1982

      Full shade Warm LATER

    12. Zootrophion hirtzii Luer 1984

      Part shadeCooltoCold

    13. Zootrophion hypodiscus (Rchb. f.) Luer 1982

      Full shadeHot to Cool Summer

    14. Zootrophion lappaceum Luer & R.Escobar 2004

      Full shadeWarm Spring

      ~Zootrophion lepidotis (L.O. Williams) Luer 1982 - See Zootrophion hypodiscus (Rchb. f.) Luer 1982

      ~Zootrophion moorei (Rolfe) Luer 1982 - See Zootrophion hypodiscus (Rchb. f.) Luer 1982

    15. Zootrophion niveum Luer & Hirtz 2004

    16. Zootrophion oblongifolium (Rolfe) Luer 1982

      Full shadeCool to Warm LATER to

      ~Zootrophion schenckii (Cogn.) Luer 1986 - See Zootrophion atropurpureum [Lindley]Luer 1982

    17. Zootrophion serpentinum Luer 1984

      Full shadeWarm to Cool

    18. Zootrophion sp Colombia

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    19. Zootrophion sp

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    20. Zootrophion trivalve (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 1982

    21. Zootrophion vasquezii Luer 2004

    22. Zootrophion vulturiceps (Luer) Luer 1982

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    23. Zootrophion williamsii Luer 2002

    24. Zootrophion ximenae (Luer & Hirtz) comb novo Pfahl 2014

      PDF File of Zootrophion ximenae (Luer & Hirtz) comb novo Pfahl 2014

      IOSPE Nomenclature Note 01/04/14

    ~Zosterophyllanthos Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

    ~Zosterophyllanthos acestrophyllus (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis acestrophylla Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos acutilabius (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis acutilabia Luer 1999

    ~Zosterophyllanthos adeleae ( Luer ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis adeleae Luer 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos adelphe (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis adelphe Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos adonis (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis adonis Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos aguirrei (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis aguirrei Luer & R.Escobar 2003

    ~Zosterophyllanthos allenii ( L.O.Williams ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis allenii L.O. Williams 1940

    ~Zosterophyllanthos alopex (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis alopex Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos altimonile (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis altimonile Luer & R.Escobar 1981

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos ambyx (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis ambyx Luer & R.Escobar 1981

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos apopsis (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis apopsis Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos applanatus (Luer & Dalström) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis applanata Luer & Dalström 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos arctatus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis arctata Luer 1997

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ascera (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - SeePleurothallis ascera Luer & R. Escobar 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos asplundii (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis asplundii Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos auritus (C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis aurita Schweinf 1940

    ~Zosterophyllanthos batrachus (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis batrachus Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos baudoensis (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis baudoensis Luer & R.Escobar 1998

    ~Zosterophyllanthos bivalvis (Lindl.) Szlach. 2011 - See Pleurothallis bivalvis Lindl. 1846

    ~Zosterophyllanthos blepharopetalus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis blepharopetala Schltr.1915

    ~Zosterophyllanthos bothros (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis bothros Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos bovilingua (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis bovilingua Luer & R.Escobar 1998

    ~Zosterophyllanthos callifer (C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis callifera C.Schweinf. 1951

    ~Zosterophyllanthos calogramma (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis calogramma Luer 2003

    ~Zosterophyllanthos calolalax (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis calolalax Luer & R.Escobar 1998

    Zosterophyllanthos canaliger (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis canaligera Rchb.f 1877

    ~Zosterophyllanthos canidentis (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis canidentis Luer & R. Escobar 1998

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cardiochilus (L.O.Williams) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cardiochila L.O. Williams 1942

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cardiocrepis (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cardiocrepis Rchb.f.1888

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cardiophylax (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cardiophylax Rchb.f. 1888

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cardiostola (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cardiostola Rchb. f. 1854

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cardiothallis (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cardiothallis Rchb.f 1857

    ~Zosterophyllanthos carnosus (Braid) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis carnosa Braid 1924

    ~Zosterophyylanthos carrenoi [Carnevali & Ramirez] Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis carrenoi Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1987

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos cassidata (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cassidata Luer & R.Escobar 1998

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cedrinorum (Luer & Dalström) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cedrinorum Luer & Dalström 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos chama (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak2006 - See Pleurothallis chama Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos chavezii (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis chavezii Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos complanatus (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis complanata Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos compressus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis compressa Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos conicostigma (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis conicostigma Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos constricta (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis constricta Luer & R.Escobar R. 1998

    ~Zosterophyllanthos convexus (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis convexa Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cordifolius (Rchb.f. & Wagener) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cordifolia Rchb.f. & Wagener 1854

    ~Zosterophyllanthos coriacardia (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis coriacardia Rchb. f. 1854

    ~Zosterophyllanthos correllii ( Luer ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis correllii Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos corysta (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis corysta Luer 1978

    ~Zosterophyllanthos crateriformis (C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis crateriformis C.Schweinf. 1951

    ~Zosterophyllanthos crossotus (Luer & Dalström) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis crossota Luer & Dalström 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos crucifer (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis crucifera Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cubitorius (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cubitoria Luer 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cutucuensis (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cutucuensis Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos cyaneus ( Luer & R.Escobar ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis cyanea Luer & R. Escobar 1984

    ~Zosterophyllanthos deflexus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis deflexa Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos dejavu (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis dejavu Luer & Hirtz 1988

    ~Zosterophyllanthos depressa (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis depressa Luer & R. Escobar 1996

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos dewildei (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis dewildei Luer & R.Escobar 1998

    ~Zosterophyllanthos diabolicus ( Luer & R.Escobar ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis diabolica Luer & R. Escobar 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos dibolia (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis dibolia Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos dilemma (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis dilemma Luer 2001

    ~Zosterophyllanthos dubbeldamii (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis dubbeldamii Luer 2003

    ~Zosterophyllanthos embreei (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cedrinorum Luer & Dalström 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ensatus (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis ensata Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos epiglottis (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis epiglottis Luerb 1980

    ~Zosterophyllanthos erythrium (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis erythrium Luer 1978

    ~Zosterophyllanthos excavatus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis excavata Schltr. 1923

    ~Zosterophyllanthos fornix (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis calceolaris Rchb.f. 1876

    ~Zosterophyllanthos fossulata (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - SeePleurothallis fossulata Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Pleurothallis fossulata Luer & R.Escobar 1998

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos galerita (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis galerita Luer 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ganymedes (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis ganymedes Luer & R.Escobar 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos gargantua (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis gargantua Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos geographicus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis geographica Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos giraffa (Luer) Szlach. & Marg.2001 - See Pleurothallis giraffa Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos giraldoi (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis giraldoi Luer 1999

    ~Zosterophyllanthos glabra (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis glabra Luer & R.Escobar 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos globosa (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - Seee Pleurothallis globosa Luer & R.Escobar 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos gonioglossa [Schlechter] Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis sanchoi Ames 1923

    ~Zosterophyllanthos grandiflorus ( Lindl. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis grandiflora Lindl. 1797

    ~Zosterophyllanthos granularis (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis platysepala Schltr. 1920

    ~Zosterophyllanthos hoeijeri (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis hoeijeri Luer & Hirtz 1988

    ~Zosterophyllanthos homalanthus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis homalantha Schltr.1923

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos horichii (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis fantastica Ames 1936

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ignivomi (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis bivalvis Lindl. 1846

    ~Zosterophyllanthos imperialis ( Luer ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis imperialis Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos index (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis index Luer 1980

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ionanthus (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis tridentata Klotzsch 1840

    ~Zosterophyllanthos isthmicus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis isthmica Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos jaramilloi (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis jaramilloi Luer 2001

    ~Zosterophyllanthos jupiter (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis jupiter Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos killipii (Garay) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis killipii Garay 1956

    ~Zosterophyllanthos lacerus (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis lacera Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos lemniscifolius (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis lemniscifolia Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos leucanthus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis leucantha Schltr. 1912

    ~Zosterophyllanthos lilianiae (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis bivalvis Lindl. 1846

    ~Zosterophyllanthos lilijae ( Foldats ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis lilijae Foldats 1968

    ~Zosterophyllanthos linguifer ( Lindl. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis linguifera Lindl. 1859

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos loreae (Carnevali & I.Ramírez) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See loreae Carnevali & I.Ramírez 2003

    ~Zosterophyllanthos lunaris (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis lunaris Luer & R.Escobar 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos macer ( Lindl. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis macra Lindl. 1859

    ~Zosterophyllanthos maduroi (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis maduroi Luer 1997

    ~Zosterophyllanthos magnipetalus (C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis magnipetala C.Schweinf. 1951

    ~Zosterophyllanthos mastodon (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis mastodon Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos matudianus ( C.Schweinf. ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis matudana C. Schweinf. 1938

    ~Zosterophyllanthos megaglossus (Luer & Dalström) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis megaglossa Luer & Dalström 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos megalorhina (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis megalorhina Luer & R.Escobar 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos millei (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis millei Schltr. 1915

    ~Zosterophyllanthos monocardius ( Rchb.f. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis cordata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lindl. 1830

    ~Zosterophyllanthos muriculatus (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis muriculata Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos nephrocardius (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis tridentata Klotzsch 1840

    ~Zosterophyllanthos nephroglossus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis nephroglossa Schltr. 1921

    ~Zosterophyllanthos nipterophyllus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis nipterophylla C.A.Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos nitidus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis nitida Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos northenae (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis latipetala Garay 1952

    ~Zosterophyllanthos nossax (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis nossax Luer & R. Escobar 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos octavioi (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 -See Pleurothallis octavioi Luer & R.Escobar R. 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos omoglossus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis omoglossa Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos oncoglossus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis oncoglossa Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ortegae (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis ortegae Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos oxapampae (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis oxapampae Luer 1982

    ~Zosterophyllanthos palliolatus (Ames) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis palliolata Ames 1922

    ~Zosterophyllanthos pansamalae (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis pansamalae Schltr. 1912

    ~Zosterophyllanthos paquishae (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis paquishae Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos peculiaris ( Luer ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis peculiaris Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos pelicophorus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis pelicophora Luer 2001

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos penelops (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis penelops Luer 1978

    ~Zosterophyllanthos perijaensis ( Dunst. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis perijaensis Dunst. 1978

    ~Zosterophyllanthos peroniocephalus ( Luer ) Szlach. & Marg. 2002 - See Pleurothallis peroniocephala Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos perryi (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis perryi Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos persimilis (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis persimilis Luer & Hirtz 2003

    ~Zosterophyllanthos phyllocardioides ( Schltr. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis phyllocardioides Schltr. 1923

    ~Zosterophyllanthos phyllocardius (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis phyllocardia Rchb.f. 1866

    ~Zosterophyllanthos phymatodeus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis phymatodea Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos pileata (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis pileata Luer & R.Escobar 1982

    ~Zosterophyllanthos platypetala (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis platypetala Luer & R.Escobar 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos portillae (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis portillae Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos prolaticollaris (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis prolaticollaris Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos pulvinipes (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis macrocardia Rchb.f. 1855

    ~Zosterophyllanthos radula (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis radula Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos rectipetalus (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis rectipetala Ames & Schweinf. 1925

    ~Zosterophyllanthos recurvatus (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis recurvata Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~ Zosterophyllanthos reptans (Luer) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis reptans Luer 1981

    ~Zosterophyllanthos rhodoglossus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis rhodoglossa Schltr. 1922

    ~Zosterophyllanthos rhopalocarpus (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis cordata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lindl. 1830

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ripleyi (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis ripleyi Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos ruberrimus (Lindl.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis ruberrima Lindley 1846

    ~Zosterophyllanthos rubroinversus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis rubroinversa Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos rugosa (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis rugosa Luer & R.Escobar 1982

    ~Zosterophyllanthos saccatilabius (C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis saccatilabia C.Schweinf. 1940

    ~Zosterophyllanthos sanchoi ( Ames ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001 - See Pleurothallis sanchoi Ames 1923

    ~Zosterophyllanthos sannio (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis sannio Luer & R.Escobar 1988

    ~Zosterophyllanthos sarcochilus (Garay) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis sarcochila Garay 1953

    ~Zosterophyllanthos scabrilinguis (Lindl.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis scabrilinguis Lindl. 1836

    ~Zosterophyllanthos scurrula (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis scurrula Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos semiscaber (Lindl.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis semiscabra Lindl. 1846

    ~Zosterophyllanthos serricardia (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis serricardia Schltr. 1924

    ~Zosterophyllanthos sigynes (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis sigynes Luer 1976

    ~Zosterophyllanthos simulans (L.O.Williams) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis simulans L.O.Williams 1940

    ~Zosterophyllanthos siphoglossa (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis siphoglossa Luer & R. Escobar 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos sotarae (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis sotarae Schltr. 1920

    ~Zosterophyllanthos sphaeranthus (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis sphaerantha Luer 1975

    ~Zosterophyllanthos stelidilabius (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis stelidilabia Luer 1979

    ~Zosterophyllanthos stellatus (I.Ramírez & Carnevali) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis stellata I.Ramírez & Carnevali 2003

    ~Zosterophyllanthos stenopetalus (G.Lodd. ex Lindl.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis sclerophylla Lindl. 1835-6

    ~Zosterophyllanthos subtilis (C.Schweinf.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis subtilis C.Schweinf. 1951

    ~Zosterophyllanthos teaguei (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis teaguei Luer 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos titan (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis titan Luer 1977

    ~Zosterophyllanthos tonduzii (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis tonduzii Schltr. 1918

    ~Zosterophyllanthos tragulosus (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis tragulosa Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos transversilabius (Carnevali & I.Ramírez) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis transversilabia Carnevali & I.Ramírez 2000

    ~Zosterophyllanthos tridentatus (Klotzsch) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis tridentata Klotzsch 1840

    ~Zosterophyllanthos troglodytes (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis troglodytes Luer 1982

    ~Zosterophyllanthos tyrius (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2005 - See Pleurothallis tyria Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos undulatus [Poepp. & Endl.] Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis undulata Poepp. & Endl. 1836

    ~Zosterophyllanthos valladolidensis (Luer) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis valladolidensis Luer 1983

    ~Zosterophyllanthos vinealis (Luer & R.Escobar) Szlach. & Marg. 2001 - See Pleurothallis vinealis Luer & R.Escobar 1986

    ~Zosterophyllanthos volans (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis volans Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterophyllanthos zarumae (Luer & Hirtz) Szlach. & Kulak 2006 - See Pleurothallis zarumae Luer & Hirtz 1996

    ~Zosterostylis Bl. 1825 - See Cryptostylis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchideae , TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Caladeniinae

    ~*Zosterostylis arachnites Blume 1825 - See Cryptostylis arachnites (Blume) Blume 1858

    ~Zosterostylis walkerae Wight 1852 - See Cryptostylis arachnites (Blume) Blume 1858

    ~Zosterostylis zeylanica Lindl. 1840 - See Cryptostylis arachnites (Blume) Blume 1858

    ~`Zygoglossum Reinw. 1826 - See Bulbophyllum Thou. 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

    ~Zygoglossum umbellatum Reinw. 1828 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~`Zygopetalon Rchb.f 1827 - See Zygopetalum Hooker 1833 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    ~Zygopetalon mackaii Paxton 1836 - See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

    Zygopetalum Hooker 1833SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    Fourteen species are spread through Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia and Peru growing epiphytically in a humid semi-shady environment requiring water while in growth and less after the psudobulbs have matured. The genus is characterized by the close set pseudobulbs of several nodes enveloped by the bases of the flat leaves that blooms on a many flowered inflorescence carrying flowers with free sepals and petals and a 3 lobed lip with a basal fan shaped callus and carrying 4 hard pollina united to form a pair attached to a viscidium.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the sepals and petals being fused to the column foot

    Synonyms Warreella Schltr. 1914; `Zygopetalon Rchb.f 1827

    Type species = ! = Zygopetalum mackaii Hooker 1827

      ~*Zygopetalum acuminatum C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Galeottia acuminata (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & Christenson 1988 1989

      ~Zygopetalum africanum Hooker - See Rhynchostele bictoniensis (Bateman) M.A.Soto Arenas & G.A.Salazar 1993

      ~*Zygopetalum amazonicum Rchb.f & Warsc. 1863 - See Warczewiczella amazonica Rchb.f & Warscew 1854

      ~Zygopetalum aromaticum Rchb. f. 1852 - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes & Garay 1954

      ~Zygopetalum beaumontii Nichols 1887 - See Galeottia ciliata (Morel) Dressler & Christenson 1989

      ~ *Zygopetalum bicallosum Rchb.f.1878 - See Maxillaria bicallosa (Rchb.f.) Garay 1962

      ~Zygopetalum bidentatum Rchb.f. ex Hemsl 1884 - See Stenotyla lendyana (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

      ~Zygopetalum binotii DeWild. 1905 - See Neogardneria murrayana (Gardner ex Hook.) Schltr. ex Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum bolivianum Schltr. 1922 - See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

    1. Zygopetalum brachypetalum Lindl. 1844

      Fragrance Part sunWarm to Cool Falland Winter

      ~ Zygopetalum brachypetalum var stenopetalum Regel 1855 - See Zygopetalum brachypetalum Lindl. 1844

      ~*Zygopetalum brachystalix Rchb.f. 1863 - See Otostylis brachystalix (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1918

      ~*Zygopetalum burkei Rchb.f. 1883 - See Galeottia burkei (Rchb.f.) Dressler & Christenson 1988 publ. 1989

      ~Zygopetalum burtii (Endres & Rchb. f.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Hemsl. 1883 - See Huntleya burtii [Endres & Rchb.f] Pfitzer 1889

      ~Zygopetalum candidum 1863 - See Warczewiczella candida Rchb.f 1852

      ~Zygopetalum caulescens Rolfe 1890 - See Zygopetalum pedicellatum (Sw.) Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum cerinum (Lindl.& Paxt.) Rchb. f. 1863 - See Pescatoria cerina (Lindl. & Paxton) Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Zygopetalum chloranthum Krzl. 1910 - See Batemannia armillata Rchb.f 1875

      ~*Zygopetalum ciliatum Morel 1848 - See Galeottia ciliata (Morel) Dressler & Christenson 1989

      ~Zygopetalum citrinum Nicholson 1887 - See Promenaea xanthina [Lindley]Lindley 1843

      ~Zygopetalum claesianum Hort. 1894 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum cochleare Lindley 1836 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Zygopetalum cochleatum Paxt 1838 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Zygopetalum coeleste [Rchb.f]Rchb.f 1877 - See Bollea coelestis Rchb.f 1876

      ~Zygopetalum conchaceum Hoffm.1863 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Zygopetalum coronarium Rchb.f 1877 - See Pescatoria coronaria Rchb. f. 1877

      ~Zygopetalum crepeauxii Carr. 1887 - see Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

    2. Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      FragrancePart sunWarm to Cool Winter through Spring

      ~Zygopetalum crinitum Nicholson 1887 - See Promenaea xanthina [Lindley]Lindley 1843

      ~Zygopetalum crinitum var coeruleum Williams 1885 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum crinitum var roseum Hort 1892 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum crinitum var rubellum Hort 1855 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum dayanum Rchb. f. 1872 - See Pescatoria dayana Rchb. f. 1872

      ~Zygopetalum discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1861 - See Warczewiczella discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852

      ~Zygopetalum euglossum Rchb. f. 1876 - See Pescatoria wallisii Linden & Rchb. f. 1869

      ~*Zygopetalum expansum Rchb.f. 1878 - See Kefersteinia expansa (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1878

      ~Zygopetalum fimbriatum (Linden & Rchb.f.)Nichols. 1887 - See Galeottia fimbriata L. Linden & Rchb. f. 1854

      ~Zygopetalum flabelliforme (Sw.) Rchb. f. 1861 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~Zygopetalum flaveolum Linden & Rchb.f. 1863 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993

      ~Zygopetalum forcipatum Hort. 1885 - See Kefersteinia forcipata [Rchb.f] P.A. Harding 2008

      ~Zygopetalum fragrans Lindley 1851 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Zygopetalum gautieri Lem. 1867 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum gemma Rchb. f. 1874 - See Kefersteinia gemma Schltr. 1874

      ~Zygopetalum gibeziae N.E.Br. 1888 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

      ~*Zygopetalum gramineum Lindl. 1844 - See Kefersteinia graminea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Zygopetalum grandiflorum [A.Rich]Benth & Hkr f. 1883 - See Galeottia grandiflora A. Rich 1845

      ~Zygopetalum guttatum Rchb.f 1861 - See Promenaea guttata Rchb. f. 1856

      ~Zygopetalum hasslerianum Krnzl. 1906 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum intermedium Hort. 1855- See Zygopetalum mackaii Hooker 1827

      ~Zygopetalum intermedium Linden & Rodigas. 1890 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

    3. Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      FragrancePart sun Cold Falland Winter

      ~Zygopetalum intermedium var. peruvianum Rolfe 1893 - See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      ~*Zygopetalum ionoleucum Rchb. f. 1865 - See Warczewiczella ionoleuca (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1920

      ~*Zygopetalum jorisianum Rolfe 1890 - See Galeottia jorisiana (Rolfe) Schltr. 1919

      ~Zygopetalum jugosum [Lindley] Schlechter 1914 - See Pabstia jugosa [Lindley]Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum klabochorum Rchb.f 1879 - See Pescatoria klabachiorum Rchb.f 1879

      ~*Zygopetalum klugii C. Schweinf. 1952 - See Chaubardia klugii (C. Schweinf.) Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum labiosum (Rich.) L.O. Williams 1942 - See Zygosepalum labiosum (Rich.) Garay 1967

      ~*Zygopetalum lacteum Rchb. f. 1872 - See Kefersteinia lactea (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1923

      ~Zygopetalum lalindei (Linden) Rchb.f. 1874 - See Pescatoria lalindei (Linden) Dressler 2005

      ~Zygopetalum lamellatum Rchb.f ? in ed. - See Benzingia reichenbachiana (Schltr.) Dressler, Lankesteriana 5(2): 93-94. 2005

      ~Zygopetalum lamellosum Rchb.f 1875 - See Pescatoria lamellosa Rchb. f. 1875

      ~Zygopetalum laminatum Rchb.f. 1885 - See Kefersteinia laminata (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1920

      ~*Zygopetalum lawrenceanum Rchb. f. 1878 - See Bollea lawrenciana [Rchb.f]Rchb. f. 1878

      ~Zygopetalum lehmannii Rchb.f 1879 - See Pescatoria lehmannii Rchb. f. 1879

      ~Zygopetalum lentiginosum Rchb. f. 1863 - See Promenaea lentiginosa (Lindl.) Lindl. 1843

      ~Zygopetalum lindeniae Rolfe 1890 - See Zygosepalum lindeniae (Rolfe) Garay & Dunst. 1965

      ~Zygopetalum lindenii Rolfe 1892 - See Warczewiczella amazonica Rchb.f & Warscew 1854

      ~*Zygopetalum lucidum Rolfe 1889 - See Huntleya lucida (Rolfe) Rolfe 1916

    4. !Zygopetalum mackaii Hooker 1827

      FragrancePart sunWarm to Cool Falland Winter

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii Paxt not Hkr. - See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii Hort 1899 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii Hkr. var. convexum Mutel 1842 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii Hkr. var. crinitum Lindley 1833 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii var. intermedium Mutel 1842 - See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii var cochleatum Mutel 1842 - Zygopetalum mackaii Hooker 1827

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii var parviflorum Regel 1855 - Zygopetalum mackaii Hooker 1827

      ~Zygopetalum mackaii var pictum Regel 1855 - Zygopetalum mackaii Hooker 1827

    5. Zygopetalum maculatum (Kunth) Garay 1970

      Part sunCool

      ~Zygopetalum mandibulare Rchb.f 1877 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum marginatum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

      ~*Zygopetalum marginatum Garay 1967 - See Galeottia marginata (Garay) Dressler & Christenson 1967

    6. Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      Fragrance Part sunWarm to Cool Summer

      ~Zygopetalum maxillare var gautieri [Lem]Regel 1869 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum maxillare var sanderianum [Regel] Cogn. 1902 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum meleagris Bnth. 1880 - See Huntleya meleagris Lindl. 1837

      ~Zygopetalum meleagris var albido-fulvum Nichols? - See Huntleya meleagris Lindl. 1837

      ~*Zygopetalum micranthum Barb. Rodr. 1877 - See Paradisanthus micranthus (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr. 1918

    7. Zygopetalum microphytum Barb.Rodr.1877

      Part sun Cool

      ~*Zygopetalum micropterum Rchb.f. 1881 - See Promenaea microptera Rchb.f. 1881

      ~Zygopetalum microtis Hoffmannsegg 1863 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum moritzii Rchb.f. 1863 - See Kefersteinia stapelioides Rchb.f.1852

      ~Zygopetalum mosenianum Barb. Rodr. 1877 - See Zygopetalum pedicellatum (Sw.) Garay 1973

      ~*Zygopetalum murrayanum Gardner ex Hook. 1838 - See Neogardneria murrayana (Gardner ex Hook.) Schltr. ex Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum mystacinum Rchb. f. 1881 - See Kefersteinia mystacina Rchb.f 1881

      ~Zygopetalum negrense (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1967 - See Galeottia negrensis Schltr. 1925

      ~Zygopetalum ovatilobum Klinge 1895 - See Promenaea ovatiloba (Klinge) Cogn. 1906

    8. Zygopetalum pabstii Toscano 1980

      LATER EARLIER

      ~*Zygopetalum paludosum Cogn. 1912 - See Otostylis paludosa (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

      ~*Zygopetalum pardinum Rchb.f. 1863 - See Wareopsis pardina [Rchb.f] Garay 1973

      ~*Zygopetalum parviflorum L.O.Williams 1941 - See Warreopsis parviflora (L.O. Williams) Garay 1973

    9. Zygopetalum pedicellatum (Sw.) Garay 1973

      Fragrant Part sun Warm to CoolSummer

      ~Zygopetalum pictum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1883 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

      ~Zygopetalum placantherum (Hook.) Schltr. 1914 - See Pabstia placanthera (Hook.) Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum pubescens Hoffmannsegg 1843 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~Zygopetalum pulvinare Rchb.f 1877 - See Bollea pulvinaris Rchb.f 1877

      ~Zygopetalum quadratum Pfitzer 1881 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

    10. Zygopetalum reginae Pabst 1976

      ~Zygopetalum rhombilabium Schweinf. 1944 - See Chaubardia heteroclita [Poepp. & Endl.] Dodson & Bennet 1989

      ~Zygopetalum rivierii Carr. 1873 - See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      ~Zygopetalum roezlii Rchb.f 1877 - See See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      ~*Zygopetalum rollissonii Rchb. f. 1863 - See Promenaea rollisonii (Rchb. f.) Lindl. 1843

      ~Zygopetalum rostratum Hook. 1819- See Zygosepalum labiosum (Rich.) Garay 1967

      ~Zygopetalum rostratum Raf. ? - See Zygosepalum labiosum (Rich.) Garay 1967

      ~Zygopetalum sanderae Sander 1927 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum sanderianum Regel 1888 - See Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832

      ~Zygopetalum sanguinolentum Rchb. f. 1861 - See Kefersteinia sanguinolenta Rchb. f. 1852

    11. Zygopetalum sellowii Rchb.f. 1863

    12. Zygopetalum silvanum V.P.Castro & Campacci 1991

      Part ShadeWarm LATER Summer EARLIERFall

    13. Zygopetalum sincoranum V.P.Castro & Campacci 2000

      Part ShadeWarmCoolSummer

      ~Zygopetalum stapelioides Rchb. f. 1861 - See Promenaea stapelioides (Lindley) Lindl. 1843

      ~Zygopetalum stapelioides Nichols. 1901 - see Promenaea stapelioides (Lindley) Lindl. 1843

      ~Zygopetalum stapelioides Klotzsch ex Rchb.f 1854 - See Pabstia jugosa [Lindley]Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum stenochilum Lodd. 1833 - See Zygopetalum crinitum Lodd. 1831

      ~*Zygopetalum tatei Ames & Schltr. 1931 - See Zygosepalum tatei (Ames & Schltr.) Garay & Dunst. 1972

      ~Zygopetalum taurinum Rchb. f. 1877 - See Kefersteinia taurina Rchb. f. 1877

      ~*Zygopetalum tricolor Lindl. 1846 - See Koellensteinia tricolor (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1863

      ~*Zygopetalum trinitatis Ames 1923 - See Cochleanthes trinitatis (Ames) R.E.Schult. & Garay 1959

    14. Zygopetalum triste Barb. Rodr. 1877

      Fragrance Part sunWarm to Cool

      ~Zygopetalum triumphans Rchb.f. 1863 - See Pescatoria triumphans Rchb.f. & Warsz. 1854

      ~Zygopetalum velatum Rchb.f 1863 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

      ~Zygopetalum velutinum Hoffmsgg. - See See Zygopetalum intermedium Lodd. ex Lindl. 1844

      ~Zygopetalum venustum Ridl. 1887 - See Otostylis alba (Ridl.) Summerh. 1951

      ~Zygopetalum violaceum Rchb. f. 1863 - See !Bollea violacea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1952

      ~Zygopetalum viride [Lindl] Schlechter 1914 - See Pabstia viridis (Lindl.) Garay 1973

      ~Zygopetalum wailesianum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. - See Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878

      ~Zygopetalum wallisii Rchb. f. 1869 - See Pescatoria wallisii Linden & Rchb. f. 1869

      ~Zygopetalum wendlandii Rchb.f 1866 - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes & Garay 1954

      ~*Zygopetalum whitei Rolfe 1890 - See Bollea whitei (Rolfe) Schltr. 1920

      ~Zygopetalum xanthino-stapelioides Hort 1904 - See Promenaea lentiginosa (Lindl.) Lindl. 1843

      ~Zygopetalum xanthinum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864 - See Promenaea xanthina [Lindley]Lindley 1843

    Zygosepalum Rchb.f 1859 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

    There are 8 species in this epiphytic genus from northern South America. The genus is characterized by being epiphytes with creeping rhizomes, with clustered or scattered ovoid pseudobulbs with up to four large apical leaves. The inflorescence is a lateral raceme of a few to a single flower with similar sepals and petals, an entire or slightly three lobed lip, with a semicircular crest at the base. The column has a beak like anther with four stipitate pollina.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the sepals fused at the base

    Synonyms Menadenium Raf. ex Cogn. 1902

      Type species = ! = Zygosepalum kegelii Rchb.f 1863

    1. Zygosepalum angustilabium (C. Schweinf.) Garay 1973

      Part shadeHot Spring

      ~Zygosepalum fimbriatum (Linden & Rchb. f.) Garay - See Galeottia fimbriata L. Linden & Rchb. f. 1854

    2. Zygosepalum labiosum (Rich.) Garay 1967

      Fragrance Part shadeHot to Warm Springand EARLY Summer

    3. Zygosepalum lindeniae (Rolfe) Garay & Dunst. 1965

      Part shadeHot Spring andSummer

    4. Zygosepalum revolutum Garay & G.A.Romero Harvard Pap. Bot. 1999

      Part shadeHot to Warm

      ~Zygosepalum rostratum (Hook.) Rchb. f. 1863 - See Zygosepalum labiosum (Rich.) Garay 1967

    5. Zygosepalum tatei (Ames & Schltr.) Garay & Dunst. 1972

      Part shadeCool to Cold Fall through EARLY Spring

      ~*Zygosepalum tatei var. angustilabium C. Schweinf. 1951 - See Zygosepalum angustilabium (C. Schweinf.) Garay 1973

    Zygostates Lindley 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Orinthocephalinae.

    This genus is made up of 24 dwarf leafy epiphytes with no pseudobulbs that are found mostly in Brazil but with the addition of the genus Dipteranthus there are species in most all of South America. They prefer a humid shady situation and should never be allowed to dry out.

    Common Name or Meaning refers to the scale-like appendages on the column base

    Type species = ! = Zygostates cornuta Lindl. 1837

    Synonyms Dipteranthus Barb. & Rodr. 1882

    1. Zygostates alleniana Kraenzl. 1898

      LATER

    2. Zygostates apiculata (Lindl.) Toscano 2001

      Full shadeHot Spring

    3. Zygostates bradei (Schltr.) Garay 1967

      Full shade Warm

      ~Zygostates chateaubriandii Ruschi 1955 - See Zygostates cornuta Lindl.1837

    4. Zygostates cornigera (Cogn.) Toscano 2001

      Full shade

    5. !Zygostates cornuta Lindl.1837

      ~Zygostates costaricensis Nash 1907 - Ornithocephalus bicornis Lindley 1846

    6. Zygostates dasyrhiza Schltr. 1920

      Full shade Warm to Cool Spring

    7. Zygostates densiflora (Senghas) Baptista 2005

      ~Zygostates duseniana (Kraenzl.) Pabst 1956 - See Zygostates pustulata (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1926

    8. Zygostates grandiflora (Lindl.) Mansf. 1938

      CoolTo WarmSummer

      ~*Zygostates greeniana Rchb.f 1869 - See Centroglossa greeniana (Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1904

    9. Zygostates kuhlmanni Brade 1951

      ~Zygostates leptosepala Toscano & L.Kollman 1997 - See Zygostates linearisepala (Senghas) Toscano 2001

      ~Zygostates lindmanii (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Zygostates alleniana Kraenzl 1898

    10. Zygostates linearisepala (Senghas) Toscano 2001

    11. Zygostates lunata Lindley 1837

      Full shadeWarm Falland Winter

      ~Zygostates lunata var. subintegripetala Cogn. 1905 - See Zygostates cornuta Lindl.1837

    12. Zygostates multiflora (Rolfe) Schltr. 1926

      Full shadeWarm

    13. Zygostates obliqua (Schnee) Toscano 2001

    14. Zygostates ovatipetala (Brade) Toscano 2001

    15. Zygostates papillosa Cogn. 1907

      ~Zygostates paranaensis Schltr. 1926 - See Zygostates dasyrhiza Schltr. 1920

    16. Zygostates pellucida Rchb.f. 1863

    17. Zygostates pustulata (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1926

    18. Zygostates sp.

      Hot

      ~Zygostates rotundiglossa Pabst 1964 - See Zygostates bradei (Schltr.) Garay 1967

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